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Bebold him engaged in the lowly office of represented to be an enemy to him. washing his disciples feet. Are we deficient self, to his family, and to the whole in patience or in meekness ? Every action circle of bis acquaintanee, and to stances of both these graces. Reflect endanger both his temporal and his apon the contradiction which he bore from spiritual welfare. The following sinners. Yet when he was reviled, he remarks will approve themselves to reviled not again ; when he suffered be all who love English hopesty and threatened not; but committed himself to plain dealing, and they will, perHim that judgeth righteously. Lastly, haps, overlook or excuse the appliwould we resist the temptations of luxury, cation of the text of St. Paul withio and practise the severe lessons of absti- out strict reference to the context. nence and self-denial ? Consider our Lord's behaviour in the wilderness, where for the “ Since man is formed for social interspace of forty days he voluntarily endured course, and the comforts he enjoys are all the rigours of cold and hunger, firmly derived to him from others, he is inperarejecting the insidious proposals, and suc- tively called upon, as he would support cessfully repelling the malignant assaults good order and advance the general welof the Prince of darkness. Reflect, indeed, fare, to yield a strict and habitual attenEpon his whole behaviour, which exhibiis tion to every social duty.' He must be one unbroken series of acts of this kind; just as well as charitable to all, and take for thougb he was the Prince of Life and especial beed, that neither private indiviGlory, yet the circumstances which he duals, vor the public at large, sustain, close were so marked with wretchedness, throngh his default, any loss or detriment. that be was led to exclaim, “ The foxes His deportment op all occasions must be have holes, and the birds of the air have equitable, frank, and sincere ; founded on nests, but the Son of Man hath not where the solid basis of sincere love towards God, 10 lay his head.'P. 46.
and accompanied with a lively and gene
rous concern for the happiness of his fellow Sermons IV. V. VI. “ On the
To contract debts, for instance, great Duties of Sobriety, Righteous- which there is little probability of our ever ness, and Godliness, as inculcated discharging ; to withhold from our creditin the Gospel ;” a series of very ors what is strictly due, when it is altogeuseful Discourses, the first of which ther in our power to satisfy their claims; commences with a very just vindi. in our commercial transactions to overcation of moral preaching, as pre. fecis, whilst we depreciate the wares of
rate our own articles or conceal their described and exemplified by the others and exaggerate their faults ; to prom Apostles, and proceeds to treat of care for our own mercbandize by a little soberness in its larger and in its craft and artifice, an exorbitant price, or more restricted interpretation : the by dexterous management to obtain that of second is on righteousness in deed, others for an inferior consideration ; in and word, and conversation : and short, to take any undue advantage of tlie the third shows how faith, instructed good nature of mankind, is to offend
poverty, the ignorance, the generosity, or in the truth of revelation, and em. against that law of nature and of God; ployed upon all the dispensations which requires that we do to others as we of providence, leads to repentance, would be done by. St. Paul's exhortation and is accompanied with love, fear, conformable to this doctrine, is this ;• Let prayer, praise, and thanksgiving.–
no man go beyond, or defrand his brother The author's desire to be useful in any matter, for God is the avenger of suffers him not, in these Discourses, racters suppose themselves for a moment
all such. Besides, let these several chato be content with unmeaning and placed in the situation of those whom they unaffecting generalities, without in treat thus unworthily. Let then appeal sisting upon such particular duties to their own consciences, and honestly as require to be enforced in the avow wliat would be their feelings if midst of a manufacturing popula- fraudulently disposseseed of their
undoubttion, as soberness, commonly so
ed riglits, whether openly or secretly,
whether by fraud or violence. Would they called, and honesty in all transac.
not experience a kcen resentment of the tions between man and man. By injury sustained? Would not their indignathe neglect of the former a man is tion kindle against the authors of their
wrongs? How then can they refuse to city for dwelling on matters of faith others the exercise of that justice, which as well as practice, for interpreting in their own case they admit to be so reasonable? Why adopt a mode of conduct the rules which they teach. In con
the Scriptures as well as enforcing in their dealings with their neighbour, which if applied to themselves they would formity with the text he explains reprobate as base and iniquitous in the ex
what it is to die in the Lord, how treme?" P. 80.
men are said to rest from their la
bours, and how their works do folSermon VII. “On the great Im- low them, and in the conclusion he portance of religious Instruction to exhibits some exemplary traits of the Poor;" occasional, preached at the character of Queen Chårlotte. Horbury, in behalf of the Society Sermon XI. “ On the Veneration for promoting Christian Knowledge. due to a virtuous old Age, and the
The education of man in humble happy Effects resulting to Society life was neglected till he was brought from the religious Example of its into notice by the benevolence of Rulers :” occasional, on the death the Gospel: but he still continues of George III. The title is an epito require instruction, which the tome of the Discourse, which is very Society for promoting Christian appropriate, and in the conclusion Knowledge is able to supply. This of which the preacher feelingly and is the substance of the Sermon; piously describes the condition of and we shall not be suspected of the good old King. doubting the expedience of preach
“ In such dispensations presumptuous ing this, or any other Sermon in behalf of the Society, or the bene- things 80 ? How can it be reconciled with
man is ready to inquire, “Why are these fits resulting from parochial collec
the justice of God, that abandoned wicktions to the Society and to the com edness should so often triumph, whilst dismunity; but we will not assert, that tinguished virtue is abased so low? The it is always advisable to print these dispensations of heaven are veiled_in Sermons.
shrouds of impenetrable mystery. “The Sermon VIII. “ The Friendship ways of Omnipotence are not as our ways, of Jonathan contrasted with the
nor bis thoughts like our thoughts.' Still
to our comfort be it ever remembered, Enmity of Saul towards David.”
that though' clouds and darkness are Sermon IX. “ National Calamity round about him, yet'righteonsness and and Call to Repentance:" occa. judgment are the babitation of his throne.' sional, on the interment of the Prin- · Mysterious and barsha as his dealings may
Charlotte of Wales. The appear, we are assured, that at the final preacher dwells on the necessity of issue and adjustment of things, God will preparing to meet God, because the prove to the satisfaction of an assembled
world, that all his ways are mercy and sentence is already past, the execu truth, to them that fear him and seek his tion only is uncertain, and the con testimonies.' sequences are infinite and everlast “ But although the last nine years of the ing; and then adverts to the death life of his late Majesty presented little of the of the lamented Princess, from which sovereign, except the name, yet that splenhe infers the necessity of personal formerly manifested, can never, never be and national repentance.
forgotten. His sincere piety and warm Sermon X * On the Happiness benevolence; his ardent love of freedom awaiting sincere Christians in a fu- and perfect hatred of tyranny; his firmness ture Life:” occasional, on the death on the one hand, and his affability on the of Queen Charlotte. In this Sermon other; in a word, these traits of character there is more of theological lore had long ago stamped on the hearts of his than is usual in Mr. Snowden's people impressions which can never be Sermons; and his brief reference to his sacred person a degree of loyalty and
effaced ; had long ago conciliated towards the doctrines of baptism and the affection, which his complicated sufferings intermediate state, proves his capa- did but deepen and increase,” P. 213.
There is not an Englishman who upon schemes which could end in does not coincide in the truth and nothing but disappointment; that justice of these sentiments, but they have been prostituted by the many will doubt how to draw from refractory and seditious into means them, at this and a future period, of unlawful combination; and that that personal and domestic instruc- in their simplest forın they have tion which is the chief end of printed been subjected to many mischievous Sermons.
and foolish regulations, are facts Sermon XII. “ The great Impor. which cannot be denied. But their tance of a religious Education to the abuses are capable of remedy and Children of the Poor:” occasional, control; and when the sums which preached at Doncaster, in Aid of the have been contributed in these soFunds of the National School, an cieties to the relief of their sick and institution of unquestionable impor- aged members, who must otherwise tance, and which a zealous minister have fallen altogether upon the pawill always be desirous of recom- rish, are considered, their utility will mending in public and in private : be approved. The Saving Banks have but there is nothing new or pecu- rendered no inconsiderable assistliarly striking in the preacher's ar- ance to the Friendly Societies, in gument, and the reader of Sermons providing a secure investment for requires some other instruction than their funds, which may be withdrawn the common topics of a charity as the occasion may require; and Sermon.
the last act for their regulation will Sermon XIII. “On the immoral introduce a more prudent manageTendency of Pauperism, and the ment, and preclude the delusive Humanity as well as Policy of en. promise of benefits which cannot be couraging and enabling the labour- realized. It is also encouraging to ing Classes to depend on their own see these Societies seeking religious Industry :” occasional, preached at instruction at their Annual Meetings, Thornhill
, at the Annual Meeting of and offering themselves to such ada a Friendly Society. The immoral monitions as Mr. Snowden has pretendency of the poor laws, under pared for their improvement. their present administration, their “ If then all mankind have by the comeffects upon the principles of many monoties of nature some claim on our aswho pay, and of all who partake of sistance and relief, under circumstances of the parochial rates, and the justice, distress, what must be thought of those as well as the bumanity and policy, who withhold from their kindred and deof restoring the labouring classes to pendents those expressions of affection a dependence on their own industry, beasts
, and which are manifested even by
which nature hath even taught to brute are subjects less frequently recom
the njost savage nations towards parents, mended to religious consideration and children, and near kindred ? What than they ought to be. The plan shall we think of those, or rather what and execution of Mr. Snowden's must be their fate in a future life, who are Sermon on this occasion are excel- devoid of love and affection to their near lent, and worthy of the most serious relations and immediate connexions, and attention ; designed to re-animale neglect to make a suitable provision by
honest industry and good economy, for among his hearers the love of honest their maintenance and support? What English independence,combined with shall we think of those, who enjoying liberality and compassion in reliev- themselves in indolence and ease, or rioting the occasional infirmities of their ing, in thoughtless extravagance, suffer indigent neighbours, and a consider their young children or aged parents to be ation of their latter end. That the pinched with banger, or clothed in rags ; Friendly Societies have often been especially when by an active exertion of
their bodily powers, added to prudent abused; that they have been pro care and good management, these most jected with fraudulent intentions, deplorable evils - might entirely be pre
vented? Above all, in what terms shall we taken, by young persons after marriage, is describe the conduct of those, who with to apply to their parish for an habitation, youth and health in their possession, and or some for a weekly allowance. My with every means in their hands of obtain. brethren, " these things onght not so to ing an honest livelihood, snffer themselves be.' Such condnct our more virtuous to be so degraded, and so entirely forget forefathers would have justly stigmatized that spirit of noble independence which as meau, and shameful, and degradiog in glowed in the breasts of their worthy fore the extreme, they cherished a spirit of fathers, as to apply without either shame decent independence ; they relied chiefly or reluctance for the scanty dole of paro upon the exertions of their own unassisted chial charity? Shall we call them Chris industry: with a provident foresight they tians, wise, modest, industrious, virtuous, laid up something, as is also your worthy or respectable members of society? St. practice, out of their slender earnings, as Paul, in the words of my text, shall answer a reserve for the exigencies of the norrow, the questiou : ' If any man provide not for something against the evil day' of poverty his own, and especially for those of his or sickness. They would have blushed at own house, he hath denied the faith, and the idea of stooping to the despicable is worse than an infidel;' that is, if any meanness of living, like lazy pensioners, on person use not his best endeavours to pro the extorted bounty of their more indusvide for his own near relatives, and espe trious neighbours; unless long continned cially for liis own fainily, he is so far from and severe affliction, or multiplied misfor. being a Christian, that St. Paul emphati- tunes, had compelled them to resort fo so cally asserts, that he hath denied the faith,' painful a measure. in fact, they had chathat is, he hath renounced all title to the racters as well as families to support; honourable name of Christian; yea he is though poor, still they were not mere so suuk and degraded both in principle cyphers, either in their own eyes, or in and conduct, that he may justly be pro those of others; nor would they expose nounced to be ' worse than an infidel' themselves to the cutting reproaches which For even infidels, that is, the inhabitants of their worthier neighbours would have libethe heathen world, for such is the manifest rally poured upon them, had they, withimport of the word infidel in this passage out strong aod substantial reasons, solicited now quoted, did from the mere light of the charity of a parish. Would to God nature, and the principles of common that this independent spirit might again 'humanity, feel themselves compelled to revive and overspread the land, and would provide for their own families, and all who also that every possible belp and encouwere immediately dependent on them. ragement were extended to it, and that
“ Let me not, however, be misunder a wide and profitable field were opened stood -I mean not to say, that when the for its exertion. I am compelled, how decrepitude of old age, when sickness or ever, to observe, how highly blameable extreme poverty unavoidably overtakes a is the conduct of those, who when proviman, when be is borne down in supporting sions are dear, and employnient scarce, a numerous family, or willing to labour, choose to provide for the poor in the shape but cannot find employment, and his poor of a rate or boon, rather than by paying family are in consequence sadly destitute then in actual, though inadequate wages, of the necessary means of subsistence; I as the merited reward of their industrious mean not to say, (God forbid that I should) toils. Let then the diligent and sober be either that such a man should hesitate to encouraged by every means to maintain apply for assistance, or that such assistance that spirit of manly independence, which should not liberally be granted. No. It was once the pride of our forefathers and is the manifest intention of the poor laws, the glory of the land ; and how scarce to help and protect the helpless and unpro soever employment may be, yet as the tected part of our fellow-creatures, and poor must be supported, find them somewith a prompt hand to extend relief and thing to do with such moderate wages as assistance, to such as are really willing, circumstanccs will admit of: but let them, but alas! unable adequately to assist thens- where it is practicable, subsist upon the selves. But they were never designed to earnings of honest industry, and not on the encourage idleness and extinguish shame, demoralizing dole of parochial relief. Do or to turn this nation of free born men not convert them into beggars and peninto a nation of sturdy mendicants. Nor sioners; but give them a fair opportunity did the framers of such laws ever contem- of supporting at once their families and plate so profligate an abuse of their well their characters." P. 237-242. meant benevolence, as we frequently witness, when the pery first step sometimes There needs no apology for this
long extract, which presents but their disposal, still devote the Sabbath to too faithful a picture of the case. the purpose of travelling, or who without The parish funds should be appro
the strongest reasons employ in any man. priated as strictly as may be to the
ner those generous animals which bave use of the aged and the infirm, and
served them so faithfully during the week,
and which after being theu strained persuch as cannot work. Employment haps beyond their strength, might well be should in all cases be provided for spared any additional torment on tha the industrious, who should receive sacred day, which their Creator has made such moderate and equitable wages their own. Cruelty to the brute creation as should enable thein to support is a certain indication of a wicked heart
, themselves, “ their families, AND
and we may rest assured that the wretch
who exercises undeserved rigour upon his their characters ;" and if
beast, would, if human laws did not proimprudent, or idle, or profligate, tect them, measure out the same barsh their humble condition should not treatment to his dependent fellow-creaexempt them from experiencing the tures, same effects of folly, indolence, and “ But if a sparrow falls not to the vice, as are felt by men in higher ground without the cognizance and perlife.
mission of omniscience, the man who ha. Sermon XIV. “On the Obser. bitually offends in the matter under consi
deration, will not escape his notice here, vance of the Sabbath, as a Day of
por his condemnation hereafter. To all bodily Rest and of spiritual Im- classes of human beings, and even to the provement.” The Discourse cor- labouring beast, the Sabbath is mercifully responds with the title in describing designed to be a day of rest. But there is the Sabbath as a day of refreshment
an ulterior and higher end for which it was to the poor, of reflection to the consecrated, the public worship of Al
mighty God, a due attention to our devoopulent, of rest to the beast, and
tional duties apd spiritual improvement." of general improvement in holiness; P. 269. and concludes with an exemplary
The truth and justice of these earuestness of parochial admonition
observations cannot be evaded, on to the pious who sanctify, and the the supposition that the fourth comthoughtless who profane, the Sab
mandment is still in force; and we bath. We cordially agree in the believe that there are many respectauthor's views of the Sabbath as a able proprietors of stage-coaches day of rest to our catile.
who are convinced, that the benefits “ It is, indeed, plainly intended as a which their horses receive from one . day of rest, not only to ourselves, our day of general rest, far exceeds the famílies, and domestics, but also to our profits which would arise from using cattle. *A good man,' says Solomon, is them without the intermission of merciful to his beast.' And that God that day. But even if the beast from whom all goodness flows, who is the supreme Lord over all creatures,
received no benefit from the obserare all the beasts of the field, and the Vance, and no injury from the violaeattle upon a thousand hills,' he in mercy tion of the commandment, what to the brute creation has solemnly enjoined must be the effect upon the men that bis Sabbath shall be to them also a
who are employed in cleaning, har. day of updisturbed repose. For onr Use they were created and placed in a state of nessing, and driving them; or how subjection. But although we call them
are they to keep the rest and holiours, we liave assuredly no right, por can
ness of the Sabbath? We read, from any buman authority communicate a right, time to time,, advertisements of ever to treat them with rigour and with coaches that travel on every day cruelty, and especially to rob them of that except MONDAY; and we can name peedful respite from labour, which the
à city, more than 100 miles north. Sabbath was meant to atford, and to wbich
east of London, (and there are other they have by covenant, an undisputed claim. No reprehension then can be too
cities and towns equally culpable) severe for those giddy and unfeeling per
from which and to which four sons, who with all the days io the week at coaches travel every Sunday. The