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not the publication), the faults of its trines are unknown, and their effects neighbours.
untried, and the obstacles to be enLike faith, 'it “believeth in the countered great and appalling, these veracity of bis protestations.” miraculous gifts are suited to its
Like hope, it "hopeth” in the exigencies; but in its maturer years, sincerity of his amendment, and they shall be put away.
Like patience, it “ endureth” all And if this shall be their fate in things, as well the injuries and pro- this world, how much more in that vocations of man, as the wholesome higher and more perfect state which chastisements of God. In a word, awaits the Christian in the heavens? it is the crown, and sum, and prin. Where will then be the need of
your ciple of every other virtue, entering gift of healing, when God shall have into and adorning, and sanctifying wiped away the tear from every eye, every other. It is like that “wise and death and sorrow,and crying and dom from above," of which an Apos- pain shall be no more? Where your tle speaks—“ first pure,” as its opportunity of working miracles, source; "then peaceable, gentle, when this world with all its objects easy to be entreated, full of mercy, shall have passed away? Where and good fruits, without partiality your knowledge of tongues, when and without hypocrisy.”
saints and angels, with one heart and And as its nature is thus excel- one voice, shall sing the song of the lent, and its operation comprehen- Lamb? Where your privilege of unsive, so is its continuance lasting folding mysteries and interpreting beyond every other gift. "Charity prophecies, when every prophecy never faileth, "--but“ whether there shall bave been accomplished, and be prophecies, they shall fail,” when every mystery unfolded ?
Now, the Church shall no longer require indeed, we see as through a glass miraculous instruction ; “ whether darkly,' enveloped, as we are, with there be tongues, these shall cease” the veil of this weak and corrupted when study shall have supplied their flesh; “ but then face to face”place; “ whether there be know- fully and elearly—“ now" at the ledge” of the ultimate and spiritual best, “ we know but in part,” how. intention of former dispensations, ever rich or extensive our endow" it shall vanish away” before that ments may be, “but then shall we blaze of evidence which shall sbortly know, even as we are known.” unfold to every eye the full mystery Amid this evanescence, however, of the Gospel. For what is the of every other gift, shall Love be kaowledge, of which you boast, but equally transient? Is this but the as a single ray to enlighten the faith- ornament of the Church in her inful? And what is this prophesying fancy, and to be laid aside in her but a channel after all of partial in- maturer years? “ Now"-through struction ? "We know” but “ in every period of her existence" abid. part, and prophesy is part ; but eth Charity," grounded on “ faith," when that, which is perfect, is come, and encouraged by "hope.” These and the Gospel shall have been fully three the Church can never lay established by tbe aid of these mi. aside, without ceasing to be the raculous helps, “then that wbich is body of Christ; these three must in part shall be done away." “ When be the constant attendants on her I was a child, I spake as a child, earthly pilgrimage. And yet among I understood as a child, I thought these "the greatest is Charity: as a ebild ; but when I became a for in its effects it is more beneficial ; man, I put away childish things." in its nature more allied to the din And the same process shall be obai vine, image-(for 'God,' saith the servable in the ages of the Church. Apostle, “is Love')—and in its dų. In its present infancy, when its doe. ration eternal.
Faith and hope benefit indeed our excellent Liturgy) "and of all the individual possessors of these virtue, without which, whosoever graces, but Charity benefits others; liveth, is counted dead before God.” faith and hope rest on God; Charity Neglect not then, I beseech you, would imitate hin. The time shall as you value your everlasting salcome, when faith shall be lost in vatio!, to cherish this sacred prin. sight; for we shall behold our Lord ciple within your breasts; banish, as He is; and bope swallowed up by God's grace, every rancorous, in enjoyment, for we shall be in hea- and revengeful, and selfish feelven ; but love shall then become ing--and “ put on, as the elect of more lovely, for we shall be in the God, holy and beloved, bowels of presence of the Beloved-of Hin, mercies” towards the poor—" kindwho is the God of Love, and who ness” towards all men,-“humblehas loved us with an everlasting ness of mind,”—“meekness” under love, and we shall be ourselves knit every provocation," long-suffertogether, with angels and archangels, ing" however offended ; “ forbearing in one iudissoluble and everlasting one another, and forgiving one anobond.
ther' “ if any man have a quarrel I have thus endeavoured, by a against any; even as Christ forgave careful induction of particular pas- you, so also do ye.” sages out of the discourses of our “ And above all things put on blessed Lord, and the writings of Charity, which is the bond of perbis Apostles, to establish and en fectness; and let the peace of God force the peculiar importance at- rule in your hearts, to the which tached, in the Holy Scriptures to also ye are called in one body in the gift of Charity," the very bond Christ Jesus our Lord.” of peace” (to adopt the language of
To the Editor of the Remembrancer. and fill you full of all iniquities and
bring you to destruction both of Sir,
body and soul.”
It is the plain import of these You will probably think, that it is
words, that if a person comes to a refined and fastidious scruple,
the Lord's table without the neceswhich I have often felt in reading the allusion to the case of Judas sary preparation of repentance, hi in the first exhortation in the Com- unworthy celebration will open a munion Office. I am free to own
passage by which the Devil may that it is an objection, with which all iniquities, and bring him to
enter into him, and fill him full of I am not aware that others have destruction both of body and soul. been perplexed, and which I should therefore have concealed within my admonition on the great peril of the
It is a sentence of strong and earnest own bosom, I was not persuaded after mature consideration, that it unworthy receiving of the Lord's
but does the allusion to is capable of a satisfactory solution. the case of Judas imply that he is
It is on the following words that my objection is grounded : “ Repent of such unworthy celebration, or
an example of the sin and danger you of your sins or else come not io that holy table, lest after the tak, because he partook of the bread and ing of that holy Sacrament the Devil the wine at the last Supper, of which enter you as he entered into Judas, he was unworthy to partake ?
· The words in question before the being a partaker of Christ, Satan last Revision, formed part of the third ' did enter into him; but Satan enexhortation at the time of the cele. tered into him before the institution bration, but although their position of the Lord's Supper; and it is yet is changed, their meaning was always to be proved that Judas was present the same, and they were always at that Supper, and that he could liable to the same objection.
in any sense be a partaker of Christ, Comber after many just observa with reference to that Supper. Dr. tions on the discipline of the Church, Bennet, as he is quoted by Bishop and the necessity of exact and ri. Mant in his useful Annotations on gorous caution in warning and de. the Common Prayer, proceeds with terring impenitent offenders, adverts inore caution, and leaving it un. to the history of Judas and to the certain whether Judas did partake awful example which his history of the Supper of the Lord, mainexhibits.
tains that our Church does not com. “ We appeal to every man's con pare Judas and the unworthy Com. science, and set before them the municant as Communicants, but in danger of coming with wicked pur- the etl'ect produced upon the aggrapurposes for so they imitate Judas, vated sinfulness of each. His words who notwithstanding that plain are: caution, Matt. xxvi. 24. set down “ The Church does not here with a heart full of treachery and affirm, that the Devil entered into covetousness; John xiii. 26, 27. but Judas after he had received the instead of being a partaker of Christ, holy Eucharist, but only that he Satan did enter into him and con. entered into Judas, whether he firmed his wicked purposes, so that received the holy Eucharist or not: he came to destruction both of body and she exhorts her members to and soul. Repent therefore 1) you take care, that their unworthy par. profane wretches being warned by ticipation do not cause the Devil so terrible an example or else your to enter into them. The circumjudgment is inevitable; for if you stance of receiving therefore is no continue in these damnable sins you part of the comparison, for the die, and if you think to find favour comparison goes no further, than by laying hold of Christ's body you the entering in of the Devil.” are mistaken, for you profane the This appears to be the true meanmystery, violate God's covenant, ing of the Church, the order of trample on the blood of Christ, to whose words would otherwise have which you have no right, so long as been, “ lest the Devil enter into you live in open defiance to his you as he entered into Judas, after laws; and if you come thus, you receiving that holy Sacrament.” give Satan more power over you, As the exhortation is at present both to corrupt you and to ruin ended, the taking of the Sacrament you; yet if you stay away you is the peculiar offence of the uncannot escape unless you do re- worthy Communicant; the entrance pent; and if you would do that, and energy of the Devil are alone after awhile you might be received : common to him and to Judas. However we have delivered our This may be shewn to be the true souls by giving you this warning, order of the Evangelical History, do not cast away yours by despising Bishop Sandford in his “ Lectures it."
upon the history of the Week of the In this paraphrase the learned Passion of our Lord and Saviour Commentator affirms, that Judas Jesus Christ, which at this season "sat down,” as he unquestionably will engage and reward the attention did to the feast of the Passover, of the Christian Scholar, thus arand he insinuates that instead of ranges in correspondence with Dr.
Hales, the events which accom. ceiving himself marked out to the panied the treachery of Judas, and whole company by this significant his conduet before the last Supper. act, rage and fear impelled him to
" Jesus checked the impetuosity put his premeditated treachery into of Peter by predicting that before immediate execution. So he rose the cock should crow twice be would from the table, as we may conjecture deny bim thrice.' But . He who from our Lord's words to him, knew what was in man' had a heavier What thou doest, do quickly." and more mournful lesson still to Thereupon he immediately went out, teach them how false may sometimes • and it was night. But none of be the semblance of Enthusiasm. the disciples knew why Jesus thus • Verily, verily, I say unto you, that spake to him, and even John does one of you shall betray me,' were not appear to have collected, that words to moderate the ardour of the act of which our Lord. had givene profession and to mortify the con- notice was to be immediate. Thus fidence of courage yet untried! had the traitor full opportunity from They heard with deep dejection. the time at which he left the table, • Lord, is it I ?' was the only ques. and the absence of all suspicion in tion their anxious hearts suggested his brethren, to concert his plan or their trembling lips could frame. with the chief priests." • And he answered and said unto “ Judas being departed our Loret them; he that dippeth his hand proceeded to the third course of the with me in the dish, the same shall Paschal feast'; but bere he laid betray me.' Judas in his turn now aside the Jewish ritual and uncoasked, “Master, is it I?_ Thou vering the bread, whieh as master hast suid,' was the affirmative reply. of the family he had set apart be. But this was probably uttered in a neath the napkin, he was pleased low tone by Jesus, and not heard to institute the Sacrament, which by the other disciples. Thus far I was henceforth to supersede the follow the account given by St. typical and prefiguring observance, Matthew. St. John adds some fur- and by a commemorative representather eircumstances, in which bis tion to preserve the memory of his was the principal share. • The precious death till he come again.” disciples' he says, (probably not Lecture lli. having heard the answer to Judas) This arrangement plainly agrees • looked on one another, doubting with the narratives of St. Matthew, of whom he spoke.' Then Peter and more especially of St. John, gave a sign to John, whose situation and sufficiently shews that Judas at the table, next to Jesus, gave him was not present at the institution the opportunity of making the and first celebration of the Lord's inquiry, to ask who was intended. Supper, and that the Devil entered Jesus answered in an under voice, into him immediately after he had • He it is to whom I shall give a received the sop, and before our Lord sop when have dipped it.' It was proceeded to establish the me the custom, at the second course, morial of his death. But can the which they were now eating, for absence of Iscariot be reconciled the master of the house to dip a with the record of St. Luke, in piece of unleavened bread into the whose Gospel our Lord is reported sallad of bitter herbs, and distribute to have said, as in a continuous to the guests. To Judas Iscariot speech : “ This cup is the New was the sop delivered. And after Testament in my blood, which is the morsel Satan entered into him shed for you, but behold the hand again, and took full possession of of him that betrayeth me is with his heart. For finding that he was me on the table." It is obvious to now detected by his master, and con- ask, how could the land be presene,
if the persou were absent ? For the properly printed in the Italie cha. resolution of this difficulty, it will racter. Št. Luke uses the interjeco be of importance to consider, in tion Bebold; to attract attention what sense St. Jobe uses the word to something, wonderful, and eximmediately, when he says that traordinary; and his words literally Judas “ having received the sop translated are: Nevertheless, for went out immediately," and whe- furthermore) behold, the hand of ther there is a necessary depen- him that betrayeth me is with me on dence and connexion in the words the table. Now if it shall be con. of St. Luke.
i ceded, that these words are not There can be no doubt, that the necessarily connected with those word immediately, may be used in which precede them, it may also, a larger and a stricter seose; but in be admitted, that Iscariot was not: the present case if it is not used in present when the forner words were the strict sense, it is altogether re. delivered, i. e. at the first celebradondant. The short interval be- tion of the Sacrament. If this con. tween the celebration of the Pass- nexion and dependence shall be over and the apprehension of our insisted upon, then the ellipsis of Lord, rendered it necessary, that the verb in the twenty-first verse Judas should quickly leave the may be supplied by a verb in the table; St. John is very distinct in past tense. Behold that at such a describing the time, saying, that he time, when I am shedding my went out immediately, that when blood for you, the hand of the he went out it was night, and that trajtor should have been at the. when he was gone, Jesuis used the table with me. And truly the Son remarkable words :: « Now is the of Man goeth, as was determined, Son of Man glorified, and God is. but woe unto that man by whom the glorified in him.” The words of Son of Man is betrayed. In eitber St. Jolin therefore I conceive must case, it is not necessary to infer, be strictly interpreted.
that Judas was present at the in: But is it lawful to separate the stitution of the Sacrament, or that words of St. Luke, so as to make he was a partaker of the mystical them harmonize with those of St. body and blood of Christ. In the John, thus strictly interpreted. St. more exact method of St. Matthew, Luke is not remarkable for observing the words of the twenty-first verse a precise and distinct order in his were delivered before the institution report either of discourses or of of the Supper: and the inquiry con. facts, of which his arrangement cerning the traitor, which in St. will be found to vary materially from Luke immediately follows the de. those of the other Evangelists. Ja livery of these words, is in St. the present text, he does not him. Matthew the occasion of introducing self connect the two sentences, them. St. Luke's narrative will which he delivers in succession, by not therefore sustain the presence the conjunction and or but (xci, Sé, of Judas at the first Eucharist: nor Ti, or aara) but by the adversation can bis presence be inferred from particle, nevertheless (Tanu) which the words in which our Lord says Schlrusner translates prælerea. in reference to the number of his Clarke in his paraphrase, separates, Apostles, " Ye shall sit upon twelve: the twentieth and twenty-first ver. thrones judging the twelve tribes of ses, introducing the latter as a new Israel," for it is far more plain, paragraph. Neither does St. Luke that Judas, fell from that office, in the latter verse use any verb, in.. than that he was ever designed to dicative of time past, present, or
fulól it. future : for thie verb is in the autho. : It is obvious to observe the oria rized translation, is an interpolation tical exactäess of our Church, in
REMEMBRANCER, No. 42.