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macy is not a doctrine which de- the vigilance and ability of his prerives a factitious and transitory im- decessor, the Bishop of Llandaff portance from the popular discus. declares himself peculiarly indebted sions of the day: it is a doctrine to that valuable body of Clergy always important, of the grounds the Rural Deans, by whose inquiand principles of which no man ries into the condition of the paought, at any time, to be ignorant. rishes placed under their superinIt is the doctrine of the Canonical tendance, his Lordship has been form of bidding prayer; it is the enabled to judge what improvements doctrine of the Thirty-seventh Arti- are requisite and practicable in points cle of our Church, which attributes of real importance. Upon a compato the king's majesty the chief go- rison of the returns made in the year vernment, and maintains that Chris- 1817 with those in the years 1819 tian Princes should rule all estates and 1820, a manifest and progressive and degrees committed to their improvement is observed. The charge by God, whether they be Churches in most parts of the Dio. ecclesiastical or temporal; it is the cese have undergone considerable doctrine recognized in the prayer, repairs, and every reasonable ground that the king may study to preserve of compiaint is in a fair way to be the people committed to his charge removed. Church-room is still dein wealtb, peace, and godliness ; ficient in the populous parishes, and it is the doctrine of the Scrip- But exertions to supply it have been tures, upon which all prayers, all successful in two recent instances, articles of faith, and all canons of and the same laudable spirit is exdiscipline are founded, to pray for pected to manifest itself in another. kings, that we may lead a quiet and The state of glebe houses of resipeaceable life, in all godliness and dence for the Clergy is not so fa. honesty. The grounds and princi- vourable. More than two thirds of ples of this doctrine are laid down the livings have none whatsoever in the Charge; and the succeeding “and of those which have any, a large Collections, while they confirm the portion are so mean and so unimauthor's reasoning, are a manual to proveable as 10 afford but too good guide the reader through the most a plea for non-residence." The important treatises in which the same poverty of the benefices opposes a subject is discussed. It is not pos.
most serious obstacle to the remosible, without examination, to form val of this crying evil. The beuea just value of these materials. fits of education upon the principles
of the National Society, have been widely extended through the Dio
cese, and there are schools which A Charge delivered to the Clergy might justly be holden up as models
of the Diocese of Llandaff, at the of excellence. But the Bishop rePrimary Visitation in August, commends an increased attention to 1821. By William, Lord Bi- the establishment of those humble shop of Liundaff. 4to. pp. 24. village schools, by which some porParker, Oxford; Rivington, Lon- tion of instruction may be imparted don. 1821.
to every individual, and which are not
now to be seen in more than one third This Charge contains a complete of the parishes. Dissenting places of account of the state of the Diocese worship are found to be numerous in which it was delivered, and com and increasing, and in the aggrements most judiciously upon the ge- gate nearly equal the sum total of neral situation of the Church and churches and chapels under the es. the country,
tablishment. After a handsome compliment to Having dwelt thus far upon local
topics, his Lordship proceeds to public mind; that no reasonable hope others of more universal interest.
could be entertained of subverting the one,
without undermining the other. Hence it “ Within the short period that has elap. is, that Iufidelity and Disloyalty, Sceptised since I was appointed to my present cism and Sedition, Blaspheng and Treaofficial station, much bas occurred to mark son, have so invariably coalesced and cothe character of the times we live in, and operated in the labours of these infatuated to awaken our earnest attention to the du. disturbers of mankind. The leaders in ties we are more particularly called upon
these councils know full well that their to discharge. Public occurrences of an progress must be slow and uncertain, extraordinary kind have called into action until the multitnde can be brought to mock a great variety of conflicting passions and at religious scruples, and to cast off moral interests, and have developed views and restraints. But let these be once discardsentiments among a certain portion of the ed, and their work is sure. Give the pacommunity, which it is impossible to con- tural man free and unbounded scope ; let template without much solicitude. With loose his passions, his appetites, his inordievents merely political, the ordinary strug- nate affections ; íeach bim to regard the gles of men coveting' wealth, power, or fear of God as an idle bugbear, and the distinction, and looking not beyond their hope of Futurity as a superstitious dream; own personal aggrandizement, we have, and where is your hold upon his reason, indeed, little concern; nor does it become upon his undertaking, upon any one feeling us officially to intermeddle with matters of his nature which shall control his evii of State-Policy, whether external or in- propensities? From that instant, he is preterual, where no great moral or religious pared to realize and exemplify in himself principles are at stake. But when the whatever the Apostle to the Gentiles has very foundations of Piety and Virtue are set before us, in the hideous character he shaken, then it surely behoves us, as the pourtrays of the Heathen world, during its conservators of Religion, and the constitu- last stage of moral depravity. ted guardians of public Morals, to pat “ It is this prominent feature of the forth our best energies in their defence, present times, which is more immediately and to watch with tenfold zeal and assi the object of our concern. In the ordiduity over those who are entrusted to our nary results of political warfare we have, care.
indeed, an interest, in common with the " It can hardly have escaped the ob- rest of our fellow-subjects, and cannot be servation of any of us, that for several supposed to view them with indifference, years past, —even from the commencement
But as our conditions and habits of life, of that revolution in a neighbouring coun- our pursuits and occupations, may be suptry, which, in its desolating progress, up- posed to disqualify as in some measure for tooted every principle, every sentiment of taking an active part in them; so does the Religion, of Loyalty, and of Social Order, peculiar sanctity of our profession call -an extensive and formidable party in upon us rather to withdraw others from this country bas been either openly or co. unnecessarily or intemperately engaging in vertly, endeavouring to effect among us a them, than to be ourselves partakers in similar catastrophe. This disposition bas the disputes to which they give occasion. heen pjanifested, even with increased ma Not so, however, when we see those over ligpity and virulence, since the cessation whom it is our duty to keep a watchful of Continental warfare. As if rendered eye, heedlessly or perversely putting themdesperate by that blow, which the returo selves under the guidance of men who of peace and the restoration of legitimate would bereave them of their best hopes in Sovereigns to their thrones had iuflicted another world, as well as of their truest upon them, the disaffected among us ap- interest in this ;--of men, who would teach pear to have been doubly impatient to in them to call evil good, and good evil, to rolve their country in all the evils of put darkness for light, and light for darkpopular licentiousness and revolutionary Dess, to put bitter for sweet, and sweet phrenzy. Experience, moreover, bad taught for bitter."' P. 12. them, that to such nefarious projects the Religion of their country presented an in- the Bishop of Llandaff enumerates
The other prevailing evils which superable obstacle. So thoroughly have they found it to be interwoven with all and deplores, are attributable prindor Civil Institutions ; so manifestly, have cipally to fanaticism. And in his they perceived, is the entire fabric of our own Diocese he observes with re. Constitution, our Laws, and our Govern- gret, that besides numerous conment, upholden by its influence on tfie gregations of Calvinists, Wesleyans,
Independants, and other sects of fre of our conduct, will also lay the best foundaquent occurrence, there are found tion of our own individual satisfaction, and in the remoter parts of it some few of the general welfare. Even the retired
and unobtrusive labours of your profession Socinian or Unitarian places of wor
cannot but greatly advance the public ship. His Lordship is inclined to good. But your sphere of usefulness may believe that they have not met with be more widely extended, by uniting your much success; if they had, as he efforts with others of the Clergy and Laity justly observes, it would excite an who are now carrying on, with a zeal and apprehension that infidelity itself energy proportioned to the exigency of
the times, the great works of National is gaining ground. The false can
Education, and of promoting Christian dour and spurious liberality which
Knowledge, both at home and abroad. inclines men who are not actually The establishment of Diocesan and Dishostile to the Church, to support trict Committees, in union with the Paand encourage Sectarianism, is the rent Societies instituted for these joport last of the prevailing evils on which ant purposes, has of late years been suc. the Bisliop comments. “ Hence," cessfully adopted throughout this, as well he observes, “popul and capti.
as other parts of the Principality. The
contributions, too, which have been raised vating associations have been form
in your respective parishes, towards the ed on the acknowledged principle support of ihe Society for the Propagaof obliterating every mark of religi- tion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, beous distinction,” and the indiffer- speak a liberal spirit, and an ardent desire ence to important tenets, which is of doing good. While this spirit prevails, thus infallibly fostered, proves that
we need not be dismayed by any efforts under the specious shew of conci- stitutions, together with the Society for
of our adversaries. These great public inliation, the views of our adversaries
the enlargement and rebuilding of are in fact promoted by the dimi- Churches and Chapels, may be regarded nished respect and attachment which as main bulwarks of our Ecclesiastical is felt for our venerable Church. Establishment. They provide for the in. The remedies recommended by his
struction of the great mass of the comLordship, for such opposite and
munity in every way in which it can be
administered ; by training the infant mind complicated diseases, forins the conclusion of his valuable address: and plying the adult with every assistance to a
to a knowledge of Christian duty; by supwe present the principal part of it right faith and practice; by providing for to our readers, in full confidence the wants of our fellow countrymen sea that they will agree with us in parated from us in distant countries ; by thinking that the Bishop of Llan- scattering the seeds of Christianity in every
climate and in every soil ; and by afforddaff's example and advice must prove a signal benefit and blessing, otherwise be debarred of such benefits,
ing to those among ourselves who might not merely to the Diocese which has
the means of attendance on the public mi the happiness of his immediate su vistrations of the Church. perintendance, but to the Church “ With these advantages within their at large of which he is so bright an reach, let us hope the time is at band, ornament.
when none of us need complain that
Evangelical light and truth must be sought “ I have touched upon these topics, my elsewhere than within the pale of the Reverend Brethren, as cursorily as might Church of England. Not that we would be, chiefly for the purpose of recurring to depreciate the good that is done by others, those points of your professional duty nor regard them with an invidious eye. which such meetings as the present are in Towards our Dissenting brethren, intent tended more especially to enforce. The as many of them undoubtedly are upon remedy for all these evils, the preservative promoting in common with ourselves the against all these dangers, so far as we are great purpose for which the Gospel was personally responsible, will be found in imparted to mankind, it behoves us to that diligent, faithful, uncompromising, and demean ourselves with charity, with goodundeviating discharge of our respective will, with respect. But while they pursue functions, which, while it most raise us in their course upmolested and unreproved, the estimation of all impartial observers let it be allowed to us to do the same.
We concede toleration freely and fully: prevent you benceforward from becoming we claim only to be equally unmolested in the agent of so much mischief as must reour own privileges, and thus to preserve sult from the wide dissemination of works the relations of peace and anity. What like Cain, a Mystery.' You have been, more does Chrisiian Charity require ? Or as I am informed, successful in business in what further advances can be made to a very uncommon degree; now I would wards an interchange of good offices, with ask, can you answer it to the society which ont a compromise on one side or the bas thus aided your advance to wealth, and other, or perhaps on both, of sincerity and protects you in the possession of it; if truth?" P. 21.
such be the use you make of the influence you have acquired; and your ample dealings as a tradesman, are thus to be made
available for the worst purposes. You may A Remonstrance addressed to Mr. lisher, you do not hold yourself responsible
urge, perhaps, generally, that as a pubJohn Murray, respecting a re for an author's peculiar opinions ; or you cent Publication. Rivingtons. may plead as an extenuation in this parti1822.
cnlar instance, your feelings of gratitude to
Lord Byron for favours formerly received. This is a well-timed and excellent Be assored, neither excuse will serve; you . pamphlet, and states and answeis
have cut them both from under your feet the question between Mr. Murray when you proved your conviction that á
by your conduct on a recent occasion, and 'the public in the shortest publisher had, and could exercise, a discreand most satisfactory manner. A
tionary power; and in consequence your full and free expression of our name did not appear in the title page of opinion respecting Lord Byron's DON JUAN;' whether you were deterred Poems would carry us
beyond by conscientious feelings, or only by the the limits of the present number. salutary fear of a Middlesex Grand Jury, We said, two years ago, that the
I do not stop to inquire; nor shall I do author and the publisher of Don piece of mischief was loaded under your
more than advert to the report that this Juan deserved to be treated pre own eye, though you left it to your Printer cisely as the author and the pub- 10 pull the trigger. It is enough for my lisher of The Deist : and our readers purpose, that you have distinctly recoghave been put in possession of Mr. nised this discretionary power in a book. Southey's admirable remarks upon
seller on some occasion; and was not the the Satanic School of Poetry. It publication of Cain' one of these occa
sions? I trust, Sir, you will yet feel, or will be sufficient, therefore, upon the
be made to feel, that it was. It is not for present occasion, to let the Remon
an anonymous writer to point out to the strant speak for himself: but as it Attorney-General the line of conduct he would be difficult to say more in a should pursue; but I am persuaded noshorter compass, it is not easy to thing but an over cautious deference to the omit a part without doing injustice peculiar temper of the times would allow to the whole.
the prosecutor of Hone to permit the pub..
lisher of CAIN' to escape with impunity. The reason which the writer as
In the mean time, there is another method sigus for addressing Mr. Murray, by which I anticipate in the ordinary rather than the nobleman by whoin course of things, you must be made to feel be is employed, is, that he recog. severely. You are supported by the great nizes in the latter no principle of and powerful; and they in turn are snpconduct, but an arrogant and all ported by religion, morality, and law: can
we suppose that they will continue their mastering self-love, and does not
countenance to one who lends himself to think that an appeal to bis lord be the instrument, by which this triple ship's reason or pity would be pillar is shaken and undermined? There likely to prove effectual. He pro. is a method of producing conviction, not ceeds thus
to be found in any of the treatises on logic,
but which I am persuaded you could be « But in addressing you, Sir, I am quickly made to understand; it is the persuaded I shall bave much better chance argumentim ad crumenam; and this I of success; as my object simply is, to trust will be brought home to you in a REMEMBRANCER, No. 38.
variety of ways; not least I expect in the malevolent, an epithet which, if profit you hope to make by the offending he had never thought or written publication. As a bookseller, I conclude you have but one standard of poetic excel- richly deserve, for his ungentleman
harshly of any other, he would still lence;- the extent of your sale. Without assuming any thing beyond the bounds of like unmanly allusions to the lady ordinary foresight, I venture to foretel, that who has the misfortune to be his in this case you will be mistaken; the wife. His character and performbook will disappoint your cupidity, as ances as a poet are summed up by much as it discredits your feeling and dis- the hand of a master. cretion. Your noble enployer has deceived you, Mr. Murray; he has profited
“In stating what I have myselffelt, I have by the celebrity of his name to palm upon large class of his readers. We hailed his early
no doubt that I speak the sentiments of a you obsolete traslı, the very offscourings of Bayle and Voltaire, which he has made (though not perhaps his earliest efforts) with you pay for, as though it were first rate great delight; and thongh we did not join poetry and sound metaphysics. But I tell
in the general exclamation,' Behold a firstyou (and if you doubt it, you may consult could perceive in him all the qualifications
rate poet,' we persuaded ourselves that we any of the literary gentlemen wlio frequent which would enable liim to become one. your reading room) that this poem, this Mystery with which you have insulted us,
Here was the error both of Lord Byron
and his more zealous admirers. They is nothing more than a Cento from Vol. taire's novels and the most objectionable lent for the real fruits of poetry; and were
mistook the demonstrations of poetic taarticles in Bayle's Dictionary, served up in clumsy cuttings of ten syllables, for the willing to give him the prize, pot because purpose of giving it the guise of poetry.
he had won it, but because he bad con
vinced them he could win it if he chose, That this assertion is entirely borne out by Now we do not call a man a first-rate the fact, any one may convince himself, who will take the trouble to wade through painter, unless he has produced a first-rate the authorities enumerated in the margiu* picture; nor will the admirers of Raphael Now it happens very curiously, that Lord
and Titian be satisfied to refer to their Byron has lately taken to pique kimself on
outlines and drawings, ogly, however vihis claims to originality, and to repel, with
gorous and masterly they may be, but they no small indignation, certain criticisms, the Peter Martyr. So it should be in
will send you to the Transfiguration, and in which those claims have been impugned. poetry; those who can really estimate the P. 6.
peculiar excellencies of the masters of the The Remonstrant then comments art should be careful to oppose the introupon Lord Byron’s whimsical boast, duction of that new standard which has that he has not read Milton since lately been set up; by which vigour of he was twenty-and we hope that conception is regarded as all in all, even liis lordship will favour us, in some
when taste and judgment are wholly wantfuture puff, with a list of the books, that though he was an admirable writer of
ing. It has been said of La Rochefoncault saving and excepting his own, which maxiins, he could not have composed a he has perused during the subse- regular treatise on morals, and that the quent period. His object in the fuim of detached reflections was adoptedpresent publication is juştly pro- for the sake of sparing himself the labour nounced to be three-fold.; financial, his powers were in fact uvequal, so also it
of transition and arrangement, to which for his loridship is neither, rich nor
migil have been with the author of Childe economical; - blasphemous, which Harold and the Giaonr; the desultory seems at present to be the pre- style in which they were composed, epavailing habit of his mind + ;- bled him to make a display of the strength
of bis fancy, and to conceal his want of * In Bayle: Cain, Adam, Eve, Abel, taste in the selection of incidents and of Manicheus, Panlicius, Marcionites. All judgment in the conduct of a story. This the novels of Voltaire have been put under might have been the case; there was not, contribution, especially Micromegus, Ba. however, any disposition manifested to bouc, &c.”
withhold from the noble candidate for poe+ We know that there is at this moment tical renown his full share of praise. We a Mapuseript of Lord Byron's in London, were all eager to do honour to this display which even his lordship's publishers are', of early talent, and not the less so, as the not boll enough to print.
honour was paid to one who was placed