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“ Alas,

distinction drawn between the “tor. voice of their lamentation. menting,” and “ hurting," seems alas ! that great city Babylon, that far-fetched, and is too weak to lend mighty city! for in one hour is thy much aid to the author's hypothesis. judgment come.” (Rev. xviii. 10.)

Thirdly, Does not Pastorini involve himself in a contradiction by

I am, Sir, &c. &c. applying to the Romish martyrs who

C. P. were put to death by the Reformers; the representation of what happened at the opening of the fifth seal; the cries of “ them that were slain for To the Editor of the Remembrancer. the word of God?" And do we not

Sir, find here an additional proof, that the periods of the seals and trumpets I BEG to direct the attention of your are not the same ? For be it ob- learned correspondents to the passerved, that the locusts, whose com. sage in St. Paul's first Epistle to the ing is announced by the fifth trum. Corinthians, where in combating the pet, were only allowed to hurt those objections to the resurrection of the men, who had not the seal of God in body, he instances the reproduction their foreheads : and even those, of the plant, from the grain buried they were only to torment not kill. in the earth. In discoursing on this How will a Catholic reconcile this text, I have heard many Clergymen latter circumstance with his accounts speak of the rotting and corruption of the frequent martyrdonis of his of the seed as necessary to the probrethren by the Protestants ? Should duction of the new plant, of its behe interpret the word kill, to mean coming a mass of corruption like a kill eternally, (the only way, as it dead body, and on referring to the appears to me, of avoiding the diffi- family Bible, I find a note to the culty,) how can lie allow the mur sanje effect. dered Catholics to be men which I am not aware that any seed that had not the seal of God in their rots in the ground can produce a foreheads ?

plant; in most instances it remains The author calls upon the Pro- in the earth, and supplies nourish. testants, I have no doubt with good ment to the germ, in others it is intentions, though under an erro. raised out of the ground. neous persuasion, to reconcile them It is true, that it is sown bare selves with his Church before the grain, and that God gives it a body impending destruction shall come which bears as little resemblance to upon them. But, Sir, let the deluded what is sown, as our glorified bodies members of his communion know, may in substance bear to our natuthat protestantism,(such protestant-ral body; but it had always apism,at least, as the Church of England peared to me, that the death to professes,) is the religion of Scripture, which St. Paul alludes, is either the the religion which formed the union death of the plant, or of the seed, of the Church, in her days of Apos- which we call the ripening of it; and tolical purity. In reliance upon the I am disposed to favor the latter promise of Christ, we may venture opinion. The loss of all appearto trust, that our religion, founded ance of life in the seed is necessary upon the rock of ages, will stand, to the resurrection of the new body, when the corruptions of Papal Rome for unless the juices cease to circu. shall have sunk, to rise no more. It late, and vegetation in the grain is will supply the faith, the obedience, dead, and it is buried a bare grain, and the hope of the good, when the no resurrection or re-animation can last friends of the mystic Babylon take place. shall utter over her downfall, the In the production of the new

I am,

was the

plant, the seed is destroyed, but it mean, when“ seeing Jesus coming cannot be said to rot, or, “ that unto him, he said, Behold the Lamb after the body is destroyed, some of God which taketh away the sin thing springs out of it.

of the world !” but that this was I shall thankfully receive from your the Messiah, who should make more learned correspondents, an atonement, by the sacrifice of Himexplanation of this interesting text. self, for the transgressions of man

kind; “ the Lamb slain from the

foundation of the world ?" "John, Your very obedient Servant,

who was

“ filled with the Holy

Ghost, even from his mother's

LAICUS. womb;" who, while yet unborn, ac. London, 20th May,

knowledged the voice of the mother 1822.

of bis Lord; who confessed himself sent to prepare the way of the Lord; who, though he denied that

he To the Editor of the Remembrancer.

very Elias, who had for

merly been carried up into beaven, Sir,

yet plainly intimated, that he was

ordained to go before the Lord “in As you

admitted into your Nuinber the spirit and power of Elias," as for July, 1821, my observations on the angel Gabriel had explained the the view which Mr. Benson had prophecy to Zacharias; John, I taken, in his Hulsean Lectures, of say, expressly taught, and, as it apthe message of John the Baptist to pears from his own words, was comour Saviour, you will perhaps grant missioned so to do, that Jesus was a similar indulgence to the remarks anointed to the office of the MesI have to make on Mr. Franks' dis. siah. « And John bare record, cussion of the same text, Matt. xi. saying, I saw the Spirit descending 2.-6.

from heaven like a dove, and it Mr. F. endeavouring, like his abode upon Him. And I knew Him predecessor, to assign a reason for not; but He that sent me to bapthe Baptist's sending the message for tize with water, the same said unto his own satisfaction, declares him. me, Upon whom thou shalt see the self“ ready to allow that John might Spirit descending, and remaining on believe Jesus to be the Messiah ;" Him, the same is He which bapbut he “ confidently denies that we tizeth with the Holy Ghost. And I have any authority from the evan saw and bare record that ihis is the gelical records, to say that John ever Son of God." John i. 32–34. It ascribed to Jesus the title of the was not merely an inference made Messiah." Surely this mode of ar. for themselves by the two disciples gument too nearly resembles that of who were present, when John, "lookthose who deny the doctrine of the ing upon Jesus as he walked, said, Trinity to be asserted in the Scrip- Behold the Lamb of God !" that tures, because, forsooth, that word, they had “ found the Messias ;" by which we are accustomed to de. but it was the obvious meaning of note the mysterious union of the their Master's expression ; and this three Persons in one Godhead, has great truth was clearly enough connot been employed by the Sacred veyed in all his discourses respecting Writers. John, it is true, does not his own office, and that of his sucappear to have pronounced the very cessor, word “ Messiah ;" but did he not I am perfectly sensible of the use an equivalent term, when he very arduous task

which the Hulsean " bare record that this is the Son Lecturer has to perform, and most of God?” And what else could he ready to make allowance for any

trivial incorrectnesz which may in- which represents John as wishing to advertently gain admission into his instruct his disciples by the most volume. In so weighty an under- convincing evidence, by evidence taking-non ego paucis offendar ma- greater than his own, that of miculis, quas aut incuria fudit, aut racles, that Jesus was the Christ humana parum cavit natura. foretold by the prophets !

But I would most urgently cau In my former letter, I supposed tion him against an error, to which our Saviour to have alluded to some he is peculiarly exposed from having scruples, by which the disciples of so large a portion of his labour as- Joho might be influenced from consigned to him in the exhausted field trasting their master's austere with of evidence. While he is searching his social habits, when he said at out fresh proofs, or endeavouring the conclusion of his answer to the to set old ones in a new light, he message, “ and blessed is he whosv. may be tempted to desert old esta- ever shall not be offended in me." I blished and clear expositions, and did not, of course, mean to limit the to subtitute others as better accom- scope of the sentence to their case ; modated to his own theory; thus but the probability of such an alintroducing (to use Mr. Frankslusion having been intended, will be words)“visionary hypotheses, which heightened, if we refer back to Matt. serve only to perplex the question." ix. 14. “Then came to him the dis. Hence, with regard to the text un- ciples of John, saying, “Why do der consideration, Mr. Benson, wish- we and the Pharisees fast oft, but ing to reconcile the Baptist's doubts thy disciples fast not ?" This proves with his former acknowledgment of that such scruples had existed in Jesus' as the Messiah, adopts an their minds, and as the answer of obsolete opinion concerning per our Lord on that occasion was not sonal identity; while Mr. Franks calculated entirely to remove them, boldly surmounts the difficulty by a caution on the subject was prodenying that any such acknowledg: perly added, when they were taught ment bad been made.

to“ believe for the very work's sake.” How much more judiciously have

I am, Sir, &c. the Editors of the Family Bible

BIPARY. acted in adopting the easy and ob. vious explanation of the passage,

11 June, 1822.

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS.

( Continued.)

Destruction of Egyptians in the Red Sea. tracts) continued down to them from Exod. xiv. 41.

their forefathers, that by a mighty “ And Moses stretched out bis hand reflux of the sea which happened in over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea former days, where the sea is thus to go back by a strong east wind all that green the whole became dry land, night, and made the sea dry land."

and appeared green all over, and The following is the celebrated al- that the water overflowed the oppolusion made by Diodorus Siculus to site shore, and that all the ground this wonderful event. It has been being thus bare to the very bottom of an ancient report among the Icthu. the gulph, the water by an extraorophages (the inhabitants of those dinary high tide, returned again into

the ancient channel.-Diod. Sic.

Acts ii. 20. B. 3. C. 3.

“ The sun shall be turned into darkness." The extraordinary nature of this

Luke xxiii, 44. occurrence has induced some to doubt the possibility of its ever

“ And it was about the sixth hour, and

there was darkness over all the earth having happened. That such doubts until the ninth hour: and the sun was are groundless the following passage darkened.” sufficiently proves, though whether the Deity availed himself of these The following are singular and natural means, or accomplished his accurate illustrations of this plague purpose bý a more direct interfe. of darkness in Egypt, Exod. X. 21, rence of his omnipotence, are other 22, 23. questions which we shall not pre

It is recorded that the darkness sume to answer.

was such as might be felt. Surely : During violent east winds, the sea this cannot be more clearly explain setires in so remarkable a manner ed than by supposing it to have been that the people of Taganrock (on accompanied by a profuse shower the sea of Azof) are able to effect a of dust or fine sand which insinuatpassage on dry tand to the opposite ed itself into every part, and must coast, a distance of 20 versts, about have added considerably to the in. 14 miles ; but when the wind changes convenience of total darkness; it is which it sometimes does very sud- also recorded that the children of denly, the waters return with such Israel were blessed with light in rapidity to their wonted bed that their houses, which part of the mic many lives are lost.- Clarke's Tra- racle is equally explicable on the yels in Russia, p. 325.

supposition that they still continued

to reside at Ramases, which had Miraculous Circumstance, or phenomenon been originally allotted to them upon of Nature.

their first establishment in Egypt,

Gen. xlvii. 11. For Ramases being ata DARKNESS.

considerable distance from Memphis, Exod. x. 21, 22, 23.

might (as in the case of the parts of " And the Lord said unto Moses,

Persia, which in the above extract stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that they saw unaffected by the passing there may be darkuess over the land of cloud) have been beyond the extent Egypt, even darkness which may he felt.” of the darkness which the Almighty

" And Moses stretched forth his hand had caused to come upon Egypt. toward beaven ; and there was a thick March 15, 1775.–At four this darkness in all the land of Egypt three afternoon, at Bussora, the sun then days.

They saw not one another, neither shining bright, a total darkness com. rose any from his place for three days;

menced in an instant, when a dread. but all the children of Israel had light in ful consternation seized every pertheir dwellings."

son in the city, the people running

backward and forward in the streets, Wisdom xvii, 17, 20, 21.

tumbling over one another quite disa “For they were all bound with one tracted, while those in the houses chain of darkness. For the whole world ran out in amazement, doubting shined with clear light, and none were whether it were an eclipse, or the hindered in their labour; over them only end of the world. Soon after the was spread a heavy night, an image of that black cloud, which had caused this darkness which should afterward receive total darkness, approached near the them."

city, preceded by as loud a noise as Ezekiel xxxii. 7.

I ever heard in the greatest storm, “ I will cover the sun with a cloud, and this was succeeded by such a vio. the moon shall not give her light."

lent whirlwind mixed with dust, that REMEMBRANCER, No, 43.

3 E

no man in the streets could stand quantity of sand and dust carried upon his legs; happy were those before it, was such as to darken the who could find, or had already ob- whole atmosphere. It swept along tained shelter, whilst those who from east to west, in a thick and were not so fortunate were obliged constant stream, and the air was at to throw themselves down on the times so dark and full of saud, that spot, where they ran great risk of it was difficult to discern the neigh. being suffocated, as the wind lasted bouring tents. As the Moors always full twenty minutes, and the total dressed their victuals in the open darkness half an hour. The dust air, this sand fell in great plenty - was so subtle and the hurricane so amongst the kouskous: it readily furious, that every room in the Bri- adhered to the skin when moistened tish Factory was covered with it, by perspiration, and formed a cheap notwithstanding we had the precau- and universal hair powder. The tion to shut the doors and windows Moors wrap a cloth round their face on the first appearance of the dark- to prevent them from inhaling the ness and to light candles. At half sand, and always turn their backs past five the cloud had passed the to the wind when they look up, to city, the sun instantly shone out, no prevent the sand falling into their wind was to be heard, no dust felt, eyes Parker's Travels, p. 131. but all was quite serene and calm In Macgill's Travels in Turkey, again, when all of us in the Factory Vol. I. p. 202. a similar phenomewent on the terrace, and observed non, though not to the same degree, the cloud had entirely passed over is related. the river, and was then in Persia, The wind which is generally strong where it seemed to cover full thirty carries this tine dust into the air in miles in breadth on the land, but such clouds, that I have actually how far in length could not be even seen the sun darkened by them for guessed at, it flew along at an amaz. a considerable time, and at the ing rate, yet was half an hour in breadth of a street have not been passing over the city. It came from able for several minutes to distinthe N.W. and went straight forward guish a man from a horse; this dust to the S. E. The officers of the Com- is carried so far, that with the wind pany's cruizers came on shore as soon off the land at three versts (about as the cloud had passed their ships, 24 miles) distance, I have been al. and declared that the wind was so, most choaked by it. The first time violent, and the dust so penetrating, I saw these clouds, I concluded that that no man could stand on the they were forerunners of an earthdecks, and that after it was over, quake. every place below, on board the In the 9th Volume of the Specships, was covered with dust. Such tator, is an account of the total a phenomenon never was known eclipse of the sun, Friday, April 22, before in the memory of the oldest 1715, which gives an interesting man now living at Bussora.-Par- account of the feelings excited by son's Travels, p. 163.

an event of this description. In the afternoon the horizon to • The different modifications of the eastward was thick and hazy, the light formed colours the eye of and the Moors prognosticated a sand man has been five hundred years wind; which accordingly commen- unacquainted with, and for which ced on the following morning, and I can find no name, unless I may be lasted with slight intermission for allowed to call it a dark gloomy sort two days. The force of the wind of light, that scattered about a more was not in itself very great; it was sensible and genuine horror than the what a seaman would have deno- most consummate darkness. All minated a stiff breeze ; but the the birds were struck dumb and

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