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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, By P. H. NickLIN & TopLIFF Johnson, in the clerk's office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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ACTS OF THE TWENTIETH CONGRESS

of
THE UNITED STATES.

Passed at the First Session, which was begun and held at the City of Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Monday, the third day of December, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven.

John Quincy ADAMs, President. J. C. CALHoun, Vice President, and President of the Senate. NATHANIEL MAcon, President of the Senate, pro-tempore. ANDREw Stevenson, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

CHAP. 2. An act to prevent defalcations on the part of the Disbursing Agents of the Government, and for other purposes.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That no money hereafter appropriated No money ap. shall be paid to any person, for his compensation, who is in arrears propriated to to the United States, until such persons shall have accounted for, . or. and paid into the Treasury, all sums for which he may be liable: ...so, the U. Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to S. extend to balances arising solely from the depreciation of trea- Proviso: nosury notes received by such person, to be expended in the public †. service; but in all cases where the pay or salary of any person is ji. withheld, in pursuance of this act, it shall be o duty of the ac-lances arising counting officers, if demanded by the . his agent or attorney, i.o.o.

- preciation of

to report, forthwith, to the agent of the treasury department, the . balance due ; and it shall be the duty of the said agent, within notes. sixty days thereafter, to order suit to be commenced against such

delinquent and his sureties. [Approved, 25th January, 1828.]

CHAP. 15. An act to revive and continue in force “An act declaring the assent of Congress to a certain act of Maryland.”

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the act passed the seventeenth day Act of Mary. of March, in the year one thousand eight hundred, entitled “An land of 17th act declaring the assent of Congress to certain acts of the states "...'", ... ?? - continued in of Maryland and Georgia,” and which, by subsequent acts, has joid been revived and continued in force, until the third day of March, March, 1828.

one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, be, and the same Act of 1800,

so far as relates to the act of Maryland, hereby is revived and cho vol. i.

continued in force, until the third day of March, one thousand * *

eight hundred and thirty-eight: Provided, That nothing herein Proviso: no. contained, shall authorize the demand of a duty on tonnage on ..." vessels ro. by steam, employed in the transportation of pas-jor,

sengers. [Approved, 10th March, 1828.] ise the de

mand of a duty on tonnage on vessels propelled by steam. District Courts for the North Carolina district, where to be held.

All suits, &c. to be proceeded with in the same manner as if no change had taken place.

Actual settlers, reported to the com. missioner of the general land office, under act of 3d March, 1819, shall be entitled to the preference, on becoming purchasers. Act of 1819, ch. 223, vol. 3, p. 1748.

Proviso: such tract not to contain more than one quarter section, to be located by sectional lines, &c.

Treasurer of the U.S. to deliver up to

the trustees of

the Columbian college, all evidences of debt which have been

Chap. 16. An act to alter the time of holding the District Courts of the United States in the District of North Carolina.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the District Court of the United States for the district of North Carolina, shall, after the passing of this act, commence and be holden on the following days; that is to say: at Edenton, in, and for the district of Albemarle, on the third Monday of April and October; at Newbern, in and for the district of Pamlico, on the fourth Monday of April and October; and at Wilmington, in and for the district of Cape Fear or Clarendon, on the first Monday after the fourth Monday of April and October, in each and every year.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That all suits, actions, writs, pro

cess, and other proceedings, commenced, or to commence, or .

which shall now be pending, in any of the said District Courts, shall be returnable to, heard, tried, and proceeded with, in the said District Courts, in the same manner as if the time for the holding thereof had not been changed. [Approved, 10th March, 1828.]

CHAP. 19. An act granting the right of preference in the purchase of public lands, to certain settlers in the St. Helena land district, in the state of Louisiana.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That every person, his or her legal representatives, comprised in the list of actual settlers reported to the commissioner of the general land office, by the register for the district of St. Helena, in the state of Louisiana, under the authority of the act of Congress, entitled “An act for adjusting the claims to land, and dio, land offices in the district east of the island of New Orleans,” approved the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, or who did actually inhabit and cultivate a tract of land in said district on the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, not rightfully claimed by any other person, by virtue of any written evidence of claim, legally derived from either the French, British, or Spanish overnment, or granted as a donation by virtue of any act of ongress heretofore passed, shall be entitled to a right of preference, on becoming the purchaser from the United States of such tract of land, at the same price for which other public lands are sold at private sale: Provided, That such tract of land shall not contain more than one quarter section, to be located by sectional lines; and that the same shall be entered with the register of the land office in said district, within two years, or before if the same shall be offered at public sale. [Approved, 19 March, 1828.]

CHAP. 20. An act for the relief of the Columbian college, in the District of Columbia.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the treasurer of the United States be, and he is hereby authorized and required to deliver up to the trustees of the Columbian college, all the obligations, notes, or other evidences of debt which have heretofore been given by the trustees, or by any treasurer or agent of the trustees of the said college, when, and as soon as the trustees of the said college shall deliver up, re-assign, transfer or convey to the United States, the

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