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HISTORY OF IOWA.

Page. | PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS-

DISCOVERY AND OCCUPATION.... 9 Additional Penitentiary,... 74

The Original Owners..

18 lowa Hospital for the Insane.. 74

Pike's Expedition.

21 Hospital for the Insane...

75

Indian Wars..

23 Iowa College for the Blind.. 76

Indian Purchases, Reserves and Institution for the Deaf and Dumb 77

Treaties.....

32 Soldiers' Orphans' Homes... 77

The Spanish Grants.

37 State Normal School...

79

The Half-Breed Tract.

39 Asylum for Feeble-Minded Chil-

Early Settlements....

41 dren...

79

TERRITORIAL HISTORY.

49 The Reform School.

80

The Boundary Question..

54 Fish Hatching Establishment. 81

STATE ORGANIZATION.

59 THE PUBLIC LANDS..

82

Growth and Progress.

65 THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS..

.100

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS.

66 POLITICAL RECORD..

105

Agricultural College and Farm... 66 Territorial and State Officers.....105

State University...

The Judiciary:

107

State Historical Society.

73 Congressional Representation. 108

The Penitentiary..

73 / WAR RECORD...

110

HISTORY OF WINNESHIEK COUNTY.

CHAPTER 1.

CHAPTER V.

First Settlement....

.118 Political History...

.190

First Birth..

.120 First Election and First Officers....191

First Marriage..

.123 Votes Cast in Successive Years.. 192

First Death...

124 Voting Precincts...

193

First Settlements, no longer existing. 120 Division Into Townships.

194

First Public School and Teacher....124 Successive County Officers, Legisla-

County Organization..

.125 tors, etc....

.195

First Assessment and Tax List.. .125 Political Contests and Representa-
First Taxpayers and Settlers by

tive Men...

.195

Townships....

126 Public Officers (continued) to Pres-

CHAPTER II.

ent Time.....

..204

The Winnebago Indians..

133

CHAPTER VI.

Fort Atkinson..

141 Population....

.212

The Chiefs Winneshiek and Decorah.141 Court House and Jail.

213
Indian Traders and Whisky Selling. 144 Poor House and Farm.

214

Bloody Tragedies...

.145 Murder Trials.

214

Indian Customs and Habits.

.147 Railroad History.

.217

CHAPTER III.

The County's Products.

.220

Pioneer Life....

152

Educational and Literary.

.220

Pioneer Women.

153 County Finances..

221

An Indian Scare.

155

Census of 1880...

222

Oddities of Bench and Bar.

155

Interesting Reminiscences. 158

CHAPTER VII.

CHAPTER IV.

The War for the Union..

.223

Review of Early History.... .169

Decorah Guards..

225

County Organization and County

Co. H, Iowa Greyhounds..

231

Seat Contest..

.173

Co. G, Twelfth Iowa..

232

The Day Family.

171

Three More Companies.

237

Judge Řeed.....

.171

Co. D, Sixth lowa Cavalry.

.239

Lewiston, Moneek and Decorah. 173

Pioneer Norwegians..

185

CHAPTER VIII.

Protecting Squatters' Rights .189 Chronological Record of Events.....239
CHAPTER IX.

..398

HISTORY OF ALLAMAKEE COUNTY.

CHAPTER 1.

CHAPTER VI.

Origin of County Name..

.326 The Villages of Allamakee County. 396

Topography..

.327 Lybrand...

.396

Geology

.328 Lansing, Winfield, Waukon, Colum-

Artesian Wells...

.339 bus..

.397

CHAPTER II.

Hardin, Smithfield, Postville, Mil-

ton, Ion, Rossville..

Botany, Zoology and Entomology...340 Volney, Cleveland, Johnsonport, Al-

Climate ...

.347

lamakee, Nezekaw.

.399

Storms and Tornadoes..

348

Chantry, Alton, Buckland, Manches-

Agriculture, Live Stock, Manufac-

ter, New Albin, Myron... .400

tures..

.350

Statistical Information...

Dorchester, Lafayette, Paint Rock,

.351

Waterville, New Galena.......401

CHAPTER III.

Wexford ..

.403

The Aborigines.

355

Union City.

404

Archæology

357

CHAPTER VII.

Advent of the Whites.

.361

History of Post Township.. 404

Early Settlements

.361 History of Postville...

.410

County Organization and First Offi-

Myron and Lybrand

.415

cers...

365

Taxable Property in 1849.

.367

CHAPTER VIII.

Sketch of Father Lowery. 368 Criminal Episodes.....

.418

Indian Missions

.368

The Painted Rock...

. 369

CHAPTER IX.

County Seat Elections.

.371 County Seat Contests...

.429

Sodom and Gomorrah.

.371

CHAPTER X.

CHAPTER IV.

County Buildings...

.438

First Entries of Government Lands.372 Educational ...

.440

First Importation of Lumber.. 372 Religious Organizations..

.446

First Grist Mill..

.372 Gospel Pioneers

.447

First Postoffice..

.372 Statistics of Population, etc.

449

Interesting Reminiscences. .372 Assessed Valuations..

.450

First Official Seal.

.:374 Political Statistics....

.450

First Terms of Court.

374

CHAPTER XI.

First Party Organization..

376

Systems of County Management....577 War Record, Allamakee County Vol-

List of County Officers, Legislators,

unteers....

451

etc., from County Organization

CHAPTER XII.

to Present Time...

..378

The Circuit Court..

Chronological Record of Important

.384

Events,

.463

CHAPTER V.

Two CHEF Towns OF THE COUN-

Earliest County Records.

.385

TY..

669

Township Organizations. ..389 Chapter 1.-Waukon.

.669

History of Paint Creek Township...393 Chapter II.-Lansing..

699

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HE object of this work is to place upon record, in a reliable manner and

in a permanent forın, whatever incidents of importance have transpired

within the limits of Winneshiek and Allamakee Comties since their first settlement. As preliminary to this, a brief History of lowa is given, including an account of its discovery and occupation: its Indian tribes; a sketch of preterritorial times; an outline of Iowa when a Territory; its State organization, growth and progress; its public institutions, public lands and schools; its political and war records. These facts are from the pen of a well-known writer, and may be relied upon as accurate.

In the history of the Counties, facts and figures, incidents and reminiscences, anecdotes and sketches, are given, with a variety and completeness, it is thought, commensurate to their importance. This has necessitated, on the part of the editorial staff, an appreciable quantity of persevering effort; but their labor has been cheered by the cordial assistance and good will of many friends to the enterprise in both Counties, to all of whom grateful acknowledgments are tendered. They have enabled us to give to the present generation a valuable reflex, it is believed, of the times and deeds of pioneer days; and to erect to the pioneer men and women of Winneshiek and Allamakee Counties a merited and lasting monument. November, 1882.

W. E. A.

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