of controversial historians it will large mass of valuable facts, and not assist in establishing the inde enables us to draw our inferences pendence of the Church upon the without difficulty or danger. State, or the absolute and uncon. trollable ecclesiastical authority of If they had remembered that all the conthe Crown *, but it opens to us a temporary writers were on his side,and that

he was unquestionably condemned by the Collier, and most of onr other his- bishops, as well as the kings of his countorians, take part with Wilfrid, believing try, they would probably have changed him to be a victim of royal oppression. their minds.


To the Editor of the Remembrancer. nager. He was even struck and spit SIR,

upon, and kicked and insulted, in

his way to the pulpit, and not a I have been much surprised that word of his sermon could be heard. none of your correspondents have one of the authors of the outrage commented upon the account of the has, it is true, been punished; but tumult at St. Margaret's, Westmin. the exhibition of frantic and licenster, which appeared in one of your tious violence and indecorum, then late numbers.

witnessed within the walls of St. It will be remembered, that the Margaret's Church, has left an inpeople elected Mr. Saunders in the delible impression on the memory face of the incumbent's refusal to of all who witnessed it, and convinsanction their choice, and on the ced the well-wishers to the beauty following Sunday the elected person of our national Zion that some pre(who, even if approved by the rec- ventive remedy is absolutely neces. tor, could not have commenced his sary to restrain and controul the labours without the licence of the hostile spirit that originated such ordinary,) endeavoured, through his excesses. friends, to get possession of the

It might appear at first sight quite pulpit, in opposition to the incum- needless to recapitulate the scenes bent's legal representative.

which are so familiarly known, and I The congregation was not com have only done so, as I believe I am posed of its regular members, or describing what may take place in even of the parishioners only; a any other populous parish. The motley tribe of strangers, dissenters, open collision of the two parties and evangelical zealots, from all may, perhaps, be prevented; yet quarters, filled the aisles, the body the very possibility of the recurrence of the church, the space round the of such disgraceful scenes is an evil altar, and that which the clergyman which forcibly demands a remedy:

in his

way from the and I do hope, that the Editor of vestry in the pulpit stairs. As the the Christian Remembrancer will object of the popular choice was frequently direct the attention of not permitted to preach, the licenced his readers to this point, till some curate, of course, performed the cure of this disease of the Church be duty. That gentleman proceeded suggested and adopted. through the service amidst the At the period of the Reformation groans, yells, shrieks, and cries, it was intended that every incumthat are adopted by the galleries in bent of a parish should be the sole the theatre when the rabble consi- person in that parish who should der themselves insulted by the ma- have the cure of souls, administer

must pass

the sacraments, and instruct the peo. elucidation. Their faults are too ple. The Roman Catholic priests often the faults of the system to had much onitted the latter object which they have lent themselves. of a clergyman's care; and the peo- They are placed in the anomalous ple, as soon as the Reformation was situation of pastors without flocks; completed, were well satisfied with they are dependent on the contribu. only one serinon in the day, viz. tions of the people whose tastes and after the morning prayers. It was opinions they are expected to flatter usual in the afternoon to read the and espouse; they are unconnected prayers only, and catechise the with the incumbent, whose opinions youth: by a recurrence of events, they too often successfully oppose, io allude to which would occupy and whose influence they consetoo much of your columns, Puritan- quently diminish. Accustomed to ism became the fashion in England. follow the popular voice, they are One of the leading features of Puri- most dangerous when the danger is tanism is the great stress it lays greatest ;, they are members of a upon preaching above all the other Church wbich professes to observe means of grace; and the nature of the law of gradation among its the preaching they valued was that clergy, but which assigns no rank which is known by the general ap- to lecturers. They are preachers pellation of Evangelical. The regu- without cure of souls, and know but lar clergy never would condescend little or nothing of the miscellaneous to the boisterous manner, diffuse congregations which crowd to their and unmeaning phraseology, uncon Churches.. I speak generally, and nected paragraphs, and, above all, without reference to any individual, the unscriptural doctrines so zea

What the remedy for this evil may lously enforced by the puritanical be I am not competent to decide, adherents of the reformers of Ge- yet the total abolition of lecturers

The popular clamour, how- and lectureships would not, I conever, was too powerful to be re ceive, injure the cause of our Estasisted. The orthodox clergy were blishment in general, or that of the not deficient in firmness, but they incumbents, who are obliged to subhad not yet experienced in England mit to this intrusion on their office, the bitter fruits of the tree, and some instances of harmony may thus they permitted the engrafting exist between the rectors of parishes which the people desired. They and lecturers chosen by the people, consented that lecturers should be but they are rare. Should the mis. established in populous parishes, chief now complained of be supwho should preach in the manner posed to be only theoretical or disthe people wished. The lecturers tant, or not likely to lead to further were the principal “ drums ecclesi- consequences, I would add, that in astic" in the civil war which ensued; the days of Puritanism the enemies and from that time to the present of the regular clergy, after they had they have, in too many instances, obtained the appointment of a lecdisturbed the peace of the Church; turer, proceeded to expel tbę jnand, either by themselves or their cumbent from his rightful possession partizans, divided parishes, and be of the desk. It was in the parish come the heads of parties in oppo- church of St. Margaret, Westminsition to incumbents.

ster, that the appointed services of Such was the origin of lecturers the Church were first superseded by in the Church of England; what the same sort of riolous assenıblage they now continue to be, as regards which interrupted Mr. Rodber in the evil which they bring on the the performance of his duty. HeyEstablishment, is the subject of toolin, in bis History of Presbyterianmany complaints to need further ism, book xiii. sect. 10. page 441,


thus describes the manner in which rest of that party to set as little by the officiating clergyman was silen- the Liturgy in the country as they ced, and the puritanical mode of did in the city, especially in all worship was enforced, until the pul- such usages and rights thereof as pit of St. Margaret was disgraced they were pleased to bring within by the fanatical raving of the regi- the compass of innovations.” cide Peters, as well as by others of I do not wish to prejudice the the parliamentary preachers, such minds of your readers against any as Marshall, Goodwin, and Rye. individual, but what has once hap

“ The first great interruption pened may again occur; and if we which was made at the officiating are on our guard against the perniof the public Liturgy, was made cious influence of Rome, equally upon a day of humiliation, when all ought we to protect ourselves against the members of the House of Com- the revival of those evils to which I mons were assembled together at have referred. The signs of the St. Margaret's, in Westminster. At times are the same now as those in what time, as the priest began the the reign of Charles, and one useful second service at the Holy Table, precaution which the heads of our some of the Puritans, or Presbyteri- Establishment may take is this, to ans, began a psalm; and were there- enquire into the talent, respectabi, in followed by the rest in so loud a lity, and orthodoxy, of these canditune, that the minister was thereby dates for popular favour; for too forced to desist from his duty, and many of them are the leaders of leave the preacher to perform the a large, powerful, and increasing rest of that day's solemnity. This party. gave encouragement enough to the



Richard Crashaw, the “ Poet and Saint," as he is called by bis

friend and eulogist Cowley, was born sometime in the early part of the seventeenth century; and though bis works abound in the conceits and faults of his school, and are occasionally tinctured with the peculiar tenets of the Romish Faith, which he had been led to adopt during the times of Puritanical extravagance and confusion, yet do they contain several pieces of no ordinary merit, in ease and elegance of expression rarely surpassed, full of feeling and piety, and well deserving to be drawn forth from the rubbish, in which they are buried. “Verte paginas,” concludes the quaint Author of the Preface to his Poems, Look on the following leaves, and see him breathe."

He died about 1650.


Happy me! O happy sleep!
Whom my God vouchsales to keep ;
Even my God, even He it is,
That points me to these ways of bliss,

On whose pastures chearful spring
All the year doth sit and sing,
And rejoicing, smiles to see
Their green backs wear his livery.

Pleasure sings my soul to rest ;
Plenty wears me at her breast,
Whose sweet temper teaches me
Nor wanton, nor in want to be.
At my feet the blubbering mountain
Weeping melts into a fountain,
Whose soft silver-sweating streams
Make high noon forget his beams.

When my way-ward breath is flying,
He calls home my soul from dying,
Strokes and tames my rabid grief,
And does woo me into life.
When my simple weakness strays
(Tangled in forbidden ways)
He-my shepherd-is my guide;
He's before me, on my side,
And behind me~He begailes
Craft in all her knotty wiles.
He expounds the giddy wonder
Of my weary steps, and under
Spreads a path as clear as day,
Where no churlish rub says, nay,
To my joy-conducted feet,
While they gladly go to meet
Grace and peace-to meet new lays
Tun'd to my great Shepherd's praise.

Come now, all ye terrors, sally-
Muster forth into the valley,
Where triumphant darkness hovers
With a sable wing, that covers
Brooding horror.

Come, thou Death ;
Let the damps of thy dull breath
Overshadow even the shade,
And make darkness self afraid ;
There my feet, even there, shall find
Way for a resolved mind.
Still, my Shepherd, still my God,
Thou art with me-still thy rod,
And thy staff whose influence
Gives direction, gives defence.

At the whisper of thy word Crown'd abundance spreads my board ;

Whilst I feast, my foes do feed
Their rank malice, not their need,
So that with the self same bread
They are starved, and I am fed.


head in ointment swims!
How my cup o'erlooks her brims !
So, even so, still may I move
By the line of thy dear love:
Still may thy sweet mercy spread
A shady arm above my head --
About my paths—so shall I find
The fair centre of


Thy Temple, and those lovely walls
Bright ever with a beam, that falls
Fresh from the pure glance of thine eye,
Lighting to eternity.
There I'll dwell-for ever there
Will I find a purer air
To feed my life with-there I'll sup
Balm and nectar in my cup,
And thence my ripe soul will I breath
Warm into the arms of death,


Hear'st thou, my soul, what serious things
Both the Psalm, and Sybill sings,
Of a sure Judge, from whose sharp ray
The world in flames shall fly away.
O that fire! before whose face
Heav'n and earth shall find no place!
O those eyes ! whose angry light
Must be the day of that dread night!
0, that trump! whose blast shall run
An even round with the circling sun,
And urge the murmuring graves to bring
Pale mankind forth to meet his King.
Horror of nature, Hell and Death!
When a deep groan from beneath

We come, we come,” and all
The caves of night answer one call.
O that book! whose leaves so bright
Will set the world in severe light !
O that Judge! whose land, whose eye
None can endure, yet none can fly!

Shall cry,

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