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District of Columbia, the amount of postage by them respectively shals for pospaid on letters relating to their duties under this act.
tage. § 13. And be it further enacted, That the President of the Former stateUnited States is hereby authorised to cause to be made a careful ments of poprevision of the statements heretofore transmitted to Congress, of all former enumerations of the population of the United States Abstract of and their territories, and to cause an abstract of the aggregate the aggregate amount of population in each state and territory to be printed by in each state, the printer to Congress, (designating the number of inhabitants of
printed, each description by counties or parishes,) to the number of two and distributthousand copies, which said copies shall be distributed as Congress ed as Con, shall hereafter direct, and for that purpose, the sum of two thou- gress shall di. sand dollars is hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any money 2000 dollars in the treasury, not otherwise appropriated. [Approved, March appropriated 23, 1830.]
for this work.
Of the whole number of persons within the division allotted to A. B. by the Marshal of the District (or Territory) of
Of one hundred and upwards.
Under five years of age.
FREE WHITE PERSONS,
(Including Heads of Families.)
Chap. 48. An act for the relief of the purchasers of Public Lands,
and for the suppression of fraudulent practices at the public sales of the Lands of the United States.
Lands which § 1. Be it enacted, f.c. That all purchasers, their heirs, or
have revcrted assignees of such of the public lands of the United States as were to U. S. under sold on a credit, and on which a further credit has been taken, relief laws, under any of the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of public lands, and which lands have reverted to the United States, on account of the balance due thereon not having been paid or discharged agreeably to said relief laws, such persons may avail may be rethemselves of any one of the three following provisions contained either of the in this section, to wit: First, They shall have a right of pre-emp-three follow. tion of the same lands, until the fourth day of July, one thousand ing ways: 1, eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their paying into the proper antil July 30, office the sum per acre therefor, which shall
, at the time of pay- 1831, at min. ment, be the minimum price per acre of the public lands of the imum price of United States, in addition to the amount heretofore paid thereon, public lands. and forfeited : Provided, That the price, including what has Proviso : already been paid, and the amount to be paid, shall not, in any case, exceed three dollars and fifty cents per acre: Second, they shall have the right of completing the payment of said lands, by paying the balance of the principal debt due thereon, in cash, subject to a deduction of thirty-seven and a half per cent., as heretofore, at any time previous to the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one: Third, They shall have the right, within nine months from the passage of this act, in all cases where the price for which said lands were sold did not exceed two dollars and fifty cents per acre, to draw scrip for the amount paid thereon, in the manner prescribed in the act, approved the twenty-third day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, entitled “ An act for the relief of purchasers of public lands that have reverted for non-payment of the purchase money;"* and which scrip shall be receivable in the same man- *Act of 1828, ner as directed by said act, except only that it shall not be taken in payment for lands hereafter bought at public sale.
§ 2. And be it further enacted, That all purchasers, their heirs, Where lands or assignees, of such of the public lands of the United States as relinquished were sold on credit, and which lands have, by such persons,
possession of relinquished under any of the laws passed for the relief of pur- the relinchasers of public lands, and the amount paid thereon applied in quishers ; payment of other lands retained by them, and which relinquished lands, or any part thereof, may now be in possession of such persons; or in case the certificate of purchase, and part payment of
or in posses. said lands, has been transferred by the persons now in possession of said lands, or part thereof, or the persons under whom the transferred present occupants may hold such possession, to some other
person not in possession thereof, and the payment made thereon applied by such other person, or his assignee, in payment for land held in his own name: In either case, the persons so in posses. The persons sion, shall have the right of pre-emption of the same lands, accord- so in posses, ing to the legal subdivisions of sections, not exceeding the quantity sion shall of two quarter sections, in contiguous tracts until the fourth day of pre-emp of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their tion, &o.
c. 71, ante
sion of per
paying into the proper office, the sum per acre therefor, which shall at the time of payment, be the minimum price per acre of the United States' public lands; and in addition thereto, the same amount per acre heretofore paid thereon, and applied to other
lands, subject to a deduction of thirty-seven and a half per cent., Provisoes. on the last mentioned sum: Provided, That the sum to be paid
shall not, in any case, exceed three dollars and fifty cents per 2d Proviso.
acre: Provided also, That such persons only shall be entitled to the benefits of this section, who shall apply for the same, and prove their possession, to the satisfaction of the register and receiver of the district in which the land may lie, in the manner to be prescribed by the commissioners of the General Land Office, within nine months from the passage of this act; for
which, such register and receiver shall each be entitled to receive 3d Proviso.
from such applicants, the sum of fifty cents each; And provided further, That the provisions of this section shall not extend to any lands that have, in any manner, been disposed of by the
United States. On failure to
§ 3. And be it further enacted, That, on failure to apply for, comply lands and show a right of pre-emption, under the second section of this to be offered act, within the time allowed therefor; and also on failure to for sale.
complete the payment on any of the lands, agreeably to the provisions of this act, within the period allowed for that purpose, in either case, the whole of such lands shall be forthwith offered for sale without delay.
4. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons ments or acts shall, before or at the time of the public sale of any of the lands any one from of the United States, bargain, contract or agree, or shall attempt bidding upon to bargain, contract, or agree with any other person or persons, or purchasing that the last named person or persons, shall not bid upon, or pur. public lands, prohibited.
chase the land so offered for sale, or any parcel thereof, or shall by intimidation, combination, or unfair management, hinder or prevent, or attempt to hinder or prevent any person or persons from bidding upon or purchasing any tract or tracts of land so
offered for sale, every such offender, his, her, or their aiders and Penalty.
abetters, being thereof duly convicted, shall for every such offence, be fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, or imprisoned not
exceeding two years or both in the discretion of the court. All agree. 85. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons, ments to pay shall, before, or at the time of the public sale of any of the lands upon the price of the United States, enter into any contract, bargain, agreement, to be nnll and or secret understanding with any other person or persons, pro
posing to purchase such land, to pay or give to such purchasers for such land, a sum of money, or other article of property, over and above the price at which the land may or shall be bid off by such purchasers, every such contract, bargain, agreement, or secret understanding, and every bond, obligation,
or writing of any kind whatsoever founded upon, or growing out Any premi. of the same, shall be utterly null and void. And any person or um paid in
persons being a party to such contract, bargain, agreement, or of such agree. secret understanding, who shall or may pay to such purchasers, ment may be any sum of money or other article of property, as aforesaid, over recovered. and above the purchase money of such land, may sue for, and
recover such excess from such purchasers in any court having jurisdiction of the same. And if the party aggrieved, have no Discovery legal evidence of such contract, bargain, agreement, or secret forced by bill understanding, or of the payment of the excess aforesaid, he may, in equity. by bill in equity, compel such purchasers to make discovery thereof; and if in such case, the complainant shall ask for relief, the court in which the bill is pending, may proceed to final decree between the parties to the same; Provided, every such suit, Proviso. either in law or equity shall be commenced within six years next, after the sale of said land by the United States. [Approved, March, 31, 1830.] CHAP 49. An act to change the port of entry from Nova Iberia to
Franklin, in the state of Louisiana. § 1. Be it enacted, f-c. That hereafter, the port of entry in Port of entry the district of Teche, in the state of Louisiana, shall be at Franklin, from N. Ibeinstead of Nova Iberia, in said district; and the collector thereof ria to Frank. shall hereafter reside at said Franklin. (Approved, March, 31, lin. 1830.] CHAP. 50. An act, changing the residence of the collector in the dis
trict of Burlington, in the state of New Jersey. § 1. Be it enacted, fc. That hereafter, the collector of the Collector of district of Burlington, in the state of New Jersey, shall reside at
Burlington to Lamberton instead of Burlington, in said district.-[Approved, Lamberton. March 31, 1830.]
CHAP. 52. An act to change the time and place of holding the Court
for the county of Crawford, in the territory of Michigan. § 1. Be it enacted, fc. That the term of the court appointed to Time and be held, annually, on the second Monday in May, at the village place of hold. of Prairie du Chien, by the additional judge of the United States ing a Court in for the territory of Michigan, shall be held on the first Monday in changed. October, annually, at Mineral Point, in the county of Iowa, in the said territory; and the cases which shall be pending in the said Court on the second Monday in May next, shall be tried and determined at the time and place above designated, in the county of Iowa; and the clerk and sheriff of said county shall be the clerk and sheriff of this court; and its jurisdiction shall be and continue the same as if said county of Crawford had not been divided. (Approved, April 2, 1830.] CHAP. 59. An act amending and supplementary to the act to aid the
State of Ohio in extending the Miami Canal from Dayton to Lake Erie, and to grant a quantity of land to said state, to aid in the construction of the canals authorised by law, and for making donations of land to certain persons in Arkansas territory. § 1. Be it enacted, fc. That so much of the act, approved Provision of May twenty-fourth, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight,
Act May 24
1828, entitled “ An act to aid the state of Ohio in extending the Miami repealed. Canal from Dayton to Lake Erie, and to grant a quantity of land to said state, to aid in the construction of the canals authorised