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Dr.JESSE TORREY jün! advancement of knowledgë his nim, man's true bliss:

THE

MORAL INSTRUCTOR,

AND

GUIDE TO VIRTUE AND HAPPINESS

IN FIVE PARTS.

PART I. Essays on the general diffusion of Knowledge and Moral

Improvement. PART II. Lives and Moral Precepts of the most eminent ancient

Philosophers of China, Greece, and Rome. PART III. A System of Morality, founded on the Law of Nature. Part IV. Summary of Moral Principles, from the works of emi

nent German and English Philosophers. Part V. Miscellaneous Articles, concerning erroneous National,

Moral, and Polirical Customs; on the prospect of melio. raling the condition of The human race, by Universal Ed. uca ion, &c.

WITII AN APPENDIX, CONTAINING A CONSTITUTION AND FORM OF SUBSCRIPTION

THE INSTITUTION OF FREE PUBLIC

LIERARIES, &c.

RSIGNED TO BE A WELCOME GUEST IN DOMESTIC CIRCLES, AND

SEMINARIES OF EDUCATION.

I, JESSE TORREY, Jun. Physician.

"Vice sbrinks from I strucrion, like Gbost from the ligbe."

BALLSTUN.SPA:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR— DY V. F. DOUBLEDAT.

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TUBLIC LIBRARY

973221
ACTUR, LENOX AND

TILDEN FOUNDATION
Northern District of New Yorku,ss.

BE IT REMEMBERBD, Thai on the tenth day of

March, in the forty third year of the IndepenSeal .

dence of the United States of America, A. D. 1819, Jesse TORREY, Jun. of the said District, hath depisited in this office the title of a book, the right

whereof he claims as author and proprietor, in the words and figures following, to wii :

“ The Moral Instructor, and Guide to Virtue and Happiness : in five Parts. Part I. Essays on the general diffu ion of knowledge and Moral Improvement Part II. Lives and Moral Precepts of the most eminent ancient Philosophers of China, Greece, and Rome. Part III. A Systein of Morality, founded on the Law of Nature, Part IV. Summary of Moral Principles, from the works of eminent German and English Philosophers. Pari V. Miscelaneous articles, concerning (rroneous National, Moral and Political customs; on the prospect of meliorating the condition of the human race, by universal Education, &c. With an Appendix, containing a causticuiion, and form of subscripiion for 'he institution of free public Libraries, &c.Designed to be a walcoine guest in domestic circles and seminaries <if Education. By 'esse Turrey, Jun. Physician. "Vice shrinks from Instruction like Gho:i from ih: light.'"

la conformity to the act of the Congress of the Unicd Stales, entitled • An acı for the encouragement of learning by securir.g the copies of Maps, Charis and Back to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the vimes therein mentioned "

sind also 10 the act entitled “ An act supplementary to an oci entitled "An act for the encouragemen: of learning by securing 'hi copies of maps, charts and hooks io che auch irs and proprietors if :0.h copies during the times therein mnriones and exceding nie be: efiis dereof toile ar s of designing, engraving and eching historical ado:her priitsins

RICH) R LANSING, Cierk
of the Murthern Listrict of New York.

INTRODUCTION.

This
THE author's object, in writing and compiling

this Publication, is not to entertain frivolous curiosity, nor to gratify classic taste, but to disseminate useful instruction amongst all classes of Society.

He has long cherished a decided confidence, that if the community would appropriate as much wealth to the instruction of the rising generation, as is now devoted to the punishment of crimes and vice, the desired object wcald be attained, and human misery averted, to a much greater extent.

But a small proportion of the people, have the means to purchase, or leisure to study voluminous systems of Moral Philosophy. On the other hand, dogmatical sententious precepts, unsupported by demonstration, are not generaily convincing, nor adapted to human temper.-Whenever men shall agree to make moral rectitude their inflexible rule of action, each individual must be persuaded in his own mind, independently of the dictatorial precepts of one another, that his welfare and happiness will be thereby proniotec.

The author has been, for sixteen years, impres. sed with the utility of such a work as the one now offered; and has accordingly improved every means in his power, by reading, observation, and reflection, for accumulating materials.

The candid reader, who meets with several articles in this work, with which he has already been familiarised, will not be displeased, when he re. flects, that nearly all the youth, and a large propor.

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tion of adult readers, will find it as new to them, and as useful, as if it were an entire original work. It is of but little avail to the mass of mankind, that Philosophers of different ages and nations, have ex. erted their talents, in perfecting the science of moral wisdom, as long as no one will take the pains to collect the best fruits of their labors into a por. table vehicle, whereby they may be spread before all who love the delicious nectar of wisdom, upon the boundless table of the Printing Press.

Mental improvement is relied on as the most effectual antidote to the prevailing temperate and intemperate indulgence in the use of spirituous liquors.

One particular object of the work, is to incul. cate the necessity and duty of general economy and simplicity of manners. It inay be confidently presumed, that if the idolatrous and slavish sacri. fices of property, io pride, fashion, custom, extrav. agance, and depraved appetite, were abolished, Poverty, wiin its hideous train of woes, might be expelled from society, and general Plenty, with its smiling train of blessings, substituted in their stead.

The author, having sought with patient and per. severing diligence, to detect the origin of the vari. ous calamities, which afflict the human family, feels urged, by a sense of fraternal duty, to pro. mulgate the result of his enquiries and experience; and soliciis of his fellow.citizens, only such portion of their approbation and patronage as they may find bis well-intended efforts entitled to.

Ballston-Spa, March 4, 1819.

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