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Wheeling above his head-owning no Lord, And do her suit as a subject, dutiful,
The privilege, and first.born hope of the day,
For a foul mess of dreams—up and away He is softened : we presume that our To the heavenly inspiration of fresh air, author would have us suppose by study, Bove the weak taint of man; een as they did, and intercourse with nature ; he becomes Hermann and Hess, forth issuing that day a preacher.
From their hot beds into the natural air,
The garden's lively cool luxuriance, • He lit his torch from heaven, and with that torch There to drink in the morn; and in the light Kindled all hearts—the poor look gladly on high, And gentle countenance of the eastern sun Having no comfort here.
To pace their pleasant path ; communing things Faith, the gospel, and love ; That startled e'en the ear of privacy, These three he preached, leaving the mysteries They were so fearful.'—pp. 30, 31. Devised by man, for God's simplicity, And viewing in the earth one commonwealth And fearful indeed they are to every Level as is the ocean-so his word Waxed and took wings and flew forth wondrously,
intelligent ear! Hess first relates his An angel of good tidings; and he hoped
own history—that he cultivated his own To win all hearts with peace and gentleness.'—pp. patrimonial farm in a rich and very
tiful country; and was the happiest of We quote the opening of the second men till the rector of the parish bebook with unreserved praise--we could, thought him of turning a path to his own perhaps, wish here and there a word al convenience. He breaks down the gate
which the rector (we hear nothing of contered; but in interest and in execution we cannot but consider the passage of
sent of magistrates) had set up across the great beauty
path. The clergyman claims tithe of the
farm, which by old usage had been exThere is a loveliness in the young day
empt from it, and Hess is ruined by the Surpassing sense ; bright in its purity
lawsuit. From that time he vows eternal, As is an infant angel, yet deep-souled ;
unmitigable hatred to the Church. As nature from her rest had risen up In the refreshment of some heavenly dream
Oh yes, good church ! That she had dreamt, and waking streams from I'll give thee all thy due ; if I withhold
One curse of those I owe thee, may hell pains O’er earth and air that dreamy radiance.
Embrace me, body and soul.'
And so he goes on ranting and raving, of the early stream knowing, nor feeling not ;
and gradually unfolds his plans for the But when its course is wearied, its full flow regeneration of mankind, and intimates Settled to the stagnation of a pool,
the existence of widely ramified and seThen to be flung in it, and struggle his way Through the důll scum of life -None would do cret plots for insurrection against the law this.
and the government. These are among But whoso flings away his morning pearl their generous and noble objects: Doth all as strange a thing, making a blotch Of that most beauteous gentle radiance
* Be it proclaimed, that whosu heretofore With self.engendered darkness ; lagging out Laboured the land but for a lord's behoof The freshness and the newborn fragrancy, Shall eat what he hath earned ; cramming the soil The silvery light and glistening dewiness,
Down the disnatured and most greedy throat The contemplative calm of the young dawn, Of whosoe'er dares to claim it for his own, Till its pure life be tainted a death taint
'Gainst the Creator's law; starving him so In dust, and heat, and din of the noon day, With the glut of his own will : and this achieved, When man is rife, and Nature all fordone,
Then shall the giant Aristocracy, Blent with his troubluus being, seems almost
Dissevered from the earth which bred him first, To lose her own. But thou, be not so foul, And feeds him to this hour, whereon indeed But spring up gladly, and look forth and breathe, Is his dependence and his very lise, And walk abroad in peaceful blessedness- Shall die perforce, clutched in the people's claws, Oh, 'tis most sad such bliss as all might have Cursing his soul away.'—pp. 54, 55. The many know not. What? think ye to see Visions of green fields, waters and deep woods
• Then shall this land, In the charnel.house, when death shall fling ye Discumbered of the parson and the squire, there
A kind of men kin to the cankerworm, For a nuisance, as ye are, out of the way,
Tramp down the accurst corn-law that bids the To lie and rot ? No; but your time is short,
poor And only provident use can lengthen it.
Starve mid the plenty piled by their own hands Oh then Aing wide the portals of your sight;
To a full heap But first, open your souls and learn to love.
and then for the end of all 'Tis the best learning ; for the love you pay
And glorious consummation, this our Church
The monument of Christianity,
Of the thing whose name it bears, and the spirit | As being arrayed in that pure lustre of light,
That puts the false to shame. And so he stood,
And kindred but a name for their cold breath
Shall be again a temple of the Lord,
Upon his espousing these principles to their utmost latitude, and joining the desperate league, depends the consent of old Hess to Arthur's marriage with his daughter.
The young preacher hesitates both as to the wisdom and the justice of this unexpected proposition: he is as yet too clear-sighted not to discern the criminality of these measures; he can yet call them by their plain names :—
'I thought to win by righteousness, And Christian love, and faith, and purity; And if these serve not, how should robbery Fulfil their service? robbery and rank Rebellion ?'-p. 63.
"So did that youth choose duty before love!" Arthur has now a long interview with his own father, who it appears has likewise been tampered with by Hess, and whose vanity has been tempted with the offer of heading the glorious enterprise. Partly from jealousy at finding others placed over his head; partly from a sort of shrewdness, which cannot but discern the selfish and personal motives which are so imperfectly concealed by the show of patriotism; partly perhaps from some spice of cowardice which he dignifies by the name of prudence, the old man has determined not merely to drop the perilous connection, but to revenge himself by turning informer. He hints, not without some grounds, that Hess is using his daughter's beauty as a decoy to swell the patriotic ranks; and is actually, while thus endeavouring to work on Arthur, playing the same game with a certain Count Linsingen. Lucy's mother (for feminine weaknesses will intrude into the family of the loftiest patriot) is dazzled by the high name and gallant bearing of the Count. Under her auspices Linsingen appears at the cottage of Hess to press his suit. But who was this count Linsingen?-how comes he in the camp of the enemy to title, privilege, and property?
Truly he was a man Of high nobility, and yet withal, Simple as is the simplest shepherd's boy, And careless of himself, weening no more Of his proud ancestors than they of him
While mouldering in their tombs, giving much
To his high house, but taking none therefrom,
Keep not the body warm; nor drive the wolf
That in its littleness had been o'erlooked
He takes to shooting on some wild hills: the manor is one day claimed by a troublesome person who calls himself its owner. Linsingen is prosecuted for poaching, and becomes at once a determined captain of smugglers and, of course, a patriot.
A sort of pic-nic party is proposed in a beautiful spot, by a retired fountain, at some distance. The poet takes the opportunity of interspersing some very pleasing descriptions of rural scenery; very soft, rich, and English in its charac
Then all trooped on,
The young o'erbrimming with their natural glee,
As they passed onward o'er the russet hills,
Was it in the face of day,
In the high-swaying vengeful sword;
And he may bear a glorious name :
Where fain we would love well,
To feel our love disnatured into scorn,
Till the severance of our tie:
They are joined by an old harper, and others deeply imbued with the new many opinions, and while the less initiate are merrily and innocently amusing themthe conselves by a dance on the green, spirators withdraw to discuss their griev-See, it is done! ances, their hopes, and their plans of in- Alas! vain fool, thou'rt still thy father's son— surrection and revenge. They are inter-Oh! who will be my friend,
Our heart, our home, turned to a very hell.
Een to the utmost end?
See here I bare mine arm; come, bare thy knife
rupted by an old shepherd with the intel-
Of its rich flood of crimson life,
Curse on ye all, ye dreams of idleness, know ye not,-back to your nothingness. No; I will redeem the shame
And we are met, and never shall we part-
And thou hast done all this, my sire, e'en thou!
Like to a lion bayed by many hounds,
The deed is done, and stricken is the blow;
Come to thine own;
But Hermann there,
Written in a sunbeam's light,
Hear it and quake, my foes, and ye, my friends,
Of our vile, dishonoured name:
E'en as a reed before thy stormy power
I bow me down;
'Tis thy stern shadow that I see,
For I am weak, and thou confess'd the stronger.
For there shall live a spirit in that name,
In the council and the crowd:
To cheer the faint, to steel the brave:
Rallying here and scattering there in rout.
I saw it not, yet was it there,
That precious truth so heavenly fair.
To redeem the foul disgrace
So be the Sire forgotten in the Son!
-Oh! yes, a thousand thanks, my sire, to thee,
Not now a vision, but a truth indeed,
Oh! yet a moment, ere the scene pass by-
Then for the surplus of such payment made,
Cleansed from old custom, purg'd of priestly lies; To share it, and enjoy it, and thank God;
Sharing by rule of elders, duly ordained
care nor can:
Nor light nor warmth is theirs, and earth and sky
Give the warm grace those lordly things deny,
Then doth resistance vainly faint away,
I've seen the sight, and now to do the deed!"
Hermann is not merely to be the leader but the lawgiver of the new social institution; he expounds at length the views of these political regenerators. Let us hear the principles of the new philosophical and religious republic :
''Tis just and fitting that the commonalty,
To certain men who have abused that trust-
But that which each man's skill hath made for him,
And what he hath by gift of the like kind,
Stunting all holy growth, and robbing so
Gardens and spacious shades, where the weary
And contemplative leisure study God
In its default, than was the man in his act
Lectures mechanic, concerts musical,
that which is utterly crude and baseless-
own desires. No one will doubt that there is much in our present social state to awaken the apprehension, the anxiety, the sorrow of all true lovers of their country. Our unexampled prosperity threatens us with a fearful reaction; a heavy payment appears likely to be exacted from us for our enormous wealth, for the unprecedented comfort, we will not say luxury, which is diffused through all the upper and middling classes of society. Our productive energies have created and concentred enormous masses of population, unsoftened by any of those feelings of kindliness. and charity which bind together, in some degree, the rich and poor in most of our rural districts.--(Among many even of these, it is true, the administration of the old poor-laws made much havoc—we are not at present to meddle again with the controversy as to the effects of the newbut here is not the dangerous part of our system-in this respect the author of Ernest has chosen the wrong ground; not, indeed, for his poetry, but for his political principles). It is the dense masses of our manufacturing population, who have no intercourse with any of the higher orders but their employers; with the most miserable want of salutary control, with habits of improvidence, fostered by occasional periods of great gain, succeeded by times. of indolence and total want of employ ment, uneducated, without churches, without schools-here is the part of our social state, to the improvement of which all our energies of wise philanthropy should be directed. Before this appalling scene political faction ought to be silent: here, the voice of the people declaring its own and dispassionate investigation; and no wants, should receive a patient hearing narrow jealousy should be allowed to stand in the way of any practicable ameli oration.
Truly, a sin to draw damnation down,
For things of faith, save of the bible alone;
They who own none being taxed for aid of all.
Last, since these things-being our righteous due
Are, by our rulers, yet denied to us,
Manfully, as behooves good and true men.'-PP
In all this wild confusion of the lofty and the puerile, the generous and the ferocious, the black misrepresentation of the past and present, and the vague, though brilliant, unreality of the future that which might be attainable under a wise, strong, and paternal legislature, and
But, when the writer of Ernest' proceeds to mingle up, not with these visions of social perfectibility alone, but with the bloody, brutal and atrocious scenes which, by his own showing, must prepare the