« ForrigeFortsett »
SEC. 6. Food and liquor shall be deemed mislabeled or misbranded within the meaning of this act in any of the following cases :
First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article of food.
Second. If it be labeled or branded or colored so as to deceive or mislead, or tend to deceive or mislead the purchaser, or if it be falsely labeled in any respect, or if it purport to be a foreign product tend to mislead the purchaser, or purport to be a foreign product when not so, or if the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed in whole or in part and other contents shall have been placed in such package.
Third. If in package form, and the contents are stated in terms of weight or measure, they are not plainly and correctly stated on the outside of the package.
Fourth. If the package containing it or its label shall bear any statement, design or device regarding the ingredients or the substance contained therein, which statement, design, or device shall be false or misleading in any particular.
Fifth. When any package bears the name of the manufacturers, jobbers or sellers, or the grade or class of the product, it must bear the name of the real manufacturers, jobbers or sellers and the true grade or class of the product, the same to be expressed in clear and distinct English words in legible type, provided, that an article of food shall not be deemed misbranded, if it be a well-known food product of a nature, quality and appearance, and so exposed to public inspection as not to deceive or mislead nor tend to deceive or mislead a purchaser, and not misbranded and not of the character included within the definitions 1 to 4 of this section.
SEC. 7. The term “package" as used in this act shall be construed to include any phial, bottle, jar, demijohn, carton, bag, case, can, box or barrel or any receptacle, vessel or container of whatsoever material or nature which may be used by a manufacturer, producer, jobber, packer or dealer, for inclosing any article of food.
Sec. 8. The possession of any adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded article of food or liquor by any manufacturer, producer, jobber, packer, or dealer in food, or broker, commission merchant, agent, employé or servant of any such manufacturer, producer, jobber, packer, or dealer, shall be prima facie evidence of the violation of this act.
Sec. 9. For the purposes of this act there is hereby established a state laboratory for the analysis and examination of food and drugs, which shall be under the supervision of the state board of health, which laboratory shall be located at such place as the state board of health may select.
The state board of health shall appoint a director of said laboratory, and an assistant to such director, both of whom
shall be skilled pharmaceutical chemists and analysts of foods and drugs. Said director shall perform all duties required by this act and which shall be required by the state board of health. The assistant shall be under the supervision of the director, and shall perform all duties required of him by the director and by the state board of health.
The director shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars, and the assistant shall receive an annual salary of fifteen hundred dollars. All such salaries shall be paid in the same manner and at the same time as the salaries of state officers.
The state board of health, out of the appropriation hereinafter provided, and out of the funds derived from the operation of this act, may employ and fix the compensation of other and additional clerical and professional assistants.
SEC. 10. The state board of health or its secretary, shall cause to be made by the said director of the state laboratory, examinations and analyses of food and liquor on sale in California, suspected of being adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded at such times and places and to such extent as said board or its secretary may determine, and may appoint such agent or agents, as it may deem necessary, and the sheriffs of the respective counties of the state are hereby appointed and constituted agents for the enforcement of this act and any agent or sheriff shall have free access, at all reasonable hours, for the purpose of examining any place where it is suspected that any article of adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded foods exist, and such agent or sheriff upon tendering the market price of said articles, if a sale be refused, may take, from any person, firm or corporation samples of any articles suspected of being adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded, and shall deliver or forward such samples to the said director of the state laboratory for examination and analysis.
SEC. 11. It shall be the duty of the state board of health whenever it has satisfactory evidence of the violation of any of the provisions of this act respecting the adulteration or misbranding of foods to report such facts to the district attorney of the county where the law is violated, after the hearing provided in section sixteen of this act.
SEC. 12. It shall be a misdemeanor for any person to refuse to sell to any sheriff or other agent of the state board of health, any sample of food or liquor upon tender of the market price therefor, or to conceal any such food from such officer, or to withhold from him information where such food is kept or stored. Any such person so refusing to sell, or concealing such food, or withholding such information from said officer shall, upon conviction, be punished as provided in section nineteen of the Penal Code of the State of California. SEC. 13. Whenever said director shall find from his examination and analysis that adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded food has been on sale in this state, he shall forthwith report to the secretary of the state board of health.
SEC. 14. Every certificate signed by the said director of the state laboratory shall be prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated.
SEC. 15. The said director of the state laboratory shall make an annual report to the state board of health, on or before August first of each year, upon adulterated or misbranded foods and liquors, in which report shall be included the list of cases examined by him in which adulterants were found, and the list of articles found, mislabeled or misbranded, and the names of the manufacturers, producers, jobbers and sellers. Said report, or any part thereof, may, in the discretion of the state board of health, be included in the report which the state board of health is already authorized by law to make to the governor. The state board of health may, in its discretion publish any part of said report in any issue of its monthly bulletin.
Sec. 16. When an examination or analysis of the director of the state laboratory shows that any of the provisions of this act have been violated, notice of that fact together with a copy of the certificate of the findings, shall be furnished to the party or parties from whom the sample was obtained or who executed the guaranty as provided in this act, and a date shall be fixed by the secretary of the state board of health at which said party or parties may be heard before the state board of health or before any two members thereof and the secretary. The hearing shall be held in the city of Sacramento, and at least fifteen days' notice thereof shall be first served upon the party complained of. These hearings shall be private and confined to questions of fact. Parties interested therein may appear in person or by attorney and may propound interrogatories and submit oral or written evidence to show any fault or error in the findings made by the director of the state laboratory. If the examination or analysis be found correct, or if the party or parties fail to appear at such hearing after notice duly served as provided herein, the secretary of the state board of health shall forthwith transmit a certificate of the facts so found to the district attorney of the county in which said adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded food was found. No publication as in this act provided shall be made until after said hearing is concluded.
EC. 17. It is hereby made the duty of the sheriff of any county of this state, on presentation to him of a verified complaint of the violation of any provisions of this act, at once to obtain by purchase a sample of the adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded food complained of, and divide said article into three parts, and each part shall be sealed by the sheriff with a seal provided for that purpose. If the package be less than four pounds or in volume less than two quarts, three packages of approximately the same size shall be purchased and the marks and tags upon each package noted as above. One sample shall be delivered to the party from whom procured, or to the party guaranteeing such merchandise, one sample shall be sent to the director of the state laboratory and the third sample shall be sent to and held under seal by the state board of health.
SEC. 18. For his services hereunder the said sheriff shall be allowed the same fees for travel allowed by law to sheriffs on service of criminal process, together with such compensation as by the board of supervisors of his county may be deemed reasonable, and all amounts lexpended by him in procuring and transmitting the said samples, which fees and amount expended shall be audited and allowed by the said supervisors and paid by his said county as other bills of said sheriff.
SEC. 19. It shall be the duty of the district attorney of each county to prosecute all violations of the provisions of this act occurring within his county.
SEC. 20. Any person, firm, company or corporation violating any of the provisions of this act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars, or shall be imprisoned in the county jail for a term not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Food found to be adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded within the meaning of this act, may, by order of any court or judge, be seized and destroyed.
SEC. 21. One half of all fines collected by any court or judge, for the violations of the provisions of this act shall be paid to the state treasurer and the state treasurer shall deposit such money to the credit of the fund for the maintenance of the state laboratory, to be drawn against by warrants of the state controller upon claims which shall be approved by the state board of health and by the state board of examiners.
SEC. 22. No dealer shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this act, when he can establish a guaranty signed by the wholesaler, jobber, manufacturer or other party residing in the United States from whom he purchased such article to the effect, that the same is not adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded within the meaning of this act, designating it. Said guaranty to afford protection, must contain the name and address of the party or parties making the sales of such article to said dealer, and an itemized statement showing the articles purchased; or a general guaranty may be filed with the Secretary of the
United States Department of Agriculture by the manufacturer, wholesaler, jobber or other party in the United States and be given a serial number, which number shall appear on each and every package of goods sold under such guaranty with the words “Guaranteed under the food and drugs act June 30, 1906." In case the wholesaler, jobber, manufacturer or other party making such guaranty to said dealer resides without this state, and it appears from the certificate of the director of the state laboratory that such article or articles were adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded, within the meaning of this act, or the National Pure Food Act, approved June 30th, 1906, the district attorney must forthwith notify the attorney-general of the United States of such violation.
Sec. 23. The sum of twenty thousand dollars ($20,000.00) is hereby appropriated out of any money in the state treasury not otherwise appropriated for the purchase of equipment, apparatus, chemicals and supplies of said laboratory and of the office expenses, in connection with the same and for the compensation of additional assistants and other necessary help. The state controller is hereby authorized to draw his warrants for the sums herein appropriated in favor of the secretary of the state board of health and the state treasurer is hereby directed to pay the same.
SEC. 24. No article of food as herein defined shall be manufactured or produced in violation of this act from and after the first day of July, nineteen hundred and seven.
SEC. 25. All acts and parts of acts in conflict or inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.
SEC. 26. This act shall be in force and effect from and after the first day of January, nineteen hundred and eight.
CHAPTER 186. An act for the prevention of the manufacture, sale or transpor
tation of adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded drugs, regulating the traffic in drugs and providing penalties for violation thereof.
[Approved March 11, 1907.] The people of the State of California, represented in senate and
assembly, do enact as follows: SECTION 1. The manufacture, production, preparation, compounding, packing, selling, offering for sale or keeping for sale within the State of California, or the introduction into this