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A HISTORY OF

EDUCATION

BY

F. V. N. PAINTER, A.M., D.D.

PROFESSOR OF MODERN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURE IN ROANOKE COLLEGE

AUTHOR OF
A HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE, INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN

LITERATURE, GUIDE TO LITERARY CRITICISM, ETC.

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REVISED, ENLARGED, AND LARGELY REWRITTEN

NEW YORK
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY

1905

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EDITOR'S PREFACE

THE present work by Professor Painter takes up the subject from the standpoint of the history of civilization. The educational ideals that have prevailed have been derived from the principles that have controlled nations and religions. Each State has evolved a system of education in conformity with the fundamental idea of its civilization. It may or may not have had a system of schools, but it has possessed instrumentalities for education in the family, civil society, and religious ceremonial, besides its own direct discipline through the laws and their administration and through its public service, civil and military. In religion, whether Christian or “heathen," there is

' implied a definite fundamental view of the world which is referred to in all concrete relations, and by this there is given a sort of systematic unity to the details of life. The first object of parental government is to train the child into habits of conformity to the current religious view. The government seeks to enforce an observance of regulations that establish social relations founded on the view of the world furnished in religion.

We learn, therefore, to look for the explanation of the system of education in the national ideal as revealed in its religion, art, social customs, and form of government. A new phase of civilization demands a new system of education. The school, originally organized as an instru

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