narchy, establishing a religion upon person in this country can ascertaia the ruin and degradation of the ihe relative merits of the Turkish priesthood, and securing the ba- and Grecian troops? Who can say lance of national liberty by the en that the butcheries have been all on tire omission of the aristocracy. one side? What proof has yet been The whole is worthy of those who given that the atrocities committed were so far gone in political dotage by the Turks were not produced by as to send to our sapient Jeremy equal atrocities on the side of Bentham for a code of laws of the Greece? If once we recognise the newest fashion, and then to quarrel principle of foreign interference for with the old gentleman for not cute ihe redress of domestic wrongs, ting out the work according to a fa. where is that interference to stop? vourite pattern of their own. To Every band of discontented subjects suffer the peace of the Continent to will believe that insurrection is a be endangered by mediating be- duty; and every ambitious or idle tween these persons and their legi- monarch will feel bimself called timate but infatuated king, would upon to take their part. Let the be equally useless and wicked. Greeks make the best of their own Spaniards of all classes, parties, interesting cause — let them avail and sentiments, must be left to learn themselves of any private assistance wisdom in the school of adversity, which they may be able to procure, and the period of the lesson will be but let not the peace of the world prolonged by an injudicious attempt be broken, or even be endangered, at curtailing it.

from a romantic wish to assist those Between Turkey and Greece the who may liberate themselves if they question is represented as less self. are worthy or capable of liberation. evident, and persons whose opinions On the whole, nothing can be are entitled to considerable weight, more honourable than the station to have said that the cruelly on one be occupied by this country at the side, and the sufferings on the other, approaching Congress. Speaking are sufficient to justify the interpo- individually and selfishly, she has sition of a third party. And that nothing to win or lose, and little to Russia should be permitted if not hope or fear. Her concern is for recommended to increase her enor- the general welfare of the human mous power, and obtain a direct race, and she will promote it by the communication with the Mediterra- preservation and consolidation of neau Sea, by taking the States of peace: she has no exclusive or preGreece, under her immediate pro- ponderating attachments to partitection. In this reasoning, specious cular courts, or particular courses, as it is, we are unable to acquiesce. but is ready, in every debate, to In pretending to determine the de. cast the whole of her weiglit into gree of misgovernment which can the scale of reason, equity, and hojustify the interposition of a foreign nour-she possesses a great moral power, the advocates of Grecian influence in the world, and it behoves liberation undertake what it is im- her to exert it, in the support, not possible to perform; and what might of Utopian perfection or imaginary be turned, if it could be performed, rights, but of practicable improveinto a dangerous precedent. What ment, of permanent tranquillity.

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. An English Churchman ; A Notice of an Edition of the New Testament in the Malabaric Character, printed in the beginning of the last century: N. R. A, and R, L, have been received.

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SERMON FOR THE FIFTH OF cious undertaking. But St. Paul's NOVEMBER.

assailants did not scruple to make Acts xxiii. 12.

their covenant and to strike their " And when it was day, certain of the league with God. They take God Jews banded together, and bound them to witness to their secret, and bind selves under a curse, saying that they it with a solemn oath upon their would neither eat or drink till they had consciences.

They called down killed Paul."

death upon themselves, if any of the In this desperate league against the band should draw back before the life of the Apostle, the words which bitter purpose should be accomour Redeemer had spoken during plished. Many such patterns and the season of his ministry, were disc examples of a voluntary league in tinctly brought to pass : “ the hour bad designs have derived their

origin cometh," said the merciful Re. from the phrenzy and delusions of a deemer, “ when whosoever killeth zeal thus raging and mistaken. The you, will think that he doeth God world has been filled with bloodshed, service.”

and the fair face of Christendom It is clear that the conspiracy re has been sullied by such stains of corded in the text was set on foot scandal and disgrace. The Church and founded on the grossest misper- itself has been haunted with such suasion of what might be acceptable furies not less hard to be cast out before God. The design itself was

than the wicked spirits which poscommunicated to the Chief Priests sessed meu heretofore ; worse, ine and Elders. The same sort of en deed, if possible, in some respects, couragement was thus a second time for those wicked spirits yielded to held forth as the price of blood, by. the voice of the Redeemer : but the which Judas had before been coun word of the same Lord has borne tenanced in his base design. an ineffectual witness against the fire

In the case of Judas, there was and steel of persecution. His own indeed another motive at the bot. name has been called to sanction tum. It was not religious zeal which what his own word forbids. operated in his mind, but sordid It behoves us, then, to consider avarice. He cast away bis soul and well in what

way such mischievous forfeited his own high privilege in excesses may be best prevented, The Christian household, for the and how to make the fittest use of poor bribe of a little silver. The recollections and memorials which engagement into which Judas enter will bid fair to partake of the same ed was also different in this respect, bad spirit of hostility, if they pass that it was transacted only with the a single foot beyond the bounds of Rulers of the Jewish state, whose thankiulness for past deliverance, of malice led them to favour that atro necessary caution, and of sincere


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regret for any sparks which may seat of Christ, against whose chosen remain of persecuting rage. It witness and disciple they formed behoves us to consider then by what their barbarous league and planned test such purposes or such engage- this deliberate attempt. meyts may be tried; and by what The first conclusion then to be means all approaches to them may collected from a settled standard, be shunned or counteracted. We founded on the laws of truth and shail thus be able to form a proper righteousness, will be this—that the judgment of the case to which the Sovereign Ruler is not bound to text alludes, and of that event to change the measure of his judg. which it bears so much resemblance, ment as men vary their opinions; or which we are this day required to to relax his laws, because man perkeep in memory, that the crime may verts his reason and pursues deceitbe detested, as it well deserves, and ful and peruicious courses when that the rescue, the benefits of prejudice obscures his understandwhich descend to us, may be thank- ing, and when headlong passions fully acknowledged.

may prevail to warp his way. This We shall not have far to seek for one sound conclusion will be suffithat universal test or standard with. . cient to direct our whole inquiry on out which it would be impossible to the subject now before us, and to try the spirits of men, or to prove fix our judgment on the several inwith certainty the quality and nature stances which we have to consider of their actions or their pleas. at this time : for it will convince us

We have to bless God for establish- of two things— first, that meu may ing the ties of moraland religious duty err, and be guilty before God, when upon uniform and solid principles. they break bis law, though they do Thus the rules of truth and righte- it in the confidence of mispersuaousness are subject to no change or sion. Whatever be the shades of variation : they answer to the known difference in such cases, by which perfections of the Sovereign Lord, they stand distinguished from wanand are coufirmed to us by such de. ton or malicious trespasses, yet the monstrations as he hath been pleas. transgression may be always traced ed to furnish of his will.

to some faulty dispositions, and are Thus the boundaries of good and accompanied with some misconduct evil are not fluctuating and uncer. and then, that it is a false and most tain things, which custom or opi- pernicious maxim directly contrary nion may be suffered to confound: to the fixed standard of things, good they are not the tickle or imaginary or evil, that evil may be done that lines of limitation or prescription good may follow. which may vary with men's humours, Let us take the first of these rules or change with their fanciful con- into our consideration. The cavils ceits: they are not things which which are often raised against the human policy or arbitrary notions pattern of unalterable rectitude, are may new model or controul. We intricate and subtle: they have led may be convinced of this by one some men to conclude that there is consideration which presents itself no other standard of what is right most readily, and arises from the than sincerity alone; and where case before us : for if the force of that is found, or where it is presummispersuasion were enough to sanc-ed, the sentence of acquittal is suptify unrighteous deeds and to change posed to follow at the great tribunal. their nature, then might this band They who urge this plea, are apt af wicked men, who sought the life to overlook the requisite conditions of the Apostle, stand up in the great which belong to it, and which alone day of account, and vindicate their can operate to give it any weight at whole attempt even at the judgment all. They forget how many false

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steps may be made; how many Io St. Paul's case we know well duties may be violated; how indo what those false principles of con. lent and careless men may be, where

duct were.

They sprang from Jewthey should be vigilant and cauti. ish prejudices ; from that overous; how deaf to others, and how weening zeal for which our Lord so hasty in their own inquiries or con often taxed the Pharisees ; declar, clusions, before they come to act on ing that they compassed sea and mispersuasions. But their guilt, land to make one proselyte, who be. without all doubt, must be propor came no better for the change, but tioned to all these previous acts of by treading in the steps and imbib . carelessness or folly; of arroganceing the bad spirit of their guides, or pride ; of haste and inconsidera. became as full of pride and inalice tion. The case of St. Paul himself, as themselves; nay, worse ; since in a former period of his life, sup the zeal of proselytes is commonly plies a memorable proof of this, most ardent and excessive. When his penitent confessions testify our Lord's disciples asked for fire that the stains of guilt, whatever be from heaven to descend on the Sai its measure or degree, may cleave to maritans, they received that signifi. the delusions which subvert men's cant and keen rebuke, “ Ye know judgment and inspire them with not what spirit ye are of;" they false confidence, and lead them to lost sight of the nature of religious mistake atrocious misdeeds for very homage in general, and of the spelaudable attempts.

cial tender of the Gospel in partiSt. Paul had persecuted and as cular, with its grants of mercy and saulted others in the same way in salvation, and its strong inducewhich he was now beset in this con ments, grounded on those proffered federacy: but when he perceived blessings, to mutual kindness and his error, he confessed the guilt by good-will. They lost sight for a wbich it was accompanied : he de- moment, till recalled by their Lord's plored it with the liveliest sorrow, admonition, of the great end of his and testified on this account the coming; of his doctrines, precepts, deepest tokens of contrition.

and above all of his example and the Impossible it is to think that men whole tenor of his life and conduct. can commit gross crimes, and yet We have touched one false prin. claim the praise of good deeds, and ciple, that of blind and headlong applaud themselves, except they zeal, which is always coupled with have first departed from the fixed the wish to raise a party and to win rules of righteousness, and the most adherents among men.

Another ackuowledged dictates of the will of source of misconception and upreaGod. Some false principle must be sonable zeal arises from reversing introduced to transport them beyond the just rules of comparison, and the settled boundaries and measures preferring things of less value to of their ordinary obligations, and things of chief importance. Of the rules of righteous dealings: and this false mode of estimating things, the question will be how that mis the Pharisee was again the known conception was first fostered or ad- example. He preferred the temple mitted.

and its ceremonies, with his own Let us consider for a moment ridiculous inventions and observ. what those delusive and perverse ances of washings and traditionary conceptions often prove to be. By niceties, self-imposed, and fit only tracing some of these pernicious to engender pride and singularity, trains of error we may easily dis- he preferred such things to peace cover what the motives were which and holiness, to clemency and jusoperated in the several examples tice, nay, to the message of salvanow before usa

tion when it sounded in his ears,

and was brought home even to his tion, and no deference but that of own door.

mutual love. The delusion of those zealots The statutes of our own realm in who now assailed St. Paul was of this early times, and through whole pekind : and so, to say the truth, were riods of our history, prove to dethe delusions which too soon crept monstration the resistance which into the Christian Church. Bitter was made against such claims in strifes and persecutions were soon this land, and shew us plainly that excited for things of far less moment the rights and privileges of our than that peace and that good-will native Church were not tamely which were so often sacrificed to yielded. In fact, they gave way by idle contests.

slow degrees, as large portions of The first contention of this sort the western world resigned their which was raised within the bosom liberty, and suuk under ihe porten. of the Christian Church after some tous yoke. heresies had been suppressed by With what joy then may we call the word of the apostle and the tes. to mind that the knowledge of the timony of the Sacred Scriptures, Gospel was welcomed at an early the first internal feud which took period in this land, long before the place so early in the Christian era, Roman mission could set foot in it related to the time of celebrating and that the call to reformation the solemnities of the paschal feast. was as gladly and as readily reThe whole Church was embroiled in ceived. this dispute for a season. Our own It is an ungrateful thing to turn history presents a memorable in. the thoughts to themes of controstance of this kind. Thus when a versy and dispute. They are the solemà mission at a later period thorny paths in which the fruits of came from the Roman see into this bitterness have prevailed in much realm of Britain, where the faith of abundance. It would seem to be a Christ had been long since planted, trespass on the rule which was first instead of that affectionate concern put forward in this discourse, were to impart the best aids and advices, I in this place of assembly to prefer a claim was iostantly set up by the disputed topics to those which relate Romish missionaries to dictate on to our common duty and our coma point of discipline and usage. mon hope. In all ordinary cases it They insisted that the British would be sufficient for us to rejoice Churches should forego their cus in our own freedom, vindicated and tom in that same point of celebrat recovered, as it has been, by many ing Easter. On their refusal to sub an hard fought contest, and confirm. mit to foreign customs, urged thused to us by the blood of martyrs in with an assumed authority which this land. The yoke is broken, and was deemed to be subversive of their the fetters cast aside. We have to Christian liberty and independence, bless God for it, and to guard the a bitter persecution followed, and privilege from new assaults. much blood was spilt.

I will add but a few words then Conformable to this pattern has on the controverted topics. Let been the conduct of the Romish see, any who would try the merits of the and those by whom its claims have question without entering on a wide been set forward and supported in and boundless field of disputation, succeeding ages. The same spirit look only for a moment to the last was excited until they contrived to synodical and public acts of that force a temporal dominion and a Church, by which the sentence 'and feigned authority by perpetual in- decrees of a Council called and croachments, upon states and em managed by themselves, were bound pires, which owed them no subjec. upon the necks and consciences of

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