« ForrigeFortsett »
dering like the blind out of the way of “ From piving in a state of snllen obtruth, acquiring every evil and vicious scurity, they demand to be made repubabit, and soon learning to love darkness table and useful;—they plead that they rather than light, because their deeds are are children of your countrymen, children evil,
of Protestants,- they claim the benefit of “ These are evils which more peculiarly a Protestant education—they claim to be attend the children of the lower ranks instructed in the religion of their fathers, among us. Too many of the lower classes which their fathers have withheld from of Europeans who come into this country, them, as much through the want of means, bring but little sense of christianity with as through a most guilty indifference to them; and a great part of the rest suffer it the eternal interests of themselves and to wear out gradually. Little acquainted their children. will the tiiture rewards of holiness and • All that has been stated hitherto apvirtile, and with the future punishment of plies equally to girls as to boys, but female ungodliness and iniquity, they have little children as they are often more neglected, inclination, and still less ability to impart and certainly more exposed to danger these great and interesting doctrines to and temptation, have a stronger claim on their children; accordingly we receive our pity and protection; and from pecilthem when the last extremity has driven liar local circumstances are here most dis. them to us, for the most part totally upin- tressing objects of clarity. A boy may pressed with any ideas of religion, and in maintain himself from an early age, as a many instances not even made by baptism sailor, a soldier, a mechanic, or a labourer, members of Christ. P. 13.
--but nature has imposed some restraint “But this is not all, a still more melan. upon women, and the laws and manners of choly scene remains ; I allude particularly society more ; few tlierefore are the trades to the children of Europeans by native and occupations which circumstances allow women; these from the indifference, or them to exercise in any country; and in death of the father, are often left to be this, at the same time that they are resupported entirely by the mother ; and moved far from the natural support and then not only become deeply tainted by a protection of their relations, they are familiar intercourse with domestic profli. more particolarly deprived of the usual gacy, but are brought up in the lowest sul means of subsistence. perstitions of the Roman Church, or what “ But an indigent girl is not merely exis more shocking to a Christian ear, sepa cluded from many honest means of snprated from their only Lord and Saviour, port, she is beset by peculiar temptation; become followers of the impostor Maho and even men who revolt through honour inet, or the more degraded and idolatrous from perpetrating other offences, scruple votaries of Brahma.
not to lie in wait to corrupt her principles, “These are they, whom the generality of and entice her to sin. Her virtue once their fellow creatures consider as worthless, sacrificed, her glory is turned into shame, incorrigible, and abandoned; or on whom -every Christian grace is endangered, at best, they look down with pitiless con every female ornament is departed and tempt ; wretches, who have never been gone. Thus miserably fallen, where is the taught to address themselves to Heaven merciful hand that raises her up and bids for relief, and for whom no place of refuge her go and sin no more? discarded from on earth is found,- forsaken by negligent domestic friendship and protection who parents, and in hourly danger of falling has compassion to receive her? she has early victims to violated laws, -aliens in a experienced the treachery of one sex, and word from the common privileges of their is consigned to the merciless abhorrence country,---withont hope and apparently of the other,--shie wanders destitute and rejected of God and man.
forsaken, chilled with poverty, and pierced “ Such are many of the unfortunate with the stings of disappointment,--without persons who betake themselves to us; I any consolation or support from religious am aware of the vicious character they ge- knowledge, and even pleading in her exnerally bear, but I ask if they are such cuse the necessity of sinning. workers of iniquity, is it not, becausc they “ This is not the picture of the imaginahave no knowledge?-is it not, because, tion,-(would to God it were)-a very like the wild ass's colt, they are left to little experience will furnish too many follow their own passions, and then enquire originals. And I am sure, I should not be not so much, whether a way of life be doing justice to the feelings of my female honest and lawful, as whether it be easy hearers, if I did not believe they were aland profitable ;-their original depravity ready anxious to lend their snpport, and no pains are taken to reformi, no argumeut are asking only how they can best assist and instruction made use of to correct. us." P. 16.
we can con
The Bishop's discourse which dence to the hands of the Christian, was delivered in the spring of the who “moved by the alarming declapresent year, when the value of the ration in the text, that the majority Society had begun to be generally of mankind are pursuing the road to felt and acknowledged, and its be- death, would interfere to save some;" nefits more extensively diffused, is a and “if,” he adds, masterly application of our Lord's ceive a case, in which it is especially words, (St. Matth. vii. 13.) to the incumbent upon Christians to exert purposes of religious education. themselves in such a work of chaFrom enforcing on bis hearers the rity, it is surely in the Country, necessity of asking themselves whe- which we now inhabit.” ther they are journeying either to His Lordship then proceeds to conlite or destruction to happiness or trast the comparatively happy conto eternal perdition, “ through the dition of the children of the Poor in strait gate” and “ narrow way that England with that of poor European leadeth unto life," or the" wide gate” children in India, and deduces from and “ broad way” that leadeth to this the necessity and beneficial efdestruction," and exhorting every fects of that Society whose cause he man that may have been pursuing was advocating. The description the latter, as he values his everlast, which is given of the state in which ing salvation, to hasten, however every child on its admission into late in life, to find the good and safe the school is actually placed, is pepatb, the Bishop concludes on the culiárly striking; "it has nothing in ground of natural sympathy, that it which in the estimation of the our next concern will be to snatch proud and luxurious might redeem others from this dangerous course, it from contempt; but in a Chris. and invite and implore them to ac tian view, it is all which the wellcompany us in the narrow way that being and even bappiness of maa alone leadeth unto life. “ Of the can require; food and raiment suited multitude who have long been tra- to the condition-Christian instrucvelling on the broad way,' few,” tion, and that elevation of mind and his Lordship remarks, “ can be character which it almost invariably persuaded to leave it; though the tends to inspire-habits of attention duty of attempting to persuade them and industry-the practice of early remains in all its force. But very piety: and such of the elements of different is the case of the young: useful knowledge, as may fit youth of those who as yet cannot be said of both sexes respectively for subto have commenced their journey, ordinate, though useful stations in either in the broad or the narrow life; these are the benefits which way, but have yet to choose; and you confer upon all whom you take though their choice of the path of under your protection." life cannot positively be determined His Lordship concludes with these by any exercise of the wisdoin or valuable remarks, which we recomthe charity of others, it may be in. mend particularly to the attention of fluenced to such a degree, as to our readers. ensure almost a moral certainty that “ Without presumption we indulge a they will decide aright: we cannot hope, that the seed thus sown will in very force them into the right way, but few instances be thrown away: similar inwe can train them in such habits stitutions, which have been sufficiently long and sentiments, and cherish in them established to furnish the result of expe. such dispositions, as will generally rience have been blessed with abundant
fruits. All experience, indeed, tends to lead them to prefer it.” From this the Bishop easily passes ful, and at the same time, the most ma
prove, that education is the most powerto the inference that education is nageable engine of good, which lias been the instrument committed by Provi- committed to man. In the fulfilment of
prophecy respecting the coming of Christ's very class of society, the children of which kingdom, we may especially apply to the you are here training up in piety, and influence of Christian education that say- order, and submission to authority, and in ing, that the desert shall rejoice and grateful attachment to their benefactors : blossom as the rose. (Isaiah xxxv. 1.) and many of whom unless by such means we
« But the benefits, which such an insti- take care to have them with us, will, in tntion confers, are not confined to the any hour of trial, almost certainly be individuals, for whoin they are immedi. against us: to shut them out from all ately intended : the State will be a gainer knowledge, if it were your policy, is not in every instance, in which your labours within your power : such policy, indeed, in love shall not have been wholly ineffec- could hardly be reconciled to any liberal tual. On this point, indeed, I am well or humane feeling : but we have not the aware, that the fears of some, and those means of adopting it: the children of the too, good and enlightened men, will not class, to which I refer, will acquire a allow them to concur with me without knowledge and a power of evil, if we considerable reservation, at least in the train them not in a knowledge of good. circumstances of India : it is, however, in Causes are in operation, over which we those circumstances especially, that I have no other control, and the question wonld plead the cause of education. It is seems to be whether when our bark is said indeed, and truly said, that knowledge launched into the ocean, and the tempest is power; but is it necessarily hostile begins to blow, we shall endeavour to power? and further, inay we not expect, steer the vessel through all dangers, or let even if we withhold knowledge, that power it drive. You are adopting the former will still exist; and that too decidedly and course: you give knowledge, indeed, inveterately hostile to those interests, which is power: it is the force which imwhich we are most solicitous to maintain? pels the vessel, and without which it were To the former of these questions it may be stationary and useless : but you labour to answered, that the power conveyed by conduct it to the baven where it should knowledge is not necessarily hustile: mere be, by placing religion at the helm. knowledge, indeed, upaccompanied with But there is one other view, in which any principles, which shall regulate or your labours may be regarded, and which restrain it, is a tremendous implement of should be briefly noticed. You do not evil; and how to convey these principles probably consider yourselves as directly is the problem, which perplexes us with advancing the Christian canse among the regard to the education, or more properly, idolaters around you : directly, indeed you the instruction of the natives; for educa are not; but indirectly, I conceive, and tion is a different thing : we can give them largely are you contributing to this desiknowledge, but we are for the present rable and blessed end : and in a way toe, precluded from giving them religion. Bot to which the most cautious and timid canthis difficulty applies but very partially to not possibly object: you are reforming the the present institution : in these Schools lower order of Europeans; and it cannot religion and useful knowledge are blended be doubted, that the habits of Europeans together: the mischiefs attendant on mere of the lower class, as well as those of their knowledge are neutralized: they are more, superiors, have liad a considerable effect I trust; knowledge in minds, which have in retarding the progress of the Gospel. been trained in Christian principles, consti- How, indeed, can we expect, that thie tutes a power which will generally be subser- heathen will forsake their idols, overvient to good. But even if we withhold know. powered by the beauty of the Cliristian ledge, will not power be created without system, where they see it disfigured, and our aid? and what will be its character? distorted, and rendered almost disgusting ? we know that at this mioment the most with what consistency or common sense noxious opinions, as they relate to religion, can we attempt to persnade them to beto morals, and to politics, the very opi- lieve in Christ, when professed believers nions, which threaten to subvert our con are acting, as if they were the most harstitution at home, are disseminated through dened of infidels? Or how shall we gain a every part of India : and on what class hearing for the evidences of our faith, of persons are they calculated more imnie while we are strengthening, as much as diately to operate? Not surely upon edu. we can, the prejudices against its truth? cated English gentlemen; nor, in the first In the early ages, it was not by preaching instance, npon the natives : for they are alone, even after the cessation of the mihardly in a state at present to enter into raculous powers, that Paganism was induced such discussions, though they are advancing to take up the cross of Christ. It was by to it: but primarily and directly upon that observing the surprising effects produced
by the Gospel in the liearts and lives, not been to promote the cause of Christian merely of eminent saints and preachers, faith and Christian charity. Conscious. bat of the lowest among those, who had that truth in general lies not in extremes, embraced it: the Christians had a distin, and that onr holy religion was riever in-' guishing eharacter : they believed in tended to furnish matter for idle speculaChrist, and they bore in their habits the tion, or fruitless controversy, but to im- : impress of their faith : they were more prove the heart and regnlate the manners, hobest, more temperate, more peaceable, I have anxiously endeavoured to exhibit in than the Pagans, with whom they were the following Sermons that sober and pracliable to be compared : men were not, in- tical view of the doctrines of Christianity deed, thus to be immediately converted : which the peculiar complexion of the times hnt the tide of prejudice was turned, and seems imperatively to require, and which they were ready to listen at least to the I am persuaded the authority of the Sacred advocates of the Gospel, and to listen fan Writings will abundantly coufirm. This Fourably: the inference was natural and view I conceive is equally removed from just, that what was thus excellent in its enthusiasm on the one hand, and from effects, might probably be true : we shall lukewarmness on the other; and of its have canse to bless God, if the day arrive, correctness in the main I derive a strong when the same presumption shall operate assurance from finding in the ranks of its in favour of the Gospel in India: we may advocates and supporters, the venerable then presume to liope, that the redemp names of those great and good men, a tion of his people draweth nigh."" Bishop Barrow, a Tillotson, a Secker, and a of Calcutta's Sermon, p. 15.
Porteus." We have before us another sermon of his Lordship, preached in the
This appeal would not have been Cathedral Church of Calcutta, which
made by any man who was not conwe must reserve for a future Number. in his vocation and ministry: and
scious of endeavouring to be useful The very brief notice which our himits would allow us to take of it
the appeal thus founded in the con
sciousness of earnestness and zeal, at present, would be neither respectful to its merits, nor satisfac- subscribers, principally resident in
is confirmed by a numerous list of tory to ourselves or our readers.
the author's neighbourhood, and capable of appreciating his pastoral
vigilance and ability. The subjects, Sermons, Doctrinal, Practical, and also, and the style of the Serinons, Occasional. By the Rev. W.
attest the purity and excellence of Snowden, Perpetual Curate of is clear and perspicuous; the doc
the author's intentions. The style Horbury, near Wakefield. pp. 394. trine is sound and uncorrupt; the Richardson. 1820.
matter is judiciously adapted to poThese are Sermons which appear pular edification; and from the speunder very considerable recommen cimens of occasional Sermons, which dations. The author appeals, in a are printed, we are led to suppose, neat dedication to his patron, the that there is no occasion which the Reverend Samuel Sharp, Vicar of preacher suffers to pass unnoticed, Wakefield:
or without offering appropriate in
struction to bis congregation, on « The disinterested liberality you have
their duties as good subjects and evinced in appointing me to the situation which I now hold, and the exemplary zeal good Christians. In times of layou have uniformly discovered in advancing
mentable disaffection to the governthe high interests of religion and loyalty, ment in Church and State, and in leave me no room to hesitate under whose the midst of the tumultuous scenes sanction it would be the most congenial which have been exhibited in the to my feelings to usher into the world this
author's neighbourhood, it required volume of Plain Discourses. Whatever defects may mark the execution of the
a spirit of honest independence, and work, it will yet, I hope, be manifest to
of manly resolution in the discharge every candid reader that my design bas of duty, to take adyantage of poliREMEMBRANCER, No. 37.
tical occurrences, and to cherish lated to fulfil the important ends for which affections of loyalty and true pa
the commandment was given. triotism, without adopting the decla “ Sach, therefore, being the vast im-* mations, or exciting the rude pas- connexion with those excellent principles
portance of this duty of charity, taken in sions of a partizan. But whether it with which it stands united in the text, let was necessary to publish these Ser
us apply for this Christian grace at the mons, after the events to which they throne of mercy, with great earnestness relate had passed away, and men and sivcerity, in the devout language of had formed their feelings and their our excellent Liturgy : “ Almighty and judgments concerning them; and everlasting God, give unto us the increase whether Sermons on more general may obtain that which thou dost promise,
of faith, hope, and charity; and that we topics might not have been more
make us to love that which thon dost useful to the private circles to which command, through Jesus Christ our Lord.'' the press may introduce them, are
P. 31, questions which we will not fastidi. ously examine. We are persuaded of Christ,” a subject always most
Sermon III. “ On the Example that it was an act of ministerial interesting and important, is here usefulness to preach these Sermons contemplated as it is exhibited, 1, when the reader has been made ac
in the instructions of our Lord, and shall judge whether it was expedient 2. in his perfect example and active
charity. to print them.
The volume contains twenty Ser “ Thus did our divide Master exercise mons.
his benevolence by adapting it to the Sermon I. “ On the Profitable- diversified wants and circumstances of ness of Religion.”. It is an excellent accident; not to those who might be sup
mankind; and this not occasionally or by Discourse, shewing whence and
posed to have some especial claim upor what is piety, and what is its influ.
his bounty, on the contrary, it was his ence on men of all sorts and con.
constant employment, his sole aim, to find ditions, in all circumstances, and in out fit objects of his merey and beneficence, all ages of life.
and to persist in the exercise of his benign Sermon II. “ On Christian Prac- disposition in despite of all the slander and tice as connected with Christian reproach with which malignity and ingra
titude could assail him. Principles,” exhibits the nature of
66 But our divine Master might be truly charity, which, in the order of the said to go about doing good to the souls text, i Tim. i. 5. is deduced from of men by the example which he afforded and made to consist in purity of them. If piety and devotion, if humility heart, a good conscience, and faith and meekness, if patience and resignation, unfeigned; on each of which the if abstinence and self-denial, are no less
the duties of a Christian than active bene. preacher enlarges, and concludes:
ficence, where shall we find so amiable " From what has been advanced, we and correct a pattern of these virtues as is may infer, that however excellent and afforded by the life of the Redeemer however important may be the virtne of Seek we a lesson of gevuine piety? Let charity, yet it does not alone constitute us attend him in the mountain and the the whole of religion, nor comprize in it- solitude, where he spent whole nights in self the entire system of our duty: No; prayer.-Of devotion, attended with a charity is but a part, though a most essen perfect acquiescence in the will of the tial part; it is but one feature, although Father? Let us follow him to Gethsemane, certainly a leading and prominent feature and listen to those pathetic words which at in the Christian character. But when this once bespoke the dark horrors which surdivine virtue is founded on the basis of an rounded him, and the fervent piety which undissembled faith ; when it is attended sustained his soul :
-Father, if it be posa by parity of heart and unblemished inte sible, let this eup pass from me; vevergrity of conduct-then, and only then, theless, not my will, but thiue be done. does it attain to its proper stature, then Would we extirpate the seeds of pride aply is it perfect and complete, and calcy. and acquire a spirit of genuine bumility?