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tinctly in a dream, has been set up me, yet will I trust in him. God openly in the sight of believers in Almighty has appeared unto us, reJesus Christ, and enables them conciling the world to himself. He to reach unto heaven. All the hath given us better promises than families of the earth have been any temporal kingdom, and the be. blessed in the seed of Jacob, and liever appeals to them even upon the faithful come again to their fa- the bed of death. As Jacob and thers' house in peace. Labour and Joseph were confident that their pain they are destined to undergo, children would not be left in Egypt, but throughout the whole of their so are we confident that our souls probation God is with them and will not be left in the grave. God strengthens them; the intercession will surely visit the whole race of of the Redeemer is continually Adam; and bring out the pious, vouchsafed to them, and the Holy the faithful, and the contrite into a Spirit sanctifies and renews their happy and everlasting abode. The souls. By these means they are days which are then to come will enabled to set up an altar in their neither be few nor evil. Violence, hearts to the God that has answered says the prophet, shall no more be them in the day of their distress, and heard in thy land ; but thou shalt been with them in the way which call thy walls, Salvation, and thy they went; an altar not made like gates, Praise. The sun shall be no that of Jacob, with clay and stones, more thy light by day, neither for but with purity, holiness, and faith. brightness shall the moon give light And when their appointed days are unto thee; but the Lord shali be numbered, they are authorised to unto thee an everlasting light, and exclaim with Job, Though he slay thy God thy glory.

M. C.

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BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS.

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Ilustrations from Natural History. was given on account of its preva

lence in Palestine, and its ancient DOVE'S DUNG.

one literally signifies birds' milk.

When to this we add that its blos2 Kings vi. 26.

soms, of a greenish-white, resemble

at a little distance the dung of birds, “ And there was a great famine in Sa the conjecture of Linuæus becomes maria ; and, behold, tliey besieged it; and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung was

still more probable, and a curious sold for five pieces of silver."

elucidation appears to be afforded

of an obscure passage of Scripture. The study of Botany has afforded - New Monthly Mag. No. X, many illustrations of Holy Writ, p. 368. amongst others of the above passage. What this article might be,

DUNG OF PIGEONS. had long puzzled the commentators, when the Father of Botany suggested that it was probably the root of The dung of pigeons is the dear. Ornithogalum or Bethlehem Star, est manure that the Persians use; which affords to this day a pleasant and as they apply it almost entirely and nutritious aliment to the lower for the rearing of melons, it is proorders in Judea. Its English name bably, on that account, that the

melons of Ispahan are so much finer leaves of Val. Jatamansi are lanthan those of other cities. The ceolate. In Mr. Lambert's rich revenue of a pigeon-house is about collection are specimens of the la100 tomauns per ann., and the great tamansi with fibrous roots; these value of this dung, which rears a agree exactly with what was forfruit that is indispensable to the ex- merly sold in the shops, and answer istence of the natives, during the well the description given by ancient great heats of summer, will proba- authors as to the root resenibling bly throw some light upon the the tail of an ermine.- New Monthly above passage in Scripture, relating Mag. No. X. p. 504. to the famine in Samaria, Morier's Persia, p. 141.

LILIES OF THE FIELD.

SPIKENARD,

Matt, vi. 28, 29.

« And why take ye thought for raiment? Matt. xxvi. 7.

Consider the lilies of the field how they “ There came unto him a woman, hav

grow; they toil not, neither do they spin;

" And yet I say unto you, that even ing an alabaster box of very precious oint

Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed ment, and poured it on bis head as he sat

like one of these." at meat," The Oil of Behen, Balsamum ditional force and peculiar beauty,

Our Saviour's words acquire adAaronis; Rhamnus Spina Christi, when we remember that they were the Egyptian Buckthorn; Enoplia Spinosao Caspar Bauhin, 477. Ma. suggested by the sight of the splenbea Paliurus Athenæi, Alpin Ægypt,

did Amaryllis Lutea, a species of 16. 19. The oil of Behen, which lily which abounds in Palestine.

Who does not feel their emphasis, emits no scent or smell at all, is

when he imagines our blessed Lord very proper for preparing odoriferous ointments and balsams. On standing on the Mount, from whence

his divine sermon this account it is much used by the

was delivered,

surrounded by an attentive and flowers of Jessamine, Narcissus, wonderiug throng, whom he is urg

ing to lay aside unnecessary cares, &c. in this oil, and thus make an odoriserous ointment, which those

and trust in the bounty of their who love perfumes apply to the head, heavenly Fatlier; and then see him nose, and beard. - Hasselquist's lilies which decked the surround

pointing towards those glorious Travels, p. 288.

Among other interesting articles ing plain, and deducing from their in the Flora Nepalensis, a full and beauty, exceeding the pomp of correct botanical description of the king's attire, lessons of simplicity in plant which yielded the spikenard dress, freedom from vain or excesof the ancients, may be expected. sive cares, and dependence on AlThis plant is the Valeriana lata: mighty protection.--New Monthly

It is remarkable that al- Mag. No. X. p. 368. though Sir W. Jones was the first who determined this point, he has WHALES. by mistake described and figured another species of Valerian, in place

Lamentations iv. 3. of the latamansi, viz. Val. Hard

u Even the sea monsters draw ont the wickii; or at least he has con.

breast, they give suck to their young ones.” founded this species with the true one, for he describes the radical This affords a curious proof of leaves as being cordate, while the the accuracy of the sacred writers.

MAMMALIA CLASS.

The original word, Taanim, mean. The Egyptians regard the hog as ing Whales, and the Cetæ in ge- an unclean animal, and if they caneral; which order of animals, it is sually touch one, they immediately necessary to inform such of our plunge themselves, clothes and all, readers as are not conversant with into water. This prejudice operates natural history, is of the class Mam- to the exclusion of all swiveherds, malia, or that which suckles its although natives of Egypt, from the young.

temples; with people of this de

scripiton a connection by marriage SWINE UNCLEAN.

is studiously avoided, and they are

reduced to the necessity of interLeviticus xi. 7.

marriage among those of their own

profession. Herod. Euterpe. c. 47. « The swine is unclean to you."

(Note to Ditto.). Plutarch pre

tends that the ceremonies and feasts Molpadia (called Hemithea) was of the Jews were the same as those in great honour and esteem among practised in Greece, with respect all the Chersonesians. w th to Bacchus. Bacchus and Adonis lebration of her mysteries, they are the same divinities, and the offer drink offerings of water and Jews abstain from swine's flesh, behoney mixed together, and he that cause Adonis was slain by a boar. has touched a swine, or eaten of It is no less remarkable, that Pluswine's flesh, is not permitted to tarch explains the derivation of Leenter her temple. Diod. Sic. B. v. vites from Lysios, Avonos, a name of 2, 3.

Bacchus.

ce.

SCRIPTURE CRITICISM.

To the Editor of the Remembrancer. Explanation of Exodus xxiii. 19. SIR,

“ When God," saith Isaac AbraPerhaps some of your correspon- banel, as quoted by Dr. Cudworth, dents may be good enough to throw “ had spoken of the Jews appeara little light upon the following dif- ing thrice before him every year, ficulty.

viz. at the Feast of the Passover or lo Heb. ix. 10. at the end, is the of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of word in osebjesvaras it stands, I do Weeks or Pentecost, the Feast of not think it grammatical. If it refer Tabernacles or In-gathering, he to sapa, why is not durchsve found in subjoins immediately sonie rule conthe preceding verse ?-if to dixasw. ceruing every one of these feasts in pao, it is obviously inaccurate. particular. First, for the Passover

May we not suppose an iota obli. in those wordsterated, and make it eainsipleræ. ?

" Thou shalt not offer the blood Your insertion of this will greatly of my sacrifice with leaven, neither oblige,

shall the sacrifice of the feast of Sir,

the

passover be left until the mornYour most obcdient servant,

ing."

Secondly, for the Feast of PenF. PALÆOLOGUS. tecost in those St. Paul's, Bristol, Oct, 11, 1822. “ The first of the firsi-fruits of

the land thou shalt bring into the seen in these European parts). And house of the Lord thy God." it is thus

Thirdly, for the Feast of Taber “ It was a custom of the ancient pacles or In-gathering

Heathens, when they had gathered Thou shalt not seethe a kid in in all their fruits, to take a kid and his mother's milk.

boil it in the dam's milk, and then Which words, contiones Dr. Cud- in a magical way to go about and worth, for want of this light of the besprinkle with it all their trees, context, were never yet sufficiently and fields, and gardens, and orexplained by any of our interpre- chards; thinking by these means ters. And the thread of this cohe- they should make them fructify, and rence alone led Abrabanel very near bring forth fruit again more abunthe true meaning of them, ere he dantly the following year.” was aware. But, because he doth Wherefore God forbad his peonot tell his tale so handsomely as ple, the Jews, at the time of their he should, I will help him out a in-gathering, to use any snch superlittle from an ancient Karraite,whose stitious or idolatrous rite. comment I have seen upon the Pen. A Discourse concerning the tateuch MSS. (for the monuments True Notion of the Lord's of these Karraite Jews were never Supper, by Ř. Cudworth, yet printed, and are very rarely D.D. p. 35-7.

LORD STOWELL ON MARRIAGE.

we

The extract which lately much less the first feelings of an made from Dr. Balguy's Letter to individual. The law has said, that an unmarried lady, has been so fa- married persons shall not be legally vourably received, that we venture separated upon the mere disinclinato print the following remarks upon tion of one or both to cohabit togethe same subject. They are taken ther. The disinclination must be from a judgment of Lord Stowell, founded upon reasons which the in the Consistory Court of London ; law approves ; and it is my duty to in the case of Evans v. Evans, which see whether those reasons exist in was an application for a divorce on the present case. the part of the wife, on account of “ To vindicate the policy of the law the alleged cruelty of the husband. is no necessary part of the office of

“ The humanity of the Court has a judge; but if it were, it would not been loudly and repeatedly invoked. be difficult to shew that the law, in Humanity is the second virtue of this respect, has acted with its courts, but undoubtedly the first is usual wisdom and humanity; with justice. If it were a questiou of that true wisdom, that real huhumanity simply, and of humanity manity, that regards the general inwhich confined its views merely to terests of mankind. For though in the happiness of the present parties, particular cases the repugnance of it would be a question easily de. the law, to dissolve the obligations cided upon first impressions. Every of matrimonial cobabitations, may body must feel a wish to sever those operate with great severity upon inwho wish to live separate from each dividuals; yet it must be carefully other; who cannot live together remembered, that the general hapwith any degree of harmony, and pivess of the married life is secured consequently with any degree of by its indissolubility, happiness ; but my situation does " When people understand that not allow me to indulge the feelings, they must live together, except for

REMEMBRRANCER, No. 48. 4 Y

a very few reasons known to the what falls short of this is with great law, they learn to soften, by mutual caution to be admitted. The rule accommodation, that yoke which of “ per quod consortium admittithey know they cannot shake off; tur,” is but an inadequate test ; for they become good husbands and it still remains to be inquired, what good wives, from the necessity of conduct ought to produce that efremaining husbands and wives; for fect; whether the consortium is necessity is a powerful master in reasonably lost? and whether the teaching the duties which it imposes. party quitting has not too hastily

“ If it were once understood that, abandoned the consortium ? upon mutual disgust, married per “ What merely wounds the mental sons might legally be separated; feelings is in few cases to be admit. many couples who now pass through ted, where they are not accompanied the world with mutual comfort, with with bodily injury, either actual or attention to their common offspring, menaced. Mere austerity of temand to the moral order of civil so. per, petulance of manners, rudeness ciety, might have been at this mo of language, or want of civil attenment in a state of mutual unkind. tion and accommodation, even ocness, in a state of estrangement casional sallies of passion, if they from their common offspring, and do not threaten bodily harm, do not in a state of the most licentious and amount to legal cruelty : they are unreserved immorality. In this high moral offences in the marriage case, as in many others, the happi. state undoubtedly, not innocent ness of some individuals must be surely in any state of life ; but still sacrificed to the greater and more they are not that cruelty against general good.

which the law can relieve. Under “ That the duty of cohabitation is such misconduct of either of the released by the cruelty of one of parties, for it may exist on the one the parties is admitted; but the side as well as on the other, the question occurs, what is cruelty? suffering party must bear in some In the present case, it is hardly ne- degree the consequence of an injucessary for me to define it, because dicious connection; must subdue the facts here complained of are by decent resistance or by prudent such, as fall within the most re. conciliation; and if this cannot be stricted definition of cruelty, they done, both must suffer in silence. affect not only the comforts, but And if it be complained that, by they affect the health, nay, even the this inactivity of the courts, much life of the party. I shall, therefore, injustice may be suffered and much decline the task of laying down a misery produced; the answer is, more direct definition.

that Courts of Justice do not preThis, however, must be under- tend to furnish cures for the misestood, that it is the duty of courts, ries of human life. They redress and consequently the inclination of or punish gross violations of duty, courts, to keep the rule extremely but they go no farther; they cannot strict.

make men virtuous : and as the The causes must be grave and happiness of the world depends weighty, and such as shew an abso. upon its virtue, there may be much lute impossibility, that the duties of unhappiness in it which human laws the married life can be discharged. cannot undertake to remove.

“ In a state of personal danger no “ Still less is it cruelty, where it duties can be discharged; for the wounds not the natural feelings, but duties of self-preservation must take the acquired feelings arising from place before the duties of marriage, particular rank and situation ; for which are secondary both in com- the court bas no scale of sensibilimencement and in obligation; but ties, by which it can guage the

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