« ForrigeFortsett »
the frankness with which he acknow who can speak in public nearly as well as the best ledges the unhappy immediate results in speakers among the Deputies,
• We have gained the Charivari-that step is all departments except those of finance immense. The Charivari alone would render a and (what he calls) liberty, cannot, we second Napoleon impossible, though he should have apprehend, have been over favourably re- won ten battles of Arcola. His first steps towards ceived by the actual tenant of the Tuile- the dictatorship—his first airs of superiority-far ries and restorer of Versailles, even though ed with ridicule.
from exciting enthusiasm, would be overwhelm. that personage is repeatedly (and justly) *3. Europe remembers with respect that the described as'un roi, homme supérieur ;' French empire extended from Hamburgh to Terra. nay, complimented very cleverly in the cina. This is what France owes to Napoleon, and
Constantina has just been refreshing that idea, shape of a sarcasm upon
though it could never have given it birth * En 1649, le grand Condé put se faire roi. .
•4. The nations of Europe, deceived by so Il le désira ; mais la maturité de sens lui manqua freedom, it will come to them from France : this is
many promises, know wellthat, if ever they are to get pour voir bien nettement cette possibilité, et pour the reason that they neglect the English newspapers tirer parti des circonstances. D'ailleurs, la deur de sa naissance lui donnait des momens de fo- and devour those of Paris.'- vol. i. p. 253. lie.'- vol. ii. p. 102.
We must leave it to our reader to reM. Beyle says:
concile as best he may, the statements
that the Charivari (a newspaper made up • At present, in consequence of the Revolution, the people are energetic-witness their suicides! A of squibs) would render another Napolethird of the rich persons who hire the boxes at the on impossible in spite of ten Arcolas, and Opera would find it difficult to prove that their that any king of France who had gained grand.fathers could read. Hence the energy which two victories might erect any kind of seeks to force its way in the literature of 1837. The principle of energy, however, was even stronger government he thought fit, and convince in the society of the tenth century than it is now all France that it was in strict accordance with us; the son of the Roman drew back every- with the Charter of 1830. We must also where before the son of the barbarian. The twelfth leave it for M. Beyle to explain on what and thirteenth centuries began to blush for their barbarism, and the passion for church architecture grounds he asserts that all Europe is developed itself. In like manner French literature looking for liberty to France, not to Engmay hope for a period of really noble energy when land, while he himself
, in many passages the grandsons of those who have been enriched by of this very book, expressly says, that he the Revolution shall come to figure on the scene.' vol. i. pp. 104, 105.
hopes, rather than wishes, to see France
enjoy, before he dies, a constitutional In a steamboat near Macon he has a system as wise and liberal as that of long colloquy with a Carlist, whose poli- England in 1837! But indeed there would tics he at once divined, because sa con- be no end to our impertinence, if we were versation avait une fleur exquise de poli- to press our ingenious tourist for an extesse.' (vol. i. p. 132.) Politics were planation of apparent inconsistencies of shunned—but a few days afterwards he this class. We merely place a few pasencounters another gentleman of the sages in juxta-position. same class, and the grand question is The author on arriving at Vannes walks calmly discussed between them. out to inspect the sea, which he had sup
posed to be close to the town, whereas it This brave officer,' says the tourist, “ treated the is two leagues off—so night overtakes actual state of things with very little ceremony. I him and he has to return re infectå. answered, what is it that we have to regret ? Louis Philippe has frequently had seven of the most enlightened men France (les hommes le moins • When one is so grossly ignorant, I said to arrièrés) for his ministers. With or two myself, one should at least have the courage to ask exceptions, was not the case with Louis XVIII. the somebody for information! But I must acknowreverse ? That prince chose occasionally very ledge it, I have such a horror for the vulgar, that I amiable persons--such as the Abbé de Montesquiou, lose the whole thread of my sensations if I am who made him date in the 19:h year of his reign-obliged to ask my way.'-vol. ii. p. 133. but when had he a rational minister ? As for the Charter, to my thinking, it much resembles the Bible, the basis of our religion, in which the ablest between Dol and St. Malo, and found for
Again—he gets into a public carriage man cannot, however, point out one word about either the pope or the mass. A king who should company some wealthy 'bourgeois:'have gained a couple of battles in person would be adored by the French, and would very soon per- • Never was I in such vile company. How suade them that his government, whatever that often did I regret my calèche! These people talk. might be, was according to the Charter. We have ed continually of themselves, and what belonged in fact gained only four points since Barnave, to themselves—their wives—their children-their Sieyes, and Mirabeau:
pocket handkerchiefs, in the buying of which they 11. The king must choose for ministers persons had cheated the mercer by a franc in the dozen.
The sign characteristic of a man of this class is, Je viens de traverser un bien triste pays. Je me that whatever has the honour to belong to him suis arrêté quelques jours au château d'un de mes 1.ust needs be super-excellent: his wife is worth all amis, homme d'esprit, mais qui a des bois à exploiter, the other wives in the world-his dozen of hand. et portant un grand intérêt à ce qu'une certaine route kerchiefs is the first dozen in existence. Never had soit faite. L'ingénieur en chef est excellent ; c'est I seen the human species in a baser light : these en outre l'homme le plus aimable de la province. people rejoiced in their own vileness as a pig does • Je suis allé avec M. R. à la sous-préfecture. in his mire. In order to be a Deputy must one 'L'ingénieur en chef avait fait un plan de route pay his court to fellows like these? Are these excellent; ce plan fut déposé il y a trois ans dans the kings of America ?
cette sous-préfecture, avec un grand livre de papier • In the hope of extracting some facts from them, blanc, destiné à recevoir les objections. Je venais and thus diminishing my disgust, I touched on pour lire ces objections; il faut avouer qu'elles sont politics: they all began in praise of liberty, and à mourir de rire. Le préfet a nommé une commis. this in a style sufficient to sicken one with the sion pour les juger; mais, pour ne pas désobliger name, making it to consist in the power of hinder. deux membres du conseil-général du départment, ing their neighbours from doing what they them. habitant le pays, il les a placés dans cette commis. selves don't happen to like. Hereupon they had sion. Il faut savoir que dans les provinces, le con. discussions among themselves of an unutterable seil.général est pour le préfet à peu prés ce qu'est à meanness; I should renew my disgust by detail. Paris la chambre des députés pour les ministres : ing them. They ended, however, by converting on s'en moque fort en paroles, mais il faut les me to their system. I would have consented to be séduire. in prison for a fortnight for the pleasure of giving • Ces deux membres du conseil-général n'ont pas each of them a hearty drubbing with my cane: voulu désobliger les électeurs dont ils disposent, ni They explained to me that when the elections came leurs parens. La societé, qui se réunit dans les round, they certes will not send to Paris an orgueil. cabarets du pays, s'est prononcée fortement contre leux. I understood that they gave that title to le plan de l'ingénieur en chef, qui n'avait d'autre deputies who are not over-zealous about getting mérite que d'être raisonnable. Il supprimait une their boots and breeches for them from the trades. montée abominable, contre laquelle ces mêmes paymen they employ in the capital.
sans crient depuis trente ans. • It is fine sport that, in order to have a voice on • L'ingénieur avait fait passer sa route contre la those great questions which are to decide the fate of dernière maison d'un village ; on l'a forcé a la faire Europe a hundred years hence, it should be neces. passer dans le village, où cette malheureuse route sary to begin by cultivating such animals (de tels rencontre deux angles droits dont elle doit parcourir animaux).
les côtés. Je n'en finirais pas si je voulais raconter As to the pleasure of my journey, how different toutes les absurdités du grand travail qu'on exécute had I fallen in with five legitimists! Their princi- en ce moment. Tel est l'effet de l'aristocratie du ples could not have been more absurd, more hostile cabaret. Nous voici déjà en Amérique, obligés de to the general weal--and instead of being wounded faire la cour à la partie la plus déraisonnable de la every moment, I should have enjoyed all the charms population.'-vol. i. p. 50–53. of a polished conversation.'-Ibid. 170.
Perhaps, however, the two following The following view of the polite people specimens, which occur within a very few in question is from a letter dated •Niver
pages of each other, may create more nais:
surprise than all we have been quoting. • Ouvrez l’Almanach royal de 1829, vous verrez Having previously ascribed Napoleon's la noblesse occuper toutes les places : maintenant faiblesse pour l'aristocratie' to his early elle vit à la campagne, ne mange que les deux tiers intercourse with Madame Colombier at de son revenu, et améliore ses terres. fermes, chaque propriétaire a une réserve de cent Valence (vol. i. p. 227), he at vol. ii. p. cinquante arpens qu'il fait valoir; beaucoup achètent 273, gives an account of the emperor's retout ce qui est à vendre autour d'eux, et dans dix ception at Grenoble on his return from ans ces messieurs auront refait des terres magni
. Elba ; and lauds the courage of a young fiques. C'est un bonheur que de les rencontrer: on trouve chez eux nn ton d'exquise politesse que l'on magistrate of that town, M. Rey, who,chercherait vainement ailleurs, et surtout chez les nouveaux riches. Mais, si la forme de leur convcr.
• Osa lui dire que la France l'aimait comme un sation est agréable et légère, elle finit par attrister, grand homme, l'admirait comme un savant général, car au fond il y a un peu d'humeur.
mais ne voulait plus du dictateur qui, en créant une Par la position qu'ils se sont faits depuis 1830, nouvelle noblesse, avait cherché à rétablir tous les les hommes les plus aimables de France voient pas.
abus presque oublis ;'ser la vie, mais ils ne vivent pas. Les jeunes gens and exclaims,ne donnent pas un coup de sabre à Constantine, les hommes de cinquante ans n'administrent pas une •S'il eût compris cette voix du peuple, lui ou son présecture, et la France y perd, car beaucoup con. fils régnerait encore ! naissaient fort bien les lois et règlemens, et tous avaient des salons agréables, et n'étaient grossiers Well, Buonaparte's weakness for arisque quand ils le voulaient bien. Pour un homme bien né, etre grossier c'est comme parler une langue
tocracy was thus the sole cause of his losétrangère qu'il a fallu apprendre, et qu'on ne parle ing the hearts of the French nation. Turn jamais avec aisance. Que de gens haut placés par- three or four leaves, and you find M. Beyle lent cette langue aujourd'hui avec une rare facilité ! moralizing over the tomb of Cardinal Du-vol. i. pp. 36, 37.
bois, Here is one of a thousand sketches on
ce fameux cardinal, cet habile ministre, cet the subject of provincial administration:- homme d'un esprit infini, auquel on ne rend pas
justice ! La France l'admirerait s'il fut né grand more than in the show and bustle of the seigneur.'-vol. ii. p. 285.
beau monde, preferring a book at the fire
side to a loge at the theatre, a Our readers can, however, be at no great loss for the mot de l'énigme. M. sung by his wife or daughter to all the Beyle may placard whatever liberalism he warblings of Grisi, and a dance on the thinks proper upon fit occasions, but net village green to five thousand tumblings ther he, no, nor any other gentleman (the Beyle's opinion, vegetates, but cannot, as
of twenty Taglionis—this man, in M. French have adopted this word by the
be said to live. He in anway, as well as dandy) can be at heart an other place speaks of the increasing pasenemy of aristocracy. He has exactly the sion for quiet domestic existence as 'notre same horror for universal suffrage, even
In fact, our agree.
sauvagerie moderne.' for the coaxing of shopkeepers, and the able Parisian is far above considering mystification of town-councils, that the that there are in this world any such most dainty Sybarite of Vienna could things as duties—that is to say, for peo, avow. In all his habits, feelings, opi- ple who posess de quoi vivre'—who nions-in all but a certain stock of phrases keep a caleche. -he is diametrically opposed to the principles of the Movement and the practices Marriage in the 19th century is a luxury, and of its sincere advocates. He is not within a great luxury: One ought to be very rich before the immediate circle of court and cabinet one thinks of indulging in such a thing. influence-he is easy in his fortune-his quelle manie de créer des misérables ! vol. 1. p. literary reputation is fixed and considera
• Madame R. serait encore fort bien de mise si ble, and he has no longer (if he ever had) elle le voulait ; mais elle commence à voir les cho. any ambition out of literature: therefore, ses du côté philosophique, c'est à dire triste, com.
me il convient à une dame de trente-six ans, fort he does not keep that strict watch over honnête sans doute, mais qui n'est plus amoureuse his expressions which
many of his equals de son mari. Quant à moi, dans mes idées perver. see excellent reasons for doing ; every
es, je lui conseillerai fort de prendre un petit now and then the truth escapes from his amant : cela ne serait mal à personne, et retarde
rait de dix ans peut-être l'arrivée de la méchanceté pen, whereas it never comes from thcir
et le départ des idées gaies de la jeunesse. C'est lips except when doors are shut. Te is une maison où j'irais tous les jours si je devais rester not a deputy-he is not a candidate either ici.'—vol. ii. p. 2. for a prefecture or a peerage-he is mere • The temples of the ancients were small, their ly a literary Whig.' In his book, there- circuses very large. It is otherwise with us ; reli. fore, we have every now and then honest gion now a days proscribes the theatre and enjoins
That of the Romans glimpses of his political infidelity, where was one festival, and not demanding of the faithas Whigs differently situated carry their ful that they should sacrifice their passions, but only hypocrisy with edifying gravity about that they should give them a direction useful to the them in all their outward sayings and do- country had no occasion for crowding people toings, consoling themselves occasionally ting the fear of hell deep into their hearts.'— Ibid. in a corner with a Leo-like chuckle of 241. * Prodest nobis hæc fabula.'
· LE CORAN est fort supérieur à UN AUTRE
LIVRE.'-Ibid. M. Beyle presents a French mirror in
265. which many elegant English faces are re What comes next is froin a letter datflected. He abhors the idea of investing ed at St. Malo's :his moneys in land ; he says, truly, that On ne sait rien faire bien en province, pas meme such property yields but
mourir. Huit jours avant sa fin, un malheureux centage-he is of opinion that it cannot provincial est averti du danger par les larmes de sa
femme et de ses enfans, par les propos gauches de be managed even to decent advantage ses amis, et enfin par l'arrivée terrible du prêtre. A without personal intercourse with “brutal, la vue du ministre des autels, le malade se tient pour ignorant, cunning, and rapacious pea- mort ; tout est fini pour lui. A ce sants ;' and, therefore, he is all for the mencent les scènes déchirantes, renouvelées dix fois
le jour. Le pauvre homme rend enfin le dernier public funds, or "houses in Paris well in-soupir au milieu des cris et des sanglots de sa famille sured against fire.' He cannot compre- et des domestiques. Sa femme se jette sur son corps hend how any body should follow the inanimé; on entend de la rue ses cris éppuvanta. other course, unless with views to a fans un souvenir éternel d'horreur et de misère : c'est
bles, ce qui lui fait honneur; et elle donne aux en. place in the Chamber, which he would
une scène affreuse. look upon as a bore.
The country gen • Un homme tombe gravement malade à Paris ; tleman who resides on his estates, im- il ferme sa porte, un petit nombre d'amis pénètrent proving them by his care and example, jusqu'à lui. On se garde bien de parler tristement enjoying the society of his home circle, on lui raconte ce qui se passe dans le monde. Au taking no part whatever in politics, any dernier moment, le malade prie sa garde de le laisser
seul un instant; il a besoin de reposer. Les choses proved that he spent the night of the attristes se passent comme elles se passeraient tou- tack away from home—but Ganthier rejours, sans sottes institutions, dans le silence et la
newed his denial of having recognised solitude.
• Voyez l'animal malade, il se cache, et, pour the assassin, and treated the charge mourir, va chercher dans le bois le fourré le plus against his friend and kinsman with utter épais. Fourrier est mort en se cachant de sa por. contempt; so the man was dismissed, tière,
and the affair remained in mystery. • Depuis que l'idée d'un enfer éternel s'en va, la mort redevient une chose simple-ce qu'elle était
Three weeks passed ; Ganthier recovavant le règne de Constantin. Cette idée aura valu ered, and the first visit he paid was to the des milliards à qui de droit, des chefs-d'æuvre aux magistrate. He now said that he had beaux-arts, de la profondeur à l'esprit humain.'vol. i. pp. 179, 180.
perfectly recognised Marandon as his as
sailant, but that knowing the suspicion By this time our readers begin to have entertained of a liaison between him and a tolerably accurate notion of M. Beyle. his wife, and having entire faith in her We proceed to consider a few of the innocence, he had controlled his feelings many very curious and striking facts and maintained silence, lest, by naming which he has accumulated in illustration the sabotier, he should confirm the idle of the excellent effects which attend
and malevolent rumours of the neighbourin the provinces, emancipation from the hood. When he had got nearly well vulgar credence in a future state of re- again, he had told his wife all about it, wards and punishments.
and she had expressed the warmest gratiOur tourist visited Argenton in the tude for his consideration of her characspring of 1837. The town was at this ter. That morning, however, the maidmoment the scene of one of those roman
servant had found means to see him alone, ces of real life which are so faithfully and had given him a billet written by her copied by the existing masters of melo- mistress, which the latter had asked the dramatic energy.
A young man of the girl to deliver to Marandon ; it was in working class, but in easy circumstances, these words :by name Ganthier, had married his cousin, 'My dear Man, I cannot rest as I am, for I am a remarkably pretty and sweet-tempered the most wretched woman in the world ever since girl. They seemed to have no earthly certainly means to have you apprehended, and since
he told me that he knew it was you that did it. He distress, except that, after several years that I have no consolation, and if you wish to fin. of union, they were still childless. She ish your days with your wife, you must give the an. passed for model of conjugal affection swer immediately by Mary. Don't be afraid about and contentment, and he was greatly es- something for it, and you will tell me what we
Mary, she will keep our secret, and I will give her teemed. Early in January he had to drive should do to get rid of life. My dear delight, don't a load of corn to Limoges ; he started at forget your own girl : tbe sooner it is done it will be peep of day, and as he was passing a bridge over the Creuse, a man leaped in- The magistrate sent in quest of Maranto the cart and stabbed him. Ganthier don, but he had, it seems, observed Ganjumped out of the cart-a violent strug-thier enter the prefecture, and instantly gle ensued-he received five or six disappeared. He was found dead, but thrusts of a knife, but at last put the as- still warm, in a cave by the river: he had sassin to flight. He by and by fainted, shot himself through the head. however, from loss of blood, and was As they were carrying the body to the found senseless on the road ; but he reviv. town, Madame Ganthier, who had been ed and was bandaged in a farm-house, car- calling on her mother in a neighbouring ried home in the course of the day, and village, met them: she was on horseback; put to bed by his afflicted wife, to whom, she fainted, and fell from her saddle; they as well as to the neighbours, he said that, listed her up, conducted her home, and from the imperfect light, he had been un- treated her with every kindness, but as able to distinguish the features of his as soon as, feigning to be asleep, she was sailant. Nevertheless, suspicion rested left alone, the poor woman rose, ran up on a relation of his own, a maker of stairs, and flung herself out of a garret wooden shoes, by name Marandon, who window. The fall was severe-forty feet had been for about two years a widower, --but she recovered--was tried as an ac. and had, it seems, been observed to pay cessory before the fact, and acquittedparticular attentions to his cousin's hand-comme on l'avait prévu.' • Marandon had, some helpmate. The magistrates order- says M. Beyle, “black eyes, d'une expresed inquiry; they found a few drops of sion admirable et singulière chez un payblood on Marandon's clothes, and it was san. Il était aimé dans le pays.'
• " If these people had believed in hell,” said the identity, however, was discovered by a prefect, they would not have thought of suicidt:” sort of accident.' Inquiries were made :
• “Oui,” replies the Touriste, “mais toute sa vie avoir peur, n'est-ce pas malheur ?" !_vol. i. p. 60.
the Valence workmen heard of the affair,
and came forward. They had been emWalking with a distinguished silk-lord ployed to remove a little staircase, maskand bon-vivant of Lyons by the Rhone, ed by a couple of cabinets, which had afnear the Barrière de Genéve, M. Beyle
forded the means of private communicaremarked a particularly elegant hótel. tion between Madame's premier étage,' His friend exclaims, 'Ah! c'est la maison and the apartment on the floor above. de la pauvre Madame Girer de Loche'- We must give the third specimen in its and then comes another story.
native shape-and for the sake of one or This was the beauty of Lyons. At nine- two happy phrases, let us begin a little teen she lost a husband whom she had before the beginning :married for love, and remained till five
• Grenoble, le 12 Août. and-twenty mistress of this charming res
On m'a conduit ce matin au château de Mont. idence, besieged by suitors, but deaf to all bonot qui appartient à un homme aimable et savant. their proposals. She passed some weeks Ce chateau couronne une jolie petite colline qui of autumn at a watering-place near Gren- avance vers l'Isère. C'est sans doute la plus belle posi.
tion de la vallée. D'un côté la vue s'étend jusque oble, and on her return let her hotel-
près de Saint. Egrève, Noyarey, le port de Claix, et took the first floor in a small house in an de l'autre jusqu'aux environs du fort Barreaux. obscure street--gave up her usual habits Mais comment décrire ces choses-la? Il faudrait company and gaiety—was seldom visi.
dix pages, prendre le ton épique et emphatique que ble abroad, except on her way to and from j'ai en horreur; et le résultat de tant de travail ne
serait peut-être que de l'ennui pour le lecteur. J'ai church. La dame étoit devenue plus remarqué que les belles descriptions de Madame jolie, mais en même temps fort dévote.' | Radclifte ne décrivent rien ; c'est le chant d'un About two months after this change in her matelot qui fait rêver.
• Je ne puis que dire au voyageur; Quand vous arrangements, a young gentleman from Grenoble arrived in Lyons to superintend voir ces
passez par Lyons, faites vingt lieues de plus pour the conduct of a lawsuit--he took the • De Montbonot, je suis descendu jusqu'à l'Isère, second floor in the same house--went oc- pour voir l'emplacement d'un pont en fil de fer pour casionally to Grenoble, and returned the lequel je fournirai peut-être du fer de La Roche (en
Champagne). On a raconté devant moi, sur les tra. lawsuit was likely to be a tedious one. vaux, le singulier [?] suicide d'une jeune protestante By degrees he became fond of Lyons de Grenoble. Elle avait les plus beaux yeux du addicted himself to angling in the Rhone, Dauphiné, mais passait pour être un peu légère ; &c. : thus several years passed. He was
c'est à dire que dans ses jours de gaîté elle ne refu.
sait pas à certains jeunes gens de ses amis de se observed to have some slight acquaint- promener avec eux devant la boutique de sa mère, ance with his pretty neighbour, at least he ce qui passait pour un grand crime aux yeux des visited her in due form once a year, about dévots du voisinage, trés disposés déjà a la haïr à Christmas-but this was all. He also was la suite la prouve. Victorine avait un caractère vif
cause de sa religion. Rien de plus innocent, comme considered as dévot.
et gai, connu dans tout le faubourg Tréscloître ; At the end of five years he disappeared: elle se laissait facilement entraîner par la joie. Un it came out soon afterwards that he had jeune voisin, d'un caractère sombre, catholique de married a rich and beautiful young Jew- religion, et qui la blamait d'abord avec emporte.
ment, devint éperdument amoureux d'elle ; d'abord ess, and was established at Grenoble.
la jeune personne se moqua de lui, puis elle l'aima. About this time Mad. de Loche required Les parens du jeune homme se sont refusés avec to have some alterations made in her indignation à ce mariage avec une fille d'une gaité
si suspecte, et d'ailleurs protestante.
Les jeunes apartment, so she took the floor over
gens ont employé tous les moyens possibles pour les it also. The workmen she employed Aéchir; ensuite ils ont eu l'idée, maintenant si sim. came from another town-fifty or sixty ple, de se tuer. La veille du jour qui devait être le miles off-Valence: they remained for a dernier, le jeune homme apporte cent francs au few days, and went away again without chirurgien du faubourg, en lui disant ces propres having told any one what the job had succombe, donnez-moi votre parole de faire l'autop
paroles : “ J'aurais un duel un de ces jours ; si je been. On their departure Madame's phy- sie des cadavres. Cela est essentiel à la paix de nos sicians recommended the air of the south. derniers momens. Vous êtes homme de sens et She embarked in the Marseilles steam- vous me comprendrez dans trois jours. Rappelez
vous que je compte sur votre honneur, et c'est l'hon. boat, but travelled on to Ciotat, and took
neur qui me fait parler.” a lodging in that little town, where nobody"
• Le chirurgien, qui n'entendait rien à ce langage, knew who she was. After the lapse of a le crut revenu à ses anciennes idées de mysticité. month she was found asphyxiée dans sa
Les pauvres jeunes gens ont loués une chambre,
où on les a trouvé asphyxiés. La jeune fille avait chambre.' She had burnt her passport, dit la veille en pleurant : " Un jour on reconnaîtra and taken out the marks in her linen. Her que j'ai toujours été sage." C'est sur quoi l'autopsie