that man has ever made, and are now the most | destroy him in moment-without formidable obstacles to his attainment of happiness whose ministering aid his life cannot sub-the ultimate object of his nature.

•111h. That, for the convenience of discourse, it sist for a day—which, when he disobeys is necessary that some concise term should be or neglects them, break loose to ravage adopted, by which to designate this elernal, un cities and swallow up navies, are yet, to caused, omnipresent Power; and that the term those who will obey them, who will recur God is, perhaps, as unexceptionable for this purpose as any one word that can be employed ; and it has to mediating powers which they submit the additional recommendation ot general use in to, as docile and as flexible as infants. its favour.

Who shall dare to say that the Spirit, * 12th. That, therefore, this eternal, uncaused, which made man, cannot be bent by prayinfinite, incomprehensible Power, will probably be called God in the Millennium

ers of man, when the hard and senseless • The next question which has been asked is, matter, which He has placed against us What is the whole duty of man to this Power ? like a rock, becomes yielding as water to

• We reply, That the whole duty of man is to at the hand, when we have learned and contain the object of his existence ; which is, to be hap; formed ourselves to the mediations py himself, to make his fellow-beings happy, and to endeavour to make the existence of all that are which He has appointed ? And what is formed to feel pleasure and pain, as delightful as the first thing which this poor worshiphis knowledge and power, and their nature, will per of Nature will have to learn ? A admit.

""What!" will the superstitious and irrational creed, a formula of faith, describing the exclaim, ** no compulsory, or state religion—no laws of Nature, its attributes, its mysterforms and ceremonies-no temples-no prayers- ies—for mysteries they must be before no gloom—no mortification of the flesh or spirit- they have been reduced to his own perno anger on account of religious differences-po religious persecution ? What! friendship, and

sonal experiences. And is this creed a kindness, and charity for Jew and Gentile ? 'What short or easy one ? No, it contains the nothing to be done by man for the glory of God, whole code of every branch of physical but to make himself and all other living beings as science. And is it of little consequence ? happy as possible? This is downright blasphemy Will it bear to be trifled with ? and infidelity !"

Will it • Yes, this is what men trained according the be punctilious and scrupulous in exacting notions of the old immoral world think and say; it a most rigid conformity, even to an iota is the language of insanity and madness; and, as of the truth, under penalty of entire de. men have hitherto been trained to be insane or

struction ? mad, it is natural for them thus to feel and

What does this rational re

express themselves.

ligionist say to the damnatory clauses in • But in the Millennium state, to produce happi- that Athanasian creed of nature, accordness will be the only religion of inan; and the ing to which he believes, that a spark benevolence and useful industry; in the acquisi

: dropped in a powder-magazine-a mere tion of knowledge, in uniformly speaking the lan. spark, dropped carelessly, doubtingly, igguage of truth, and in the expression of the joyous norantly, will explode it as well as a confeelings which a life in accordance with nature and flagration—by which a pin's head of detruth is sure to produce.

Thus will a religion be established which will viation from the right line will hur) a man offend no sensible man, be adopted first by the in. over a precipice-by which a touch will telligent and rational of all sects, in all countries, spread a plague through a nation as well and afterwards by the human race, when it shall as universal contact ? These creeds, become one nation and one people, having one language and one interest, and when Truth, or the therefore, are to be learned by him at his " knowledge of the Lord,'shall cover the earth as peril. And learned how? He answers, the waters cover the sea.” 'Robert Owen's New by experience. By experience! What Moral World, vol. ii. No. 5.

will become of the child, who is to learn If the miserable man who wrote this the suffocating law of water by running trash knew anything of that mighty Na-into it; and the universality of that law ture, whose laws he dares to speak of, the by running into it always ! --who must very first thing which he would be com- not abstain from putting his finger into pelled to recognise is, that he is placed the candle, until after a valid number of from his birth in a covenant with it. Why experiments—who must taste and empty will he not thrust his hand into the fire? all the bottles in his mother's medicine. Because the fire declares that, if he does, chest, before he is convinced that they it will burn him. Why will he not at- are poisons ? Mr. Owen, of whose sanity tempt to walk

upon the water ? Because the Bishop of Exeter may well doubt, and the water threatens to drown him. And wish to doubt, founds all knowledge on ex. yet the fire will warm, and the water will perience ; and experience, we think, will refresh him, if he will learn their nature inform him, if nothing better has done so and submit to their laws. Ay, and these before that it is wisest, and safest, and most stern inexorable elements, which can thus usual, to learn our creeds of Nature from

see no

the testimony of men—to begin with certain period in the history of man, this taking Newton's word for the movement fabric of the material world, which now of the planets—to consult Dr. Buckland stands before us as our stern and absowhen we

are boring for coal-to go to lute master, beyond which we Sir Henry Halford or Sir Astley Cooper other, did fall down and worship a Being, if we require to know the mode by which whom by every act of submission it owna fever is to be quenched, or a bone set. ed for itself, and pointed out to us, as its Experience, we think, would tell him that Lord and Master. Air and water, trees testimony—the testimony of man-testi- and animals, man and beast, spirit and mony, not so much to opinion, but to matter, liie and death, each and all acfacts-is the very sheet-anchor of our ex- knowledged in Him that empire and istence, the guide of our actions, the re- claim to our allegiance, which, if paid to cord of the past, the light of the future, themselves, is idolatry. It is a fact in the criterion of truth, the foundation of physical science. This testimony of Nabelief. What right has Mr. Owen, or ture to the supremacy of Him, who sent Mr. Anybody, to advise, or rebuke, or us His Gospel, is as strong and as unerform plans, or propagate opinions, except ring-nay, infinitely stronger, and supon the validity of testimony? And there- ported by infinitely better witnesses, than fore, when he stands before the Power of any the most simple facts of physical sciNature, and asks how to discover its laws, ence on the knowledge of which our life the first warning of that Power is, that depends, none of which have been mainhe look carefully to testimony-consult tained by thousands at the sacrifice of life those who have studied it before, to'-none formally embodied in the rituals whom it has revealed itself already. And and creeds of a Catholic Church—none where are they to be found ?

Has that handed down and accepted by generasame Power left him without such wit- tions after generations, as tried, certain, nesses and guides? How came he to be invariable, eternal truths. And if men born with parents ?

How is it that the choose to set such testimony aside, they very presence of a fellow-man is a warn- must do it at their peril-just as, at the ing to him, and a teacher ? Qui habet peril of their lives, they would swallow comitem, habet magistrum. How is it that arsenic in defiance of their physician, or he is born into a state of society under sit upon the valve of a steam-engine when kings, magistrates, legislators, and tutors, warned that it would certainly explode. whose interest and duty it is to testify to And this brings us to the great queshim his own interest and duty ? No, Na- tion, how is this atrocious system to be ture has not left this need of man unpro. combated ? The first person to look to vided for. She has given him a cloud of is the State-the Crown, whom the Bishop witnesses to her material laws ; founded of Exeter most wisely admonished of its a Church of science, as well as of reli- duty by reading the Queen's solemn gion, appointed a hierarchy, established a pledge on her first entrance on the throne. line of tradition through which we be. These are times when it cannot be brought come acquainted with her physical truths. forward too publicly And what is the first truth which they witness ? · It is, that they have received giously considering that it is an indispensable duty

Victoria Regina-We, most seriously and relifrom past generations—and they prove on us to be careful, above all other things, to prethat it has been received by a concur. serve and advance the honour and service of Al. rence of independent witnesses-a fact; mighty God, and to discourage and suppress all a fact, as much a matter of experience to which are so highly displeasing to God, so great a

vice, profaneness, debauchery, and immorality, the senses as the gravitation of a stone or reproach to religion and government, and (by means the flowing of water ; a fact relating to of the frequent ill examples of the practices thereof) that very Nature, of which it is our boun. have so fatal a tendency to the corruption of our den interest to understand the whole disposed, and which, if not timely remedied, may

loving subjects, otherwise religiously and virtuously constitution—which warns us in the most justly draw down the Divine vengeance on us and threatening accents not to omit the slight- our kingdom ; we also humbly acknowledging that est iota in our judgment of its history and we cannot expect the blessing and goodness of Altruths ; not to make the least mistake in and on whom we entirely rely; to make our reign

mighty God (by whom Kings and Queens reign, our conduct respecting it, for fear it happy and prosperous to ourselves and our people, should turn upon us and destroy us, and without a religious observance of God's holy laws-not to be guided in our judgment by the to the intent, there ore, that religion, picty, and evidence of our senses only.

good manners may (according to our most hearty

desire) flourish and increase under our administra. This fact is the following :—that, at a tion and government, we have thought fit, by the


advice of our Privy Council

, to issue this our royal|large an object to escape the eye even of Proclamation, and do hereby declare, &c.; and we the most somnolent of ministers :—the do expect and require that all persons of honour, or in place of authority, will give good example by Bishop of Exeter did not drag the thing their own virtue and piety, and to their utmost con before them, until the public had been tribute to the discountenancing persons of dissolute compelled to see it ; and compelled to and debauched lives, &c.: and for the more effect ask the question, whether or not the govual reforming all such persons, who, by reason of their dissolute lives and conversations, are a scandal ernment of this country deemed blas. to our kingdom, our further pleasure is

, and we do phemy a crime punishable, and which hereby strictly charge and command all our judges, they were resolved to punish, by the laws mayors, sheriffs, justices of the peace, and all our of the land. Let the answer be given other officers and ministers, both ecclesiastical and civil, and all other our subjects whom it may con.

boldly, and the blasphemy will soon discern, to be very vigilant and strict in the discovery appear. Already the dread of prosecuand the effectual prosecution and punishment of all tion has checked its openness. persons who shall be guilty of excessive drinking, But beside the supreme government blasphemy, profane swearing and cursing, lewd. ness, profanation of the Lord's day, and other disso much may be done by its representatives lute, immoral, or disorderly practices.'

among the educated classes of society.

A little tract, published, we see, at RomNow, either this is a mere farce and sey, is

very short but very sensible :mockery-or the blasphemies of the Socialists are not profane-or some great Mr. Trueman (walking in his garden) stops before

the border where Tom Moore is digging. change has come over the principles of

Mr. T.-How much do I owe you for wages, government since this proclamation was

Tom ? made ;-without one or other of these

Tom.- 'Tis just a week's, sir. alternatives the government cannot es • Mr. T.-There !—Take your money.

Is it cape from prosecuting these wretched right?

Tom.-Yes, sir!
Their meetings are open, their

Mr T.-Now, then, put down your tools, and tracts publicly dispersed, their books

go off my premises directly. avowed. If there is any law in the land, Tom. Why? What have I done, Sir, to be or any power of enforcing it, here is the turned off in this way? occasion. If this be omitted, what other

Mr. T.-You have disobeyed my orders and crime shall we ever attempt to punish, both last Sunday and the Sunday before—that is

advice, by going to hear the Socialists - discourse,” the moment it has become common, and what you have done.' organised itself in a society? If a set of murderers had formed a congress at Bir

Let us not hear of persecution. Per. mingham, would the government prose- secution is a hard word, but punishment cute them, or say, that to prosecute a is not persecution ; and vice must be murderer only encouraged murder, only punished, and ignorance warned, and brought him into notice? Yet murder is truth proclaimed—and no way of doing mainly injury to man—blasphemy is in- this is so easy and effectual as the course sult to God and murder of the worst recommended here with the lower or. kind--of man's spirit as well as of his ders, and a similar course, that of expulbody.

sion from society, with all others. They Let it be remembered, that the great have set a mark upon themselves; it is duty of a government is to assert its own our business to avoid them, lest we principles; to put forth its own moral should be swallowed up in their con. character; to warn its subjects against demnation. evil. When this has been done, the rest If there are persons who, as not being must be left to God. There may indeed connected with the Church, or not intebe cases, in which it may be necessary to rested in the suppression of blasphemy seem not to see an evil, and when, as not as a matter of religion, are willing to seeing, we compromise no principle by overlook it, we recommend to them abstaining from punishing: the Bishop some other considerations more nearly of Exeter well distinguished between affecting their pockets. Even Locke alcases of sedition and cases of blasphemy; lows* that those are not at all to be in the former of which political consider- tolerated who deny the being of God. ations might at times be allowed to sus- Promises, covenants, and oaths, which pend prosecution. But an organised body, are the bonds of human society, can for the propagation of blasphemy, num- have no hold upon an atheist. The takbering 100,000 members, and 350 places ing away of God, though but even in within its reach, and 61 chartered socie- thought, dissolves all.' We beg to ask ties in connection with it, is rather too * Ist Letter on Toleration, p. 47.

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them how they like the following appli- Morality, dressed up in stiff stays and finery, start cation of the non-responsibility doctrine from her own disgusting image, should she look in

the mirror of nature ?' -and which has been publicly applied in the Socialist meetings even to the murderer of Lord Norbury, and to classes in the minds of the lower orders

The view encouraged of the middling Messrs. Frost and Williams :

is also not without instruction. As for

kings and lords, they never can expect A“ WORD IN SEASON” TO JURORS.

these to be others than tyrants and mad* (Under the present distressed circumstances of

men ;-but Mr. Owen's denunciation is the operative classes, when the influences which surround them are of a nature to stimulate them to

more extensive actions—conventionally named crimes—it seems peculiarly appropriate to republish the following Thus, also, have the middle classes of society, paper ; we recommend the reasoning it contains to in what are most erroneously called civilized coun: the serious attention of all whose position may tries, been made, by the existing classification, place them in the jury-box.-ED.)

anything but rational beings. OBJECTIONS io convict for offences having The professions, civil and military, the leading their origin in misgovernment and the vicious influ. merchants, bankers, manufacturers, and tradesences or arrangements which confessedly exist, men, are, one and all, systematically trained, by but of which society, and those who administer the the objects and persons around them, to become laws, are either ignorant or powerless to counteract deprived of every rational perception, and fit only and remove--convictions that lead to punishments to occupy one of the larger or smaller cells in our, which all experience proves inefficient to repress at present, terrestrial lunatic asylums. crime, or to reclaim criminals—presented to the • It is indeed doubtful whether they have yet adCommissioners at the Old Bailey, November 27th,' vanced so far as to admit their best and kindest &c. &c. &c.

friends to attempt their cure, without arousing all

their angry, or irrational feelings. For, hitherto, The following recommendation, quot- terested have made, at great personal

when their least mentally injured and most disin. ed with the highest applause from Mr. risk, some effort to convince them of some important Shelley's Queen Mab, and placed as an error, and to show them a valuable truth, these appendix to Mr. Robert Owen's Lectures comparatively wise men have uniformly experien. on Marriage, may also deserve atten- suffered death, and some even under the most ex

ced severe persecution, and many of them have tion :

cruciating tortures.

• These so-called civil professions are real ene. • Chastity is a monkish and evangelical supersti mies, and most formidable ones too, to the human tion ; a greater fue to natural temperance even than race. They destroy the minds and morals of all, unintellectual sensuality; it strikes at the root of and materially injure the health of all; they are, all domestic happiness, and consigns more than in fact, the cause of all the deception and hypocrisy half of the human race to misery, that some few which spoil the human character, and make the may monopolize according to law. A system could earth a pandemonium instead of a terrestrial para. not well have been devised more studiously hostile dise ; a paradise which truth, with the progress to human happiness than marriage.

already attained in the arts and sciences, would I conceive that, from the abolition of marriage, now soon form it to become. The irrationality of the fit and natural arrangement of sexual connec- these professions will appear the more glaring, tion would result. I by no means assert that the when it is called to mind that individuals are taken intercourse would be promiscuous : on the contra- vut of families to be trained to deceive and prey ry, it appears, from the relation of parent to child, upon the other members of the family; for the that this union is generally of long duration, and priests, lawyers, and medical men, continually marked above all others with generosity and deceive and prey upon every other class in society, self-devotion. But this is a subject which it is but especially upon the agriculturists, manufacturperhaps premature to discuss. That which will ers, merchants, traders and operatives, who they result from the abolition of marriage will be na. consider are trained to be their dupes, and are fair lural and right, because choice and change will be game, from whom to make their fortunes.' exempted from restraint.

• In fact, religion and morality, as they now But perhaps the following cover, restand, compose a practical code of misery and ier.

peated on many of their tracts, will suvitude: the genius of human happiness must tear every leaf from the accursed book of God ere man persede any farther hints. We only beg can read the inscription on his heart. How would our readers to observe the medley : • Now publishing, in Weekly Numbers, at l'hreepence each ; and in Monthly Parts

at One Shilling :

Proving, by irrefragable Facts and Arguments, that that “ bloodthirsty Monster” and
wholesale barbarian Murderer of the French People, was one of the most humane,
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We see that two self-constituted soci- / rests, and the personal experience of eties, called the City of London Mission, each hearer, as the proper standard by and the Christian Instruction Society, which to measure divine truth, and right have taken, one of them the theatre of and wrong. If this be not the standard the London Mechanics’ Institution, and appealed to, what is it? Is it revealed the other a chapel near Red Lion Square, law? in which courses of lectures have been But the Dissenters must prove the fac delivered on the subject, of Socialism. of their revelation, and for this they must If these are merely lectures, not discus- go to the witness, the historical witness sions—such as have been rashly under of the church-for its witness not only to taken in many parts of the manufactur- the simple fact, but to the definite form ing districts, to the great triumph and of the revelation itself: since a revela. encouragement of the Socialists ---the tion not definite is a contradiction in principal thing to be lamented is--that terms. But throw themselves on this, parties should have ventured on the task, and what becomes of dissent ? If there who, by their own principles, must be be this positive witness, why secede from, defeated in it ; for we observe they are and set it at naught? And, therefore, dis. almost exclusively Dissenters; and Ow-sent dares not grapple with these blasenism, we beg to assure them, is only a phemies by bringing forward a positive, species of Dissent.

definite, external, revealed law; and its The lists of these lecturers and their other standard the blasphemer will gladly chosen topics are before us; and we accept, for it is the very foundation of must confess ourselves entirely in the his system. We do go by our reason, dark if they, one and all, mean anything they will say, and we do not understand but an appeal to the understanding, to the Christianity; and, therefore, we reject it. moral sentiments, to the personal inte-We do act according to our conscience,

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