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win, Paulinus extended bis preach. Irish and Scotch ; and been coning to the kingdom of Mercia, verted by them to Christianity. The. and erected a church at Lincoln. victory which placed him on the Pope Honorius had been an at- throne is attributed by Bede to a. tentive observer of his progress, miracle, and the scene of action and rewarded it, at the recommen was long famous for many imagidation of Edwin, with a Pall. The pary virtues. But the better authensame Pope had remonstrated ear. ticated portion of his history innestly with that prince upon his re forms us, that he lost no time in luctance to forsake idolatry, and sending to the Scotch for instruchad exhorted Edelburga to perse. tors, who might recall his subjects vere in her prayers for the conver. to Christianity, and that he condetion of her husband. The presents scended to act the part of an interwhich he transmitted to her majesty, preter between the missionaries and some stuffs with ornaments of gold, the people. an ivory comb in-laid with the same The inhabitants of that part of metal, and a silver mirror, prove, our island which was to the north of as has been observed by Mr. the Saxon conquests, are denomiBurke, that the arts were at this time nated Picts by Bede; and he tells little cultivated among the Saxons. us that the Northern Picts were Bede, however, assures us, the ad- converted by Columbanus, and the ministration of Edwin was so excel. Southern by Ninias, or, as he was lent that few offeuces were com also called, St. Martin, whose prinmitted in any part of his dominions; cipal church was dignified by the that from love or from fear, he was title of Candida Casa, and is to be universally obeyed, and that the recognised, according to the antipeace and prosperity which he ese quaries, at Withern, in Galloway. tablished became proverbial among Columbanus, on the other hand, his countrymen.
was permitted to take possession of But the progress of Christianity the 1slaud of Hii, where he founded was stopped by the unhappy death the famous monastery of Icombof the Northumbrian monarch, who hill. Its abbots (in the time of Osfell in a battle against Penda, king wald, and even of Bede) were at the of the Mercians. The Queen and head of the Christian Church in Paulinus fled to Kent, where the Scotland, and it may be presumed latter was appointed bishop of Ro- that they owed their esaltation in chester, and died in that station. some degree to the destruction of - The Churches that had been found- Candida Casa, which had fallen ed in Northumbria were entirely under the dominion of the English, destroyed; that at Lincoln shared and drawn with it the Church, if their fate, and the northern part of not the kingdom of the southern the Saxon territories relapsed into Picts. : idolatry; to be delivered from it, Accordingly it was to Hii or Co. however, shortly, from another lumbbill that king Oswald applied quarter, under happier auspices, for missionaries : and the first choice and with more permanent success. of the monks appears to have been
The immediate followers of Ed. unsuccessful. Their brother returnwin were Heathens; but their reigns ed to them after a short stay in were disfigured with every descrip. Northumberland, and reported that tion of cruelty, and they were slain the English were men of a cruel, at go distant period by ihe Britons. barbarous, untameable disposition. Oswald was then called to the The cause of the miscarriage, howa throne; having been driven into ba- ever, after some discussion, was nishment in his youth, by Edwin, found to be in the missionary himhe had spent many years among the self, an austere aud unconciliating
man; and Aidan, a monk, who had ample and extraordinary virtues of been the first to discover the cir- Aidan, may be said to have paved cumstance, was unanimously re- the way. The second was the instiquested to undertake the office of tution of schools of learning : which succeeding him; and, having been were patronised by all the leading consecrated a bishop, was sent Prelates of the age, and especially immediately to Oswald. The king by Theodore, Archbishop of Canallotted him the Island of Lindis. terbury, and Aldhelmus, Bishop of farne, (since called Holy Island,). Salisbury. The third was the gra, at the mouth of the Lindis, as dual subjugation of the Church of the seat both of a monastery and England, to the usurped authority a bishoprick; and the splendid see of the Pope-of which, Wilfrid, of Durbam was thus founded by Bishop of York, an ambitious and Oswald, and Aidan had the first very able Prelate, was the principal place on the list of its bishops. and successful instrument. The From the date of his arrival in Eng- more detailed consideration of the land to the present time, Christi- two last will be resumed hereafter; apity has been professed in this but the present sketch must not country without any interruption. conclude, without a more particular
The kingdom of the East Angles notice of Archbishop Aidan, who was converted about the same time is spoken of by Bede in the followby Felix, a Burgundian bishop, who ing terms. in the year 636 was sent to Sigi-, The distinguishing feature of his bert, the king of the country, by life, and the grand recommendation Honorius, Archbishop of Canter. of his doctrine was, that as be bury, and whose cathedral, first fix. taught, so he lived. He neither edat Dummoch, or Dunwich, in Suf- sought nor loved the things of this folk, was subsequently removed to world. He delighted in distributing Norwich. Sigibert paid great at among the poor whatsoever he had tention to the establishment of received from the rich. He tra. schools; and the university of Cam. versed all parts of the country, and bridge, with some plausibility, lays principally on foot, instructing claim to him as her founder. every one whom he met—inviting the
Birinus, a Roman bishop, landed unbeliever to repent and be bapin the West of England in 634, and tized ; comforting the disciples of preached the Gospel with success. Jesus, and exborting them, both by Oswald came into that country precept and example, to the pracabout a year after his arrival, and tice of good works. by the joint influence of this mo So far was he from indulging in narch and the bishop Birinus, Kin. the indolence by wbich future ages gil, king of the West Saxons, em were disgraced, that on bis jourbraced the Christian faith, and neys, and wheresoever he might founded a cathedral at Dorchester. happen to be lodged, he and all his
Thus was a considerable propor. attendants were incessantl y occupied tion of the Island converted nearly in reading the Script ures. He at the same period, from various fasted rigorously twice a week, and unconnected quarters, and those Neither hope nor fear prevented him institutions, principles and projects, from reprehending the vices of the which bad so great an influence great-he never courted them by spon succeeding times, became gifts; but freely divided all his profirmly fixed on English ground, and perty among the poor, orl aid it out may be distinctly traced through the in redeeming slaves, whom he infollowing history.
structed in religion, and raised in The first was the establishment several instances to the Priesthood. of Monasteries; for which the ex We may rely more entirely upon
REMEMBRANCER, No. 41.
this account, since Bede, by whom to study ; his dignified and authoriit is transmitted to us, repeatedly tative manner, truly worthy of a declares, that Aidan was guilty of Priest; his firmness in censuring observing the feast of Easter at an the powerful ; his humanity in conimproper season ; which was the soling the weak, and defending the first bone of contention among the poor. In short, as every one that English Christians; and is con- knew bim testifies, he neglected demned by Bede with a solemnity nothing that he read, either in the at least equal to the crime. The Old or New Testament, but endeahistorian even apologises for speak- voured to the best of his abilities to ing in such high terms of one who comply with all that they require." was separated by schism from the It is unnecessary to transcribe the Catholic Church. But adds, “I conclusion of this Apology; the say not this in defence of his Pas. reader must be already prepared to chal Error, but simply as a recorder pardon the Paschal heresy of this of what was laudable in his life ; good and great man; and perhaps namely, his earnest love of peace, he may even think, that what Fuller chastity, and humility ; his mind su- said of the learned Theodore, apperior to anger and avarice, avd plies with double propriety to the looking down upon pride and vain- humble and charitable Aidan, that glory; his industry in practising he brought Theology into this counand teaching the commandments of try, attended as a Queen ought to heaven; his unwearied application be, by her Maids of Honour,
To the Editor of the Remembrancer. sions ; they will readily mistake as
sumed triumph for its reality, and SIR,
look down with contempt upon The Christian Remembrancer for writers whose comments Mr. Owen this Month has just arrived, and I condescends not to print with his find that Mr. Owen has republished own. bis Letters, together with a Post. Mr. Owen seems to relinquish the script, on the Bible Society's French boast of his society's circulating only version of the Bible. As I am ho- the authorized version of the Holy noured with Mr. Owen's pointed Scriptures, as he quotes in his Postcensure, in the latter, I entreat your script only half of what he is pleased permission to intrude once more on
to term my
“ rather confident lanyour pages, and then to take my guage."-" The words speak for leave of the subject altogether. themselves, and, I repeat, that they
The unfairness of Mr. Owen, in are not a correct translation of the printing his own remarks, without Greek passage;" omitting to finish the letters and observations to which the sentence, “nor according to our he replies, has been pointed out by authorized version.” Perhaps we you, and I think it will receive just are to understand that the Bible Soand severe reprobation;. but that ciety's authorized version is confined gentleman well knows the policy of to the Scriptures in our own lanhis conduct. His party will pay im- guage, leaving their foreign versions plicit deference to his unanswered to the caprice or fancy of the nuopinions, from the lofty tone in merous sects to whom the society's which he pours out his animadver- operations extend.
When I addressed my first letter attention to those who admonish the to you, I anticipated not this con- Society of its errors." troversy. I am, unwillingly on my Mr. Owen thinks my conduct was own part, and, I think, unband precipitate." It was not for me somely on that of Mr. Owen, forced to wade through the earlier editions into it, by his prejudiced construc- of Ostervald, for the purpose of settion of the tone which be thought ting the Bible Society right, or to proper to think deserving his ani- hunt for the source of its errors. madversions; and I am convinced This I left to its cummittees and its that the subsequent taunts and sneers secretaries. I took their edition, with which he has honoured me pro- ushered into the world with the as. ceed from the pride of mortified va. surance of careful correction and nity. Why else should he intrude revision, and I proved my belief in apop the world an unnecessary de- their veracity, by consulting it; but fence of what he himself acknow. I was deceived in my generous reliledges to be erroneous, and which ance upon this self-commending Sohis committee have unanimously cor. ciety; and, though its most able derected? Why send into the world a fenders have acknowledged the error pamphlet, unfairly and partially con- which I discovered, they honour me cealing the arguments of his oppo. with the appellation of “precipiDents? Why announce that I am tate," and taunt me with • preju. searching for more errors in his Son dices," instead of thanking me for ciety's Bible, and conceal from his my being the means of removing at party that I have discovered one of least one objection, which so many the most glaring nature ?
wise and good men make to their Is it possible to imagine greater society." Pro gratiâ odium redinconsistency than appears in Mr. ditur." Owen's conduct? He begins by de. I suspect that all this angry feel, claring, that he is far from approv- ing arises from severe mortification. ing the manner in which the dis- The boasted infallibility of the Bible puted passage is translated in the Society has received a blow, which Bible Society's French Bible; he all the ingenuity of its partizans then attempts to defend the error, by could not parry, and they now en, producing authorities in its favour, deavour to vent their spleen upon but ends with preferring the more me, because I have detected their literal translation, and tells us that errors. bis committee agree with him, and How much more dignified would have ordered the passage to be cor- it bave been, to have at once prorected in all future editions of their mised correction of the corrupted French Bible.
passage ; but simplicity of conduct In one paragraph, he regards me suits not the fondness of display as a “benfactor:” in the next, he which the Bible Society creates taxes me with hostility. He pro- amongst its followers, and its zeafesses his " readiness to profit by lous Secretary could not resist the my reproof,” and then accuses me opportunity of giving to newspaper of
precipitancy and injustice. He notoriety one pompous statement acquits me, in one line, of hostile more of its immaculate and liberal intentions, and, in the next, ex. proceedings. presses his fears that “
“ my old pre Mr. Owen wishes “ to speak of judices” against his society “are not me with all dye respect, and to give worn off," solely, as he states, be me the benefit of a disavowal of cause I have expressed an intention bostility.” I am not anxious to be to search for more corrupted tran. made acquainted with the degree of slation, though he had promised to the former, neither can I accept the be ever ready to pay a becoming full measure of the latter, though I
certainly wished to disclaim a mere party feeling vanish before it. The captious opposition to the Bible So- sacred cause of Christianity, and the ciety.
correctness of biblical translation My object was truth; and I are of more importance than our pointed out what I found erroneous opinion of each other
. To our own in its French version of the Scrip. Master we must both stand or fall. tures, in order that it might be cor The Christian world will think but rected in future ; but my opinion of little of the Secretary of the British the general tendency of the Bible and Foreign Bible Society, and “the Society, more, particularly in its recluse of Caen,” when weighing the home operations, remains momentous concerns of Gospel truth, changed.
and the welfare of our venerable es Mr. Owen “is tempted to fear tablishment, against the corruptions that my
old prejudices are not worn of paraphrastic translators, and the off.” What these prejudices were levelling principles of those who have it is for him to explain. But, if to no partialities, even for the Church teach the doctrines of our Estab- of which they are members ! lished Church, with honest zeal, and I agree with you, Sir, in thinking to the best of my ability, was a pre- that the Society for promoting Chrisjudice, I plead guilty to the charge. tian Knowledge has been unneces. If to use every attempt to bring up sarily dragged into this controversy, the children conmitted to my care, though I ain happy it has been the in the way which our Church directs means of correcting an error; but tbey should go, and to prevent their Mr. Owen cannot, for a moment, departing from it, when advanced in suppose that the mistake of one so. life and exposed to the machinations ciety is any palliation of another. of the numerous societies which are I am not here called upon to deactively employed to seduce them; fend or explain the proceedings of if to think the principle of these so. the Society for promoting Christian cieties directly opposed to all this, Knowledge, and I place the utmost
“old prejudices” are not reliance upon the part which it will worn off, and I pray that they may take in this matter. It will confess cling round my heart, till it shall the error, and not subsequently debeat no more!
fend it; it will ingenuously acknowIt is a matter of perfect indiffer. ledge a misplaced confidence, and ence to me, is what light “the re not attack Mr. Owen for having sident at Hertford" was considered noticed it; its Committee will proby Mr. Owen. My own conscience mise future correction of corrupted reproaches me not; and, during my passages, and its Secretary will not humble services in the discharge of afterwards accuse Mr. Owen of mere, parochial duties, in the cause of the wanton fault-finding, or hiut at the Society for promoting Christian possibility of his preferring " the Knowledge; and in furthering the praises of Jesuits and Freethinkers” national system of education among to “the blessing of those who are the poor, I received the approbation ready to perish for lack of spiritual of the only ecclesiastical superiors knowledge." by whom I submit to be judged; I reckon among my acquaintance namely, the bishop of the diocese, in this country, many who are neiand two successive archdeacons.
ther Jesuits nor Freethinkers, and I I lament the necessity of saying would guard them and all their coun-, so much of myself, and I feel how trymen against versions of the Scripforeign to argument will be a con ture, which have a tendency to tinued reference to personal feeling teach unsound doctrine. I witness or conduct. Let us seek truth with too many instances of dogmatical humility; and, when it is found, let presumption here, vot to feel dis