first, second, and third Sundays the Christian, but do we exhibit them to after Epiphany. In the fifth sermon the world? We acknowledge the dangers: the Christian is shewn in his avoid- and temptations of the world, but do we. ance of the world, a term liable to the reason ? this

assuredly, and no other

in reality fly from them? If not, what is much misconception, but judici- than this, that we attain not, in the first ously explained and interpreted by instance, those Christian principles which Mr. Hoare, who shews that it is a are the only lasting foundation for a corgoverning principle of the Christian responding conduct. We are neither humto renounce the authority, the taste, ble as to ourselves, nor reverential towards and the law of the world, and to tionate to man; and hence we fall de

God; neither faithful to Christ, nor affecstudy the peculiarly Christian graces structively short of the duties which those of humility and charity. But it is dispositions would certainly inspire. We the happiness and solace of a Chris.. have no just conceptions of the reason. tian in the world, to have his appro. able service' of true Christianity, and propriate employment, the ends of therefore do not porsue it. We regard which are stated in Sermon VI. to not, as we ought, the example that is be the glory of God, the benefit.of Above all

, we seek not from above those

before us, and therefore do not follow it. mankind, and personal improve transforming and renewing' influences of ment, and in the pursuit of these divine grace by which alone we can be ends the Christian observes duties enabled to fulfil our known and acknowof an active kiad, wbich are consis. ledged duties. We forsake the arm of tent, conscientious, benevolent, and Omnipotence, and of necessity fall powertemperate, and duties of a passive brethren,

fly with earnestness to the only

less to the ground. Let us then, my kind, which are devotional, cheer- refuge, either from the guilt or froin the ful, and affectionate. This perfec- force of our sins. . Let us apply to that tion is not as many would imagine divine Saviour, who alove has power to unattainable; the pursuit of it may forgive us all that is past ; and to bis: not be delayed, nor may the neces Holy Spirit, whose is understanding, whose sary aids and means of grace be is strength ; who can alone impart the neglected. There is another view strength to suffer, or the will to serve, and of the subjeet taken in the seventh good thoughts, and all just works.' Under

from whom proceed all holy desires, all Sermon, in which the Christian is his guidance may you go forth with ranewdescribed as a Christian in the ed powers to every allotted work. Go, world, proving his principles by his my brethren, and prove the riches of die practice, without a vain ostentation vine grace; pat on the whole armour of: upon the one hand, or a pusillani. God, and so achieve the all important

the Lord is my mous shame upon the other; culti- victory. Boldly say, vating the two great principles of helper, 1,will not fear what flesh can do

unto me.'” P. 181. peace, which are founded in the

Sermon VIII. The last view character of man and in the charac. ter of God, and adhering to the which is taken of the Christian chapractice of

racter is that which is exhibited in to the utmost peace, of bis power by entire forbearance,

death, for which the Christian is by positive acts of Christian cha: shewn to prepare himself in a spirit rity, and by a general cultivation of of faith humble and watchful, of

obedience and constant persever., the arts of peace," and thus securing to himself the rewards of peace. in the awful moment of dissolution

The hope which he cherishes The substance of tbese three disa courses is thus briefly recapitu- fervour, but with the chastened ear

is described not with enthusiastic lated :

nestness, which is more appropriate " Learn we generally the necessity of to the contemplation of the mys-, Christian principles in order to the pro- terious glory which shall be reduction of Christian practice. We com- vealed. tend peace but do we preserve it? We praise the active and the passive virtues of * 6 And what, my brethren, is that one

[ocr errors]


additional circumstance of all the most sketched in the Sermons. It would mysterious, yet most consolatory? I allude

seem, therefore, that in Mr. Hoare's to the never ending duration of heavenly judgment, the principles and the joys. But I desist from a feeble enlargement on that, which, after all, defies the practice of a Christian may be sepapower of human description. And, instead rately treated, in opposition to the of vainly endeavouring to measure wbat is popular opinion, that exhortations boundless, and to fathom eternity, let me, to repentance without reference to in conclasion, turn your attention to what faith, constitute, what is insidiously is practical and of ordinary application, and invidiously called moral preachI desire to impress it again and again on your miods, that these animating descrip.

ing. tions are given to us in Scripture, not to

Discourse I.-The Season of Ad. inflame the imagination, but to teach and

vent. Our Lord is appropriately correct the heart ; not to transport us in a represented as the subject, 1. of moment of fancied elevation beyond the prophecy, before Moses, under bounds of space and time, but to accom Moses, the prophets, and the Bappany us to our most ordinary scenes of tist; 2. of history, in which the life, to control oor daily thoughts, and in glory of God is illustrated by the Auence our most active habits. They are fulfilment of prophecy, and the subintended habitually to turn our minds from earthly things to heavenly: to shame us

stance of religion is displayed in the out of our regard to the painted and pe person and office of the Redeemer ; rishing idols of this world, and to fix us to and 3. of universal observation, in what is snbstantial, eternal, and divine. the offer of the Gospel to all naAbove all, they are intended to direct us

tions, in its adaptation to all hearts, to the power and coming of our Lord and in its final manifestation to the Jesus Christ, and to exalt our views of that great Bring who once came as a hum

whole world. ble sojourner on earth to minister to all, That the Gospel is adapted to all and to die for all; and who shall appear hearts, that it is worthy in every age the second time without sin unto salva- and place to repair the disorders of tion. And great as the manifestation of

our nature, to remove and relieve his power will be, when he shall subdue

the necessities and infirmities of ; faith that is scarcely less a triumph, which mankind, to satisfy their religious is now visible apon earth, when a single curiosity, to elevate and controul soul in the near prospect of dissolution, their affections, to make them hapand with all the weakness and languor of pier, and wiser, and better, is one mortal decay is still opheld by the present of the strong evidences of its divine power of divine grace, is enabled to pierce origin and authority, since none but the darkness of the shadowy vale; sted- He that made and knows the heart fastly to look up, and by faith behold the of man, could be the author of a glory which shall be revealed.P. 200.

religion which should be adapted to The subject is followed up by an the state of men in all quarters of affecting account of the death and the globe. The same evidence is character of the wife of the Rev. not, however, conveyed in the exJ. W. C-initials which it would perience of individuals, which may not be difficult to decypher, even if be resolved into feelings of enthuthe lady's excellence had been less siasm, although it is practically pedistinguished, and by Izaac Walton's cessary for our present comfort and description of the death of Hooker, future salvation, that the doctrine of a picture which cannot be too often our religion should be personally presented to the Christian's medita applied and improved: and among tion.

some expressions which will bear This is the substance of Mr. revision and amendment, and may Hoare's Sermons: the Discourses be mistaken for the phraseology of are adapted to particular occasions, a system which Mr. Hoare does not and are intended to shew the method uphold, it is truly observed: “It is of attaining the character, which is to the adaptation of Christian doc


trive to the heart, that it becomes a aparayua myvioato, by « regarding true blessing, and in its general ap- not,” an interpretation which Mr. plication to all hearts, that it be. Holden, in concurrence with the comes an universal blessing.” best commentators, has conclusively

Discourse II.-Season of Lent. disproved. The sorrow of the world worketh Discourse. V. - Whit Sanday. death; but godly sorrow, considered The name of the Comforter or Pa. in its object, sin; in its principle, a raclete, as it is explained by Barrow, just knowledge of God; and in its properly signifies the Advocate, and author, the spirit of God; produces it is his office as advocate for Christ true repentance, which is different with man, to fulfil his promise, exfrom contrition as the effect from hibit his power, reveal his doctrines, the cause, and which is distinguished and as the advocate for the Church by various sigos and characters enu to convey both ordinary and extramerated by the Apostle, and is per- ordinary gifts. This office of the severing and finally blessed. Holy Spirit is perpetual, in respect

Discourse III.—Good Friday. of his doctrines, bis ordinances, and The cross and sufferings of Christ his application to the circumstances were incouceivable (@yuwatos, as they of each believer; and hence may were called in the ancient liturgies) learned the proper nature of the sacrificial and exemplary. Rejected Holy Spirit, and the true end of all and despised by Jews, Greeks, in- bis gifts, and the means on our part, fidels, sinners, and men of worldly by which they may be cherished, minds and affections, they demon- and by which they may be losta strate their power in the sword, by exalting their conceptions of God, “ Are we neglecting the means of , and by exciting an abhorrence of grace ? forsaking the assembling of oursin, and they establish the practice selves together, despising the ministry of of holiness, by proposing to view the word, the grace of the sacraments, the the mercies, the example, and the

returns of public or private prayer? Then

are we unmindful of the Apostolic prohirecompence of the cross.

bition, “Quench not the Spirit.' Are we Discourse IV.-Easter day. The harbouring impnrity in that which should fact of the resurrection is indisput- be the temple of the Holy Spirit ? Then, able, or as the late Bishop Watson do we.incur the awful threat, If any judged, the most indisputable in all man defile the temple of God, him shall history, the truth and certainty of God destroy. Are we indulging sinful all whose records would be involved anger, pride, or selfishness? Then do we

• grieve the Holy Spirit of God, whereby in its disproof. As the son of man,

We are sealed unto the day of redemption.'; Christ was capable of exaltation, The presence of the Holy Spirit is justly and this exaltation consisted in his and beautifully represented of old, as a resurrection, in bis ascension, and tevder and delicate thing. Strong indeed the religious worship which has been it is as “the rushing wind' to scatter away paid to him in the Church. In his the mists of corruption from the soul, and state of glorious exaltation be dis. devouring as the fire to the dross of vanity

and pride : but free in its movements, if penses life, he delivers laws, he for- repelled, as the yielding element we gives sin, and execates judgment: breathe, and like the little spark, requir- ; and the end of this his exaltation ing the utmost care and calmness to purse has been the glory of God, and it into a flame. abondant results to mankind, in in-

“ Instead then of vainly asking with crease of faith, hope, and joy. The Nicodemus, . How can these things be?" substance of this Sermon is taken let it be our wiser choice with another and

still more humble enquirer to say, ' Be it from Sherlock's Four Discourses on

unto me, according to thy word. Whilst Phil. ii. 6-11. which do not, how some are awaiting the time of conversion eser, justify the interpretation of our according to what they imagine to be the

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


secret purpose or decree of God, let us?" "Marsh, Lord Bishop of Peter: boldly follow his revealed commands. borough, to Candidates for Holy And, whilst by others it is questioned Orders ; in which his Lordship’s whether faith must precede prayer or

Interrogations on Redemption, prayer faith; whether we are first to ask

Original Sin, Free Will, Justifthat we may receive the Spirit, or whether the Spirit first enables us to ask, let the cation, Everlasting Salvation, prayer of deep humility, fervent desire, Predestination, Regeneration, Re: and instant obedience be formed on our novation, and the Holy Trinity, lips. Thus shall we have the Spirit we are shewn to be constructed from implore; for • God shall give his Holy

the Holy Scriptures, and the Ar. Spirit to them that ask him." P. 328.

ticles of the Church of England. Such is Mr. Hoare's method of 8vo. 154 pp. Rivington. enforcing Christian practice upon This work is understood to be the Christian principles both in his Sermons and in his Discourses. The composition of a layman; but we mons and in his Discourses. The have no hesitation in pronouncing it outline of his argument, and the spe- decidedly superior to the clerical cimens of his composition, which have been laid before the reader

are pamphlets which the Bishop of Pesufficient to prove; that there is no terborough's Examination Questions

have called forth. There is a mopeculiarity in the volume which calls deration, distinctness, and accuracy for censure. There is very little of

throughout the whole, which would peculiar phraseology; there is no.

be creditable to an experienced dithing of peculiar doctrine, no men- vine ; and it may

be consulted with tion of regeneration distinct from advantage by all who entertain baptism, no allusion to any justifi. doubts upon the subject which it cation, which is not held in common by all the clergy of the Church of

Having devoted so many of our England. There is no reference to former pages to the subject of the any but the best writers, Hooker, volume before us, we must refrain Barrow, and Sherlock, and if he from entering into any fresh details ; has not caught the copious pbrenzy but we should neither have comof Barrow, or the polished elegance plied with our own sense of what is of Sherlock, Mr. Hoare has at least right, or have done justice to the studied with good effect the writings excellent anonymous author, if we of Hooker. And though it is still had failed to votice and recommend difficult, upon a review of the whole his Illustrative Replies. volume, to determine what subjects are here treated, which are not else- taken as a fair specimen of the ge

The chapter on Free Will may be where treated with the full and dis- neral merits of the publication. tinct consideration which they de. Our readers are referred for the serve, they have the merit which be

Questions to the twenty-fourth longs, and which we are persuaded Number of this Journal, in which will ever belong to the Clergy of the they appeared at full length. The Church of England, the merit of enforcing Christian practice upon lowing terms :

answer vow suggested is in the folChristian principles.

" If the will of man was not free, the:
mind would be in one of the following
states; either with an undeviating deter-

mination to good; with an undeviating Illustrative Replies in the Form of determination to evil; or hurried with

Essays, to the Questions proposed violence from one to the other. Each inby the Right Reverend Herbert dividual is conscious that his own mind in


in neither of these conditions: and expe- cised both the power of assent and of dige rience and observation tell us that no other sent. Io the second instance;the hypocritical individual is so directed. Indeed to think character of the Jews is-severely depicted, the mind subject to the last condition, by the ready declaration of intended obe would be to soppose that an all-wise and dience, and the deceitful mode of disobe merciful Creator had brought it into life dience, which equally implied their free. for the sole purpose of rendering it mise. dom of will. So closely does the parable rable by driving it to opposite extremes, bear ou the point, that, the freedom of in direct opposition to the order and regn. choice of nations, and their descendants, larity observable thronghout the nniverse, in accepting or rejecting the offer of their

“ Thus man would be deprived of the God, is figured under the same free will freedom of his will, and would be reduced with which children obey or disobey the to a passive agent not responsible for his commands of a father. It cannot be supdeeds, which at once destroys the neces posed that our blessed Saviour would have sity of religion, and turns the whole Chris- used a similitude and language, the meantian scheme into an useless delusion. To ing of which will not admit of dispute, if this deduction the light of reason easily there had not existed in man a will free to leads as, and we shall find that it is up- accept or reject. beld by revelation ; which not only on “ But on general principles this freeequivocally declares the freedom of the dom of will is found to exist. From the will

, but assores us that oor Heavenly Fa- state of man on this earth being a state of ther will foster and assist it by the Holy trial, in which he is subject to temptation, Spirit, when we exert that ability in the and which would vot be of any avail if the pursuit of good.

will was not at liberty: from the system “ I shall endeavour to avoid the inex. of threats and promises contained in the tricable labyrinths into which the subject Gospel, which would be mere sounds, if has been carried by men who have wildly those to whom they referred were not confused with it the providence of God, free, to accede to the terms of the pro endeavoured to reconcile it with the premises, or to avoid the conduct ; whicla science of the Almighty, or denied the would subject them to the penalties cop possibility of its existing with that attri- tained in the threats. From all the exhorbute of the Deity, by first shewing from tations to repentance, diligence, watchful Holy Writ, that the freedom of the will is ness, all of which infer free will; in a there clearly declared to exist. Secondly, word, from the whole system of the Chris. by shewing that the free will of man is ex tian covenant. But the corruption of our cited, influenced, and assisted by the Holy nature, transmitted to us by our first Spirit, when exerting itself towards good. parents, and the yielding in our early « First.

When our blessed Lord had years to the tide of our passions, have so silenced the priests and the elders of the weakened the powers of the mind, that Jews, who demanded of him whence he man, 'without the assistance of God, canderived the authority' by which he tanght not turn and prepare himself by his owen the people, he proceeded to intimate to natural strength, to faith and calling upon them by a severe pårable,' their rejection God*: from, and the acceptation of the Gentiles “ Under the Mosaical dispensation we into, the Gospel Covenant. In this para- find our Heavenly Father mercifally call ble our Saviour unequivocally, though per- ing the perverse and wicked Israelites to haps without the specific intention, de.

turn from their evil ways; Cast away clared the freedom of the will.

from you all your transgressions, whereby 6 A certain man had two sons, and ye bave transgressed, and make you a new he came to the first and said, Son go to heart and new spirit, for why will ye die, work to-day in my viveyard. He an.

O house of Israel? for I have no pleasure swered and said, I will not, but afterward in the death of the wicked, but that the he repented and went. And he came to

wicked turn from his ways and live; tura the second and said likewise, and he an ye, turn ye from your evil ways, for why swered and said, I go, Sir, and went not, will ye die, 0 house of Israel +? Here, whether of them twain did the will of his is not only freedom of the will implied, Father * (o the first instance the Gen- but assistance, if the will was prepared to tiles are said to have disobeyed the som repent and obey. We who live under the mons of God, but to have afterward repented and obeyed; in which they exer

* Art. X. * Matt. Di. 38.

+ Baek, xviii. 31, 32, *xxii.t1.

« ForrigeFortsett »