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that enemies of light and progress are still found in the Orthodox Anatolic Hierarchy; and that the long period of degradation and oppression, let in corruptions and superstitions, the remains of which are still to be found in many quarters. There is something of the old Byzantine spirit which looks obstinately back to the Middle Ages, and seeks alliance with Russian despotism, still. lurking in the dark corners of the Hellenic race. I have put the case against the Greek Church in its strongest form. On the other hand, the liturgies are generally scriptural in character and language, and are the work of the ablest and most learned of the fathers; Protestant as I am, I. have worshipped in their churches almost daily for months, and felt that I was in the presence of a Christian body, which has a better right than any other, to claim descent from the Church of the Apostolic Age. I have heard their most eloquent preachers with interest and admiration; not all priests are allowed to preach, but only those who show a special talent — under the title of iepornovmes — are permitted by the Holy Synod to exercise this function : a restriction to be commended to some other ecclesiastical bodies. I have personally known many of the clergy, - from the humble priest, living among the peasants of the rustic hamlet, and sharing the hardships of the class among whom he dwelt and ministered, - to the highest dignitaries of the Church ; and among the former, I have found the Christian virtues of humility, conscientious devotion to duty, self-sacrifice, in their chosen sphere; among the latter, the same virtues adorned by scholarship, abilities, and elo
quence. Archbishop Misael, of Patræ, and Metrophanes, formerly hierokeryx of Attica, — now Bishop of Andros and Cea — are men whose general intelligence and liberality of sentiment would do honor to any national establishment. I may mention that the church has always favored the distribution of the Scriptures — both in the ancient Greek and in the modern version — among the people ; and the priests have often co-operated with the Protestant missionaries in circulating them, with other religious books. The progress of education, which the ecclesiastical authorities favor — especially the influence of the University of Athens, and the Rizarian Theological School — have had a liberalizing effect upon the general tone of thinking and feeling in the Church. The forces, therefore, at work within the organization itself, are sufficient to remove whatever is objectionable, without breaking up the venerable associations of antiquity by a dissolution of the fabric. Indeed, it has been shown conclusively by Dr. King, that the corruptions and superstitions which have been charged upon the Greek Church, are comparatively modern, and not only have no sanction in the writings of the most eminent of the Fathers, but are directly contrary to their authoritative teachings. Such being the case, the safest and most effective mode would evidently be to remove these parasitic growths, and thus to restore the church to the purity of doctrine and practice inculcated by the founders. This view shows how wise and far-reaching were the instructions of the Board to their missionaries. It is only necessary to enlighten the Greeks by a good system of education, and they will themselves reform the Church, so far as it needs reform.
In Dr. and Mrs. Hill, the Episcopal Board have two able and devoted persons, competent and eager to carry their principles into execution. They went to Greece before the war was over. After a time, they sailed to the Peiræus, and landing there, the only means of reaching the ruined city, five miles off, was a little Attic donkey, on which Mrs. Hill rode, while her husband walked by her side. Not a house was standing in the famous city of Athens. The frequent bombardments and sieges through which it had passed, had reduced it to a pile of rubbish. These devoted missionaries, as soon as they had provided a temporary shelter, collected the tattered and starving children who were crouching amidst the desolation, and proceeded to carry out their instructions by establishing a school before a school-house was built. This was more than thirty years ago.
The school has grown with the growth of the city; and those who now attend it — to the number of five or six hundred — are, in many cases, the children or grandchildren of the earliest pupils. The children are taught gratuitously the elements of a good cominon education, — reading, writing, arithmetic, — together with household arts, — such as sewing, knitting, making up garments, and the like. English and American ideas of personal neatness and order form the basis of the training for domestic life. Any one who has visited the East, will readily understand that the inculcation of these ideas is an important matter, inasmuch as they are not universally accepted
even among the richer classes, who sometimes tolerate in their houses the presence of certain animated specimens of natural history, more interesting in their zoological relations than in their social qualities. Mrs. Hill was one of the first — perhaps the very first — to prove that the attendance of these lively but unwelcome inmates was not, as has been supposed, a necessity of the climate, and that their room was in all respects much better than their company;
- a public service deserving to be rewarded by a statue of gold.
In this school for the gratuitous instruction of the poorer classes in Athens, Dr. and Mrs. Hill, aided by an estimable lady who has been associated with them for many years, have established a boarding school for the higher education of young women. In this school are received the daughters of many of the best families, not only among the Greeks of the Hellenic Kingdom, but among the Greek population of European and Asiatic Turkey. It would be difficult to find a more interesting assemblance of young persons, anywhere in the world. They have all the vivacity which marks their race, with a docility of temper which makes the task of teaching them a perpetual delight. The best masters, in the different branches of an elegant and accomplished education, are employed, while their domestic, moral, and religious training is carefully attended to by Dr. and Mrs. Hill, and their excellent associate. They are taught the ancient classics of their country, several modern languages, among them the English, which they learn to read, write, and speak perfectly, and the more practical branches. The good influence exercised by this training upon the characters of these young women, at the most impressible age, can hardly be exaggerated. The blessings of this truly Christian education go with them to their distant homes, and add to the happiness of domestic life, to the uttermost limits of the Hellenic people.
These excellent missionaries enjoy the confidence of all classes in the community, of the Greek Church, the Catholic Church, and the Protestant Churches. This is the natural result of the able instructions of which I have spoken, and of the wisdom, patience, and discretion with which they have been carried out. Dr. Hill has never concealed his opinions, nor made unworthy concessions. He preaches twice every Sunday, and administers the sacraments of his church, in the little Episcopal chapel, appropriately bearing the name of St. Paul, his hearers being English, American, and Greek, any who desire to attend. He has long been the chaplain to the British Embassy, having received the appointment from the British Government as a tribute to his character and services, in the time of the late Lord Lyons, — the excellent father of the present distinguished minister at Washington, - and still continuing to hold it under the liberal and accomplished Sir Thomas Wyse, a Catholic gentleman, and one of Dr. Hill's warmest friends.
For more than a generation, the influence of these eminent missionaries has been extending itself throughout the Levant. It has been their high privilege to render great service in reconstructing the edifice of