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ury be, and hereby is, authorized to change the name of the pleasure.yacht "Lois" yacht "Lois," owned by Frank H. Stott, of the State of New York, to changed to "Sea that of "Sea Witch," and grant said vessel registry in said name. SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, au- that of the thorized to change the name of the yacht "William M. Tweed," owned “William M. by A. B. Stockwell, of the State of New York, to that of "Julia," and " grant said yacht registry in said name. APPROVED, April 1, 1872.

CHAP. LXXVIII.

-

Tweed," to "Julia."

An Act to authorize the President to appoint George Plunkett a April 2, 1872.
Paymaster in the Navy.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President be, and he is George Plunkett hereby, authorized to appoint George Plunkett a paymaster in the United may be appointed States navy, if, in his opinion, the interests of the public service will be the navy. thereby promoted.

APPROVED, April 2, 1872.

CHAP. LXXIX.

a paymaster in

· An Act to provide for the Reporting and Printing of the Debates in Con- April 2, 1872. gress.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the congressional printer Contract to be made for reportis hereby directed to enter into a contract, in behalf of the general govern- ing, &c., the dement, with Franklin Rives, Jefferson Rives, and George A. Bailey, for the bates in Congress reporting and printing of the debates in Congress for the term of two years, March 4, 1871. for two years from on and from the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, in accordance with a proposed form of contract from the said Rives and Bailey, submitted to and approved by the joint committee on public printing on the part of the Senate.

SEC. 2. That for the purpose aforesaid there be appropriated and paid, Appropriation. out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of four hundred thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, the accounts having been approved, as in previous years, by the secretary of the Senate and by the clerk of the House, or their representatives.

porting, &c., the debates of the 45th Congresses.

43d, 44th, and

SEC. 3. That no person shall be employed as a reporter for the House, No person to without the approval of the Speaker of the House: Provided, That it shall be employed as a reporter for the be the duty of the joint committee on public printing to publish an adver- House without tisement once a week, for four weeks, in one newspaper in each of the cities the approval of of Washington, Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, the Speaker. Louisville, St. Louis, and San Francisco, inviting proposals in detail for Proposals to be invited by adverreporting and for printing, together and separately, the debates of the tisement, for reforty-third, the forty-fourth, and the forty-fifth Congresses, together or separately, and to report all proposals which may be received before the designated day to Congress, at the earliest practicable date, with estimates, hereby directed to be made by the congressional printer, of the cost of reporting the debates and of printing them at the government printing office, accompanied by the recommendations of the joint committee on public printing on all proposals and estimates so submitted; and that the bills for such advertising be paid in equal parts from the contingent funds after, &c., exof the Senate and of the House of Representatives: And provided further, cept, &c. [Last That no debates shall be reported or published at public expense, after the See Post, p. 510.] proviso repealed. close of the present Congress, except upon written contracts entered into therefor under the authority of Congress. APPROVED, April 2, 1872.

CHAP. LXXX.

No debates to be reported, &c., at public expense

-An Act to establish a Port of Entry and Delivery at the City of Pitts- April 2, 1872. burgh, Pennsylvania.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

States of America in Congress assembled, That a port of entry and deliv- Pittsburgh, Pa.,

[blocks in formation]

April 2, 1872.

1856, ch. 164.

Vol. xi. p. 119.

Protection

given to discov erers of deposits of guano, extended to their widows, &c., in certain cases.

ery be, and is hereby, established at the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, which shall be entitled to the same provisions and subject to the same regulations and restrictions as other ports of entry and delivery in the United States.

APPROVED, April 2, 1872.

CHAP. LXXXI.- An Act to amend an Act entitled" An Act to authorize Protection to be given to Citizens of the United States who may discover Deposits of Guano," approved August 18, 1856.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the provisions of the act of Congress approved August eighteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty-six, entitled "An act to authorize protection to be given to citizens of the United States who may discover deposits of guano," be, and the same are hereby, extended to the widow, heirs, executors, or administrators of such discoverer, where such discoverer shall have died before perfecting proof of discovery or fully complying with the provisions of said act approved as aforesaid, after complying with the requirements of the act of Congress Rights of dis- of August eighteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty-five: Provided, That covery, &c., not impaired. nothing herein contained shall be held to impair any rights of discovery or any assignment by a discoverer heretofore recognized by the government of the United States.

Prohibition of the export of guano suspended as to certain persons until July 14, 1877.

1856, ch. 164, §

2.

Vol. xi. p. 119. 1865, ch. 80, § 8. Vol. xiii. p. 494. 1866, ch. 298, § 3. Vol. xiv. p. 328.

April 2, 1872.

Preamb.e.

A commission to determine a

Woerner and the

SEC. 2. That section three of an act approved July twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, entitled "An act to protect the revenue, and for other purposes," amendatory of the act aforesaid, approved August eighteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty-six, be, and the same is hereby, amended by striking out the word "five," wherever the same Occurs, and inserting in lieu thereof the word "ten."

APPROVED, April 2, 1872.

CHAP. LXXXII. —. An Act to provide for the Exchange and Transfer of two small Parcels of Land in the City of St. Louis, Missouri.

WHEREAS the United States marine hospital grounds, situated in the city of St. Louis, Missouri, lie adjoining lands of John G. Woerner, upon an angular line of division; and whereas it is represented that an alteration and straightening of said division line, and an exchange of certain irregular strips of land, will be conducive to the interest and convenience of both parties: Therefore,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United new division line States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasbetween property ury be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint a commission, to consist of of John G. two persons, to determine upon a new division line between the property St. Louis marine of John G. Woerner, of St. Louis, Missouri, and the St. Louis marine hospihospital tract. tal tract, which shall be a continuous straight line; and the Secretary of Conveyance to the Treasury is authorized, if he shall be satisfied that the said exchange John G. Woerner shall be beneficial to the government of the United States, to convey to

if, &c.

Secretary of the Treasury to approve appraisement and location.

John G. Woerner the strip of land that may be found to lie on the south side of the line so determined upon, in exchange for the strip of land that may be found to lie on the north side of said line: Provided, That the said division line shall be so located that the exchange of said strip of land, and the location of said line, shall involve no expense to the government; and upon the further condition that the said John G. Woerner shall pay unto the United States the sum of the difference of value, if any, between the two parcels of land thus exchanged, such sum to be ascertained by the said commissioners, who, in case of disagreement, shall choose an umpire; a majority of the commission thus constituted, to determine the location of said division line, and the difference in value as aforesaid, the appraisement and location to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury. And upon the full payment of the sum aforesaid, if any difference in value should be

in favor of the United States, and conveyance by John G. Woerner to the United States of a valid title to the said strip or parcel of land lying north of the said new division line, and adjoining the southeast corner of the said St. Louis marine hospital grounds, and the payment of all expenses that may be incurred in locating said new line, determining the difference in value of the two parcels of land, and the transfer herein provided for, and compliance with the other conditions herein set forth, the Secretary of the Treas- Secretary of ury shall execute the necessary deeds for the conveyance to John G. Woerner the Treasury to of the parcel of land lying on the south side of said new division line, and cessary deeds. adjoining the southwest corner of the St. Louis marine hospital grounds. APPROVED, April 2, 1872.

CHAP. LXXXIII.

execute the ne

· An Act authorizing an American Register to the Dutch Bark" Alice April 2, 1872. Tarlton."

"Alice Tarlton."

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to issue an American issue to the bark register to the Dutch bark "Alice Tarlton," owned by John S. Emery and Company, of Boston, Massachusetts. APPROVED, April 2, 1872.

CHAP. LXXXV.-An Act to enable honorably discharged Soldiers and Sailors, their
Widows and orphan Children, to acquire Homesteads on the public Lands of the United
States.

April 4, 1872. [Amended. 1872, ch. 338. Post, p. 333. 1873, ch. 274.

Post, p. 605.]

Certain honor

one-quarter sec

homestead.
1862, ch. 25, § 3.
Vol. xii. p. 339.
1862, ch. 75.
Vol. xii. p. 392.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That every private soldier and officer who has served in the army of the United States during the recent ably discharged soldiers, sailors, rebellion for ninety days, or more, and who was honorably discharged, and and marines, has remained loyal to the government, including the troops mustered into may enter upon, the service of the United States by virtue of the third section of an act &c., not over entitled "An act making appropriations for completing the defences of tion of certain Washington, and for other purposes," approved February thirteenth, public lands as a eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and every seaman, marine, and officer who has served in the navy of the United States, or in the marine corps, during the rebellion, for ninety days, and who was honorably discharged, and has remained loyal to the government, shall, on compliance with the provisions of an act entitled "An act to secure homesteads to actual settlers on the public domain," and the acts amendatory thereof, as hereinafter modified, be entitled to enter upon and receive patents for a quantity of public lands (not mineral) not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres, or one quarter-section, to be taken in compact form according to legal subdivisions, including the alternate reserved sections of public lands along the line of any railroad or other public work, not otherwise reserved or appropriated, and other lands subject to entry under the homestead laws of the United States: Provided, That said homestead settler shall be allowed six months after locating his homestead within which to commence his settlement and improvement: And provided also, That the time which the home- in, &c. stead settler shall have served in the army, navy, or marine corps aforesaid, shall be deducted from the time heretofore required to perfect title, or if be deducted. discharged on account of wounds received, or disability incurred in the line of duty, then the term of enlistment shall be deducted from the time heretofore required to perfect title, without reference to the length of time he may have served: Provided, however, That no patent shall issue to any homestead settler who has not resided upon, improved, and cultivated his issue until, &c. said homestead for a period of at least one year after he shall commence his improvements as aforesaid.

Settlement, &c., may be commenced with

Certain time to

Patent not to

Persons entitled

SEC. 2. That any person entitled under the provisions of the foregoing under this act to section to enter a homestead, who may have heretofore entered under the a homestead, who

VOL. XVII. PUB. - 4

have hereto

160 acres as a

entered less than homestead laws a quantity of land less than one hundred and sixty acres, shall be permitted to enter under the provisions of this act so much land as, when added to the quantity previously entered, shall not exceed one hundred and sixty acres.

homestead, may now make up the difference.

The widows and

of those entitled to a homestead under this act, may enjoy its benefits.

SEC. 3. That in case of the death of any person who would be entitled orphan children to a homestead under the provisions of the first section of this act, his widow, if unmarried, or in case of her death or marriage, then his minor orphan children, by a guardian duly appointed and officially accredited at the Department of the Interior, shall be entitled to all the benefits enumerated in this act, subject to all the provisions as to settlement and improvements therein contained: Provided, That if such person died during his term of enlistment, the whole term of his enlistment shall be deducted from the time heretofore required to perfect the title.

Proviso.

Actual service in the army or navy to be

lent to a residence for the

same time upon the tract entered

SEC. 4. That where a party at the date of his entry of a tract of land under the homestead laws, or subsequently thereto, was actually enlisted deemed equiva- and employed in the army or navy of the United States, his services therein shall, in the administration of said homestead laws, be construed to be equivalent, to all intents and purposes, to a residence for the same length of time upon the tract so entered: Provided, That if his entry has been cancelled by reason of his absence from said tract while in the military or naval service of the United States, and such tract has not been disposed of, his entry shall be restored and confirmed: And provided further, That if such tract has been disposed of, said party may enter another tract subject to entry under said laws; and his right to a patent therefor shall be determined by the proofs touching his residence and cultivation of the first tract, and his absence therefrom in such service.

as a homestead when, &c.

Provisos.

Persons entitled

under this act to

a homestead may
make entry by
an agent.
Settlements,

&c., to be made

in person.

Commissioner

of land office to make rules.

April 5, 1872.

1870, ch. 255, § 32. Vol. xvi. p. 271.

Merchandise imported at certain ports, but destined for certain other ports, veyed and under

how to be con

whose control.

Inspectors.

SEC. 5. That any soldier, sailor, marine, officer, or other person coming within the provisions of this act, may, as well by an agent as in person, enter upon said homestead: Provided, That said claimant in person shall, within the time prescribed, commence settlements and improvements on the same, and thereafter fulfil all the requirements of this act.

SEC. 6. That the commissioner of the general land office shall have authority to make all needful rules and regulations to carry into effect the provisions of this act.

APPROVED, April 4, 1872.

CHAP. LXXXVI. An Act to amend the thirty-second Section of an Act entitled "An Act to reduce internal Taxes, and for other Purposes," approved July fourteenth, eighteen hundred and seventy.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section thirty-two of an act entitled "An act to reduce internal taxes, and for other purposes," approved July fourteenth, eighteen hundred and seventy, be, and the same is hereby, amended to read as follows: SECTION 32. And be it further enacted, That merchandise transported under the provisions of this act shall be conveyed in cars, vessels, or vehicles, securely fastened with locks or seals, under the exclusive control of the officers of customs; and inspectors shall be stationed at proper points along the designated routes, or upon any car, vessel, vehicle, or train, at the discretion of the said Secretary, and at the expense of the said companies respectively. And No unlading, such merchandise shall not be unladen or transhipped between the ports &c., between first of first arrival and final destination, unless authorized by the regulations and last ports, unless, &c. of the Secretary of the Treasury, in cases which may arise from a difference in the gauge of railroads, or from accidents, or from legal intervention, or from low water, ice, or other unavoidable obstruction to navigation; but in no case shall there be permitted any breaking of the original packages of such merchandise.

APPROVED, April 5, 1872.

CHAP. LXXXVII.

-

An Act to change the Location of the First National Bank of April 5, 1872. Seneca, State of Illinois, to the City of Morris, Illinois.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the First National Bank First National of Seneca, now located at Seneca, La Salle county, State of Illinois, is Bank of Seneca, hereby authorized to change its location to the city of Morris, county of chinois, may change its locaGrundy, and State aforesaid. Whenever the stockholders, representing tion. three-fourths of the capital of said bank, at a meeting called for that pur- Proceedings. pose, determine to make such change, the president and cashier shall execute a certificate under the corporate seal of the bank specifying such determination, and shall cause the same to be recorded in the office of the comptroller of the currency, and thereupon such change of location shall be effected, and the operations of discount and deposit shall be carried on in the city of Morris.

any

duties of the bank not affected.

SEC. 2. That nothing in this act contained shall be so construed as in Obligations and any manner to release the said bank from any liability, or affect action or proceeding in law, in which the said bank be a party or interested; and when such change shall have been determined upon as aforesaid, notice thereof, and of such change, shall be published in at least one weekly newspaper in each of the counties of Grundy and La Salle, in the State of Illinois, for not less than four successive weeks.

take effect.

SEC. 3. That this act shall take effect and be in force from and after Act when to its passage. APPROVED, April 5, 1872.

April 5, 1872.

United States for

CHAP. LXXXVIII.—An Act for the Relief of Sufferers by Fire at Chicago. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That on all goods, wares, and Goods, &c., sent merchandise which may be sent from places without the limits of the from without the United States as gratuitous contributions to the relief of sufferers by the the relief of suffire which occurred at Chicago, Illinois, October seventh, eighth, and ferers by the ninth, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, shall, when imported and con- Chicago fire, to be admitted free signed to the proper authority at Chicago for distribution, be admitted free of duty. of duty.

SEC. 2. That there shall be allowed and paid, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, on all materials, except lumber, imported to be and actually used in buildings erected on the site of buildings burned by said fire, a drawback of the import duties paid on the same: Provided, That said materials shall have been imported and used during the term of one year from and after the passage of this

act.

Drawback to import duties on certain building

be allowed of the

materials.

Proviso.

The Commissioner of internal

internal taxes in

SEC. 3. That the commissioner of internal revenue is hereby authorized to suspend the collection of such taxes as may have been assessed, revenue may or as may have accrued, prior to the ninth of October, eighteen hundred suspend the coland seventy-one, in the first collection district of the State of Illinois, lection of certain against any person residing or doing business and owning property in the first collection that portion of the city of Chicago recently destroyed by fire, and who, in district of Illithe opinion of said commissioner, has suffered material loss by such fire: Provided, That such suspension shall not be continued after the close of the next regular session of Congress. APPROVED, April 5, 1872.

CHAP. XC.

nois.

Proviso.

April 9, 1872.

Right of part owners of a ves

- An Act defining the Rights of Part Owners of Vessels in certain Cases. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any person or persons or body corporate having more than one-half ownership of any vessel shall sel to remove the have the same power to remove a captain, who is also part owner of such captain. vessel, as such majority owners now have to remove a captain not an

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