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valorem, shall be levied, collected and paid on such valuation, until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, and from that time a duty of forty-five per centum ad valorem. Sirth. On all manufactures of wool, or of which wool shall be a component part, except as aforesaid, the actual value of which at the place whence imported, shall exceed four dollars the square yard, there shall be levied, collected and paid, a duty of forty-five per cent. ad valorem, until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, and from that time a duty of fifty per centum ad valorem. Seventh. On woollen blankets, hosiery, mits, gloves and bindings, thirty-five per cent. ad valorem. On clothing ready made, fifty per centum ad valorem. Eighth. On Brussels, Turkey, and Wilton carpets and carpeting, seventy cents per square yard. On all Venetian and ingrain carpets or carpeting, forty cents per square yard. On all other kinds of carpets and carpetings of wool, flax, hemp or cotton, or parts of either, thirty-two cents per square yard. On all patent printed or painted floor cloths, fifty cents per square yard. On oil cloth other than that usually denominated patent floor cloth, twenty-five cents per square yard. On furniture oil cloth, fifteen cents per square yard. On floor matting made of flags or other materials, fifteen cents per square #. § 3. And be it further enacted, That from and after the thir-Aster 30th tieth day of Juné, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, ... there shall be levied, collected and paid on the importation of the ..." following articles, in lieu of the duty now imposed by law. First. On unmanufactured hemp, forty-five dollars per ton, on unmanu. until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and factured twenty-nine, from which time, five dollars per ton in addition, per "P" annum, until the duty shall amount to sixty dollars per ton. On cotton bagging, four and a half cents per square yard, until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twentynine, and afterwards a duty of five cents per square yard. Second. On unmanufactured flax, thirty-five dollars per ton, Qn unmanuuntil the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and factured flax. twenty-nine, from which time an additional duty of five dollars per ton per annum, until the duty shall amount to sixty dollars per ton. Third. On sail duck, nine cents per square yard; and in addi- On sail duck. tion thereto one half cent yearly, until the same shall amount to twelve and a half cents per square yard.

Fourth. On molasses, ten cents per gallon. On molasses. Fifth. On all imported distilled spirits, fifteen cents per gallon, on imported in addition to the duty now imposed by law. distilled spi

Sirth. On all manufactures of silk, or of which silk shall be a “* component material, coming from beyond the Cape of Good Hope, o: a duty of thirty per centum ad valorem; the additional duty of . " " five per centum to take effect from and after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine; and on all other manufactures of silk, or of which silk shall be a component material, twenty per centum ad valorem.

Vol. iv. 3

On indigo.

After 30th
June, 1828,
no drawback
on any spirit
distilled in
the U.S. from
molasses, &c.

After 30th June, 1828, on window glasses of certain sizes.

Proviso.

On imported roofing slates.

On cotton cloths.

Where advalorem duty, goods to be appraised.

On indigo, an additional duty of five cents the pound, from the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twentynine, until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, and from that time an additional duty of ten cents each year, until the whole duty shall amount to fifty cents per ound. p § 4. And be it further enacted, That from and after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, no drawback of duty shall be allowed on the exportation of an i. distilled in the United States from molasses; no lo. shall be allowed on any quantity of sail-duck less than fifty bolts, exported in one ship or vessel, at any one time. § 5. And be it further enacted, That from and after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, there shall be levied, collected and paid, in lieu of the duties now imposed by law on window glass, of the sizes above ten inches by fifteen inches, five dollars for one hundred square feet: Provided, That all window glass imported in plates or sheets, uncut, shall be chargeable with the same rate .."duty. On vials and bottles, not exceeding the capacity of six ounces each, one dollar and seventy-five cents per gross. § 6. And be it further enacted, &c. That from and after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twentyeight, there shall be levied, collected and paid, in lieu of the duties now imposed by law, on all imported roofing slates not exceeding twelve inches in length by six inches in width, four dollars per ton; on all such slates exceeding twelve, and not exceeding fourteen inches in length, five dollars per ton; on all slates exceeding fourteen, and not exceeding sixteen inches in length, six dollars per ton; on all slates exceeding sixteen inches and not cxceeding eighteen inches in length, seven dollars per ton; on all slates exceeding eighteen and not exceeding twenty inches in length, eight dollars per ton; on slates exceeding twenty inches and not exceeding twenty-four inches in length, nine dollars per ton; and on all slates exceeding twenty-four inches in length, ten dollars per ton. And that in lieu of the present duties, there be levied, collected and paid, a duty of thirty-three and a third per centum, ad valorem, on all imported ciphering slates. § 7. And be it further enacted, That all cotton cloths whatsoever, or cloths of which cotton shall be a component material, excepting nankeens imported direct from China, the original cost of j at the place whence imported, with the addition of twenty per cent, if imported from the Cape of Good Hope, or from any other place beyond it, and of ten per cent. if imported from any other place, shall be less than lio cents the square yard, shall, with such addition, be taken and deemed to have cost thirty-five cents the square yard, and charged with duty accordingly. § 8. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where the duty which now is, or hereafter may be imposed on any goods, wares or merchandises imported into the United States, shall by law, be regulated by, or be directed to be estimated or levied upon the value of the square yard, or of any other quantity or parcel

thereof; and in all cases where there is or shall be imposed any
ad valorem rate of duty on any goods, wares or merchandises
imported into the United States, it shall be the duty of the col-
lector within whose district the same shall be imported or entered,
to cause the actual value thereof at the time purchased, and place
from which the same shall have been imported into the United
States, to be appraised, estimated and ascertained, and the num-
ber of such yards, parcels or quantities, and such actual value of
every of them as the case may require: And it shall in every such
case, be the duty of the appraisers of the United States, and of
every of them, and of every other person who shall act as such
appraiser, by all the reasonable ways and means in his or their
power, to ascertain, estimate and appraise the true and actual
value, any invoice or affidavit thereto, to the contrary notwith-
standing, of the said goods, wares and merchandise, at the time
purchased, and place from whence the same shall have been im-
ported into the United States, and the number of such yards, par-
cels or quantities, and such actual value of every of them as the
case may require; and all such goods, wares and merchandises,
being manufactures of wool, or whereof wool shall be a compo-
nent part, which shall be imported into the United States in an
unfinished condition, shall in every such appraisal, be taken,
deemed and estimated by the said appraisers, and every of them,
and every person who shall act as such appraisers, to have been,
at the time purchased, and place from whence the same were
imported into the United States, of as great actual value as if the
same had been entirely finished. And to the value of the said
goods, wares and merchandise so ascertained, there shall in all
cases where the same are or shall be charged with an ad valo-
rem duty, be added all charges except insurance, and also twenty
per centum on the said actual value and charges, if imported
from the Cape of Good Hope, or any place beyond the same, or
from beyond Cape Horn; or ten per centum if from any other
place or country; and the said ad valorem rates of duty shall be
estimated on such aggregate amount, any thing in any act to the
contrary notwithstanding: Provided, That in all cases where any
goods, wares or merchandise subject to ad valorem duty, or
whereon the duty is or shall be by law regulated by, or be direct-
ed to be estimated or levied upon the value of the square yard, or
any other quantity or parcel thereof, shall have been imported
into the United States from a country other than that in which
the same were manufactured or produced, the appraisers shall
value the same at the current value thereof at the time of pur-
chase, before such last exportation to the United States, in the
country where the same may have been originally manufactured
or produced. -
§ 9. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where the
actual value to be appraised, estimated and ascertained as here-
inbefore stated, of any goods, wares or merchandise imported
into the United States, and subject to any ad valorem duty, or
whereon the duty is regulated by, or directed to be imposed or
levied on, the value of the square yard, or other parcel or quantity
thereof, shall, by ten per centum exceed the invoice value thereof,

Proviso,

Where value exceeds invoice 10 per cent, duty of fifty per cent. Proviso;

Act of 1823, ch. 149, vol. 3, p. 1881.

Duty of the secretary of the treasury.

Fines imposed on selling to the natives on the northwest coast of America, &c. spirituous liquors, &c.

Jurisdiction where vested.

in addition to the duty imposed by law on the same, if they had
been invoiced at their real value as aforesaid, there shall be levied
and collected on the same goods, wares and merchandise, fifty
per centum of the duty so imposed on the same goods, wares and
merchandise, when fairly invoiced: Provided always, That moth-
ing in this section contained shall be construed to impose the said
last mentioned duty of fifty per centum for a variance between the
bona fide invoice of goods produced in the manner specified in the
proviso to the eighth section of this act, and the current value of the
said merchandise in the country where the same may have been
originally manufactured or produced: And, further, That the pen-
alty of fifty per centum, imposed by the thirteenth section of the act,
entitled “An act supplementary to, and to amend the act, entitled
“An act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and ton-
nage, passed the second day of March, one thousand seven hun-
dred and ninety-nine, and for other purposes,” approved March
first, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-three, shall not be
deemed to apply or attach to any goods, wares, or merchandise,
which shall be subject to the additional duty of fifty per centum,
as aforesaid, imposed by this section of this act.
§ 10. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of
the secretary of the treasury, under the direction of the President
of the United States, from time to time, to establish such rules
and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of the United
States, as the President of the United States shall think proper,
to secure a just, faithful, and impartial appraisal of all goods,
wares, and merchandise, as aforesaid, imported into the United
States, and just and proper entries of such actual value thereof,
and of the square yards, parcels, or other quantities thereof, as
the case may require, and of such actual value of every of them :
and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to report
all such rules and regulations, with the reasons therefor, to the
then next session of Congress. [Approved, 19 May, 1828.]

Chap. 57. An act for the punishment of contraventions of the fifth

article of the Treaty between the United States and Russia.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That if any one, being a citizen of the United States, or trading under their authority, shall, in contravention of the stipulations entered into by the United States with the Emperor of all the Russias, by the fifth article of the treaty, signed at St. Petersburg, on the seventeenth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twentyfour, sell, or cause to be sold, to the natives of the country on the Northwest coast of America, or any of the islands adjacent thereto, any spirituous liquors, fire-arms, or other arms, powder or munitions of war of any kind, the person so offending shall be fined in a sum not less than fifty nor more than two hundred dollars, or imprisoned not less than thirty days, nor more than six months.

§ 2. And be further enacted, That the Superior Courts in each of the territorial districts, and the Circuit Courts and other courts of the United States, of similar jurisdiction in criminal causes, in each district of the United States, in which any offender against this act shall be first apprehended or brought for trial, shall have, and are hereby invested with, full power and authority to hear, try and punish, all crimes, offences and misdemeanors, against this act; such courts proceeding therein in the same manner as if such crimes, offences and misdemeanors, had been committed within the bounds of their respective districts. [Approved, 19 JMay, 1828.]

CHAP. 58. An act to authorise the President of the United States to run and mark a line, dividing the Territory of Arkansas from the State of Louisiana.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the President of the United The line diStates of America be, and he is hereby, authorised, in conjunc- . "r tion with the constituted authorities of the State of Louisiana, to A..." cause to be run, and log marked, the line dividing the Ter- from the state ritory of Arkansas from the State of Louisiana; commencing on : o the right bank of the Mississippi river, at latitude thirty-three """ degrees North, and running due West on that parallel of latitude, to where a line running due North from latitude thirty-two de#. North, on the Sabine river, will intersect the same. And, commis. or that purpose, he is hereby authorised, to appoint a commis-sioner to be sioner, or surveyor, or both, as in his opinion may be necessary: appointed. Provided, The compensation to be allowed to the person or per- Proviso. sons, so to be appointed by the President of the §. States, shall not exceed in amount the compensation allowed by the Government of Louisiana to the person or persons appointed, on its part, for the same object.

§ 2. Be it further enacted, That the person or persons, so to Drafts, one to be appointed by the President of the United States, with such as be o have . or shall be appointed for the same purpose, on the part o, of the state of Louisiana, after they, in conjunction, shall have office, and the run, and distinctly marked said line, shall make two fair drafts, other with the or maps thereof, both of which shall be certified by them, and #. of one of which shall be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State for the United States, and the other delivered to the Governor of Louisiana.

§ 3. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of carrying this act into execution, the sum of one thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. [Approved, 19 May, 1828.]

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CHAP. 59. An act concerning the Orphans' Court of Alexandria county, in the District of Columbia.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c., That in addition to the regular monthly Judge authosessions of the Orphans’ Court of Alexandria county, in the district : ou aforesaid, as now authorised by law, that the Judge of the afore- i.” said court be, and he is hereby, authorised and empowered, to hold extra sessions thereof, whenever the public interest may require it.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That in lieu of the per diem To receive a allowance of six dollars, as now established by law, that he be loo.”

allowed a fixed salary of five hundred dollars per annum, payable per annum.

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