of others, and have made some changes. But O Tzernibog and Perkuns1, and the god of the Fins (whoever he may be) to boot, I am driven wilder than ever about spelling. I consult three oracles, say Delphi, Dôdônâ and Olympia. One says, 'spell 'em with a f,' another, ' spell 'em with a v,' a third, 'spell some (May 20) with an f, some with a v.' And you throw in a w! Will not the universal digamma serve all their turns, or shall we say, 'spell it with a wee, my lord?'' Left to myself amid these differences of doctors, I have chosen f; first, I am used to it, second, we never end in v in English, third, w is sure to be missounded. How does Mrs. Cross, née George Eliot, mean you to sound Ladislaw? And I think we have Old-English precedent. There is an Earl Wrytesleof, who, I cannot help thinking, belongs to your parts. After all, it does not much matter. I wish you had found some bigger faults for me to mend, as I am sure there must be plenty.

I expect to know the Slave letters some day.



Somerleaze, May 20, 1880.

May 21. I am a poor wretch again, but I hope only for a few days. Truly I had waxed mighty and taken to climb hills and do anything; but I have somehow caught a cold and fallen back again. This will keep me from going to Trinity Monday, for which I was to start to-morrow, the President having asked me to tarry with him and meet the Cardinal". This is certainly a nuisance.

You may have seen what they design for me at St. Andrews *. As far as I can see, I have a good chance of success; but I fancy there will be an opposition, and I dare say the 'Perish India' lie will come out pretty often.

must be an ass. It wants to confound the ordinary case of a lay rector and a chancel with the case of a separate

1 Tzernibog is the Black god of the Slaves, Perkuns is their Zeus or Woden.

2 See the trial scene in Pickwick-examination of Sam Weller.

3 Cardinal Newman, made an Honorary Fellow of Trinity. The Rectorship of the University.

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church, as Arundel, Dunster, and crowds of others. It is simply because Earl Henry did not pull the church down, like other grantees, that the question arises at all. But it is quite plain that did not fully understand the case, specially Bishop Sherborne's document, which simply proves it without anything more. Stephens also told me a funny thing. In that document 'Major et burgenses' are spoken of. Coleridge did not catch the reference to His Worship, and asked whether it were Major pars. The truth is that a question of this kind is as much out of the range of an ordinary lawyer as a chemical question is out of mine. But the Duke said a month ago that the appeal was coming on in a day or two, and I can't see that it has come on yet.


Somerleaze, May 20, 1880.

Many thanks indeed for the extract, which will just serve my turn in revising my Arundel paper of last year, which is to appear in Arch. Journal1. But that about Shoreham 2 is indeed passing strange. Why should they go and build them a parish church absolutely without a fellow in England? It is not merely the size, one might easily fin a ellow for that; but the type and character, so wholly of the kind which one is used to find only in cathedral, conventual, and the (May 22) greatest collegiate churches, has no fellow, unless St. Mary Redcliff much later. It is a characteristic of England that it should be so. Have you not noticed that abroad? There is nothing in France answering to our great parish churches. When a French parish church affects any dignity it is by following the type of a minster, sometimes on a very small scale.

The extract was from a letter of Lord de la Warre, in 1535, to Thomas Cromwell, begging that the Priory of Boxgrove might be exempted from suppression, and mentioning amongst other reasons that 'my parishe church is under the roofe of the churche of the said monastery.' This implied that at Boxgrove, as at Arundel, there were two distinct churches under one roof.

2 Some evidence that the church of New Shoreham had always been parochial only, and never monastic.

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Somerleaze, June 6, 1880.

You and I must have lost a great deal by not being at Trinity Monday. It must have been something like Josiah's passover, such a Trinity Monday as had not been in the days of Ingram, Wilson, or Wayte'. The Cardinal in all his toggery, and I, mea parvitas, set alongside of him as Honorary Fellows. I believe Bryce made a mighty pretty speech, though of course it was bungled (June 13) in the papers. I send you a lot of letters describing the scene. It was a great nuisance my cough coming on just then and hindering me from going. I am pretty well again now, that is, as well as I was before; I suppose I shall never be again quite what I was up to 1876. The absurd thing is that I have got into a way of looking to be always looked after, and I get bothered about such trifles.

... Harold and Alice were here with the grandchildren a little time back; 'tis mighty pleasant having them-three of them, young Edward and young Eleanor and Mary.

I am much taken with little Nelly toddling about with a still pure baby face. I do hope little Edward may grow up a scholar, that I may leave him my books and let them stay on their shelves, otherwise I suppose they must go to Margaret and Arthur. They be hardly divine enough for Thomas and Katharine, though I am reading St. Austin's work La Cité de Dieu, as I once saw it called to match Salviani's Gobernò di Dio, and I design some others of the same kind as good for the later Roman history.


Somerleaze, July 14, 1880.

I came from Gainsburgh to Manchester at a pull-by what looked at first so like the Lake of Bourget that I fancied that I had got into Savoy. But I saw mechanical dodges, by which I guessed-and I have found that the guess was right— that it was the reservoir which Manchester is a-drinking dry, and so proposes to annex Thirlmere.

1 The three last Presidents.

2 'My littleness,' in contrast to 'his eminence.'

I was at a great crush last night, a mighty crush1. The lay Grace of Devonshire 2 seemed to take it very patiently and graciously; but before I got to his presence, I was jumbled up between the spiritual Grace of York and his suffragan of Manchester, of whom the latter was much the more becoming. Then there were divers and strange hoods on the backs of the men, such at least as were graduates-had I only known, I would have brought mine and my red Gown to boot!-and divers and strange top-knots on the heads of the women-philosophesses of the Lydian persuasion I took them to be. A. W. Ward, though he has not, like Jacob Ley, two heads, yet appeared in two hoods, and sang a psalm of his own composing, which you will find in M. G. of to-day. (N. B. I did not hear him, being elsewhere in the building.) At last I felt a craving for ices, but when we got to the room appointed for them, Dawkins found out that the glacial period was over. I guess the women in the top-knots had eaten them down (Kaтépaуov we say, don't we?). I would fain that Rosie had been here, or that I had brought Helen, or even that I had had Mrs. Arthur Evans to pass off as a 'dear little girl.'

I stay here over to-morrow, and then go forth to the killing of Marquess Robert and Earl Hugh-be not deluded into thinking the marquess a greater bird than the earl-in the parts of Gwynedd.



Ludlow Grange, Wavertree, July 18, 1880.

I have been into Anglesey as far as Penmon since I wrote to you from Manchester. To-morrow G. T. Clark meets me at

1 On the occasion of the opening of the Victoria University at Manchester.

2 The late Duke of Devonshire was the first President of the University.

3 Referring to Miss Lydia Bekker.

4 Robert, Marquess of Rhuddlan, rebelled against William Rufus, and was slain at Dwyganwy by British pirates in 1088. Reign of William Rufus, i. 126.

Hugh of Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury, also rebelled against the Red King, and was slain by Magnus, King of Norway, on the coast of Anglesey, 1098. Ibid. ii. 144.

Shrewsbury, a step on the way home. As you suggest the subject of Sheriffs, I may say that I have been musing on that subject also from quite another point of view. I was overwhelmed with the amazing personal splendour of the High Sheriff of Lancashire, as he appeared at the Owens College soirée, and yet more at the splendour of his coach and four horses, as they stood in the street waiting for the Judges. Him of Anglesey I did not see in the flesh, but I did see his coach, biga, not quadriga', differing much less from the coaches of other men than that of his Lancashire brother. Then I reflected that a little shire like Anglesey cannot be reasonably called on to supply either so many murtherers or so rich Sheriffs as Lancashire, and must put up with High-reeves who be not ἐξ οἴκων τεθριπποφόρων. On the other hand, the Sheriff of Anglesey most likely sounds his h's, which is said not to be always the case with Sheriffs of Lancashire.

It struck me that much more Welsh is talked in North Wales than I am used to in the south, often by men with good coats and hats.

To J. W. OGLE, ESQ., M.D.

Somerleaze, August 8, 1880.

Do tell me where my Lord of Emmaus3 is to be found'stiff and rheumaticky' or otherwise-anywhere, I guess, rather than at Emmaus, where I am not likely to go. I should greatly like to bully him a bit; because it was he who used to tell me a wonderful story about the way in which bishops in partibus are appointed, and I want to know whether the full process has been gone through in his own case. It is a great joke (August 11) to remember that, when I was married, the place of 'best man' was put into commission between two, and that

1 Two-horse not four-horse chariot.

2 This must be a slip for тe@pɩññoτpúpwv, ‘keeping a team of four horses.' The phrase is adopted from Herodotus vi. 35, where Miltiades is said to be οἰκίης τεθριπποτρόφου, i. e. one of a family so wealthy that it could run a four-horse chariot in the Olympic games.

His old college friend, Patterson, the Roman Catholick Bishop of Emmaus.

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