comprehends the entire contents of Horsley is adopted, who observes, the eight periods; the second shews that in what part of the arrangement

• The ten last verses of the preceding any chapter or verse may be found; chapter, which relate Saul's madness, and the third, in what part any Psalm David's' introduction 10 the court upon may be found; also the probable that occasion, are certainly misplaced. occasion on which it was composed, The true place for these ten verses seems with the authority for its insertion; to be between the 9th and 10th of the the fourth, in what part any pro- be removed to that place, and this seven

eighteenth chapter. Let these ten verses phecy may be found ; the fifth contains dates of events, according to

teenth chapter be connected inmediately

with the 13th verse of chapter svi. and Dr. Hales; and the sixth is a

the apparent disorder will be removed." general alphabetical Index to the whole.

Thus, the arrangement stands as As specimens of the versual trans. follows, and renders the narrative positions which Mr. Townsend has connected and intelligible, viz. After adopted, we shall select, as the the 40th verse of chapter xvii. promost impartial test, the second ceed to verse 55 and 56, then to chapter of Genesis, which is very

verse 41 to 54, then to verse 57 and judicioilsly made to begin with the 58, then to 1 Sam. xviii. the first 4th verse. The sacred historian,

four verses, then to 1 Sam. xvi. having in the conclusion of the first from verse 14 to the end, and prochapter terminated his account of ceed to chapter xviii. at verse 10, the creation, proceeds to observe, and the whole difficulty vanishes. These are the generations of the

And lastly, the arrangement of the heavens and of the earth, when they events in the life of Solomon, which were created, &c.; and the three no doubt was a subject of considerfirst verses thus omitted, are re

able difficulty, on account of the stored after the end of the second miscellaneous manner in which they chapter, Thus the heavens and the

are related. They seem to have earth were finished. Next, the been enumerated, either as they arrangement, from Bishop Horsley, arose in the minds of the writers, of that complicated passage in the or as they were compiled or abridged narrative of David's interview with from the public registers of the Saul, and the conibat with Goliah, kingdom. Mr. T. has endeavoured which has given rise to so much

so to dispose them, as that they sceptical animadversion. It appears may be read in their probable

order. from the disposition of the verses in the established Version, that after “ The Book of Canticles," he judiciously Saul had been completely ac- remarks, " is supposed to have been writquainted with David, and even

ten wlien Solomon was a young man, at armed him with his armour, (1 Sam. raoh to his palace in the forest of Leba

the time be removed the danghter of Phaxvii. 38.] when the young warrior non; and the Book of Ecclesiastes, as a returned from his victory, the king kind of recantatiou upon his repentance knew him not, (ver. 55 and 58.] for liis errors." but repeatedly asked Abner, the The reign of Solomon properly captain of the host, Whose son is begins at i Kings ii. 12. Then sate this youth? And Abner, who had Solomon upon the throne of David, introduced him, was equally igno- his father, &c.; and the progress rant: As thy soul liveth, o king, I of his history, preserved in the precannot tell ; and the king was sent arrangement, is as follows:obliged to repeat the question to 2 Chron. i. 2.; 1 Kings ii. 3. ; David. To remedy this evident de- 2 Chron. i. 2—7.; 1 Kings iii. 5– rangement, the order of Bishop 29.; 2 Chron. i. 13. ; with a series

of similar irregularities to 2 Chron. vantages, with equal delight and ix. 31. And Solomon slept with his edification. But in advancing this fathers, and was buried in the city opinion, let us not be uuderstood to of David, &c. Read, in this con. detract an iuta from Mr. T.'s concatenated way, the whole history of spicuous merits. He has exhibited this illustrious monarch is perspi- a degree of erudition, and laborious cuous and interesting.

research, which qualifies him to rank Of the labour, ingenuity, and at as a worthy successor of the iltention bestowed on this work, it is lustrious authors, from whom he impossible to speak too highly. The derived his first ideas of Biblical author bas, under the direction of arrangement, and on whose exerhis master-guides, and with the tions he has so evidently improved; assistance of his own intellect and and there can be no doubt, that researches, produced as clear a although his work will not find its concatenation of the scattered events way amongst the general classes of in the Scriptural history, as perhaps the community, it will maintain a ever will be accomplished, or can be distinguished place in the libraries desired. All the disjecta membra of the learned, and be attentively appear clearly reduced into tbeir perused by all who, to the means of proper places, and the studious or procuring, unite the desire of readreligious reader may sit down to his ing the Scriptures of the Old Tes. sacred studies, and pursue the train tament disposed in regular and hisof narrative, without interruption torical order. by extraneous passages. He will also find himself occasionally enlightened by the judicious and wellarranged information of the notes;

The Scripture Testimonies to the and, on the whole, will be much pleased to see, that greatly varying

Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ,

collected and illustrated, by the as is this arrangement from the order of the Authorized Version,

Rev. George Holden, M.A. 460 the explanations of the Sacred Text

pp. 8vo. Rivingtons. 182. are in perfect concurrence with it. The title of this work wii naturally

But with every deference to the remind the reader of the inestimable ability, the zeal, and excellent in manual of Jones, of Nayland on the tention of its author, we must freely

Catholic Dectrine of the Trinity. confess our opinion, that in his ex A singwar facility in reducing the pectation of that general utility bighest and most elevated subwhich be anticipates, he will be dis- jects to a level with the meanest appointed. No lucid arrangement capacity, was the distinguishing exthat the wit of man can devise will cellence of that incomparable writer, ever displace, or even accompany, and the treatise to which we have in the houses of those millions of adverted, at the same time that it Christians, to whose service the conveys conviction to the most author has so benevolently devoted powerful mind, gives to the most his labours, the Received Version of uninstructed and inexperienced a the Old Testament. Independently power of comprehending, as far as of the beavy price, those numerous it can be comprehended, the subclasses who have neither time nor limest and most inscrutable mystery talent for discussion and investiga. which was ever revealed to mantion, will adhere to the ancient kind. volume with all its dislocations ; Mr. Holden has taken a more and having firm faith in its divine limited view of the question, and original, will continue to read it, has restricted his arguments and his under all its chronological disad- testimonies to the Divinity of our

[ocr errors]

Lord Jesus Christ. In proof of this The Sonship of Christ, severally great mystery of godliness, he has argued in proof of his essential arranged under distinct heads, the Divinity; IX. Christ's Subordinatexts which speak to the several tion to the Father, and Conclusion. points wbich the doctrine involves, The view is comprehensive, and einand if at one time he has made braces all the leading features of them, principally by collocation, the argument; the arrangement is support the testimony of each other, distinct and unembarrassed, and in be has always taken care to sustain the large body of evidence which is and substantiate their testimony by brought before the reader, all repea critical exposition of their proper tition of the commentary is stusense and meaning, and by refuting diously and successfully avoided. the opposite interpretations which A large portion of the volume is have been assigned to them, by naturally occupied with the Second calling in the authority of the best and Third Chapters, in which the commentators and critics, and by Express and Indirect Testimonies appealing, in virtue of a familiar to the Divinity of our Lord, are acquaintance, to the original lan- brought forward, and in appropriatguages in which these testimonies are ing on their own merits, and vindidelivered. His constant object has cating from all exception, the true been " to combine, to vindicate doctrine of the texts, in which those from exceptions, and to compress testimonies are contained. The exwithin a short compass the leading press testimonies are established in arguments” in support of the Divi. an elaborate commentary upon the nity of Christ: and his method in principal texts which assert the pursuing this object has been, 1. divinity of Christ: viz. John i. 1. “ to collect and arrange the scrip- Matt. xxviii. 20. Philipp. ii. 6. Rom. tural testimonies;" 2.“ to establish ix. 5. Col. ii. 9. Tit. ii. 13. The by critical reasons the texts adduced strength of the argument is made to in proof of Christ's divinity;" 3. rest upon these passages, of which "I take some notice of the prin- the Catholic interpretation is vindi. cipal objections ;” and," lastly, to cated and established, if not beinclude the whole within the shortest yond controversy and dispute, at limits consistent with perspicuity.” least in such a manner as to secure The reader needs not to be told, the reader from all the subtlety and that this is a learned work; but he sophistry of the school of Socinus, has no occasion to apprehend, that and to enable bim to avoid or repel it is a work intended only for scho- them. There are other texts, illus. lars, and professed theologians. l'he trated by expositions more brief, passages, which will hereafter be but not less satisfactory and conextracted, will be sufficient to show, vincing. that the author has used his talents The argument in favour of indiso skilfully, that the full strength of rect testimony is justly stated : his argument may be appreciated

“ Indirect testimonies have, in some reby any man of common understand

spects, the advantage over those which are ing and ordinary attention.

more immediate. The latter are someThe work is divided into nine times evaded by that ingenuity of distortprincipal chapters: I. Importance ing the plainest expressions, which the of the Doctrine of the Trinity; II. disciples of a certain school bave too sucExpress, and III. Indirect Testimo, cessfully practised. From the most pernies to the Divinity of Jesus Christ; spicuous phrase, when thrown into the IV. Divine Titles applied to Christ; is often extracted which no unsophisticated

alembic of hypercritical philology, a sense V. Divine Attributes ascribed to mind could ever suppose it was intended Christ; VI. Creation ; VII. Divine to convey. But conclusions fairly deduced Worship directed to Christ ; VIII. from the apostolic reasoningsy cannot so

easily be put to the torture of a rash and shall give an account of himself to anchastised criticism. The opposers of GOD." The argument is incontrothe great mysteries of Christianity can

vertible in establishing the proof of seldom explain them away with their usual the divinity of our Lord. pretences of Jewish idiom, figurative lan

In producing the indirect arguguage, and oriental phraseology. The evidence of such arguments may be de- ments for the divinity of our Saviour, nied, and so may the clearest deductions Mr. Holden does not insist upon of reason, but it can scarcely fail of the proofs of a plurality of persons making a forcible impression opon un in the Divine Essence, which are biassed understandings. When we dis- discoverable in the Jewish Scripcover indirect allusions to a particular doctrine, and continual implications of it tures, but confines bimself to the throughout the Sacred Writings, it is im- consideration of one clear and conpossible to account for its being thus in- vincing argument, arising from a terwoven with their very texture, except comparison of the Old with the New upon the supposition of its truth.” P. 81. Testament. The sacred writers bave expressly

“ If it can be evinced, in a satisfactory and without any hesitation, asserted manner, that Christ was the divine King upon various occasions the divinity who reigned over Israel, or in other of Christ: but they have not en- words, the Jehovah of the Jewish church, tered into any systematic proof of lais divinity will be clearly demonstrated. its truth. They have assumed it as Though this opinion has been espoused by

the most learned and able writers of ana doctrine whieh could not be dis. cient and modern times, we must not rest puted or denied, with which the so important a doctrine upon their anthopersons whom they addressed, were

rity. It is necessary to inquire whether it well acquainted, and from which have any foundation in the Jewish and they were free to draw their infer- Christian Scriptures, and the result of such ences at their own pleasure and dis

an investigation is, that our Lord was the cretion. Thus the incarnation and Jehovah who appeared in a corporeal form

under the Patriarchal and Levitical disdivinity of Christ are inextricably pensations, and was adored as the God of involved in the apostolic writings, Israel. and if all the express testimony “ The truth of this position will be could be perverted and evaded, the acknowledged, if the following proposidoctrines would be raised above tions can be substantiated : First, That an controversy, on the authority of Angel or divine Person appeared to the their indirect assertion. The divi. this divine Person who appeared to the

patriarchs and propbets. Secondly, That nity of Christ might stand on the Hebrews was no created being, but truly Apostle's reasoning with the Ro- and essentially God. Thirdly, That this dians xiv. 10, 11, 12, where he af- divine Person was not God the Father. firms, “ We shall all stand before Fourthly, That therefore it was God the the judgment seat of Christ." The Son. As the first proposition is too evigrandeur of the theme, leads him to

dent to be denied, it may be proper to

proceed to the proof of the second, upon recite and to apply to our Lord, a

which the main stress of the argument text delivered in the name of the rests." P. 83. Lord Jehovah, and thus to appropriate that incommunicable name to In proof of this second proposi. Christ: “ For it is written, As I live, tion, that this divine Person was saith the Lord, every knee shall truly God, it is shewn, 1. that he bow to me, and every knee shall bears the incommunicable name of confess to God:” but the Apostle's Jehovah ; 2. that the divine attriinference from his original assertion, butes are assumed or ascribed to supported by the application of the him; and, 3. that he is called God, prophecy, is most remarkable and and that he is worshipped. important; “ So then," (as we

“ The third proposition is, That this shall all stand before the judgment divine Person was not God the Father, seat of CHRIST). "every one of us This follows from his being called an

Angel, which name is given him as we naturally signify that the angels' were the have seen, in many of the above cited agents in the delivery of the law. But as passages. God the Father cannot be the Scripture affirms that it was Jehovah called an Angel, for this appellation im- who spake to Moses from Mount Sinai, plies a ministerial office; but ministration ! the angels' spoken of must denote the is never applied to the Father in the Scrip same person, viz. the Angel-Jehovah, the tures, and is incompatible with that prio. King and God of Israel,” P. 93. rity of order which belongs to him. The Father is universally represented as the

The last proposition, that the person who sends, the Son as the person Divine Person who appeared to the sent,

Hebrews, was God the Son, might “ We have the express authority of appear to follow as a necessary conScripture for affirming that God the Father was never visible to men.

• No man

sequence from the premises, but is bath seen God at any time.' 6 Ye have

nevertheless established on distinct peither heard bis voice at any time por

and independent arguments, and the seen his shape.'* Not that any man liatis author concludes with noticing an seen the Father.' 'God is a spirit,'* inha- important objection to his doctrine. biting light inaccessible,' 'whom no man hath seen or can see.' God, however, is

“ Though I have collected several other reported in the Old Testament to have arguments bearing upou the same point, frequently appeared under the Patriarchal it is unnecessary to prosecute this branch and Levitical dispensations, and therefore

of the subject any farther, and I shall we must conclude that the God who ap

therefore conclude with briefly noticing au peared was God the Son.

objection, which is certainly the most “ In this conclusion we have a solution plausible that bas been advanced. It is of two difficulties, which are apt to make drawn from Heb. i. 1, 2. "God who at an impression upon the attentive reader. sundry times and in divers mavners spake The first is that in Exod. xxiv. 9. we read,

in time past unto the fathers by the pro. that. Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, phets, bath in these last days spoken unto and the seventy elders of Israel, wept up,

us by his Son;' from which it is argued, and saw the God of Israel ;' while in Exod.

that God did not speak to mankind by the xxxiii. 20. the Lord said to Moses, . Thou Sou, till the time of the Messiah, called by canst not see my face, for there shall no

the Apostle, the last days. This appeared man see me and live. By · the face of of such weight to the excellent Macknight, the Lord' is meant God himself, as Gen.

that he hesitates not to declare, that it xix. 3. 1 Sam. xxvi, 20, 1 Kings xiii. 6.

overthrows the opinion of the Anti-Nicene Psalm xxxiv. 16, &c. In the former pas- Fathers, that the law was spoken to the sages, then, Moses, Aaron, &c. saw the Jews by the Son. But the plain and obLogos, the Son of God, who was the God

vious sense of the words seems to be this; of the Hebrew church, but in the latter, it God formerly spake to the Jews by the is said, that Moses could not behold the

ministration of the prophets, but bath pow inscrutable essence and the invisible ma

spoken to them by the Son in person. jesty of the divine nature. The other dif.

The manner of communication under the ficulty alluded to is, that Jehovah is said

Old dispensation, is contrasted with the to have delivered the law to Moses,(Exod.

manner of communication under the New. xix. 9. xx. 1.) and yet we read'in Acts Formerly, the Divine Logos, the God of vii. 53. that the law was received by the

the Hebrews, revealed the truths of religion disposition of angels ;' in Gal. iii. 19, that

unto the Fathers through the mediation of the law was ' ordained by angels,' and in

Moses and the prophets, but in these last Heb. ii. 2. that it was 'spoken by angels.' times hath assumed our nature and dwelt Now, if angels' be put in the plural, in

among us, teaching in person the sublime stead of the singular number, to denote

doctrines of Christianity. This is no argueminence and dignity, a phraseology com

ment then against the opinion, that Christ mon among the Hebrews, these passages from

was the visible Jehovalı, the angel Jethe New Testament will only affirm that hovah, who delivered the law from Mount the law was given by the Angel, who, as

Sinai, the God of the Old Testament.” has been proved, and as is asserted in

P. 102, Exodus, was Jehovah. This solution of

The pre-existence of Christ, anothe difficulty appears to be confirmed by Acts vii. 38. where we find mention made

ther important branch of the indirect of the angel who spake to him in Sinai,' evidence, is excellently sustained on and by Gal. iji, 10. and Heb. ï. 2. which the authority of those impressions,

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« ForrigeFortsett »