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VITAL STATISTICS FOR MAY.

Births.—The living births registered in May number 2,400, against 2,110 for April. For an estimated State population of 2,019,519 the May total represents an annual birth-rate of 14.0 as compared with 12.7 for April.

The May totals were highest for the following counties: San Francisco, 634; Los Angeles, 524; Alameda, 269; Santa Clara, 93; and Fresno, 85.

The births registered in the leading freeholders' charter cities for May were as follows: San Francisco, 634; Los Angeles, 364; Oakland, 149; Berkeley, 41; San José, 39; Pasadena, 34; San Diego, 31; Fresno, 30; Sacramento, 29; and Alameda, 26.

Marriages. The marriages reported for May number 1,653, against 1,618 for April, and represent an annual rate of 9.7, as compared with 9.8 for the preceding month.

The May totals were greatest for the following counties : Los Angeles, 333; San Francisco, 307; Alameda, 208; Sacramento, 66; Fresno and Santa Clara, each 59; and Marin, 55.

Deaths.-Altogether, 2,554 deaths, exclusive of stillbirths, were reported for May, against 2,525 for April. The annual death-rate for May is 14.9, as compared with 15.3 for April.

The May death totals were highest for the following counties : San Francisco, 542; Los Angeles, 467; Alameda, 268; Santa Clara, 104; Sacramento, 93; San Joaquin, 81; Fresno and San Bernardino, each 80; Sonoma, 60; and San Diego, 52.

Deaths for May were reported as follows, for the leading cities : San Francisco, 542; Los Angeles, 296; Oakland, 141; Sacramento, 61; San Diego, 45; Berkeley, 41; Stockton, 39; San Jose, 35; Fresno, 28; and San Bernardino, 25.

Causes of Death.-In May there were altogether 398 deaths, or 15.6 per cent of all, from tuberculosis, and 387, or 15.2 per cent, from diseases of the circulatory system.

Other notable causes of death in May were: diseases of the nervous system, 259; violence, 258; diseases of the respiratory system, 240; diseases of the digestive system, 195; Bright's disease and nephritis, 142; cancer, 139; and epidemic diseases, 135.

The leading epidemic diseases in May were: typhoid fever, 45; whooping-cough, 24; diphtheria and croup, 20; measles, 15; scarlet fever, 12, and all others, 19.

Further details appear in the following table, which gives the number of deaths from certain principal causes reported for California in May, as well as the proportions from each cause per 1,000 total deaths for both May and April:

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Geographic Divisions.—The table below shows the number of deaths from main classes of diseases reported for May for the several geographic divisions of the State, including the metropolitan area, or

Greater San Francisco,” in contrast with the rural counties north of Tehachapi:

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DEPARTMENT OF PURE

FOODS AND DRUGS.

PROF. M. E. JAFFA, DIRECTOR.

FOOD AND DRUG INSPECTION. This Department is just in receipt of some United States Food Inspection Decisions, Nos. 94 and 96, which appear to be of vital interest to the manufacturers and dealers of this State. These decisions are therefore reproduced, with the necessary references to the California law.

UNITED STATES FOOD INSPECTION DECISION 94.

THE LABELING OF MEDICINAL AND TABLE WATERS. The Department has received many letters from various water manufacturers and mineral water dealers asking which waters it will be necessary to label as "artificial” or “imitation." It is thought that all manufactured waters should be labeled as either artificial or imitation, the choice of words being left to the manufacturer and applying to waters contrived by human art and not made in imitation of a natural water, as well as to those so contrived and made in imitation of a natural water. A water which is designated by some name alone, without any characterizing adjective to tell whether it is natural, imitation, or artificial, will be considered a natural water. It is suggested that the words “artificial” or “imitation" be in as large type as the name of the water in question, and on a uniform background.

All waters which, though natural in the beginning, have anything added to them or abstracted from them after they come from source, should either be labeled as "artificial” or should be so labeled as to indicate that certain constituents have been added to or extracted from them. It is suggested that the word "artificial” or the above explanation, as the case may be, should appear in as large type as the name of the water in question and on a uniform background.

The following examples are explanatory of the above principles : If lithia be added to a natural water, the water should either be labeled as "artificial lithia water," as "water artificially lithiated,” or as “water treated with lithia.” Again, if carbon dioxid be added to a natural water, whether the carbon dioxid be of the manufactured variety or collected from the spring itself, the water should either be labeled as "artificially carbonated water," "water artificially carbonated," "water treated with carbon dioxid," or "contains added carbon dioxid."

No water should be labeled as a natural water, unless it be in the same condition as at source, without additions or abstractions of any substance or substances.

No water should be labeled as “medicinal water” unless it contains one or more constituents in sufficient amounts to have a therapeutic effect from these constituents when a reasonable quantity of the water is consumed. No water should be named after a single constituent unless it contains such constituent in sufficient amounts to have a therapeutic effect when a reasonable amount of the water is consumed.

No manufactured water should bear upon the label any design or device that would lead the consumer to believe that the water is a natural one. Among such designs may be mentioned pictures of springs, fountains, woodland streams, etc.

No water should be characterized by a geographical name which gives a false or misleading idea in regard to the composition of said water. For example, it would not be correct to designate a water as “Lithia water” merely because the water came from Lithia, Fla., or Lithia, Mass.

Manufactured water may be named after a natural water in case the words “imitation" or "artificial” are used, but such manufactured waters must clearly resemble in chemical composition the natural waters after which they are named.

In accordance with Regulation 18 (California) no natural American spring water should be named after a foreign spring, unless the name of the foreign spring has become generic and indicative of the character of the water, except to indicate a type or style, and then only when so qualified that it could not be offered for sale under the name of the foreign spring. In these cases, the State or Territory where the spring is situated should be stated on the principal label.

Inasmuch as mineral waters are largely purchased because of their supposed freedom from contamination, any showing such contamination will be considered as adulterated and therefore in violation of the Food and Drugs Act.

UNITED STATES FOOD INSPECTION DECISION 96.

SERIAL NUMBER GUARANTY. As a result of the numerous requests for specific information on various points connected with the filing of general guaranties with the Department, as well as on the use of serial numbers after they have been assigned, the following general instructions bearing on these questions are issued for the guidance of those interested :

(A) For information regarding the serial number guaranty, see Rules and Regulations for the Enforcement of the California Food and Drugs Acts, Regulation 8, and U. S. Food Inspection Decisions 40, 70, 72, and 83.

(B) Articles to be guaranteed may be referred to in the guaranty in the following ways:

(1) By name.

(2) By use of general terms. For example, proprietary medicines, extracts, carbonated waters, etc., using the proper terms to cover the line or lines sold.

(3) By stating in the space reserved for listing articles "all articles which are now or which may hereafter be manufactured, packed, distributed or sold by in which case the serial number can be used on all foods or drugs, subject to the act, manufactured or owned and sold by the guarantor.

(C) The formulæ of preparations are not required to be given.

(D) The serial number guaranty should not be used on articles not entitled to bear such a guaranty. For example:

(1) Those of a character which are not included in the definition of articles within the purview of the act as given in section 2 of the California Pure Food Act, and section 2 of the California Pure Drug Act.

(2) Those subject to the meat inspection law, i. e., meat and meat food products of domestic origin or manufacture derived from cattle, swine, sheep, and goats. (Imported meat and meat food products are subject to the food and drug act and may be guaranteed by means of a serial number or guaranty.)

(3) Those used in the arts and for technical purposes.

(E) A serial number assigned to a guaranty can be used on any article covered therein to which the act applies. (See B.)

(F) Products not covered by the guaranty on file at the Department can be added thereto by executing another guaranty covering them, to be filed as a supplement to the original instrument. (See B.)

(G) The serial number guaranty can be printed either directly on the principal label or appear on a supplemental label or paster attached to the goods.

(H) Only a resident of the United States can make a valid guaranty. (See Food Inspection Decision 62.)

(I) The general guaranty filed with the Department must be executed by the person, company, association, or corporation who assumes responsibility for the goods, or by his or its agents thereunto lawfully authorized, and the authority of such agent must plainly be made to appear when the guaranty is offered to be filed.

(J) Full information relative to the signing of the guaranty instrument appears at the bottom of the blank form of guaranty.

(K) The signature should be acknowledged before a notary public or other official authorized to administer an oath. The seal of such official should always be affixed to the document.

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