triennial visitations, until he attained kindness and beneficence towards indigent his eightieth year, when lie delivered or distressed individuals, are also recorded a final charge to the clergy, whom by him, which prove that his charity was

not that of ostentation. Dr. Nash has also he bad always addressed with the

left us a beautiful trait of the great good most kind and brotherly condescen

bumour and upruftled temper of the sion). In liis retirement he culti- Bisliop, which displayed itself in a striking vated the acquaintance of his own manner on the accidental destruction of a kindred and early friends, and that favourite barometer by one of bis visitors : of the gentry and mobility of his the notice he took of the matter was conneighbourhood ; and his hours of fined to this simple observation : • Do not more complete privacy, were em

be uneasy, Sir ; I have observed this glass

almost daily for upwards of seventy years, ployed in a frequent correspondence but I never saw it so low before.' with his nearer friends and rela “ This easiness of temper was by some tions; and it was when cases of thought to liave been carried to excess, affliction and distress formed the particularly in the partiality which he topics of his letters, that “ the good shewed towards his old and faithful serbishop's Christian piely, religious vants. If this were a failing, it was one feeling, and heavenly temper, shone nearly allied to virtue, and an overflow of

good feeling. Of these servants, particumost bright. - He then poured forth jarly his steward and his two brothers, he his consolations in a strain of ge- speaks in his letters with unvariable kind. nuine eloquence, encouraging in ness, and lie was pleased to notice theni in others those hopes of a better state his will, bestowing many marks of his which be meekly cherished in him. bounty • in testimony of their diligence, self, and which grew stronger as

tidelity, and affection.'" P. xxxviii. his body decayed." Nor did he

The public virtue and private ex. betray any impatience when he

cellencies of Bishop Hough, are spoke of his owo increased and in

more generally known and apprecreasing infirmities, nor any unea ciated than his literary acquiresiness, when he anticipated his dissolution, which happened in the interior cast, although his modesty

ments, which are nevertheless of no ninetieth

year The following anecdotes exhibit into action, beyond the necessary

hardly allowed him to call them in a striking light the benevolence exigencies of his profession. Four and easiness of temper which dis

charges and nine sermons, with the tinguished this amiable prelate.

exception of the first preached at “ Persons were living within these ten court, have been collected by Mr. years, who in their youth remembered Russell, and offer no unfavourable the Bishop, among whoin was Dr. Nash, specimen of clear and forcible reathe venerable listorian of the county, who soning, and of earnest and impresin his work has added his own testimony sive exlortation, to the high character of the prelate, wlio he says lived in Worcestershire for eighteen

In the Charge delivered at the years, beloved by every one. We are in- primary Visitation of the Diocese of debted to his authority for another instance Worcester, in 1719, the Bishop of the liberality of Dr. Hough, when he briefly shows the advantages which was applied to by one of the managers of may be derived from the periodical the county institutions ; le proposed to meeting of the Bishops and Clergy, five 500l. ; die steward made some hesitation about the njeans of procuring so

assembled for solemn visitation, large a sum, which the Bishop charitably and exhibits a view of the duties of coustrued into a doubt of its not being the Clergy of the Church of Engenough, and immediately doubled it. Å land, which, if it is not original is similar donation of 10001.

, which som he always interesting, because it is alalways kept in his house in a wall in the

ways important. cellar, was made by bim for the building of the Church of All Saints in Worcester, “ We are ministers of Christ....and where a bust of him is placed in gratitude we are such in the Catholic Church, for his munificent begefaction, Acts of we must do all that in us lies to preserve

of his age.


the unity of it. First, by labouring to provision be made that parochial rights and suppress heresy, to ' banish and drive dues be not diminished or encroached away,' as the Office of Ordination ex

upon. And wlien the maintenance is presses it,all erroneous and false doc- small, it will become us to consider, wliat trines that are contrary to God's word, may be done towards the redress of this whereby the unity of the faith is broken ;' heavy grievance, this unfortunate circanaud secondly, by opposing all schismati. stance of our otherwise happy Church, cal notions and doctrines, whereby unity that it may appear we have a fellow fecl. in worship is destroyed. And whilst we ing in the straits to which any of opr are labouring to preserve the true Chris brethren are reduced, and are traly memtian faith and the ancient apostolical dis- bers one of another." P. 3. cipline, we must remember that we have the happiness to be ministers in that part Withont espatiating on the known of the Catholic Church, where by the duties of the Clergy, which are sufblessing and peculiar providence of God ficiently expressed in the Office of they trave been inaintained in the greatest

Ordination, the Bishop proceeds to simplicity of any other under heaven; that we are priests in the Church of England, collect the means of discharging the and therefore have all the obligations that great duty of defending the unity of reason, conscience and interest can lay the Church, from the method in upon us, to keep close to her sentiments; which princes defend their secular to preach the faith not only in substance estates. They calculate the force bot in words, as she has delivered it to us

of the enemy; they dispose and apin her Liturgy and Articles; and to assert that form of government, wbich in all the ply their own force accordingly; essential parts of it the Church has been they suspect the appearance of under from the beginning ; to obey religi- amity in their enemy, and they laoasly her canons and rubrics; to perform bour to prevent jealousy and 'mispunctually what she enjoins, and in such understanding at home. These remanner as she prescribes; and lastly, to marks are briefly applied and shown conform our lives to her precepts, that, to be consistent with the true policy as she expresses it, we may be whole of the Church in her militant state, some and godly examples and patterns for the people to follow. We must further, and especially under the hostility of as we are members of a national Church, the Papists, which there was at that contribute what we can to the honour, time the most reason to apprehend. welfare, and interest of it : and in order The Charge delivered at the Seto this, I promise myself that you, my cond Triennial Visitation, in 1722, brethren, will be nice and scrupulous on is an enlarged paraphrase and com. , your parts, never to recommend any persons to me for hoiy orders, but snch as you mentary on the first Epistle to firmly believe, nay in some measure know Timothy, with the spirit of whose to be fitly qualified ; that you will faith instructions the Church of England fully inform me of such as you know ne is shewn to correspond. In this, glect their duties, but especially of such Charge the House of God is shown as bring scandal upon their most holy pro- in opposition to the Romanists, and fession: and in short, that wherever the

to their assumed claim of infallibi., Cause of religion in general, or of our established economy in particular, is con

lity, 10 not the Catholic cerned, you will remember that it is, and Church, but a particular Church, ought to be, onr joint care; and never primarily, the Church of Ephesus fail to give me your advice and assistance, with its dependencies, and by acthat we may act together as effectual y as commodation any national Church. we can for her service. Nor must we for. It is well observed, that it is gel, that without sliameful ingratitude, and falling justly under the impntation of ...." owing to the wonderful wisdom wanting zeal for the interest of the Churdli, and goodness of God, in putting his Church we cannot omit or lessen our care of her under such an economy as would oblige patrimony. It is our duty to see that the the officers of it to preserve the truth places of public worship be supported and entire, many times in contradiction to well repaired, and if not beautifully adorn- their own principles and practices : for by ed, yet at least decently and cleanly kept; giving the Apostles a co-ordinate power, that by terriers and other legal ways, the Churches they planted became (as to


jurisdiction) independent of each other; tain his own ground, that he should and by appointipg a snbordination of minis- cultivate extensive charity, that he ters in the respective Churches, they not should exhibit a good example, only were mutually assisting to each other in preserving the truth, but were checks against which there shall be no exupon each other when any one of them ception, and that he should not give made an attempt to deprave it.” P. 35. way, to unwarrantable concessions

and compliances. The practical The Charge delivered at the third application of these rules may be Triennial Visitation, in 1725, claims followed by little of popular admieven now the most scrupulous at- ration and applause, but it will even. tention, and a practical conformity in the present day fix and secure the with its valuable instructions. It respect and esteem of the Dissenters opens with a high compliment to themselves, as was seen in the last the character of the Clergy of the illness of Mr. Taylor of Dedham, diocese of Worcester at that period, than whom no man more strictly and of their order in the discharge acted the part of a Churchman, of their sacred offices. Hence the and who nevertheless received the Bishop proceeds to their several public prayers of the Dissenters in duties, of reading the prayers and his own neighbourhood and the administering the sacraments, in constancy of whose administrations which he recommends a becoming was commended from their pulpits. decency, equally free from levity The Charge delivered at the and from affectation; of catechizing fourth Triennial Visitation, in 1728, and instructing of youth in the prin- exhibits the nature and practice of ciples of Christianity, the neglect of charity in its application to Deists, to which on the part of parents, re.

Heretics, to Schismatics, to men of sulting in ignorance and indiffer. profligate and men of careless habits, ence, and the necessity of resorting and to those who are members of to which, on the part of the Clergy, the household of faith, whose sevefor the instruction both of the higher ral conditions and claims upon Chris. and the lower classes of society, are tian benevolence are justly and fordescribed with apostolical force and cibly described. earnestness; the Bishop lastly ad The Sermon “ on Christ's Kingverts to the duty of preaching, dom" was preached at Worcester

, which in its ordinary acceptation is and the preacher shows that Christ, not alone sufficient for the edifica- by calling himself a king, would have tion of the Church. To the neglect given offence to the Romans, and of catechizing, and to the popular by denying his royal character, delusion of the power of public would have exasperated the Jews, preaching without a previous cate. His kingdom is explained of religichetical establishment of religious ous influence in the heart, and of principles, may be traced many of the Church in its militant and trithe errors of our own day; much umphant state, nor was it deemed of the ignorance which disgraces, necessary to insist on the more aud of the infidelity which would doubtful doctrine of Christ's perdestroy, much of the heresy which soval reign upon the earth. This has corrupted, and much of the kingdom of Christ was originally schism which has divided, and by

established, and must ever be supdivision weakened the Church. In ported by, persuasive preaching respect of the Dissenters, whom it and exemplary practice. is now hardly possible to avoid in In the Sermon " on God's Judgthe discharge of parochial duties, ments," is proved the weakness of especially in the country, the Bishop the several arguments, which in recommends, that the Churchinan order to invalidate the moral law of hould labour constantly to main- God, have been collected from the

consideration of human nature, from an incomplete, imperfect state, and therethe mercy of God, and from the al- fore it must, by a necessary consequence, leged disproportion between sin and follow, that there should come a time when its punishment. That public sins

their souls and bodies should be united,

and made as perfect as their natures would bring down the judgments of the admit." P. 153. Almighty may be clearly seen in war, in pestilence, and in the debi. In the practical improvement of litating energies of vice.

the argument the Bishop maintains, The third Sermon is " on the that Christ has not encouraged the Resurrection of the Body." St. hope, nor are the principles of bis Paul, in his elaborate discourse on religion adapted to the attainment, the resurrection, 1 Cor. xv. argued of temporal happiness: the nature in refutation of philosophers who of real and false happiness is often admitted the immortality of the overlooked; and while the Christian sout, but despised the body; and is not excluded from this world's for the instruction of such as could good, if he seeks it in moderation not understand the resurrection on

and in subordination to higher purwhich St. Paul insists, because even poses, he has, in the hope of more the immortality of the soul was permanent happiness, a motive of denied by some, and where it was patience and resignation under all. admitted it was not sufficient with the changes and chances of morout the resurrection of the body. tality. In the prosecution of his argument,

The points on which the Bishop the Bishop naturally adverts to our insists, in the Sermon "on Worldly Lord's argument for the resurrec. Cares," are, tion, from the title under which God

« First, That the most necessary cares spake to Moses at the bush:

of this life, even those that are employed " How does this prove the resurrection

in the support of life itself, are not in their

own nature subservient to our spiritual of the body? God is their God, and he is,

interests. pot the God of the dead. What then? Does this prove any thing more than that fered to grow and multiply upon us, they

Secondly, That where they are snfthe souls of Ibraham, Isaac, and Jacob, do live, or exist? Are we not sure that

are prejudicial and, in the end, fatal to it. their bodies are dead and dissolved? And

“ Thirdly, By way of inference, that, would not God be their God, and the God therefore, we onght to change the object of the living too, though they should never

of our cares, think less of ourselves and rise again? This has occasioned some com

more of other people, make their welfare

our business and concery, and this would mentators to say, that our Saviour levelled his argument at that opinion of the Saddu- certainly yield us fruit in another life.”

P. 176. cees, that there was neither angel nor spirit; and that this being the ground of their The conclusion of this discourse disbelief of the resurrection of the body, is conceived in a style of unusual he thought it enough to remove the foun- boldness for a courily audience, dation of their scruple ; and it is plain, say they, it was enough, for the Sadducees

and suggests inquiries which, in found nothing to reply. But this will not every age of luxury and folly, and satisfy, for our Lord plainly asserts it to in every class of society, from the be an argnment for the resurrection of the prince to the peasant, it is necessary body; and it is below the dignity of his to institute, but not pleasant to re; reasoning to make it no more than an solve. argument ad hominem, wliich sort of arguments are of sufficient force, indeed, to • Since our worldly cares are so dansilence the adversary, but do not always gerous, what shall we say to those who are prove the point. His meaning, therefore, perpetually employed in the pursuit of and the force of his argument must be this; their vices and gratifying their passions ? that the souls of the patriarchs did, as If necessary food scarce deserves onr appeared from that text, exist in a sepa- thoughts, what shall we say to those that Fale state; that all separate souls were in study the art of gluttony, that count it ay

accomplishment to understand (as they usefully; that are still mighty busy withcall it) good eating, are more solicitons out real business; restless and unquiet, about dressing than obtaining the meat, yet always idle; hurrying from one place and value a dish more for the novelty than and company to another withont any prethe wholesome nourishment it affords? meditated design or occasion: they keep What shall we say to that unreasonable their minds constantly apon the futter, in expence of time which their servants are a perplexed sort of motion, that has no at in providing and ordering before, and peculiar tendency, and the main business, themselves after, it appears at the table? after all, is only to shun themselves, to What shall we say to that profuse charge keep those uneasy innates their consciwirich the bare disguising of their meat ences from setting their sins and follies amounts to, where so much pains are before their eyes. I hope none that hear taken to disguise what God had blessed, me this day fall under this character: if and to render wholesonie diet uneasy to they do, I am sure the greatest part of the stomach, only that it may more grate what I have said is very unseasonable and fully tonch the palate as it passes? Do inapplicable to them. I would recomthese men think they are laudably em mend business, worldly business, to these ployed, or that this is not taking thonglit rather than none at all; and I do not ques. for the body in its most criminal sense? tion but he that exercises his thoughts It is carrying their thoughits infinite de- regularly and coherently, thongia the subgrees beyond what our Saviour seems here ject may not be altogether such as one to apprehend; and how lightly soever would wislı, is much nearer heaten 'than a they may esteem of this sin, this despica- thoughtless, careless man; for he that uses ble, and unmanly vice, it will belove them to think will sometimes think right: and seriously to consider what St. Paul says to if God, at such a time, shall please to the Philippians concerning some carnal afford him the grace of repentance, he is Christians of that time, and how far his already naturally disposed for the business words are applicable to themselver : of another life; but the other renders him. • Many walk,' says he, of whom I have self an unfit person even for grace to work told you ofien, and now tell you weeping, upon; he has brought his mind to a sensethat they are enemies to the cross of less inactivity, so as neither to apprehend Christ, whose end is destruction, whose wherein the dignity of its nature (consists) god is their belly, whose glory is in their nor prosecute those euds for which it was shame, who mind earthly things.'

created." P. 190. : “ If the kingdom of God and bis righteousness is to be our first and chiefest care,

In the Sermon “ on the thirtieth what shall we say to those that never ad- of January, before King William,” mit him into their thoughts? Whose whole the Bishop alludes distantly and lite is spent in the pursuit of folly, shifting the scene from one vice to another, and indistinctly to the conduct and chawhose most innocent intervals are idleness racter of Charles I. and shows that and impertinence? Nay, wliat shall we say a kingdom is divided by divisions to lose that do despite to ile name and between the king and people, or by worship of God? That laughs at revelation factions of the people under prebecause they know not how it is conveyed, and ridicule religion as a politic contri.

tence of religion. These factions vance? That degrade the Son of God him

are justly attributed to pride; to an self because they cannot comprehend the imaginary necessity of propagating mystery of liis godhead, and insolently set opinions; to a belief that they are up their own wisdom against the testimony deserted who cannot apprehend the of the eternal word?......

« The tbird and last inference I shall alleged importance of the doctrines make is, that if contemplation be the true propagated; and to the officious

intrusiveness of wicked men. and proper business of the other life, for

There is a Sermon “ on the Abun. which we must prepare ourselves in this, hy withdrawing, as much as we can, from dance of Riches,” showing how they sensible objects, and beirig ready and dis are expended, how they expose to posed when God shall call us to enter upon temptation, prevent reproof, and that state, how utterly incapable do people perplex the pursuit of eternity. render themselves of the place who never

The inferences are, Think not of accustom themselves to think at all? There are such shadows of men in the world that posthumous charity; Be watchful; wever think seriously, that wever think Take no care for rieles.

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