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before this publication, fully aware of the men—was about the reading of a line in success with which he had cultivated in Horace. Walpole had concluded a his youth, and has improved in his age, brave vindication of himself and his an exquisite taste in classical and Eng- quarter-of-a-century of administration by lish versification, and how high it might professing,-have been his lot-.

Nil conscire sibi, nulli pallescere culpe :-inter am abiles Vatûm ponere se choros'-

"Nullâ pallescere culpâ,' interrupted Pulte

ney; and while the House was dividing if he had not been called to the graver on the fate of the minister, a bet of a duties of the Senate and the Cabinet guinea was to decide the grammatical 'Lost, lost too soon, in yonder House or Hall-

controversy. Hardinge,* the clerk of There truant Wyndham every muse gave o'er ;

the House—a superior man of business, There Talbot sank, and was a wit no more ! though a scholar--decided for Pulteney, How sweet an Ovid Murray was our boast ; who, when Walpole good-humouredly How many Martials were in Pulteney lost !!

threw him the guinea, held it up, and

exclaimed that it was the first public We hear and read every day grievous money he had touched for a long time,* lamentations of the utter inadequacy- and should be the last.' particularly for the business of the worldof the system of education pursued in the all-accomplished Chesterfield, who de

We need hardly remind our readers of our great schools ; much virtuous indig- serves that designation at least as well nation against longs and shorts ; and a

as Bolingbroke himself, and who in after deal of nonsense prose against the futility life ridiculed his own early pedantry, as of nonsense verses. We are not now going he called it, without considering how to enter into the details of that question; but much he might have owed to it. Their the occasion obliges us to say that, if the bold and able contemporary, Lord Grantree is to be judged by its fruits-a ville, was a first-rate classical scholar-a test which is peculiarly applicable to patrón of learning-who, if he had not schools-Eton, Westminster, Winches- been a patron, would have deserved to ter, and Harrow-with all their enormi, be patronised. The great Lord Chat, ties of hexameters and pentameters, chori, ham has left us specimens of Latin and ambics, and hypercatalectics-have turned

English verse; Lord North was an elesuch as no strictly utilitarian seminary has gant scholar; Lord Grenville a profound

Mr. Fox was a contributor to the ever equalled, or we believe ever will. Musæ Etonenses, and understood DemosLet us take, for instance, that class of thenes even better than he imitated him, men to which Lord Wellesley belongs. and in his retirement beat Gilbert WakeWhat affairs of life can have less relation field at his own weapons, in criticism to dactyls and spondees than the duties of and philology: Mr. Pitt was, in the opia practical statesman and the complex nion of an eminent Greek scholar, the arts of governing, mankind ?-yet our best Greek scholar that he had ever congreatest political leaders have ranked versed with ; and we suspect that Mr. amongst our best scholars.

To go no Fox would have found him as powerful farther back than Mr. Pulteney-- who is suggested to us by Pope's testimony- pics, as on the Regency question. We

an antagonist on a text of the Philipwe know that he and his great antago- know not that any of his juvenile exernist, Sir Robert Walpole, two as practi- cises have been preserved; but he concal men of the world as the world ever produced, were both scholars—Sir Ro

* The great-grandfather of Sir Henry Hardinge. bert a distinguished Etonian--Pulteney a

* He had been in office in the reign of George I. Westminster-and so eminent that, on 1 Swift records with his peculiar humour, the his removal to Christ Church, he was scholarship of Lord Granville—“ His Excellency, selected to pronounce the oration to the present Lord Lieutenant, was educated in the Queen Anne on her visit to the universi- University of Oxford, Christ Chureh College, to

which he removed from Westminster,] from ty. At the close of twenty years of po- whence, with a singularity scarce to be justified, litical struggle, in which they exhibited he carried away more Greck, Latin, and philoso. such an admirable variety and extent of phy, than properly became a man of his rank; inpractical knowledge, the last personal deed, much more of each than most of those who

are forced to live by their learning, will be at the contest between the two great rivals--in

unnecessary pains to load their heads with."-Vin. the very crisis of their fate au public dic. of Lord Cartaret, Swift's Works, rii, 47€.

soare;

tributed, we have reason to believe, some stion may contribute to the result we have of the cleverest papers, both prose and indicated, is a matter of curious speculaverse, serious and comic, in the 'Anti- tion. Does it operate at all ? May not jacobin. One unpublished specimen of the simple fact be that clever men, who his poetical taste we can vouch for. do every thing well, will also make the Strolling one day with a friend in the best verses? That is the easiest soluwalks of Holwood, his companion hap- tion, and true no doubt to a great depened to quote that noble stanza of one gree; but not, we think, altogether. The of the noblest odes of Horace (II. ii.) :- nicer and more critical study of the an

cient languages must at least produce · Virtus recludens immeritis mori

the good effect of familiarising the young Cælum, negatà tentat iter via, Cætusque vulgares et udam

mind with examples of the purest taste Spernit humum fugiente pennå :

—the most generous sentiments-the

noblest achievements. It may also act of which Mr. Pitt immediately extem- beneficially by exercising the memory porised this spirited paraphrase :- and ingenuity in matters, minute yet not

trivial—just weighty enough to steady On wing sublime, through trackless paths she

without overloading the youthful intel. And spurning vulgar haunts and earthly shores, lect: and may there not be something in To those whom godlike deeds forbid to die, the habit of judicious selection, nice Unbars the gates of immortality.'

adaptation, and careful construction esNeed we mention Windham, Canning : sential to classical versification, which Peel, Lord Grey, Lord Holland, Lord operates, as the rudiments of the exact Stanley, Lord Wellesley himself, and in sciences are admitted to do (and we short almost every man-dead or living might almost call prosody an exact --who for the last century has taken a science), by accustoming the mind to predistinguished and predominant part in cision, discrimination, accuracy, and the great business of the nation? There order ? But however all this may be, have been no doubt some, and not incon- we can only say that whenever Hackney siderable exceptions. Yet all are not and Gower street shall produce anything exceptions that at first sight may appear superior to the scholar-statesmen we 80-Mr. Burke, for instance -who though have enumerated, or fifty others that a sound scholar and rich in all the varie- might be named, we shall have less conties of erudition, was, more patrio, but an fidence in the beneficial tendency of the indifferent prosodian. One remarkable Sapphic and Alcaic processes of Éton and example of this deficiency, and the rea- Harrow. But that desirable period is, diness with which it was repaired and we fancy-notwithstanding the rapid turned to account, though well known, is march of modern intellect-still far disworth repeating. Mr. Burke, while im- tant. pressing economy on the government, From these preliminary observationsquoted a dictum of Cicero, which he much too cursory for a subject of so mispronounced -- Magnum est vectigal much interest and importance, but which parsimonia—ti-gal—Burke,' suggested are at least appropriate to our present Lord North audibly across the House. task—we proceed to give our readers 'I thank the noble Lord, resumed Mr. some specimens of the compositions of Burke, for his correction—which ena- Lord Wellesley. bles me to repeat with still more force Where all are elegant, there is no diffi. and propriety that admirable maxim— culty but in selection ; and as the general Magnum est vectigal parsimonia.' With- defect of modern Latin verses is that they out giving too much importance to a are rather reminiscences than effusions, false quantity, may we not speculate and conversant rather with ideal than real whether the utility and fame of Mr. existence, we shall, in the few extracts Burke and other men of the same class, which our limited space allows, make might not have been extended and choice of - not perhaps the best examheightened, if, instead of the somewhat ples of classical beauty, but—those which irregular culture of Dublin or Edinburgh, seem best to express the feelings of the their perhaps too luxuriant talents had individual. received the more exact training of our The following ode, written at Eton English schools and Universities? in Lord Wellesley's seventeenth year,

Whether, or how far, or by what though liable to the objection, if indeed means, the practice of classical composi- it be one, of personifying in Pudor'

38

VOL. XV

HOM. IL.

pp. 36, 37.

the double character of modesty and Veni! futuris gloria seculis shame, is creditable at once to his

poe

Cælestis infans! en tibi divites

Natura fructus, en beatas tical and his moral taste, and exhibits,

Fundit opes Domino Deoque ! as Cicero says of Drusus, 'in adolescente singularem severitatem':

At ipse celsum ad sidera verticem

Attollit adventu Lebanon Tuo,
Αίσχεα δειδιότες και όνειδεα. .

Nutuque rupes insolenti

Quassai, odoriserasque cedros. • Dilecta cæli Progenies, Pudur!

Tuque O feracis Lux Asiæ Salem!
Puro supremus quem Pater æthere
Demisit in terras, potentem

Reges, et Urbes, et Populos super
Ritè vagos revocare mores

Feres, per extremos virorum

Voce Dei tua regna tractus ;
Ad sancta Recti limina ; at addere
Insanienti vincla Licentiæ,

Surgas perenni fulgida lumine!
Mentemque delicto paratam

Tellusque, Cælumque, et Mare, et Orbium

Vanescet ordo; sed manebit
In mediâ cohibere culpa ;

Æthereæ sacra flamma Lucis.'
Secretus imo corde Nocentium
Curas, et acres exacuis metus,
Scelusque furtivum sequaci

The four last strophes are admirable. Exagitas face cerius ultor,

Such verses prove satisfactorily that

Eton knew how to combine literature At innocenti gratior assides

and religion ; and the graces of the Menti magister; gaudet enim tuæ Parere tutelæ, vigetque

mind with the higher duties and loftier Voce tua stabilita Virtus.

aspirations of a Christian spirit ; and it

is remarkable and gratifying, that these Tu Castitati Te comitem admoves

feelings, which dawn so brightly in Lord Semper decorum ; non oriens aquas

Wellesley's earliest productions, shine,
Aurora fulgentes colorat
Splendidior, variumque cælum,

with increased brilliancy in those of his

middle age, and with confirmed splendour Quim Tu pererras Virginum amabili in his last. Twenty years later-just Genas rubentes luce Modestiæ,

before his embarkation for India-he Rosasque vivas per venusta Ora seris, nitidumque collum.

thus expresses his horror of the excesses

of the French revolutionists :Tu claustra avaræ dura aperis manûs ;

* At qua Pestis atrox rapido se turbine vertit, Fædæque somnos rumpis Inertiæ ;

Cernis ibi, prisca moruin compage soluta;
Tu cogis Imbellcm frementes

Procubuisse solo civilis fædera vitæ,
Militiæ tolerare fluctus,

Et quodcunque Fides, quodcunque habet alma

verendi O nostra lenis pectora temperes !

Religio, Pietasque et Legum fræna sacrarum.' Semperque præsens, et, precor, integrum

Reliquiæ, p.1. Fidus infestas tueri illecebras vitiosiorum !—pp. 19, 20. and builds his hope for England on the

solid basis of order and religion :Still higher, we think, both in expression and feeling, are the following noble • Una etenim in mediis Gens intemerata ruinis lyrics, written in Advent week of the Libertate proba, et justo libramine rerum, same year :

Securum iaustis degit sub legibus ævum ;

Antiquosque colt mores, et jura Parentum • lo ! triumphis et citharæ sono

Ordine firma suo, sanoque intacta vigore,

Servat adhuc, hominumque fidem, curamque DeoAssurge Vatum prisca domus Salem ! Murosque festina per omnes,

rum.'-Ib. p. 2. Lætificos iterare cantus ;

And more than thirty years later still, he Rursus vetusto turrigerum caput

amplifies and illustrates the same princi. Honore crescet ; jam tibi regia

ples in the longest, and, in our humble Pubescit arbos, jam decorum

judgment, decidedly the best of all those Parturiit rediviva fructum.

compositions-of which neither our clus. En ! consecrato Virginis alveo

sical nor our Christian readers would for. Nascetur Hebrææ Unigenus Puer!

give us if we suppressed a line. The oc. En! dia cælorum Propago

casion was not, as is too often the case in Visit humum miserasque gentes ! modern Latinity, supposed for the sake

of the verses-these verses were promptIllum paternæ sedis ab ardua

ed by the happy occasion. It appears Porta per orbem Justitia et Fides Sóctentur, æternùmque pulchros

that Lord Wellesley, last summer, hired Aurea Pax comitata gressus. a villa near Windsor; and this residence

per

• THE WEEPING WILLOW OF BABYLON.

led him to his earliest haunts in the beloved neighbourhood of Eton. There, a Dishevelled, mournful, beauteous type of Grief, weeping willow on the banks of the That seem'st in tears to bend o'er Thames's tide,

And still to rue the day, when Babel's Chief, Thames su ggested the following lines:

High on Thy Parent stream enthroned in pride,

Beheld upon Thy melancholy boughs "SALIX BABYLONICA.

The Harps unstrung of Israel's captive band,

When heart, and voice, and orisons, and vows THE WEEPING WILLOW,

Refused the haughty Victor's stern command • The first of this race of willow was introduced into England in the last century: it was brought To move great Sion's festal lay sublime, from the banks of the Euphrates, near the ruins of To mingle hcavenly strains of joy with tears, Babylon, where this willow abounds. This is the To sing the Lord's song in a stranger's clime, willow on which the Israelites “hanged their harps": And chant the holy hymn to heathen ears. according to the Psalm 137,6 super flumina Ba. bylonis." —" How shall I sing the Lord's song in Down by Euphrates' side They sat and wept, the land of a stranger ?")

In sorrow mute, but not to memory dead;

Oh Sion !-voice and harp in stillness slept, Passis meesta comis, formosa doloris imago,

But the pure mindful tear for Thee was shed ; Quæ, flenti similis, pendet in amue Salix, Euphratis nata in ripa Babylone sub alta

To Thee, beloved Sion! vain were given Dicitur Hebræas sustinuisse lyras ;

Blessing, and Honour, Wealth and Power-in Cùm, terrâ ignota, Proles Solymæa refugit

vain Divinum Patriæ, jussa movere melos;

The glorious present Majesty of Heaven
Suspensisque lyris, et luctu muta, sedebat,

Irradiated Thy chosen holy Fane !
In lacrymis memorans Te, veneranda Sion!
Te, dilecta Sion! frustra sacrata Jehovæ,

Fallen from Thy God, the heathen's barbarous hand Te, præsenti Ædes irradiata Deo !

Despoils thy Temple, and thine Altar stains ; Nunc pede barbarico, et manibus temerata profanis, Reft of Her Children mourns the Parent Land, Nunc orbata Tuis, et taciturna Domus!

And in Her dwellings death-like silence reigns. At Tu, pulchra Salix, Thamesini littoris hospes, Sis sacra, ct nobis pignora sacra feras ;

Rise, sacred Tiee! a monument to tell Quá cecidit Judæa, mones, captiva sub ira,

How Vanity and Folly lead to Woe ; Victricem stravit Quæ Babylona manus; Under what wrath anfaithful Israel sell, Inde, doces, sacra et ritus servare

Parentum,

What mighty arm laid Babel's triumphs low. Juraque, et antiqua vi stabilire Fidem Me quoties curas suadent lenire seniles

Rise, sacred Tree ! on Thames's gorgeous shore, Umbra Tua, et viridi ripa beata toro,

To warn the People, and to guard the Throne ; Sit mihi, primitiasque meas, tenuesque triumphos, Teach them, their pure religion to adore, Sit, revocare tuos ,dulcis Etona ! dies,

And foreign Faiths, and Rites, and Pomps dis. Auspice Te, summe mirari culmina famæ,

own ! Et purum antiquæ lucis adire jubar, Edidici Puer, et, jam primo in limine vitæ,

Teach them, that their Forefathers' noble race, Ingenuas veræ laudis amare vias.

With Virtue, Liberty, and Truth combined, O juncta Aoniduin lauro præcepta Salutis

And honest Zeal, and Piety, and Grace, Æternæ ! et Musis consociata Fides !

The Throne , and Altar's strength have interO felix Doctrina ! et divina insita luce !

twined : Quæ tuleras animo lumina fausta meo ; Incorrupta, precor, maneas, atque integra, neu te

The lofty glories of the Land and Main, Aura regat populi, neu novitatis amor.

The stream of industry, and Trade's proud course, Stet quoque prisca Domus ; (neque enim manus The Majesty of Empire to sustain,

impia tangat ;) Floreat in mediis intemerata minis ;

God's Blessing on sound Faith is Britain's force. Det Patribus Patres, Populoque det inclyta Cives, Eloquiumque Foro, Judiciisque decus,

Me, when Thy shade and Thames's meads and

flowers Conciliisque animos, magnæque det ordine Genti Invite to soothe the cares of waning age,

Immortalem alta cum pietate Fidem. Floreat, intacta per postera secula fama,

May Memory bring to Me my long past hours Cura diù Patriæ, Cura paterna Dei.'-Reliquiæ,

To calm my soul, and troubled thoughts assuage ! Fern Hill, Windsor, August 22, 1839.

Come, parent Eton ! turn the stream of time

Back to Thy sacred fountain crowned with baya | of this admirable and interesting poem,

Recall my brightest, sweetest days of Prime !

When all was hope and triumph, joy and Lord Wellesley has given a translation praise. by his own hand, which though, perhaps, Guided by Thee I raised my youthful sight not of equal merit—at least of equal To the steep solid heights of lasting fame, terseness—with the original, is so good, and hailed the beams of clear ethereal light that both as a specimen of his English

That brighten round the Greek and Roman versification, and for the sake of our fair readers, but few of whom can have appre. o Blest Instruction! friend to generour youth ! ciated our former extracts, we venture to The Muse's laurel with eternal truth,

pp. 11-13.

Source of all good! you taught me to istwine give it at length:

And wake Her lyre to strains of Faith Divine.

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Firm, incorrupt, as in life's dawning morn, tions—who was the parliamentary com

Nor swayed by novelty, nor public breath, panion of Mr. Pitt in his greatest strugTeach me false censure, and false fame to scorn, And guide my steps through honour's paths to gles—who has been Governor-General of death.

India (and such a Governor-General)

Ambassador to Spain, when Spain was to And Thou, Time-honoured Fabric, stand! A Tower be raised from the dead-Secretary of

Impregnable, a bulwark of the state! Untouched by visionary Folly's Power,

State at home, and Lord.Lieutenant in Above the Vain, and Ignorant, and Great!

still vexed Ireland ; and above all, that

the piece is written in his eightieth year The Mighty Race with cultured minds adorn, -it appears to us not merely one of the And Piety, and Faith ; congenial Pair !

best productions of the Musæ Anglicana, And spread Thy gifts through Ages yet unborn, Thy Country's Pride, and Heaven's parental

but a literary curiosity almost without Care !-pp. 14.17.

parallel. It fully proves, we think, the

happy accomplishment of the wishes exLord Wellesley adds in a note, that a pressed in the votive and very appropriate reform of Eton College, on the principles motto, which Lord Wellesley has prefix of the new system of education, has been ed to his volume:menaced by high authority.'-If Eton has

Valido mihi not very much degenerated, Lord Wel. Latoë dones, et, precor, integrâ lesley's beautiful deprecation of the me.

Cum mente, nec turpem senectam naced reforms is a sufficient proof that

Degere, nec CITHARA CARENTEM.'

Hor, Ode xxxi, I. i. they are supremely unnecessary,

Our last extract shall be his lordship’s last production-also in Latin and Eng. lish-in which, however, contrary to the opinion expressed on the last specimen, Art. VIII.-1. Iniquities of the Opium we rather prefer the translation to the Trade with China. By the Rev. A. S. original,

Thelwall, of Trinity College, Cam

bridge, M.A. INSCRIPTION ON THE TOMB OF MISS BROUGHAM, THE 2. The Opium Crisis. A Letter addressed

to Charles Elliott, Esq., Chief Superin. tendent of the British Trade with China.

By an American Merchant (King) resiLIVELY, AND GAY TEMPER OF MIND, WHICH WAS A

dent at Canton. Constant source of consoLATION TO HERSELF, 3. The Rupture with China, and its Causes,

in a Leiter to Lord Viscount Palmerston. • Blanda Anima e cunis heu: longe exercita morbo

By a Resident in China. Inter Maternas heu ! lacrymasque Patris,

4. The Opium Question. By Samuel WarQuas risu lenire Tuo jucuoda solebas,

ren, Esq., F.R.S., of the Inner Temple, Et levis, et proprii, vix memor Ipša mali ;

Barrister-at-Law.
I pete cælestes ubi pulla cst cura recessus ;
Et Tibi sit nullo mista dolore quies !

5. Brief Observations respecting the pend

ing Disputes with the Chinese, and a [Translated.]

proposal for bringing them to a satisfac. • Doomed to long suffering from your carliest years, tory Conciliation. Amidst your porents' grief and pain, alone

6. Some Pros and Cons of the Opium Cheerful and gay, you siniled to soothe their tears ; And in their agonics forgot your own;

Question, with a few Suggestions regardGo, gentle Spirit! and among the Blest

ing Brilish Claims on China. From grief and pain eternal be thy rest.'--pp. 18, 19. 7. The Opium Question as between Nation These verses, like all that we have

and Nation. By a Barrister-at-Law. quoted, and indeed all that we have not,

8. Is the War with China a just one ? By are elegant and amiable-creditable to H. Hamilton Lindsay, late of the Hon. the scholar and the man; but of all, our

East India Company's Service in China. judgment assigns the palm to those on

9. The Chinese Vindicated, in Reply to S. the Salix Babylonica, which would be re

Warren, Esq. By Capt. T. H. Bullock, markable for their elegance and spirit,

of H.H. the Nizam's Army. their force and feeling, if written in the 10. Correspondence relating to China. Prefull vigour of youth, by one who made

sented to both Houses of Parliament by poetry his chief pursuit ; but when it is

command of Her Majesty. 1840. recollected that they are the production 11. Additional Correspondence, do. do. do. of a statesman who has spent his life in Though some of the publications, whose such very different and absorbing occupa-titles are here enumerated, may not be

ONLY DAUGHTER OF LORD AND LADY BROUGIIAM,
WHO DIED AT THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN. HER LIFE
WAS A CONTINUAL ILLNESS; BUT HER SUFFER-
INGS WERE ALLEVIATED BY AN AMIABLE, CHEERFUL,

AND TO HER AFFLICTED PARENTS AND FAMILY.

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