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*Includes 6 births in Imperial County, formed August 15, 1907.

According to the registration, there were decreases in births for 1907, as compared with 1906, in the following twenty-one counties arranged alphabetically: Butte, Del Norte, El Dorado, Kern, Mendocino, Modoc, Nevada, Orange, Placer, Plumas, Riverside, San Benito, San Joaquin, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Sierra, Siskiyou, Stanislaus, Tulare, Tuolumne, and Yolo. In some cases the decreases were considerable, indicating the failure of physicians to register births and the neglect of officials to enforce the law,

Cities. The County Recorder is ex officio local registrar of births, except that in cities having freeholders' charters the Health Officer so acts. Returns are therefore available only for cities with freeholders' charters, and a comparison between 1907 and 1906 must necessarily be limited to the cities reporting births for both years. The table on the following page shows the increase (or decrease) of births in 1906 to 1907 for freeholders' charter cities and for the rural parts of the counties containing them.

In the nineteen freeholders' charter cities reporting births both years, there were 14,985 births in 1907 and 12,654 in 1906, an increase of 2,331 or 18.4 per cent. In all the rest of the State the number of births registered was 9,689 for 1907 and 8,320 for 1906, a gain of 1,369 or 16.5 per cent.

The per cent of increase was 26.7 for the rural parts of the fifteen counties with freeholders' charter cities. The rates of gain range as follows for the rural parts of the counties mentioned: Alameda, 141.3; Los Angeles, 81.3; Monterey, 29.6; Fresno, 17.6; Santa Clara, 6.2; and Solano, 1.8. There were decreases in births, according to the registration, in the rural parts of the following nine counties : Napa, Nevada, Sacramento, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Joaquin, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. In these cases, as in counties without any freeholders' charter cities, the County Recorders are the officials held directly responsible for the enforcement of the law..

The per cents of increase in births were as follows for freeholders' charter cities : San Bernardino, 41.4; Berkeley, 34.2; San Francisco, 30.7; Pasadena, 27.2; San Diego, 26.2; Santa Cruz, 24.7; Sacramento, 23.5; Oakland, 16.8; Stockton, 14.4; Salinas, 13.2; Los Angeles, 11.1; Santa Rosa, 9.5; Napa, 6.8; and Fresno, 0.5. The registration showed decreases in births for the following five cities : Grass Valley, San José, Santa Barbara, Vallejo, and Watsonville. Here the City Health Officers are charged with the duty of enforcing the registration law upon their fellow physicians.

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Alameda County*

Berkeley town.

Oakland city.
Fresno County*

Fresno city-
Los Angeles County*
Los Angeles city

Pasadena city
Monterey County*

Salinas city. Napa County*

Napa city Nevada County*

Grass Valley city.
Sacramento County* ,

Sacramento city ..
San Bernardino County*

San Bernardino city
San Diego County*.

San Diego city
San Francisco (City and County)
San Joaquin County*

Stockton city.
Santa Barbara County*

Santa Barbara city
Santa Clara County*

San José citySanta Cruz County* .

Santa Cruz city

Watsonville city Solano County*

Vallejo citySonoma County*

Santa Rosa city

365
188

376
133

55

41.4

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* Figures are for county exclusive of freeholders' charter city or cities. Includes 6 births in Imperial County, formed August 15, 1907.

County Totals.-The table below shows the counties for which at · least 100 births were reported to the State Bureau of Vital Statistics in 1907 and 1906, respectively:

Rank of Counties with at least 100 Births: 1907 and 1906.

1907. Rank. County.

THE STATE 1. Los Angeles 2. San Francisco 3. Alameda 4. Santa Clara 5. Fresno 6. Sacramento 7. San Bernardino 8. San Diego 9. San Joaquin 10. Sonoma 11. Riverside 12. Santa Cruz 13. Santa Barbara 14. Tulare 15. Contra Costa 16. Orange 17. Monterey 18. Solano 19. Butte 20. Marin 21. San Mateo 22. Nevada 23. Shasta 24. San Luis Obispo. 25. Siskiyou 26. Mendocino 27. Stanislaus 28. Kern 29. Ventura 30. Humboldt 31. Napa 32. Kings 33. Madera 34. Lake

Remaining 23 counties.

1906.
Births. Rank. County.
24,674

THE STATE
5,823 1. Los Angeles
5,128 2. San Francisco
3,181 3. Alameda
1,106 4. Santa Clara
891 5. Fresno
574 6. San Bernardino
553 7. Sacramento
*480 8. San Diego
405 9. San Joaquin
382 10. Sonoma
333 11. Santa Barbara
325 12. Riverside
300 13. Orange
295 14. Santa Cruz
291 15. Tulare
290 16. Solano
270 17. Butte
264 18. Nevada
246 19. Monterey
242 20. Marin
230|21. Siskiyou
221 | 22. Contra Costa
210 23. San Mateo
181 24. Kern
171 25. San Luis Obispo.
151 26. Stanislaus
151 27. Mendocino
144 28. Shasta
143 29. Napa
139 30. Kings
139 31. El Dorado
136 Remaining 26 counties.
108

101
1,070

Births. 20,974 4,778 3,923 2,292 1,069 813 509 506 417 408 376 357 356 343 329 313 263 257 255 215 203 193 180 174 169 168 165 157 157 136 125

122 1,246

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* Includes 6 births in Imperial County, formed August 15, 1907.

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There were thirty-one counties with at least 100 births registered in 1906 and thirty-four in 1907, El Dorado dropping out and Ventura, Humboldt, Madera, and Lake entering the list. Similarly, while there were only twenty counties reporting at least 200 births for 1906, there were twenty-three reporting this number for 1907, the additional counties being Contra Costa, San Mateo, and Shasta. On the other hand, there were fifteen counties reporting 300 births for 1906, but only thirteen for 1907, Orange and Tulare falling below this limit.

Comparison of the ranking of counties in the number of births registered shows gains in certain cases. Thus, Sacramento supplanted San Bernardino in sixth place in the ranking, while Riverside rose from twelfth place to eleventh, Santa Cruz from fourteenth to twelfth, Tulare from fifteenth to fourteenth, and Monterey from nineteenth to seventeenth. Contra Costa County rose from twenty-second place to fifteenth, passing Orange, Solano, Butte, Nevada, Monterey, Marin, and Siskiyou. San Mateo County rose from twenty-third place to twentyfirst, San Luis Obispo from twenty-fifth to twenty-fourth, Mendocino from twenty-seventh to twenty-sixth, and Shasta from twenty-eighth to twenty-third. Ventura and Humboldt counties rose from below thirtyfirst place to twenty-ninth and thirtieth, respectively.

City Totals.- The following table gives the comparative ranking of the nineteen freeholders' charter cities reporting births for 1907 and 1906, as well as the supplemental ranking of the five additional cities of this class reporting births for 1907 alone (Alameda, Long Beach, Riverside, Eureka, and Santa Monica):

Rank of Cities reporting Births: 1907 and 1906.

1907.

1906. Rank. City. Births. Rank. City.

Births. 19 FREEHOLDERS' CHARTER CITIES 14,985 19 FREEHOLDERS' CHARTER CITIES 12,654 1. San Francisco 5,128 1. San Francisco

3,923 2. Los Angeles

4,201
2. Los Angeles

3,780 3. Oakland 1,824 3. Oakland

1,561 4. Berkeley 510 4. San José

387 5. Sacramento 442 5. Fresno

382 6. Pasadena 440 6. Berkeley

380 7. Fresno 384 7. Sacramento

358 8. San José 382 8. Pasadena

346 9. San Diego 332 9. San Diego

263 10. Stockton 231 10. Stockton

202 11. San Bernardino 188 11. Santa Barbara

173 12. Santa Cruz 182 12. Vallejo

150 13. Santa Rosa 162 13. Santa Rosa

148 14. Vallejo 149 14. Santa Cruz

146 15. Santa Barbara 129 15. San Bernardino

133 16. Watsonville 86 16. Grass Valley

109 17. Napa 78 17. Watsonville

87 18. Grass Valley

77 18. Napa 19. Salinas 60 19. Salinas

53 5 additional freeholders? char

ter cities reporting births
for 1907 alone.

801 a. Alameda

378 b. Long Beach

158 c. Riverside

105 d. Eureka

90 e, Santa Monica

70

73

Berkeley, Sacramento, and Pasadena rose from rank 6, 7, and 8, respectively, in 1906, to 4, 5, and 6 in 1907, passing San José and Fresno. San Bernardino rose from fifteenth place in the ranking to eleventh, passing Santa Barbara, Vallejo, Santa Rosa, and Santa Cruz. At the same time Santa Cruz rose from fourteenth place to twelfth, passing Santa Barbara, Vallejo, and Santa Rosa. Watsonville and Napa rose from rank 17 and 18, respectively, in 1906, to 16 and 17 in 1907, passing Grass Valley.

It may be noted that the 12,654 births in the nineteen freeholders' charter cities in 1906 form 60.3 per cent of the 20,974 births registered in the whole State, and that the 14,985 births in these same cities in 1907 form 60.7 per cent of the 24,674 births registered in California. Including the five additional cities reporting births for 1907 alone, the twenty-four freeholders' charter cities reported 15,786 births, or 64.0 per cent of the State total.

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