on the cheek.” Now, I do not say that for by every sighing heart among them. rudeness should be displayed on either See the mighty anticipations of their imaside; but I affirm that it is ridiculons, gination! Le grand Empire is just nay much worse than ridiculous, for the going to be established in the North.' aggressor, after once and again putting Already there is erected a camera obscura forth all his strength to injure his neigh on the top of Lambeth palace, where the bour, to preach up to him meekness, po- Prelates of England, sitting in darkness liteness, self-command, all the placid, around the white-faced board, survey amiable, and pretty virtues." P. 8. before them the fields of green Albyn, and

“ It is recorded by Mr. Cecil, in his have ere now parcelled them out into prolife of the worthy Mr. Cadogan, that when dactive dioceses-already full five hundred the latter was looking at the Cathedral organs are building for her parishes, and Church of Glasgow, a Church in which he twenty score of Cassocks making for her perfectly knew that the Gospel was most Clergy, and one dozen of nice wigs for ably and faithfully preached, he could not her veuerable dignitaries. Already the hely, exclaiming, that Episcopacy were people are preparing to receive us—they established in it! To this excellent but invite us—let us go bigottel Episcopaliau, and to his no less

“Stand aback, clear the way, for bisliops, excellent but no less bigotted biographer,

rectors, curates, it seer to have given very little satisfac

With their elegant appendices, the tithes, tion that the Gospel was preached with a

and the poor rates.' degree of purity, faithfulness, and ability, seldom equalled in any Church, unless « But leaving the Ecclesiastical Polity Episcopacy, with all its ceremonies and in Scotland as settled beyond recall, let trappings, liad gone along with it. And

us return to our Reviewer, and his claim if a single Cathedral Church, in that divi- upon the Colonies will fall to be consision of the island extorted such an excla. dered in due course. My opinion of the mation from so boly a man, what feelings Christian Remembrancer, and of its Re-' may be supposed to agitate the breasts of views, is very much that which certain the less holy but equally bigoted parti. North British Journalists have expressed sans of episcopacy, on contemplating all in reference to the British Critic. Their those venerable piles of ancient Caledonia language I beg leave to apply (mutato consecrated to the simple rites of Presby. nomine) in the presevt case, terian worship? It is well if they do not " " It is recorded of Antisthenes, a say of Scotland as was once said by a Greek philosopher, that hearing one day reverend Divine in reference to one of its of his being praised by certain bad meu, country towns which was particularly re he exclaimed, “Why, what crime have I nowned for the wickedness of its inhabi. committed ? Had the conductors of the tants. When,' said he, . Satan shewed Christian Remembrancer happened to beour Saviour all the kingdoms of the stow upon us any laudatory epithets, we world and the glory of them, saying, All should certainly have felt as Antisthenes is these will I give thee if thou wilt fall down said to have done, and immediately set and worship me,' he clapped his thumb on about the work of self-examination. And, Kirrieinuir, and said that he reserved that on the same principle, we consider it as a for bimself, as being part of his grand- testimony-80 far as the testimony of such father's inheritance !' I have certainly writers is good for any thing—to the soundbeen told that it is no unusual spectacle to ness of our views, when we happen to be see one of those high toned Churchmen of the objects of their censure and rebuke, the South, as he moves along the streets of The higher their tone of approbation, the Edinburgh, scowl upon the most learned worse in general should we be disposed to and pious Clergyman of the Establishment, think of ourselves; the severer tlieir ani. if he happen to pass, as being an odious madversions, and the more vulgar their Dissenter. Scarce so ludicrous as this abuse, the greater reason do we find to be was the conduct of every strutting French- satisfied with our sentiments and conduct: man that came into Britain some years 80 that, hereafter, they may know exactly ago, as a prisoner of war, who, in imita- how to wound and how to gratify our feel. tion of Columbus, on bis arrival in ings. Indeed so completely erroneous do this New World, took possession of the we deem them on the subjects of ecclesoil, as belonging to his master, and as siastical government, gennine “religion, constituing almost already a part of Le and practical piety, that such books, reGrand Empire. The establishment of a lating to these, as they condemn, we are hierarchy in Scotland, is a measure which, generally disposed to purchase or to rethey cannot dissemble, is much wished commend. And this rule we should uni6

5 D 2

formly observe, were it not that they are Indeed the Magazine was established for sometimes as stupid as they are heretical; the very purpose of supporting certain and talk highly of those publicatiops views of ecclesiastical polity, and no one which, on their own professed principles, has to proceed far in the perasal of the they should ridicule and vituperate. Ac. Review in question withont perceiving cording to them, baptism and regenera- what those views are. The Editor, bis tion are the saine; justification by faith coadjutors, and the Reviewer, ' are all only is a gross delusion; Bible Societies Episcopalians and avowed abertors of are destructive of all religion and good Episcopacy. I remember some years ago order ; missions 10 the heathen indicate of going to see an exhibition of wild aninothing but fanaticism and folly ; salvation mals, when, after describing several of out of the Episcopal Church is next to them to me, the keeper, proceeding to impossible; zeal for the Gospel, and for the next, said with a stentorian voice, vital godliness, is the most ridiculous and This, Sir, is the Nhil Glau, or Horned the most dangerous of all possible things; Horse,- the likest of any known animal schools where children are taught to read to that famous quadruped the Unicorn, any other books, or to learn any other only that he has got two horns.' How catechism, but those sanctioned by the similar must be the exclamation of all Church, and by the Bishops, are nests of on reading the piece under considera. disaffection and sedition ; and every one tion! Can they help crying out,. This, who dares to resist even the most unprin- ladies and gentlemen, is an impartial arcipled, oppressive, and bloody tyrant, biter between the contending parties, provided he be a legitimate sovereign, and only his predilections are all on one side' the head of the Church, is a traitor to the It is told of a certain Irish Judge, bot cause of truth and good government, and much famed for impartiality, that one day , a contemner of the scriptural doctrine of on observing a witness come into const passive obedience and non-resistance, and with one of his jaws swelled to an immodeserves to be hanged, drawn, and quar- derate size, he said to a Lawyer who haptered. By men of such principles we must peved to be near him, • That fellow would always reckon it an honour to be attacked; make an excellent lawyer.' • What makes and we beg leave to return the editors of you ibink 'so ?" said the Lawyer, Why,' the Christian Remembrancer our warmest said the Judge, because he has a great thanks for that distinguished mark of dis. deal of jaw.' • I think,' replied the approbation which they bave graciously Lawyer, he would make as good a jadge.' conferred upon us.'

• How is that?' asked the Judge, ‘Because,' " Holding such sentiments, I cannot be said the Lawyer, « his jaw is all on the supposed to have offered strictures on the one side.' So it is with the Christian Re. Review in question, because I conceived it membrances and its Reviewers. Their at all formidable in itself, as far as talent jaw is all on the one side. And thongh I is concerned, but because the work in had reasoned like a Plato, and displayed which it appears has high pretensions as throughout the eloquence of a Demosthe organ of a certain powerful party in thenes or a Cicero, the result would have the English Church, because it is of great been the same. I was on the wrong side, repute among many members of that and consequently nothing could be right Church in this place, and because it may about me or my eause." P. 15. be circulated among persons of influence on the Bench or ip the Cabinet, and may

This is a specimen of Dr. Burns tend to prejudice our Colonists against when he is engaging an anonymous the claims of the Scottish Church and reviewer; at times liis displeasure Clergy in in the remote possessions and vents itself upon personages of much dependencies of the empire.'” P. 11. higher importance, and he writes in

“ This naturally brings me forward to the following strain ; a second charge which I have to prefer against my Reviewer, and that is party

« But observe the insidiousness of the feeling. A Reviewer ought to be un- Reviewer in apologising for not quoting my biassed by preconceived opinions, or fa- remarks on Mr. Milne's extract from the yourite systems. He ought to bring a free New York Magazine, on the principle of and unoccupied mind to the exercise of regard for my reputation! Dr. Burns,' criticism. Holding himself forth as the says be, "offers some remarks on this stateguide of public opinion, his readers bave a ment, bnt they are conceived in such a a right to expect that he will not lead spirit, and uttered in such a tone, that we them astray in consequence of any private will not injure him by reciting them.'Most and personal leanings. But is this veri, generous soul! How shall I utter the fied in the case before us? By no means. abundance of my gratitude 1-But as I


happen not to be so jealous of my repnta the pulpit. This was an honour which the tion as my Reviewer, I beg leave to pre Doctor did not expect, and it was not alsept my readers with the remarks in ques together lost upon bim ; for ere long the tion, although at the time I wrote my Let most intemperate and insulting harangne, ter to Mr. Milne, I only knew the leading to which the New York magazine alludes, facts of the case, but have now obtained issued froin the press, and thus there were minute and correct information. • Drs. . wars and rumours of wars. At length a Middleton and Bryce went to India in the new Kirk was to be founded-a splendid same vessel, and from some cause or other, Masonic procession took place on the ocsparring commenced during the voyage. casion, with the Earl and Countess of Perhaps the celebrated writer on the Greek Moira at its head-an address was made by article and dignitary of the Church of Eng bis Lordslip, in which the Doctor was in land had been disposed to assume a con troduced with honour, and to which he sequence, 'to take a lead, to aspire to an made a very elegant reply. To the stirr. intinence, and to practice an interference ings of jealonsy even a Bishop was not inconsistent with the rights of others' which superior, vu such an occasion as this. But warmed the blood of the Scotsman, who, that was not the only cause of mortificathongh only a simple Presbyter, belonging tion to the spiritual lord, for Dr. Bryce to the Kirk, yet had some little preten was one of the young Scottish divines who sions both as a scholar of distinguished study medicine, and began to practise an eminence and as the author of a pretty interference,' which was rewarded with sizeable volume on oor Anglo-Indian em enormous fees, and to take a lead, by pire. Certain it is that the very breeze becoming Editor of the Asiatic Journal, on which wafted them to our eastern shores a salary of twelve hundred pounds per anwas impregnated with the virus of religi- pum, so that even on the score of* filthy gions animosity, and no sooner bad they lucre' the Presbyter approached too near landed on Asiatic territory than it burst a footing of equality with the Bishop. All forth in allits malignant forms. The Bishop this, bowever, miglit have been tolerated, opened the Church, and the Presbyter a bad not Marriage and Baptism fees become temporary Kirk. Unfortunately for his a bone of contention—the Bishop graspLorilship, the Scotch population of Cal. ing at all, the Presbyter at his share. The cutta is too numerous, too rich, and too whole matter was referred home, and, in respectable to be easily dispensed with, the month of May last, it was decided by and no doubt he was vexed to see them the powers in Church and State, that Dr. flocking in crowds to a ' Presbyterian Bryce was entitled to perform the whole Dissenting Meeting House,' when the por- office of a Bishop, standing supreme as tals of a Church stood opeu inviting their the First Representative of the Church approach. • All these,' says your anonym of Scotland in British India. I kuow not mous author,' before the arrival of Dr. to what extent episcopal intolerance would Bryce, were in harmony with the Church bave gone in this case, bad not the Earl of England, and willingly united in all its and Countess of Moira stood by the infornis of worship. The first effect, there jured, maintaining his cause, and leading fore, of this measure, was to create a him on to triumph.'" P. 18. schism where it found none, and in the person of Dr. Bryce not only to create, italics is somewhat obscure, for Dr.

The meaning of the passage in but to foment division,' As the Doctor went to India' for the sake of the many Buros cannot intend to confess that Scotch who were settled there,' it was na. the Presbyterian Clergyman at Calturally to be expected that they would cutta is as niuch a Prelate in his make use of the religious instructor who

own congregation, as the Bishop in had been provided for them, and as he had

the diocese at large. We all know no authority to preach in a Church but in a Kirk, what remained for tliein to do but that in fact and in practice the to assemble in the Kirk for the purpose of Presbyterian parity (not purity, as hearing bis admonitions ? For want of a our printer rather unbappily made Scottish Divine, those who belonged to us say) never did exist. Calvin and the Scotch establishment had laudably Knox were both Bishops and Archconformed to the episcopal regime, but as soon as they were blest with a pastor of be conferred by the possession of

bishops, as far as such titles can their own, of course they resorted to their own place of worship. All this was mor.

power and authority, and pretifying to the Bishop, and he could not re

eminence their respective frain from introducing the Presbyterian Churches. And we suspect that Dissenting Teacher into bis sermon from Dr. Burns is something of a Bishop,


if not a Pope, in his own way,

subscribed two instruments thereof in the althongh his head be not ornament. presence of the Lords of the Council, who ed with a nice wig. But leaving the witnessed the same ; and his Majesty was

pleased to order, that one of the said inlearved Doctor's meaning in the

struments be transmitted to the Court of darkness with which he has thought Session, to be recorded in the Books of Sefit to shroud it, we must regret that derunt, and afterwards to be forth with any leader of a Christian Aock lodged in the Public Register of Scotland, should betray such bitter and such

and that the other of them remaio among protracted animosity against a fel.

the records of the Council, and be entered

in the Council Book,' low-creature, as that which appears

“ By these Acts it is clear that there is in the long diatribe against the

not ove iota of superiority either in rank, Bishop of Calcutta. Fifteen pages authority, rights, ar privileges granted to of the subscription pamphlet are the one National Church above the otherdevoted to a reconsideration of the that they are equally essential to the condispute between the Bishop and stitutiou of Great Britain, and that the Dr. Brice: a dispute wlth which the

security of the Church of Scotland is proNew Brunswickers had nothing to

vided for before that of the Church of Eng

land. It is equally clear that these Acts do, till their attention was directed

make no provision for any claim upon the to it by the charitable zeal of Dr. Colonies being urged by the one more than Burus. We certainly shall not fol. by the other. But as all Colonies after low so bad an example. But we

such Union became equally the property think that the Doctor might have

of Scotland and England, of course the softened his style before he pro

Church of the former kingdom' acquired

the same right to establishment with the ceeded to pass sentence upon his

Church of the latter, and nothing but the reviewers for Billingsgate.

undue influence of Ecclesiastics in ParliaWe shall now introduce our ment would ever have led to a different readers to the more important part arrangement. The Reviewer is quite misof Dr. Burns's pamphlet, the part taken when he asserts that the civil estain which he abstains from abuse of blishment of religion in the Colonies, must other men and other Churches, and

depend, not on the laws of England or

Scotland, but on the terms agreed upon on contents himself with urging the

the first settlement or surrender of those claims and merits of his own. Speak Colonies.' This was so far true in the case ing of the articles of union be of Canada, and accounts for the establishtween England and Scotland, he ment of Romish Episcopacy in that Cosays,

lony. But in other instances the King's

Proclamation settles the general principles “ So faithfully are these Articles com to be acted on in reference to the religion plied with that the former is the very first of the Colonies ; and I have not the least oath which each new Sovereign has been hesitation in saying that had the cry been obliged to take at his accession to the as ' loud, bold, and incessant at the orithrone, and before his proclamation. And ginal settlement of British North America, we may all remember that it was taken by as it was ' previous to the repewal of the George the Fourth, as King of Great Bri- Indian Charter,' the same ecclesiastical tain, in the first Privy Council which he policy would have been pursued by his held, and the day before he was publicly Majesty's government. But unfortunately proclaimed. Thus we read in the Courier, the General Assembly of the Church of of 1st February, 1820—London Gazette Scotland seems to have felt little interest Extraordinary, 30th Jannary.

in the enlargement of its sphere of jaris“ At the Court at Carlton House, &c., diction, and thus in too many instances “ His Majesty, at his first coming into has allowed its rights and privileges to be the Council, was this day pleased to de most shamefully invaded. Io Nova Scotia clare, that understanding that the law re the Church of Scotland is not recognized quires that he should, at his Accession to

in any shape by the laws, and though there the Crown, take and subscribe the oath be one place of worship in that province relating to the security of the Church of which has an ordained Clergyman of the Scotland, he was now ready to do it this Scottish Church for its Minister, who, as first opportunity, which his Majesty was such, receives a salary from Government, graciously pleased to do, according to the yet formerly it was designated a Protesforms used by the law of Scotland, and tant Dissenting Meeting-House, having

been supported by American Congrega considered as justly and strictly belonging tionalists as well as Scottish l’resbyte to the national character. The question is rians ; and if nothing is done by the Le- seldom agitated till a Clergyman has actugislature to maintain its claims as a brauch ally commenced his labours and begins to of the Church of Scotland, it will probably feel himself opposed and conuteracted never lose its original character. In this whenever the jealousy of Episcopalians province, these matters are better arrang. happens to be awakened, either by his sued. Some of the leading men at its first perior talents, his success, or his practical settlement were true sons of the Scottish assertion of his rights. They it is too late Church, and employed their influence, with to correct the evil. Division is created some success, in order to have her rights and fomented, and the unfortunate individuly recognized. Indeed the first Church dual who has been expatriated in the hope Grant obtained in this place after the se of doing good to his fellow creatures in paration of the province from Nova Scotia distant lands, finds himself scowled upon was in the name of certain trustees for the by the men in power as wanting in respect benefit of those adhering to the Protestant to the local authorities, and exposed the principles approved of by the General As. hapless victim of malignant insiunation sembly of the Church of Scotland, and the and cruel invective. And this will ever be probability is that had they completed the the case till the causes of discord are rebuilding then founded, and possessed the moved, as is now happily exemplified in means of eodowing it, the Church of Eng- India, by that equalization of rights for land would have had only the shadow of which I contend.” P. 60. an existence in this city at the present “ Two circumstances ought to be conday. It is clear, then, that there was no sidered in determining the political expething in the original coustitution or first diency of the measure—the une is, that settlement of this province to have pre the very country in which that Church has vented an equal recognitiou of both been allowed to have its full effect has ever Churches—that the Provincial Legislature been distinguished for its loyalty-the has it in its power to enact any laws with other is, that many most valuable settlers respect both to civil and religious institu- bave been lost to this and the other protions, not inconsistent with the laws of vinces merely because no provision has Great Britain—and that, by a judicious been made for the religious rites of their application of the best parts of the Eng- native country, · deservedly interwoven' lish and Scotch law, the administration of with their habits and with their hearts, justice in this country might be conducted whilst many of those i ho remain, for the according to principles and forms quite same reason, fall into habits of listlessness superior to those of either division of the and manifest symptoms of discontent Parent State. But the rights of the totally incompatible with strenuous exerChurch of Scotland bave in fact been re tion. Wherever the Church of England is cognized to a certain extent in many of established there will always be a large the Colonies, and therefore, I have only proportion of dissenters ; this must be parto ask, why are they not recognized to the ticularly the case in the mixed population full extent? If the principle is admitted of foreign settlements whose religious in so far as certain privileges are secured habits and attachinents are generally to that Church which are denied to other formed before they leave their home, and, denominations, why is it not allowed an therefore, in giving an English establishentire and efficient establishment?" P. 55. ment alone, Government obtains little

“ I beg it, however, to be distinctly un sway over the hearts or affections of the derstood that in objecting to the arrange- people.” P. 62. ment wlrich has taken place in regard to These declarations are entitled to the religion of the Colonies, I do not mean to blame the Government or Legislature

a careful consideration: they give alone. The people at large in such a

us fair warning of Dr. Buros's country as North Britain, and the natives intentions ; and assure the friends of that country abroad, as well as the Ge- of the Episcopal cause, that every neral Assembly, ought to have exercised inch of ground will be disputed by their right, and spoken aloud to their ru the Colonial Dissenters. The inlers and lawgivers, of the duty, and the temperance of the disputant now importance, and the necessity of securing before us, must render him a comthat place and that respectability to their Church in foreign parts, which she has in paratively powerless foe. Govertheir native land; and, therefore, whatever nors, and Privy Councillors, and guilt attaches to the indifference which Cabinet Ministers, must have the has been shewn to that object, must be same respect for the Doctor's un

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