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E. E. ELSER
FIFTY CENTAVOS THE COPY
C. W. ROSENSTOCK,
NEW COMPANIES ORGANIZED
H. L. HEATH,
THE AMERICAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
AMERICAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BLDG., MANILA
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
C. W. ROSENSTOCK
ACTIVITIES OF THE AMERICAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
REPORT From WashINGTON..
COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION OF JOURNAL
SECRETARY OF THE AMERICAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
H. I. MoZINGO
CABLE ADDRESS: "AMCHAMBCOM, MANILA"
THE AMErican CoMMUNITY.
By Captain H. L. Heath, President American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippine Islands. THE LOGICAL CENTER OF SHIPPING IN THE ORIENT.
The American Chamber of Commerce is ready and willing at all times to furnish detailed information to any American Manufacturer,
THE AMERICAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS IS THE LARGEST AND MOST ADEQUATELY
The American Chamber of Commerce Journal
CONTENTS FOR JUNE, 1921
By Joseph F. Marias, Agent U. S. Shipping Board at Manila, P. I.
THE EFFECT OF DOUBLE TAXATION ON OUR FOREIGN TRADE
By Judge Daniel R. Williams, American Chamber of Commerce Representative in Washington CUSTOMS ANALYSIS..
WHO'S WHO AMONG THE AMERICANS IN THE PHILIPPINES
THE WOOD-FORBES COMMISSION
VISIT OF THE REPRESENTATIVES of the Chambers of Commerce of THE PACIFic NorthWEST..
Editor and Business Manager
FOREIGN SUBSCRIPTION $3.00, U. S. CURRENCY, THE YEAR
REVIEW OF CONDITIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL, 1921.
Who's Who Among the Americans in the Philippine Islands
CAPTAIN H. L. HEATH
Captain H. L. Heath, the President of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippine Islands, was born in Detroit, Michigan, more than fifty years ago, and at an early age moved to Oregon with his parents. Early in life he showed his leadership by becoming a virile newspaper editor in McMinnville, Oregon. Filled with the great pioneer spirit of the West, it did not take any special inducement for him to join the Army in its march to the Far East. Soon after the declaration of war with Spain he joined the first Philippine Expedition which sailed from San Francisco June 1, 1898, under command of General Thomas M. Anderson. Captain Heath distinguished himself in numerous engagements, was severely wounded, and served with the 2nd Oregon Regiment until they were returned to the States. His military record is an enviable one.
After being mustered out of the military service, he engaged in a serious study of the culture and preparation of hemp and maguey in various localities of the Islands. His close study of hemp has made him an authority on the subject and he is consulted and his advice solicited by all large dealers of hemp throughout the United States.
Vigorous, straightforward, never knowing defeat, Captain Heath was the logical American to lead the American Chamber of Commerce through its early years of struggle. Physically courageous, he has been preeminently endowed with the higher courage, the courage to sustain his convictions. Having once determined on the right, he is immovable.
MAJOR WILLIAM H. ANDERSON
One of the best known and most successful American business men in the Philippine Islands is William H. Anderson, who was born in Ohio forty-nine years ago. He graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1892, and received a commission as Lieutenant, 16th United States Infantry. About four months later he resigned from the Regular Army and followed the engineering profession until the outbreak of the Spanish American War. He volunteered his services and came to the Philippines in the second expedition, arriving in Manila during the middle of July, 1898. After a year and a half of service, he resigned from the Volunteer Army and became Assistant Manager of the Pacific Oriental Trading Company. In 1904, Mr. Anderson founded William H. Anderson & Company, in which he has continuously taken an active interest and is still its President. He is also President of Erlanger & Galinger, Incorporated, President of the Catton-Neill Engineering & Machinery Company and a Director of the Bulletin Publishing Company. Among the clubs with which Major Anderson is affiliated is the Manila Lodge of Elks of which he is Past Exalted Ruler, the Army & Navy Club, of which he is now a Director, the Polo Club, the Manila Golf Club and the Baguio Country Club.
JOSEPH F. MARIAS
Although Mr. Marias is comparatively a newcomer to the Philippines, he has been very active in securing improvements in the shipping conditions in the Islands such as the dredging of the Iloilo harbor, and he is working extremely hard to make Manila the leading port of the Orient.
Mr. Marias, whose father was a sailing shipmaster, was born in Portland, Oregon, in 1889. After finishing his university education, he started in the shipping game with the Portland Asiatic Steamship Company, and since that time has continuously been connected with shipping and railroading. From 1914 to 1917 he was in charge of the port of Astoria, Oregon, which is one of the most up-todate ports of the world.
When war was declared, Mr. Marias was made a Major in the Reserve Corps, but was unable to accept his commission at that time due to pressure of shipping and port work. A little while later, he was able to get away and desiring active service, he enlisted as a private in the 19th Infantry and was afterwards commissioned as First Lieutenant.
In January, 1919, Mr. Marias was detailed by the Shipping Board to organize the Supercargo School. After getting the school well under way, he was sent to Europe as a special Port Investigator with the Palen Mission. Later he was detailed to the Dutch Commission for the return of vessels commandeered during the war. He was also detailed with Mr. Palen to advise the American Delegation at the Peace Conference in Paris on shipping matters. When this work was completed, he investigated the conditions for the establishment of the American Agencies in European ports. After successfully finishing his work in Europe he was sent to the Far East to establish Shipping Board Agencies in the Orient and is now in charge of the senior office in the Far East at Manila.