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may be given, and that this title is occa “ Christ is emphatically called a Son. siovally applied to him under circum “ Matt. xxvi. 63. • The high priest stances where it must have been designed said unto him, I adjure thee by the living to convey the idea of divinity. The truth of God, that thou tell us whether thou be the this is confirmed by the most ample and Christ, the Son of God.' The terms the convincing testimony, which I shall state, Christ, and the Son of God,' are fre for the sake of perspicuity, under separate quently connected together as in this pasheads." P. 381.
sage, from which circumstance it has been It will be proper to specify the
inferred that they are synonymous. Were several divisions of the argument,
this the case, the Sacred Writers are guilty
of an idle and unmeaning tautology. It with an occasional proof and illus.
may surely be arged with greater reason, tration.
from their being so often joined together “ Christ was a Son before his concep that they are not eqnivalent expressions. tion.
The arrangement also denotes some pecu“ Col. i. 15. • The Son who is the first liar excellence in the latter, which is not born of every creature.' The chief diffi. particularly expressed in the former. The culty lies in ascertaining the meaning of appellation • Son of God,' in the Socinian #WTOTOXOS, which has been variously ex sense was applicable to any pions indiviplained as may be seen in the Synopsis of dual, and if it were used in that sense in Pool, or the Curæ of Wolfius. One thing connection with the title the Christ,' is certain, that it cannot mean according which was restricted to him alone who to the Arians' the first made creature, was to be the Messiah ; the arrangement 'as by him all things were created,' v. 16. wonld be, tell us whether thou be the and the Creator of all things cannot be a Son of God, the Christ.' The very reverse creature. My opinion coincides with that of this being adopted, shews that 'the of those commentators, who understand Christ was the title of an office which the words as meaning' beyoiten before was to be sustained by him who is in a every çreature,' i. e. before any created pecnliar sense the Son of God." P. 403. being bad existence, For in the first
God is emphatically called the place, this interpretation suits the context better than any other. In illustration of
Father of Christ. Christ is O MO
Conthe truth, that Christ is the “first-horn of NOTENHE, the only begotten. every creature,' the Apostle adds, that'by fessions were made in Christ as the him were all things created,' which evi Son of God, and as the Son of God dently implies that Christ was begotten distinct from the Messiah. The before the existence of any creature. title of Son of God was understood Secondly, WPATOTOXO5 literaily signifies by the Jews to imply Divinity. The first born, or first begotten, and understanding which is included in it to
title of the Son of Mon also implies otpoi govern the genitive ytloEWS, the whole
Divinity. phrase is most naturally explained,' being It is a strong ground of assured begotlen before every creature. Thirdly, and confirmed faith in the Catholic this term occurs in eight other places of doctrine of the Divinity of Christ, the New Testament, and always convey that it harmonizes with the natural ing the notion of first born, with perhaps and literal interpretatiou of the one exception. (Heb. xii. 23.) Fourthly, all the ancient versions take it in the sense
whole Bible, that it is the only docof first born, and so it was explained by
trine which a plain unsophisticated most of the ancient fathers. This inter- mind can collect from the Sacred pretation, so strongly supported, may be Volume. The Socinian method of regarded as undoubtedly the true one, and detaching text from text, and of init supplies a striking testimony to the eter.
troducing figurative interpretations pal fiiiation of our Lord.' P. 383.
upon every occasion, may authorize The miraculous conception re the deduction of any inference from corded in the Gospels is substan any words, and may lead to the es. liated and confirmed, not only on tablishment of Atheism or Deism the proper
evidence of the authen upon inspired authority. It is a ticity of the respective narrations, leading character of Mr. Holden's but by various allusions in the writ- argumcnt, that every position is esings of the New, and by distinct tablished on the authority of the prophecies in the Old Testament. Scripture interpreted critically, and
in harmony with itself and with other the literal testimony of Scripture ; and as Scriptures, and while his intimate divine revelation was given of God for our and familiar acquaintance with the guidance in doctrines, and in practice this original languages peculiarly qua. is that upon which the mind can repose in
testimony is sure and incontrovertible, it lifies him for these investigations, it the contidence of truth. enables him in the conclusion to “ If the Unitarian exposition of the argue upon the distinguishing style Sacred Records is to be admitted, how and structure of the New Testament, shall we account for a phraseology so dark and to strengthen his previous ar. and enigmatical in the lowly followers of gument in favour of the literal in. Christ? Our adversaries cannot deny that
the divine characters appear to be ascribterpretation.
ed to Jesus in numerous passages, many “ The fact is undeniable, that the figures of which cannot be made to be any other in the New Testament, are neither so sense without the application of the moltiplied, nor so lofty as in the Old: and greatest critical subtlety. Now on the that the style of the Apostles approaches supposition of our Lord's being a created nearer to that of European writers. In being, what reason can be assigned why the choice of the Greek tongue as the ine the Apostles shonld speak of him so ambidium of communication they surely de- guonsly? Why should they constantly and signed to be intelligible to those who un- wiformly apply ench language as to readerstood that language: and therefore ders of plain and common understandings their productions, with the exceptions of conveys the idea of his divinity? As there the passages manifestly tinctured by their is no conceivable motive for describing in Jewish education, must be understood ac mysterious terms the person and character cording to the forms of speech customary of their Master, their expressions, it is among the Greeks. Now, the connenta. reasonable to suppose, were designed to tors upon the literary remains of classic be understood in their literal and obvious antiquity, are agreed that the literal and signification; and in that signification, grammatical sense is never to be rejected they represent him as strictly divine and without absolute necessity; and hence, the uncreated. laws of sound criticism forbid the inter “ We may go further and affirm, that preter of the New Testament to depart the Sacred Writers could not speak of from the literal meaning, except where the Jesus in such elevated terms, bad he been language is clearly and unquestionably only a human being. As men of sound figurative. This cannot be asserted to be understanding, as men of integrity, anxious the case with the passages relating to the to delineate our Saviour in his true coperson and character of our Saviour, unless lours, they would have told us plainly and opon the previous assumption of his being explicitly, that he was only a man bighly only a human prophet, that is, an assump- favoured of heaven. They could not, contion of the very thing to be proved. In sistently, with a regard to veracity, have this mode of argumentation, the disciples used expressions so liable to be mistaken, of Socinus are wonderful adepts, and in especially as the subject of their discourse trath Unitarianism is necessitated to adopt was neither difficult nor obscure. In disall its subtlety of criticism, all its artifice cussing matters of profound research and of paraphrase, and all its dexterity of so abstruse science which require a penetratphistry, to gain a feeble support from the ing and sagacious mind to comprehend volume of inspiration. An expression some degree of obscurity can scarcely be clearly intimating the Deity of Christ, is avoided; but in treating of a human prorepresented as metaphorical ; a phrase of phet there is no occasion for the employ. the like import is stated to be a common ment of ambiguous terms. On the hypoJewish idiom : and a description which in thesis of our Lord's simple humanity, vests onr Lord with the Divine attributes, nothing were more easy than to avoid is reduced to a mere oriental figure. Thus every expression incompatible with this the clearest and most express declarations view of liis character and office. And this of bis eternal divinity, are explained course the Apostles would have undoubt. away; and though the judginent cannot edly followed, as every page of their writacquiesce in the strained and far-fetched ings and the whole tenour of their lives gloss, we are compelled to admire the in demonstrate that their object in writing genuity of torture, by which the writings was to inculcate truth, and not to palm a of the Apostles are made to speak a lan. deception upon the world. Yet they do guage so repugnant to their obvious mean frequently describe their Lord and Master ing. Our faith on the contrary rests upon in such terms, and ascribe to bim such
offices and attributes, as apparently imply oblique allusion, and comparison of Scripdivinity. Had they believed bim to be ture with Scripture, cannot be evaded by only man, how can this be reconciled with philological subtlety : that divine titles their character of unimpeached honour are ascribed to Christ; that divine attri. and veracity? How shall we account for butes are applied to him; that he is the the adoption of a phraseology which has efficient Creator of the universe ; that led almost the whole Christian world to divipe worship is directed to him; and reverence and adore Jesus as their God.” that he is the Son of God with respect to P. 449.
his divine nature. What remains then, 6 Besides these general arguments but that we humbly receive the literal against the Unitarian exposition, a multi. testimony of Scripture, and with devout plicity of particular reasons has been given bearts acknowledge the essentiul divinity for receiving in their literal acceptation, of Jesus Christ our blessed Lord and the passages produced in proof of our Saviour ?" P. 458. Lord's participation of the divine essence. It were unnecessary to recapitulate the The volume is concluded with a observations already made upon individual copious index of texts, illustrated texts : but the preceding chapters demon- in ihe course of the argument, which strate (such is the unshaken conviction of few men will consult without a remy own mind) that according to the true
solution of their doubts, and a conprinciples of interpretative criticism, there are many express testimonies to the divi- firmation of their faith in the plain nity of Jesus: that there are still more of and orthodox interpretation of the av indirect kind, which, as they arise from Scriptures.
MONTHLY REGISTER. Society for the Propagation of the
a confident hope, that it will not be found Gospel in Foreign Parts. deficient in interest. The Anniversary Meeting of this Scarcely had the last year's Report been Society was held in the vestry of submitted to the General Meeting, when
the arrival of the Books, as had been antiBow Church, on Friday, February cipated, to the amount of no less than 15, present, the Archbishop of Can- 2751. 148. 10:1. and at a cost to the Parent terbury, the Bishops of London, Society of 365l. 188. 7d. afforded the ComGloucester, Llandaff, Lincoln, St. mittee ample means of answering the vaDavid's, Exeter, and the Lord rious demands, which had been made upon Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and them, Boxes of Books were accordingly a large assemblage of Clergy and dispatched to the District Committees at Laity. The Sermon was preached have since received a second supply; to
Montreal and Missisquoi Bay, both of which by the Lord Bishop of Llandaff; the Missionaries recently established at and we should proceed to lay an Rivière du Loup, and in the District of abstract of it before our readers, Gaspé; to the Rev. J. Jackson, at William did we not hope soon to see it in Henry, and to the Rev. B. B. Stevens, very extensive circulation, and feel
Chaplain to the Forces at Fort George, in confident, that any sketch which it
the Upper Province, as well for the use of
the troops, as of a small, but zealous conmight be in our power to furnish,
gregation, to which he officiates at Queenwould be totally inadequate to con. ston. The Townships of Ernest Town and vey a just idea of the merits of the Matilda, and the new Military Settlement Discourse itself.
at Perth, in the Upper Province, and the
Township of Eatov, and Settlement of Society for Promoting Christian
Drummondville, in the Lower Province, Knowledge.
have likewise been partially supplied Extracts from the Annual Report of through their respective Missionaries. Conthe Quebec Diocesan Committee,
firmation Tracts were also distributed to for the Year 1820.
all the Clergy of the Diocese, by the Rev.
the Official of Lower Canada, preparatory The Quebec Diocesan Committee, in
to the visitation of the Lord Bishop; and communicating this their Third Annual
every opportunity has been taken of circuReport to the public, beg leave to express lating the Books and Tracts as widely, and
making them as generally useful as pos- tion, was, on the whole, highly satisfacsible.
tory, the Institution being, at that time, It might have been supposed, that the quite in its infancy, and having had to Bibles, Testaments and Prayer-Books, contend with many and great disadvanprocured by His Majesty's Government tages. The female part of the School exfrom the Parent Society, and sent out as a hibited a variety of samples of needle. second supply to this country last summer, work, which were much approved of by would have materially diminished the de- the ladies present. At the close of the mand for Books upon the Diocesan Com- examination, Sir Peregrine and Lady mittee ; but this is so far from having been Sarah Maitland were kind enough to unthe case, that they have no small satisfac. dertake the task of distributing the prizes, tion in being able to state, that the sale consisting of appropriate Books, selected of Books at the Depository, during the from those circulated by the Diocesan last year, has far exceeded that of the two Committee, to the boys and girls, who had former years together, amounting, in Que most distingnished themselves by general bec alone, to the sum of 1241. Is. 7d. This good conduct, regularity of attendance at circumstance is a source of the sincerest Church and School, and proficiency in gratification to the Committee, as it proves, learning. beyond all question, an increasing regard Soon after this examination, a series of for the knowledge of God, and the inter- regulations for the government of the ests of revealed truth,
Schools, which had been drawn up with The Committee regret to state, that much pains and attention by a Committee they have received no information of the appointed for that purpose, was presented proceedings of the District Committees at to the public; and it is hoped that these York and Kingston, in the Upper Pro- regulations have not been without their vince, since their first establishment; but effect, in the sappression of irregularities, they have much satisfaction in noticing the and the encouragement of orderly convaluable exertions of the District Com- duct. To these valuable ends the indefamittees at Montreal and Missisquoi Bay, tigable attention of the Ladies, who have aod repeating their acknowledgments to been kind enough to act as Visitors, has the Rev. J. Jackson, of William Henry, also essentially contributed; and the Comfor his unremitting endeavours in collect. mittee beg publicly to express their grateing contributions from his parishioners, for ful sense of the benefits derived by the the purchase of Books and Tracts from the Institution from their vigilant superinSociety's Depôt at Quebec.
tendance, The Committee now proceed to notice The number of children of both sexes the Central Schools at Quebec, and the at present attending the Central Schools is system of education, which, by means of -boys, 168-girls, 100—Total, 268. these Schools, it is their object to diffuse The Committee take this opportunity througliout the Province.
of making their grateful acknowledgments The public examination, allude to in to the Countess of Dalhousie, for a dona. the last report, took place shortly after it tion of 10l. for the purchase of clothing bad been laid before the General Meeting, for the poorer children of the Female in the presence of His Excellency Sir Pe- School, which her Ladyship has been regrine and Lady Sarah Maitland, the pleased to take under her patronage ; in Lord Bishop of Quebec, and the other addition to which, the sum of 31l. 16s. ld. officers of the Diocesan Committee, and has been laid out, from other channels, several of the most respectable inhabitants since the month of November last, in of this city. The children were introduced clothing for the more destitute boys and in classes into a part of the School pre- girls, chiefly children of settlers, to enable pared for the purpose, and exan ined in them to attend Church and School. Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, It may not be improper here to minthe rudiments of English Gramınar, and tion, that a School was opened, during the the Church Catechism. Various questions winter months, in a Barrack-room on the were also put to them, with a view to Cape, for the reception of such children ascertain their knowledge of the Holy of the Emigrants, by whom the Barracks Scriptures, and the result of the examina are occupied, as were unable, from various
circumstances, to attend at the Central • A most satisfactory report of the pro- Schools. The number of these children, at ceedings of the York District Committee, one lime, amounted to about 50, and they bras since been received from the Hon. were supplied with Books gratuitowly and Rev. Dr. Strachan, to whose zeal and from the Society's Depository. assiduity the Diocesan Committee beg to The Committee, in the mean time, have express their obligation,
not been inattentive, as far as their means
wonld allow, to the dissemination of the scribers have been added to the former National System throughout the Diocese. list; and that several of the former subSeveral Masters have been partially in- scribers, who were not members of the structed, aud others perfected in the Sys- Parent Society, have contributed the sum tem, hy attendance at the Boys' School at required for their becoming candidates for Quebec. Of these last, one has been ap- admission. pointed School-master at the new Military The Committee had the pleasure, in its Settlement of Richmond, in the Upper first Annual Report, of announcing, that a Province, and the other placed in charge school, on the Madras or National System, of a School of Royal Foundatiou at Phi- had been instituted, and it has now sincere lipsburgh, in the Seigniory of St. Armand; satisfaction in being able to state, that the and a supply of the Books necessary to the number of pupils has been gradually inintroduction of the System, was, in both creasing. This will appear from the folinstances, gratuitously provided by the lowing statement: Diocesan Committee.
The number of Scholars attending the But the Committee have reserved the
School at the date of the last Remost important information, which they
54 hare to communicate to the public, to the The pumber since admitted ........ 61 close of their report. The venerable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in The number that has received InstrucForeign Parts, with their 118ual munificent
tion during the last Year..... 115 liberality, have enabled the Lord Bishop Withdrawn
48 of the Diocese to appropriate, for a limited tine, 1001. sterling, per annum, to a fund The number now attending the School 67 for the erection of School House; and his Excellency the Governor-in-chief, from
About one half of these have received whose valuable patronage in his late go. instructions gratis ; each of the others, has vernment, the Halifax Diocesan Com- paid only from one shilling to three shilmittee derived such incalculable benefits, lings and four pence a month. has been pleased to promise the Com The books which have been at the dis. mittee, pot only a grant of a lot of ground posal of the Committee, have been either as a site for the proposed edifice, but also sold at rednced prices, or disposed of graa donation of 2001. from funds at his tuitously. In making this distribution, the Excellency’s disposal. The Committee, Montreal General Hospital has not been therefore, confidently hope, that they may overlooked, from the consideration, that be enabled to give permanence and res- during the time when men are labouring pectability to the Institution, by the erec under affliction, their hearts are more sus. tion of a suitable School House, in the ceptible of religious impressions, that may course of the ensujog summer.
be lasting. The Committee have to notice, in conclusion, the accession of several new Mem New Church at Bombay. bers since the last report; and they would
BOMBAY, JUNE 23, 1821.-Our readers fain invite all, who bave any regard for
will learn with pleasure that the interest. the faith they profess, to co-operate with ing ceremony of laying the Foundation them, vot coldly and carelessly, but with
Stone of the New Church at Poona, took all their heart, and soul, and strength, in place on the morning of Trinity Sunday, the great--the important objects for which
the 17th inst, The site is on a commandthey are associated.
ing spot of ground, near the large tank,
and Annual Report of the Montreal lected with a view to the accommodation
appears to have been judiciously seDistrict Committee, in Corres- of the European troops, as well as the rest pondence with the Quebec Dio- of the station. His Majesty's 47th regicesan Committee of the Society for ment, and the detachment of artillery, Promoting Christiun Knowledge, were drawn up
at day-break, to witness for the Year 1820-21.
the ceremony, which the solemnity of the
day, and the associations of our national It is highly pleasing to state, that, not worship established in this country, could withstanding the unexampled depression of not fail to render impressive. Prayers the country, the great number of strangers suitable to the occasion, were offered up in distress, and the other public institutions by the Rev. T. Robinson, the Chaplain of in Montreal, which also depend entirely the station; after which the Commissioner upon the voluntary contributions of the proceeded to read the following inscription beneficent, twenty-three additional sub- from a brass plate,