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The per cent of increase was no less than 30.7 for San Francisco and 38.4 for the other bay counties, or 34.0 for the metropolitan area, against 4.5 for the rural counties north of Tehachapi. Similarly, the rate of gain was 21.9 for Los Angeles, but only 1.2 for the other counties of Southern California.

Further details appear in the table below giving the number and per cent of increase in births for the several geographic divisions of the State, in 1906 to 1907 :

Increase of Births, for Geographie Divisions: 1906 to 1907.

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Counties.The table on the following page gives the increase (or decrease) of births for each county, as well as the per cent of increase for those showing gains in 1907 over 1906.

The apparently high rate of gain shown for Humboldt County is explained by the incompleteness of the returns for 1906, while the high rates for Mariposa and Mono counties are unimportant on account of the very small totals each year.

The per cents of increase were highest for the following counties : Sutter, 80.4; Contra Costa, 61.7; Ventura, 53.8; Colusa, 46.7; Inyo, 45.5; Lake, 44.3; Trinity, 40.0; Alameda, 38.8; Shasta, 33.8; San Mateo, 32.2; San Francisco, 30.7; Tehama, 30.6; Monterey, 25.6; Los Angeles, 21.9; Merced, 21.2; Lassen, 19.4; and Marin, 19.2. Each of these seventeen counties shows a rate of gain above the average rate for the State, 17.6 per cent.

There were also increases in births, but at rates below the State average, in the following fourteen counties, arranged in descending order: Madera, 16.1; San Diego, 15.1; Amador, 14.8; Sacramento, 13.4; Fresno, 9.6; Kings, 8.8; San Bernardino, 8.6; San Luis Obispo, 7.7; Yuba, 4.2; Glenn, 3.7; Santa Clara, 3.5; Napa, 2.2; Sonoma, 1.6; and Solano, 0.4. For Alpine and Calaveras counties exactly the same number of births were reported in 1907 as in 1906.

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24,674 20,974
3,181 2,292

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62 246 95 88 291 27

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Alameda
Alpine
Amador
Butte
Calaveras.
Colusa.
Contra Costa
Del Norte
El Dorado
Fresno
Glenn
Humboldt
Inyo..
Kern
Kings
Lake
Lassen
Los Angeles
Madera
Marin
Mariposa
Mendocino
Merced
Modoc..
Mono.
Monterey
Napa
Nevada
Orange
Placer
Plumas
Riverside
Sacramento
San Benito
San Bernardino
San Diego
San Francisco
San Joaquin.
San Luis Obispo
San Mateo.
Santa Barbara.
Santa Clara.
Santa Cruz
Shasta
Sierra
Siskiyou.
Solano..
Sonoma
Stanislaus
Sutter
Tehama
Trinity
Tulare..
Tuolumne
Ventura
Yolo.
Yuba

54 257 95 60 180

30 122 813 27 45 11 169 125 70

36 4,778

93 203

6 157 52 70

1 215 136 255 343 75 36 356 506

50 509 417 3,923 408 168 174

357 1,069 329 157

48 193 263 376 165 51 72 10 313 11 93 73 71

34 53 10

5 23

68

891

28 139

16 144 136 101

43
5,823

108
212

14
151
63
60

2 270 139 221 290 65 31 333 574

42
553
480*
5,128

405
181
230

300
1,106
325
210

29 171 264 382 151 92 94 14 295

3 143 41 74

13.4

8

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*Includes 6 births in Imperial County, formed August 15, 1907.

According to the registration, there were decreases in births for 1907, as compared with 1906, in the following twenty-one counties arranged alphabetically: Butte, Del Norte, El Dorado, Kern, Mendocino, Modoc, Nevada, Orange, Placer, Plumas, Riverside, San Benito, San Joaquin, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Sierra, Siskiyou, Stanislaus, Tulare, Tuolumne, and Yolo. In some cases the decreases were considerable, indicating the failure of physicians to register births and the neglect of officials to enforce the law.

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Cities.—The County Recorder is ex officio local registrar of births, except that in cities having freeholders' charters the Health Officer so acts. Returns are therefore available only for cities with freeholders' charters, and a comparison between 1907 and 1906 must necessarily be limited to the cities reporting births for both years. The table on the following page shows the increase (or decrease) of births in 1906 to 1907 for freeholders' charter cities and for the rural parts of the counties containing them.

In the nineteen freeholders' charter cities reporting births both years, there were 14,985 births in 1907 and 12,654 in 1906, an increase of 2,331 or 18.4 per cent. In all the rest of the State the number of births registered was 9,689 for 1907 and 8,320 for 1906, a gain of 1,369 or 16.5 per cent.

The per cent of increase was 26.7 for the rural parts of the fifteen counties with freeholders' charter cities. The rates of gain range as follows for the rural parts of the counties mentioned: Alameda, 141.3; Los Angeles, 81.3; Monterey, 29.6; Fresno, 17.6; Santa Clara, 6.2; and Solano, 1.8. There were decreases in births, according to the registration, in the rural parts of the following nine counties : Napa, Nevada, Sacramento, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Joaquin, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. In these cases, as in counties without any freeholders' charter cities, the County Recorders are the officials held directly responsible for the enforcement of the law.

The per cents of increase in births were as follows for freeholders' charter cities : San Bernardino, 41.4; Berkeley, 34.2; San Francisco, 30.7; Pasadena, 27.2; San Diego, 26.2; Santa Cruz, 24.7;. Sacramento, 23.5; Oakland, 16.8; Stockton, 14.4; Salinas, 13.2; Los Angeles, 11.1; Santa Rosa, 9.5; Napa, 6.8; and Fresno, 0.5. The registration showed decreases in births for the following five cities : Grass Valley, San José, Santa Barbara, Vallejo, and Watsonville. Here the City Health Officers are charged with the duty of enforcing the registration law upon their fellow physicians.

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Alameda County*

Berkeley town.

Oakland city
Fresno County*

Fresno city.
Los Angeles County*.

Los Angeles city

Pasadena city Monterey County*

Salinas city. Napa County*

Napa city Nevada County*

Grass Valley city.
Sacramento County*

Sacramento city ...
San Bernardino County*.

San Bernardino city-
San Diego County*

San Diego city
San Francisco (City and County)
San Joaquin County*

Stockton city.
Santa Barbara County*

Santa Barbara city

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Santa Clara County*

San José city

724
382

6.2.

682
387

5

39

Santa Cruz County*

Santa Cruz city
Watsonville city

57 182 86

96 146 87

36

24.7

1

1.8

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9.5

* Figures are for county exclusive of freeholders' charter city or cities. * Includes 6 births in Imperial County, formed August 15, 1907.

County Totals.—The table below shows the counties for which at least 100 births were reported to the State Bureau of Vital Statistics in 1907 and 1906, respectively:

Rank of Counties with at least 100 Births: 1907 and 1906.

1907. Rank. County.

THE STATE 1. Los Angeles 2. San Francisco 3. Alameda 4. Santa Clara 5. Fresno 6. Sacramento 7. San Bernardino 8. San Diego 9. San Joaquin 10. Sonoma 11. Riverside 12. Santa Cruz 13. Santa Barbara 14. Tulare 15. Contra Costa 16. Orange 17. Monterey 18. Solano 19. Butte 20. Marin 21. San Mateo 22. Nevada 23. Shasta 24. San Luis Obispo. 25. Siskiyou 26. Mendocino 27. Stanislaus 28. Kern 29. Ventura 30. Humboldt 31. Napa 32. Kings 33. Madera 34. Lake

Remaining 23 counties.

1906.
Births. Rank. County.
24,674 THE STATE
5,823 1. Los Angeles
5,128 2. San Francisco
3,181 3. Alameda
1,106 4. Santa Clara
891 5. Fresno
574 6. San Bernardino
553 7. Sacramento
*480 8. San Diego
405 9. San Joaquin
382 10. Sonoma
333 11. Santa Barbara
325 12. Riverside
300 13. Orange
295 14. Santa Cruz
291 15. Tulare
290 | 16. Solano
27017. Butte
264 18. Nevada
246 19. Monterey
242 20. Marin
230121. Siskiyou
221 | 22. Contra Costa
210 23. San Mateo
181 24. Kern
171 25. San Luis Obispo.
151 26. Stanislaus
151 27. Mendocino
144 28. Shasta
143 29. Napa
139 30. Kings
139 31. El Dorado
136 Remaining 26 counties.
108

101
1,070

Births. 20,974 4,778 3,923 2,292 1,069

813 509 506 417 408 376 357 356 343 329 313 263 257 255 215 203 193 180 174 169 168 165 157 157 136 125

122 1,246

* Includes 6 births in Imperial County, formed August 15, 1907.

There were thirty-one counties with at least 100 births registered in 1906 and thirty-four in 1907, El Dorado dropping out and Ventura, Humboldt, Madera, and Lake entering the list. Similarly, while there were only twenty counties reporting at least 200 births for 1906, there were twenty-three reporting this number for 1907, the additional counties being Contra Costa, San Mateo, and Shasta. On the other hand, there were fifteen counties reporting 300 births for 1906, but only thirteen for 1907, Orange and Tulare falling below this limit.

Comparison of the ranking of counties in the number of births registered shows gains in certain cases. Thus, Sacramento supplanted San Bernardino in sixth place in the ranking, while Riverside rose from twelfth place to eleventh, Santa Cruz from fourteenth to twelfth, Tulare from fifteenth to fourteenth, and Monterey from nineteenth to seventeenth. Contra Costa County rose from twenty-second place to fifteenth, passing Orange, Solano, Butte, Nevada, Monterey, Marin, and

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