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pute them.

all who adhere to their commu rally necessary to salvation to enter vion.

into holy orders; or that all men In that council held at Trent, should contract a relation in life twelve articles were added to the which these innovators cbuse to common and acknowledged Creeds forbid to men in holy orders, against or Symbols of the Christian Church : the known examples of our Lord's and a bold anathema was pronounc apostles. If they extend the defied against all such as should dis. nition to things of a sacred charac

ter with significant or expressive ceDo but try if any one of those remonies attached to them, they particulars can be compared in might enlarge the number of the value with the necessary points of Sacraments much further. faith to which they were thus added. 4. They hold that men are justiConsider too, if any one of them fied in some sort by pleas of merit. have the shadow of divine authority, We restrain the only meritorious or the slightest colour of support cause of our salvation and acceptfrom Scripture.

ance before God to the death and These following, then, were the merits of one oply righteous Saviour, points determined :

who purchased both forgiveness and 1. They hold, that tradition is a eternal glories by the satisfaction necessary rule of faith. We judge which he wrought, and by his entire the Word of God to be the single submission to fulfil all righteousness, standard of belief, whatever uses the benefits of which redound to may be made of traditionary evi. such as will receive his word, redence ; and that two rules cannot pent, believe, and take him for their possibly subsist with equal claims. Lord and leader, according to the

2. They hold the Fathers of the known terms of the covenant of Church to be the received inter- grace. preters of Scripture, upon whose 5. They hold, that the conse. word also we must therefore build crated elements in the Eucharist not our faith. We respect their write only represent, convey, and seal to ings and their judgment, and use us the real influences and effects of them gladly, and defer much to Christ's body broken, and bloodshed them; but we do not allow them an for us, but that they are changed authority which they never claimed, into the very substance of that body and were never qualified to exercise. and that blood, which is to destroy They made no claim to inspiration, at once the nature of a Sacrament and therefore could expect no de. in which there is the sign which ference but in conformity to the signifies, and the thing which is so same standard which both they and signified: but in their notion (which we acknowledge. They who make contradicts the testimony of the superior claims at any time, must senses, and the figurative import of prove them as our Lord's apostles our Lord's words and their spiritual did, if they hope to be believed. meaning) there is the substance only

3. They hold that the number of or thing signified, but no sign. Our the Christian Sacraments extends to Lord, in a similar instance, where

If they mean ordinances in- his words were as grossly miscona stituted by our Lord himself, and ceived, explained them to his folgenerally necessary to salvation, lowers," it is the Spirit which prowhich are the essential characters fiteth; the flesh profiteth nothing :" of Baptism and the Supper of our and it is a known rule of the faLord, they must shew that the five thers applied to this very case, that sacraments which they have added, where a literal construction of the possess

such marks. But this is words of Scripture imply a meaning impossible, unless it can be geue- cither horrid, or impossible in na

seven.

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ture, the figurative sense is certainly what hard shifts men will make to intended.

defend what they impose on others. • They hold also, that in this or They hold also that images may dinance of Christ, there is not only be used in religious worship; and the commemoration of his death, honoured too with some sort of reand the conveyance, and the pledges ligious veneration : against the plain of its saving benefits, but the real word of the commandment; against sacrifice itself, renewed from time to the known practice of the Church time; against the known and decis for ages, when the Christians would sive suffrage of the Scripture, that without all doubt, had they used Christ's sufficient sacrifice and ob- such things, been subject to the lation of himself was offered once retort of the Heathen, who made for all.

the same pleas which are now em. 6. They hold that the cup in the ployed for the same practice. We Sacrament may be withhield; al. have their dialogues, their answers though Christ said " drink ye all of to the early. confessors, but not a it :" and that this Sacrament which word of any such eavil or reply: Christ ordained in both kinds, is The nice distinctions invented to entirely given and sufficiently admi- defend the use of images are so pe. nistered in one. bolder or more rilous that barely to repeat them, is desperate infraction of our Lord's sufficiently to show the danger. own ordinance and express direction, Thus it is pretended, that the wor. cannot be conceived ; and yet this ship is but paid before them, not to daring mutilation of the Sacrament them, and is offered by their means has been obtruded with unrelenting to the real object. How manifest is perseverance on the Christian world. the peril of trusting to distinctions

7. They hold that there is a state of this sort! How sad the case of of purgatory for those departed out those who lose sight of such refineof this life, and therefore a second ments for a moment, in their praccourse of discipline after this term tice; and how great is the scandal of trial, in order to a better hope: to the unconverted heathen who are although onr Lord reminds us that confirmed thus in their superstiwe must work “whilst it is day,” tions ! But it is said too, that the that is, whilst the loan of life en commandment does not forbid the dures, “for the night cometh” (the making or worshipping of images, night of death) “ when no man can but of idols; that is images of false work,” and when that which is fi- gods, the creatures of imagination, nished here must remain for future or the representatives of what none and inevitable judgment.

should worship were they present. i 8. They hold that the Saints are But (not to mention that there is to be worshipped and invoked in not a word about idols in the conorder that they may pray to God mandment, but of images) what for us; although no one can pos- shall we make of the solemn charge sibly explaiu to us in what way they of Moses, or what can we think was can be present every where to hear in his mind when he admonished the supplications of their votaries; Israel, that when God spake to and although the Scriptures teach them, they saw no manner of simius so distinctly that there is but litude, and must therefore make one mediator between God and man, none, to bow down to it, or before and that his intercession is alone it; to worship it; and surely we effectual and sufficient--the con may add, to use it for this end as an ceit that God reveals to the Saints, intermediate object. in some way, the prayers of their Although God permitted images votaries, in order to receive their in the ark and in the temple, certain prayers for them, shews sufficiently it is they were not to be worshipped,

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The chief of them were placed in a off the earth, nor shall the gates of part of the temple not frequented hell prevail agaiust his Church. for that purpose, and which was They claim implicit deference to only entered once a year by the the Council held at Trent, which high priest alone, who never wor had no just pretension to be acshipped them, or produced them for counted general, and which put the that purpose. That the cherubim last hand to these disputed points, were not to be worshipped we may and bound them by a fixed and ribe quite sure, if we will but regard gorous decree as points of faith and the answer given by the angel, when duty upon the consciences of men. présent, to St. Joon: see thou do Such are the things distinctly it not ; for I am thy fellow ser, stated and determined in those artivant."

cles which have been added to the 9. They hold that the power of Christian Creed: and concerning granting pardons and indulgences such things have the fires of persewas left to the dispensation of the cution been kindled through the Church, to be purchased and be world! stowed at pleasure, a practice too I have no wish to dwell longer on gross to need a comment. The best them. It is enough to recite them, comment was the Reformation, which and to leave them for their refutation was particularly stimulated and pro to the word of Scripture, and the moted by this mercenary traffic. common reason of mankind.

19. They hold that the Roman That love of peace and good will, Church is the mother and mistress and that concern for many whose of all others : although the Churches errors are the growth of early preof Antioch and Jerusalem took place judice and education ; in a word, of her, beyond all question, both in that spirit of forbearance which we order and precedence; and although have before shewn to be so justly the Eastern Church was raised to preferable to disputable and disequal honours by acts of council, when puted matters of opinion, require us the empire was transferred there. when the necessary work of caution

11. They hold that the Roman against that violence which turns Pontiff is supreme as vicar and vice- opinion into persecution, shall be gerent of Christ Jesus: and all this satisfied, and when the debt of because he sits in the chair where thankfulness for former rescue-shall St. Peter sat, though not always be rendered, to look for more profitnor exclusively. But that Apostle able topics of reflection; observing never exercised this supremacy, as only that some false principle must is plain from what passed at Jeru- have roused that zeal which could salem in the case of the Gentiles; plan the death of others, in so many and from the temporary difference cases, for the sake of such opinions, with St. Paul: nor has he ever been even if they had more truth in them, succeeded by men inspired of God or more colour of it, than indeed as he was.

they have. 12. And lastly they hold that a And this leads us to that faulty general submission must be rendered principle wbich remains to be conto the canons and councils of the sidered, that what is thought to be Church; authorities which we res a good design will sanctify the worst pect, but not as unerring or infalli. means for attaining it. There is ble. There was no such privilege little time now to discuss this mon. for the Church of God in Israel, or strous principle. Suffice it that St. to any Christian Churches of the Paul explodes it with the strongest Eastern or the Western world; though marks of sorrow for any one apthe truth of God shall never fail from proach which he made to it on his

own part, and brands it with the was aimed at the chief persons in keenest censure that it never may the State. be named without abhorrence.

There are points of near resem. Most gladly shall I turu now to blance which might well unite the such inferences as will serve best to offices appointed for their joint meguard us against all inclinations to morial on this day. We have to that false zeal which gives birth to bless God for the double rescue. hatred and to cruelty. Alas! the The good fruits have endured to evil disposition has not been con. this hour, and cannot be too vigifined to Rome: but wherever it sub- lantly guarded. They rest upon sists, it creates implacable resent- the solid and perpetual principles ments, and sets forward desperate of truth, equity, and public benefit. designs.

Let us remember that whatever And what then are the sure pre we hold dear in this life is protected ventives, and the welcome remedies? by the government under which we They are these,--that we should ad. live; that God requires obedience here to the main rules of truth and to it, as promoting those ends, not righteousness, and think no advan. from fear only, but where a good tage well obtained in matters civil conscience can be kept, for consci. or religious, which are purchased by ence sake. the sacrifice of those sure principles Such is the sound discipline of which form the common basis of equal laws and well poised and well prosperity in Church and State; regulated power, without which a that we should weigh things accord- great people may become as helping to their real worib, and give the less as a feeble company of mispreference to what is best. Our guided and divided men; without blessed Lord determined this, when which a multitude may be as an he declared that mercy was better heap of sand, upon whose shifting than sacrifice; and that a breach of surface no substantial fabric, civil charity was much worse than a or religious, can be built. breach of form. To which the apos Let the common standard then of tle joins his suffrage, reminding us truth and justice, of mutual duties that “the wrath of man worketh and of mutual good will, be the rule not the righteousness of God." to which we look ; illustrated in all

But I hasten to the next main points, as it has been, and enhanced topic of consideration, for indeed by many special ties of faith and there are two special subjects of re. fellowship established in this land.' ligious thankfulness which demand Let us so look to Him who is the our notice on this day.

source of truth and equity, of mercy We have to testify our gratitude and salvation, the common arbiter not only for deliverance from the of men and nations, the sure pros danger once so craftily contrived; tector of those who take his will for but for securing to us the blessings the rule of theirs, and his word for of good government, established as their stay. it bas been so happily in this land, To Him, to God the Father, Son, after new attempts upon the faith and Holy Ghost, be ascribed all hoand privileges, the civil and religious nour and worship, all praise and rights of its inhabitants. To å ge- thanksgiving, heuceforth and for nerous people the destruction of such privileges was a calamity of no

J. H. P. less magnitude than the blow which

ever.

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS.

(Continued.) Illustrations from Natural History. There is a place in Arabia, near

the city Butos, which I visited for FLYING SERPENTS.

the purpose of obtaining information Isaiah xxx. 6.

concerning the winged serpent. I « The burden of the beasts of the South :

saw here a prodigious quantity of into the land of trouble and anguish, from serpents' bones, and ribs placed on whence come the young and old lion, the heaps of different heights. They viper aud fiery flying serpent." Draco affirm that in the commencement of Volans. Lin. Flying Dragon Nat. every spring, these winged serpents Misc. I. pl. 8. Shaw, V. p. 177. fly from Arabia towards Egypt, but The very name of this genus con

that the Ibis here meets and de veys to the mass of mankind the stroys them.--Herodot. Eutarpe 75, idea of some formidable monster,

Vol. i. p. 302. and recals to the imagination the

Il y a plusieurs autres serpens wild fiction of romance and poetry : pár Egypte dont navons point paré but the animal distinguished by that

car les plus dangereux sont ceux title in modern natural history is a

qu'avons dit. Et pour ceque nous small harmless lizard, agreeing in

sommes trouvez a voir des corps the general form of its body with

embaumez et tous entiers, de certhe rest of that tribe; but furnished

tains serpens aillez et qui ont pieds, with large, expansile, cutaneous qu'on dit voler de la partie d'Arabie processes, covered like the rest of en Egypte, en avons cy devant mis the animal with small scales, and le portrait.-Observations de plustrengthened internally by several sieur singularitez en Asie. P. 297. radii or ribs, extending to the extreme verge of the membrane, and

QUAILS. giving the power of contraction and

Numb. xi. 31. dilatation. As this is a circumstance which separates it from the

“ And there went forth a wind from the rest of the lizard tribe, Linnæus was

Lord, and brought quails from the sea,

and let them fall by the camp." induced to institute for it a distinct genus under the title above men Actisanes bore his prosperity tioned, and wbich it seems more with great moderation ; and carried proper to retain, than to rank the himself kindly and obligingly to all animal, as some have done, under his subjects. Against robbers he the genus Lacerta.

contrived a notable device, neither The dragon is an inhabitant of putting them that were guilty to many parts of Asia and Africa, death, nor wholly acquitting or diswhere, like most of the smaller lis charging them from punishment. zards, it' delights in wandering For he caused all that were guilty, about trees; and from the peculiar to be brought together from all mechanism of its lateral membranes, parts of the country ; and after a is enabled to spring from bough to just and strict enquiry, and certain bough, and to support itself in air knowledge of their guilt, he ordered for some short space, in the man. all their noses to be cut off, and per of a flying squirrel, or even of a banished them into the utmost parts bat. It feeds on insects, and is in of the desart; and built a city for every respect an animal of a harm. them, called from the cutting off of less and inoffensive nature.

the noses of the inhabitants, RhinoREMEMBRANCER, No. 47.

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