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“ With respect to the question of tempo- to be the Church, the one Catholic ral advantage, it is difficult, (remarks the and Apostolic Church of Christ, de. Bishop,) to reply to objections, which as-signated by St. Paul in another place
: it, indeed, sometimes hinted, that these
as “the pillar and ground of the people are already in a condition, which truth,” and here as the appointed perhaps may be deteriorated, but cannot
channel for diffusing through the easily be improved. If, however, the pre- earth the blessings of light and the valence of liberal knowledge, habits of in- tidings of salvation. dustry, mutual confidence in the transactions of life, a respect for the basis of all
“ To this Church, then, of which there moral integrity, I mean truth, the absence are many branches, abiding in Christ, the of those social distinctions, which serve
true Vine,' as we trust, and · bearing fruit,' only to depress the great mass of the spe- (Jolin xv. 5.) it cannot be questioned by cies, the elevation of the female part of any, who hold to the Apostolic model, that society to their proper dignity and influence,
the Church of England pre-eminently beand the possession of that liberty, where longs : her government is primitive, being with Christ hath made men free, (Gal. v. 1.)
of the form, which alone was recognized and which is really the principle, however during the early ages; her doctrines are overlooked, of all national greatness and Scriptural, her Liturgy breathing through. prosperity in modern times,-if these seve
out the purest spirit of the Gospel ; and ral particulars enter largely into the theory her Worship is at once reasonable, decent, of the well-being of any people, it were
orderly, and edifying, removed alike from surely too much to abandon all established
childish and superstitions pageantry, and maxims and the dictates of our common
from irreverence and rude familiarity to. feelings, in mere courtesy to supposed io.
wards the Creator: she has, indeed, been terests or secret predilections." P. 20.
admitted even by those, whom local cir
cumstances have fixed in other Commu. From this the Bishop passes on
nions, to be the Queen of Protestant to the great spiritual advantages at
Churches and the bulwark of the Protestant tendant on, and confined to an ac
Cause: I would add, that no Church can tual belief in Christ; he enforces, as
be better adapted to receive and to retain
Converts in the Eastern world, when once an additional motive to exertion, the their minds shall have been brought to be universality professedly intended and satisfied with the simple decencies, which promised to the faith of Christ; a are the proper garb of Truth. Nor ought principle moreover, which is justly it to be overlooked, in a view of the quescharacterised as a distinguishing
tion, which may hereafter be found impormark of a Divine Revelation.
tant, that her principles are those of order
and attachment to our National Establish" It is a triumphant consideration, that ments. Strange indeed would be an indifChristianity not only professes to be de
ference as to the political prepossessions of sigved for universal acceptance, but more
those, who undertake to be the Teachers of over is fitted, without any accommodation the People; especially in an Empire so or sacrifice of its purity, to be the Religion circumstanced as the British Empire in of the civilized world : that it humanizes,
India. where it does not find humanity; and that " It cannot, then, be imagined, that in allowing for and retaining a difference of the work prescribed to the Church of usages in things indifferent, it is adapted Christ, that Branch of it, to which we beto combine in one scheme of faith and hope long, has no part, nor even a subordinate the whole family of man.
As St. Paul ex part to fill. It should seem, indeed, if her presses it,' there is neither Greek nor Jew,
duties are to be measured by her' means and circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barba: opportunites, that no Church since the days rian, Scythian, bond nor free; but Christ of the Apostles has been called to such is all, and in all.' (Col. iji. 11.) P. 24. high destipies. To what fortuitous coinci
dence shall we impute it, that at this proUnder the last head the Bishop ment her Clergy are exercising their ministreats of the appointed means by try in every quarter of the Globe? In
America flourishing Churches have grown which the glory of God is to be ad
op entirely under her patronage. In Africa vanced upon earth, and indeed, as
a Colony has been planted, by which her bas been shewn, in heaven. This is doctrines and discipline are brought into stated on the authority of the Apostle contact with the superstitions of ignorant,
and barbarons tribes. In New South Wales means will still be requisite to give to such she has a field before lier nearly equal in a Plan all the effect, of which it is natuextent to the whole of Europe. And what rally capable; nothing perhaps equally comshall we say of Asia? A vast Empire has prehensive has yet been attempted by any been given us, or rather imposed upon us : Protestant Church: yet I doubt not that and wherefore? He who can reconcile the members of our own, wherever dissuch a consummation even to philosophical persed, will be ready to afford it their asviews of the ways of God, without refer- sistance, and more especially in India. ence to the purposes of His manifold wis With a degree of impatience, for which the dom as revealed in Scripture, and can be motive is an ample excuse, soine have lieve it to have been brought about merely wished that the Established Church would for the gratification of our avarice or vanity, shew herself more prominently in the great cannot have advanced very far in the know- work of diffusing the light of the Gospel ledge, which sound Philosophy might teach through the Eastern World. This duty, him : it is not merely uvchristian; it is un though not hitherto so fully discharged, as philosophical, it is unreasonable to believe may bave been desired, has never been for. that God ever works in vain, or even brings gotten. In the present endeavour she avails abont mighty revolutions with a view to herself of means and opportunities, which results comparatively mean and trivial." until now had been withholden. For their P. 26.
efficacy we trust in the Almighty : at the In conclusion the Bishop makes
same time beseecbing Him to put it into the
hearts of all, to whom the appeal shall be an appeal in favour of an institution made, to further and support an Institution now happily commenced, and in a having pu object but His Glory, in making state of forwardness,—the Bishop's known by the Church His manifold wisdom College, at Calcutta. Of this, to those who have the understanding (though already known, and duly ap- darkened, and are alienated from the life preciated, by most of our readers) of God.' (Eph. vi. 18.)" P. 28. we cannot decline the insertion of the following description, with which the Bishop concludes.
“ It is desigued to be strictly Collegiate Plain Reasons why Political Power in constitution, in discipline, and in cha
should not be granted to Papists. racter: its object will be the Education of
By Samuel Wix, A.M. F. R. & Christian youth in sacred knowledge, in sound learning, in the principal languages
A. S., Vicar of St. Bartholomew used in this country, and in habits of piety
the Less, London. 8vo. Pp. 16. and devotion to their calling, that they may Rivingtons. 1822. be qualified to preach among the Heathen: the attention of the learned persons con The Socratic mode of reasoning, in Dected with it will be directed to making which an artful disputant by drawaccurate Versions of the Scriptures, of the ing small concessions from an incauLiturgy, and other holy books; it will en. deavour to disseminate useful knowledge tious adversary, at length reduces by means of Schools, under Teachers well him to the alternative of retracting educated for the purpose : and it will aimn what he had previously allowed, or at combining and consolidating, so far as of assenting to a proposition, which may be, into one' system, and directing in in its full force and extent he would to the same course of sentiment and action, have no hesitation in denying, afthe endeavours which are here made to ad.
fords no unsuitable illustration of vance the Christian Cause. The favour and patronage of the Public in England have the popular argument in favour of been eminently displayed towards the Catholic emancipation as it is preprojected Institution : the King's Letter, posterously called. There were times granted to the Society for the Propagation in which many penal statutes were of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, has been in force against the Catholics, and productive beyond all former example: when they laboured under many and other Religious Societies and Public Bodies have munificently aided the work. rigorous and severe restrictions. It will be evident, however, when the ob- These statutes have been repealed, jects are considered, that more abundant and these restrictions have beeni e
moved; and if either were still in sistency, and that its advocates force, the warmest advocates of the alone are inconsistent. Protestant ascendancy would feel no The Catholic peer has been ad. repugnance in seeing them mitigated mitted to the audience of his Soveand rescinded. But in the present reign, and thence it is inferred that day, the Catholic enjoys as full tole he should be restored to his heredi. ration in his faith and worship, and tary seat in Parliament. It would is as secure in the possession of be as just to conclude, from these his property, as the most favour. premises, that he should be eligible ed of his Protestant brethren. The to sit in the Privy Council, to which Catholic freeholder has obtained the the present measure does not how. elective franchise; the Catholic peer ever propose
to introduce him. But is permitted to approach his Sove. with what consistency shall the Careign ; the highest offices in the tholic peer be admitted into ParliaArmy and the Navy are given as ment, while the commoner remains the rewards of Catholic valour and in his state of exclusion; for if the enterprize; and in the debate of the Catholic peer has been admitted to last year upon the Catholic question, the ear of his Sovereign, the Catho. it was intimated, with very little re lic freeholder has been invested with serye, that the only offices which it the right of electing his represenis wished to retain exclusively in tative, though that representative Protestant hands, are the seals in may not be of the Catholic persuaParliament, and in the Privy Council, sion, nor is it in contemplation to the office of the Judge, and the Co-. remove the disqualification. lonial Governments : nor is it impro. Would be useless to deny that there bable that a measure, conceding to are anomalies in these concessions the Catholic every privilege and im and exclusions, but they are such munity, which is enjoyed by the anomalies as will continue until an Protestant, with these few excep. emancipation, more complete than tions, would be suffered to pass in any which the Protestant advocate silence, or would be opposed with has hitherto been called to disclaim, out effect.
shall be effected. Let the proscripBut what has been the effect of tions of a caste, as they are called, these liberal concessions ? The same be removed ; let the doors of the as is wont to follow the concessions Parliament and the Council be of the unwary adversary with the thrown open to the Catholic; let Socratic reasoner. His past con:
him govern the Colonies, and ad. cessions are made the ground of minister the laws of England: the future demand, and the chief argu- anomaly will still cxist. It will then ment which is urged in favour of the be asked, is it consistent to permit proposed admission of Catholic the Catholic to make and to adminisPeers to the Upper House, and ter the law, and as a responsible which has made but too much im. Minister to advise the Sovereign, pression on the minds of some men, and at the same time to be afraid is, that it is necessary for the pre of the intrigues of a Catholic Con servation of consistency, to grant sort, to be alarmed by the visiovary this inconsiderable favour; and that dangers of a Catholic succession, it is the height of inconsistency, or to give to every other person in after more important concessions the state free permission to choose have been made, to refuse it. There and to change his religion, and to is little difficulty in repelling this bind the Sovereign alone in the argument, and in shewing, that at bonds of Protestantism. If it be least upon the present occasion, inconsistent to exclude any one per the adversaries of the measure are
son from exercising the offices of not justly chargeable with incon the State, and if such exclusion con
reys an imputation on the character points to their Catholic brethren ; of the Roman Catholic religion, the but while all history reminds them -incousistency will not be abated of the intrusive and busy zeal of the without an unqualified admission of Papacy, there is no subtilty or adthe Catholics to the lighest as well dress which can bring them to con. as the lowest offices of the State, or sent to the main proposition, that in their strict exclusion from all the Protestant ascendancy is not offices, which involve the possession necessary as well as worthy to be of political power.
held fast; and that there is no danin the English Constitution the ger in conveying political power to civil and military powers are en Catholic administration. tirely distinct and separate : the If the adversaries of Catholic soldier is the servant, not the ruler emancipation are consistent in what of the State. No argument can they withhold, they are also liberal therefore be drawn from the un- in what they grant. They have conrestricted promotion of Catholic ceded and are willing to concede all officers, in the concession of which in which the great body of the Caall parties acquiesced in favour of tholics are concerned ;-—the rights the ailiission of Catholics to politi- of conscience, full security of person cal offices,
and property, and unlimited preTbis ineasure does not therefore ferment in the army and navy, in implicate the consistency of the ad- which the merit of the humblest sol. versaries of Catholic emancipation, dier of fortune ought not to be or pledge them to complete the unrewarded. They wish to reserve work which has been begun. It is nothing but some few offices of not necessary to allege, that some political power, some few seats in of the measures which have been the Parliament and in the Council, carried, have been carried by majo- to which but very few can aspire, rities in Parliament, after vigorous and which none can compass withopposition and debate. With the out the advantages of education and exception, perhaps, of the elective a corresponding rank in life. But franchise, the adversaries of the what has been the conduct of the Catholic claims do not object to advocates of the Catholics ? On what has been done, or entertain one occasion they petulantly rethe most distant wish that any part nounced every thing which might should be superseded or repealed. have been obtained, because the They rejoice that their Catholic whole, in which the few only were brethren are protected in the public interested, was not conceded: and profession of their religion, and in on the present occasion, the ostenthe enjoyment of their private rights; sible object of pursuit is not to but in the recollection of the antient benefit the lower or the middle abuses of political power, in the classes of the Catholic population, hands of Catholics, and in the full not to elevate the Catholic peasant, conviction of the peculiar advan- ' the Catholic trader, or the Catholic tages of a Constitution exclusively gentleman, but to throw open the Protestant, they are and ever have House of Lords to seven individuals, been consistent in the reservation of who alone have an hereditary claim, political power; nor can they con. and whose claims as they may seem template without alarm, the idea of to involve personal objections, than a Protestant King advised by Catho- which nothing can be more unjust, lic counsellors, or of the government it is most indelicate to discuss. It of a Protestant Church and nation is for such consistency and liberality by Catholic ministers and legisla. as this, that the adversaries of this tors. They are ready to concede, innovation on the Protestant Con. and they have conceded many minor stitution of England are to be REMEMBRANCER, NO. 43.
branded with the ignominious epi. “ Because papal supremacy has ever thets of illiberal and inconsistent. been exerted when opportunity has offered The strong ground on which con
to accomplish its own spiritual and temsistent Protestants argue, that poli. wishes of the ruling powers—so creating
poral concerns, without regard to the tical power cannot be conceded to
schism in religica and disaffection in poPapists is, that they do not hold litics. with their Protestant brethren, the “ Because such is the zeal of Papists to sole supremacy of the Sovereign; extend their opinions and acquire promibut admit, under various modifi pency, that no concession can satisfy them
short of surrendering to them a Papal king cations, the supremacy of the Pope
on the throne. of Rome, to whom they bear a con
“ Because in the mutability of human scientious allegiance. The indepen- affairs, the powers of the Pope may again dent and complete sovereignty of become of commanding influence over the the King was maintained, and the different states of the world. intrusive authority of the Pope was
" Because the grant of political power proscribed, in various statutes of to persons maintaining the unscriptural
tevets and usages of the Church of Rome, provisors and præmunire passed be. fore the Reformation, and have been
is acting contrary to the admonition of
being zealously affected in a good thing,' subsequently confirmed in the oaths and striving to bold fast the pority of faith." of abjuration and supremacy, which P. 11. as a barrier to political power, it is vow sought to remove.
In these reasons, and in the brief sition to this and to every similar
observations by which they are
introduced we cordially concur. attempt, it is concisely and con
Our endeavour bas been to expose clusively argued by Mr. Wix:
a popular delusion, by which the " Political Power ought not to be Socratic advocates of a pretended granted to Papists:
emancipation impose upon the un“ Because religious toleration, which
wary, and through assumed and according to our constitution is allowed to every Britisłı subject, does not imply the
arbitrary charges of inconsistency, grant of political power,
lead them to form a partial judg. « Because the grant of political power
ment of the anomalies inseparable to persons, acknowledging a Supremacy from the partial admission of Catho. out of the kingdom, endangers British In lics to political power, and of the dependence, and is inconsistent with a due true wisdom and consistency with regard to that supremacy of government which their entire exclusion is mainover this realm, which is the just and un
tained. donbted right of the King of England.
We are persuaded that “ Because the papal supremucy is an
nothing has hitherto been done, and nsurpation in this country, which was ori we trust that nothing will be done ginally free from any foreigu control. which shall involve the consistency
“ Because history informs us of the evils of withholding any part of political which have arisen to independent states power from Catholic administration, from the exercise of the papal supremacy.
MONTHLY REGISTER. Society for Promoting Christian Chair. There were present the Knowledge.
Archbishop of Dubliu, the Bishops
of Llandaff and Exeter, Lords The Anniversary Dinner of this Kenyon and Bolton, Sir Christopher Society was held on Thursday, the Robinson, Sir Charles Long, Sir 6th day of June, at the Freemason's Robert Vaughan, the Dean of ChiHall, Great Queen Street. The chester, the Archdeacons of LonLord Bishop of London in the don, Middleses, Durham, St, Albans,