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An Inquiry inta tbe Opioions, Ancient rection for the Accommodation and Laand Modern, concerning Life and Organi. bour of 280 Persons, By Thomas Le zation. By John Barclay, M.D. Lecturer Breton, (late Captain in the 71st Regiment, of Anatomy, &c. 8vo. 148.

and Paymaster of the Detachment of Rivingtoos' Annual Register ; or, a View Forces,) Keeper of the County Goal, and of the History, Politics, and Literature, for Goveruor of the House of Correction at the Year 1820, being the First Year of his St. Augustine's, near Canterbury. Svo. present Majesty's Reign. 800. 188. 78.

Thoughts on the Defective State of A Remonstrance addressed to Mr. Prisons, and Suggestions for their Improve. John Murray, respecting a Recent Pabliment, together with Hints for the Disci- cation by Lord Byron, entitled, “ Cain, pline, Police, and Labour of Prisoners, a Mystery." with the Plan of a Gaol and House of Cor.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

Debrett's Peerage of the United King. Definitions of all Terms of Science and dom of Great Britain aod Irelaud, cor- Art, drawn from the most approved rected to the present Time, with a set of writers, ancient and modern. By Mr. Plates entirely new, and a Portrait of his Crabb. In two Quarto Volumes. Iluspresent Majesty in his Coronation Robes. trated with pumerous Plates, Diagrams,&c.

A Tour through Belgium, by His Grace The Martyr of Antioch ; a Tragic the Duke of Rutland, embellished with Drama. By the Rev. H. H. Milman, AQ. Plates after Drawings by the Duchess. thor of the Fall of Jerusalem.

A Comparative View of the Mineral The First Volume of Mr. Southey's and Mosaical Geologies. By Granville History of the late War in Spain and PorPenn, Esq. 1 vol. 8vo.

tugal, is nearly ready. The Beauties of Jeremy Taylor; with a The Book of Genesis and the Mosaical Memoir of his Life, and Observations on History of the Creation, vindicated from his Genius and Writings. By Mr. Mel Unitarian Misrepresentation; in a Letter froth,

to the Lord Bishop of St. David's, and in Mr. Bridgeus's Work, containing co Reply to a recent Discourse of Mr. Thomas loured Representations of the Customs and Belsham, delivered at Warrington, August Manners of France and Italy, with a de 19th, 1891, and published at the Request scriptive Account of the Plates, by the of the Ministers and Congregation. By late Dr. Polidori, is now complete. It John Garbett, M.A. Curate of St. Barthoforms an interesting Volume of 50 colonr- lomew's, Birmingham. ls. 6d. ed Plates, and is particularly illustrative of A Synoptical Review of the Religious Italian Customs.

Systems and Opinions, propounded and Elements of Self Knowledge ; or, a Fa. advocated by the Philosophers of the apmiliar Introduction to Moral Philosophy, cient World; intended for the Use of the in | Volume, 14mo., principally adapted Junior Students in the Voiversities. By to Young Persons entering into active Life. a Graduate of the Vuiversity of Oxford. By the Rev. Thomas Finch. A Technological Dictionary; containing

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POLITICAL RETROSPECT.

All eyes are fixed upon the ap- We shall confine ourselves to the proaching session of Parliament, and humbler task of shewing what, in politicians busy themselves in pre- our opinion, ought to be done. dicting the course of future events. The loudest and most important

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discussions may naturally be ex.

Then distress should have been most pected to arise upon the subject of conspicuous four years ago, when agricultural distress; and the great the poor were starving, the revenue : weight of the landed interest in both failing, and commerce and manufac... Houses of Parliament, the language tures were at a stand. From imthat has been held at various county portation of foreign grain ?- Then meetings, the rumours that are afloat it could not have been concealed of taxes to be put on, and taxes to until that importation ceased. All be taken off, together with the na these explanations are unsatisfaction's entire ignorance of the plan tory, and futile. The real cause of of its rulers, have combined to fill the agricultural difficulties must be one portion of the community with traced to the resumption of cash hope, and another with alarm. We payments by the Bank of England. trust that the uncertainty which pre- They were foreseen and foretold by vails upon these subjects will be the most enlightened advocates of removed by the united protest of that necessary measure; and they. our statesmen against every pro- will be gradually removed by the posal for giving relief to one sort of accumulating capital, and returning property at the expense of the rest, - commerce of the country. against every recommendation of

As long as country bankers could breaking the public faith by the plun- rely upon procuring paper at the der of the public creditor. LordCoch- Bank of England to answer any rane was the first man who recom sudden demand, they were ready mended such a scheme in the House and willing to make advances to the . of Commons; the advice was worthy farmer. His rick-yard was consiof a ruined and convicted swindler, dered an unexceptionable security: and to such we would fain hope and when it did not suit him to sell that it may be restricted.

his corn, he borrowed the amount What then, it will be said, are the of his rent, and waited till he could. farmers to get no relief? By no get a better price. This practice, means; we heartily desire that they however, had its danger. It enabled may be relieved with the least pos. him to employ the whole of his casible delay--and we believe that pital on his land and so far it was though not immediate, their relief beneficial; but in many instances, is certain. All we mean to affirm' he proceeded to employ more than is, that it will not and cannot come his whole capital and became accus from an Act of Parliament. In courts tomed to draw upon his banker not. of justice such acts are omnipotent;' only for temporary but permanent but it would be as reasonable to loans. If high prices had continued expect that tides and eclipses might twenty years, he might have secured be arranged according to the will his profits, and repaid what he had and pleasure of the legislature, as borrowed. But when the country that the country gentlemen and their with one voice demanded a return tenants may be released from their to cash payments, it became the embarrassments by the fiat of the duty of the Bank to diminish their House of Commons.

issues of paper. Ten millions were Whence do those embarrassments withdrawn at once from the circulaarise ? - From taxation? In that tion of the country, and it was evicase they should have been most dent that the Bank would be obliged severe when taxation was at its height to regulate its issues, not merely by not now when the nation has been the responsibility of the party borrelieved from considerably more than rowing, but also by the quantity of a third of its burdens. From gene- its notes already in circulation. ral impoverishment and distress ?. Being no longer at liberty to ens

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Four years

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change paper for paper, but being ruin three times within the memory
bound to pay in gold, it had to con- of many of us. The American War,
"template the possibility of a run the Freoch Revolution, and the last
upon its Treasury, and was com- Peace, beggared more merchants,
pelled not to put out more than it manufacturers, stockholders, and
would be able to pay off. Hence artizans, than there are distressed
the country bankers were deprived or complaining farmers in the land.
of that safe and commodious har. The individuals were ruined-but
bour which had enabled them to the class survived, increased, accu-
weather so many storms; and were mulated wealth, and fourished.
obliged in their turn to linit their And why should it be otherwise
issues and loans, and to receive the with the agriculturist? He is re-
farmer who was disposed to borrow duced now, for the first time, to a
with a coldness to which he had long degree of distress, decidedly less
been unaccustomed. He had now severe than that from which others
no choice but to sell his grain, and have thrice recovered.
his cattle, and his woul-and, as ago, there seemed some pretence
soon as this operation commenced, for saying that our manufactures
the banker invited him to clear off would not fourish again, under the
former scores ; as it was obvious severe pressure of our taxation
that when the ricks disappeared, the other nations of the world could
the security which had been relied work cheaper, and thercfore they
on failed. Here, therefore, the were expected to undersell us. This
distress commenced. Rents had

was very plansible--and very fallabeen paid for several years in anti- cious. For already our exports are cipation; borrowed capital had greater than they were during the war been sunk on the land, and could -all the looms are employed-and not be got out again within a rea there is a demand for more hauds. sonable time. Alarm and doubt The error arose from underrating began to spread-every creditor the united effects of British capital, was in a hurry to be paid; and the skill, and enterprise, which enable unfortunate debtor could neither our manufacturer to sell his goods borrow nor sell. Numbers who have cheap, although the wages of his been placed in this situation are ir- workmen are comparatively high. retrievably ruined. Their property And is not the same thing true of is seized in default of payment, and agriculture? Is it not at least prosells, as a matter of course, for one bable, that the predictions which fourth of its value. Where rent only threaten its permanent depression, is due, the farmer may escape at the will prove as unfounded as those expence of his landlord. Let the more reasonable predictions which latter renounce the arrears, which have been so happily falsified by in all probability are irrecoverably the event? Do the taxes cramp a gone; and the tenant, setting out farmer in a greater degree, or in afresh, may be able to pay a re half so great a degree, as they duced and moderate rent. Any cramp a master-manufacturer ? I's thing more than this, we confess, it not certain, that the artizans who that we can see no ground to ex. have recently returned to full work, pectour reasons for expecting thus and full wages, will return without much shall be stated.

loss of time to full meals? We reThe cry against the exorbitant member an unfortunate workingprofits of the merchant, and the cutler, who was recommended, three fundholder, is, at this moment, loud. years ago, to have patience, and We forget that both the one and trust that times would mend. He the other have been on the brink of replied, " that he had set up with

a considerable stock of patience, farmer, as the opening of South but that it was nearly all gone. America has afforded to the mere For having been accustomed, during chant. Consumption will soon be the war, to earn three pounds a raised to the level of production : week, (of which he had never laid old times will come round-and all by a farthing) he had been reduced classes, and all parties, enjoy the by the decay of his trade to some- blessings of peace. thing very like starvation. Now if With this view of the internal this honest cutler, and the mil. state of the country, we need not lions who were similarly situated, say that we deprecate parliamentary once begin to receive, not three interference, as worse than useless. pounds, but, let us say, one pound Our senators, no doubt, will proa week, will they not infallibly con. duce plans in abundance, and each sume more bread, more meat, more will admire and extol his own. The butter, cheese, gin, and every other wisest thing that ministers can do, article that the earth produces ? will be to declare that they are all The general employment of the poor excellent, but all inconsistent; and will afford as good a market to the so to postpone them en masse.

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The Remarks on the Life of Brainerd; and A. shall appear.

I. P. has been received, and is under consideration.

We do not understand the precise grounds of Catholicus's objection; if he will be so good as to state it shortly, and give the necessary references to the passages upon which it is founded, his communication shall receive our best consideration,

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SERMON ON OFFENCES OF THE the tree corrupt and his fruit corTONGUE.

rupt, for the tree is known by his MATT. xii. 36.

fruit. O generation of vipers, how But I say unto you, that every idle word can ye, being evil, speak good that men shall speak, they shall give things; for out of the abundance of account thereof in the day of judgment. the heart the mouth speaketh. A Our Saviour's language, recorded good man out of the good treasure in this chapter, is marked with pe- of the heart, bringeth forth good culiar solemnity and force. The things : and an evil man out of the perferseness and hypocrisy of the evil treasure, bringeth forth evil Pharisees had excited his indigna- things.” This was enough to warn tion, and had even induced him to the Pharisees that by whatever ardeclare that their offence should guments they might now delude " neither be forgiven in this world, themselves, the depravity of their nor in the world to come." This hearts was manifest to God, and dreadful offence is called by our that he would infallibly punish their Saviour blasphemy against the Holy profane and blasphemous language Ghost. It consisted in rejecting the in the day of judgment. But the nost palpable testimony of our precepts of the Gospel, on this Lord's divine mission, and ascri- subject, are carried far beyond the bing his mighty works to the agency mere prohibition of blaspheny; of evil spirits; an aggravation of " I say unto you,” continued our guilt which must ever be regarded blessed Saviour, “ that every idle with horror, and whick perhaps can word that men shall speak, they hardly have been committed, in its shall give account thereof in the day full extent, since the cessation of of judgment. For by thy words miracles. We may infer from the thou shalt be justified, and by thy tenor of the narrative, that these words thou shalt be condeinned.” unbappy Pharisees flattered them. Some difference of opinion has selves, by some delusive mode of prevailed as to the precise interprereasoning, that they should not ul. tation of this text. Some expositimately be punished for the wicked tors think that the crime of scandal sentiments they had expressed. În and defamation is here especially order, perhaps, to put an end to condemned. Others imagine that such arrogant and fallacious hopes, our Lord's admonition is rather diour Lord assured them that the rected against vain and arrogant language of men will always be con- pretensions of whatever kind. sidered as an indication of their Others affirm that the word idle is mind. “ Either make the tree good to be regarded as equivalent to and his fruit good; or else make wicked; and that this explanation REMEMBRANCER, No. 39.

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