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corporate, or voluntary association, or of having passed, uttered or published, or attempted to pass, utter or publish, as true, any such falsely made, altered, forged or counterfeited paper, writing or printed paper, to the prejudice of the right of any other person, body politic or corporate, or voluntary association, knowing the same to be falsely made, altered, forged, or counterfeited, with intent to defraud such person, body politic or corporate, or voluntary association, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labour, for the first offence for a period not less than one year nor more than seven years; for the second offence, for a period not less than three nor more than ten years. § 12.1nd be it further enacted, That every person, duly con- obtaining victed of obtaining by false pretences any goods or chattels, o o: premoney, bank note, promissory note, or any other instrument in " writing, for the payment or delivery of money or other valuable thing, or of keeping a faro bank or gaming table, shall be sen-Keeping bl tenced to suffer imprisonment and labour, for a period not less *"** than one year, nor more than five years: and every person, so offending, shall be a competent witness against every other person offending in the same transaction, and may be compelled to appear and give evidence in the same manner as other persons: but the testimony so given shall not be used in any prosecution or proceeding, civil or criminal, against the person so testifying. § 13. .1nd be it further enacted, That every person, upon a Larceny. second conviction of larceny, where the property stolen is under, the value of five dollars, or upon a second conviction of receiving stolen goods, knowing them to be stolen, where the property stolen is under the value of five dollars, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labour, for a period not less than one nor more than three years. § 14. And be it further enacted, That all capital felonies and Carital crimes crimes in the District of Columbia, not herein specially provided not speially for, except murder, treason, and piracy, shall hereafter be pun- "“” ished by imprisonment and labour in the penitentiary of said district, for a period not less than seven nor more than twenty a years. - o § 15. And be it further enacted, That every other felony, mis- other offendemeanor, or offence not provided for by this act, may and shall “”. be punished as heretofore, except that, in all cases where whipping is part or the whole of the punishment, except, in the cases of slaves, the court shall substitute therefor imprisonment in the county jail, for a period not exceeding six months. § 16. And be it further enacted, That all definitions and Former prodescriptions of crimes: all fines, forfeitures and incapacities, the . so restitution of property, or the payment of the value thereof; and force. every other matter not provided for in this act, be, and the same shall remain, as heretofore. § 17. And be it further enacted, That if any free person shall, Abduction of in the said district, unlawfully, by force and violence, take and so nego” carry away, or cause to be taken and carried away, or shall, by C. fraud unlawfully seduce, or cause to be seduced, any free negro or mulatto, from any part of the said district to any other part of the said district, or to any other place, with design, or intention Vol. iv. 18

This law not applicable to slaves.

Secretary of
Treasury au-
thorised to re-
fund certain
duties.
Act of 1830,
c. 147, ante
2201.

Proviso.

Proviso.

Certain insolvents to apply for discharge.

Nature of application.

to sell or dispose of such negro or mulatto, or to cause him or her
to be kept and detained as a slave for life, or servant for years,
every such person so offending, his or her counsellors, aiders and
abettors, shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, not
exceeding five thousand dollars, and imprisonment and confine-
ment to hard labour, in the penitentiary, for any time not ex-
ceeding twelve years, according to the enormity of the offence.
§ 18. And be it further enacted, That nothing herein contained
shall be construed to apply to slaves not residents of the District
of Columbia; but such slaves shall, for all offences committed in
said district, be punished agreeably to the laws as they now
exist: Provided that this act shall not be construed to extend to
slaves. [Approved, March 2, 1831.]

CHAP. 275. An act for the relief of certain Importers of Foreign
Merchandise.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the secretary of the treasury shall be, and he is hereby authorised, to extend relief to any importer of foreign merchandise who may have been charged, under the provisions of the third section of the fict entitled “An act for the more effectual collection of the duties on imports,” passed the twenty-eighth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, with any duty in addition to the duties existing on such merchandise previous to the passage of said act, to the amount of such additional duty: Provided, Said merchandise shall have been imported previous to the first day of January last: Provided also, That no person shall be entitled to the relief authorised to be o by this act, who, by the exercise of reasonable diligence, y himself, or his agents, factors, or correspondents, could have complied with the provisions of the said j section of said act; and the secretary of the treasury shall require and receive satisfactory evidence, from every person claiming the benefits of this act, that such diligence has io used, and that he has acted bona fide, and without any intent to violate or evade the provisions of said third section, before he shall grant the relief herein provided. [.1pproved March 2, 1831.]

Chap. 297. An act for the relief of certain Insolvent Debtors of the

United States.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That any person who was an insolvent debtor on or before the first day of January last, and who is indebted to the United States for any sum of money then due, which he is unable to pay, unless such person be indebted as the principal in an official bond, or for public money received by him, and not paid over or accounted for according to law, or for any fine, forfeiture, or penalty, incurred by the violation of any law of the United States, may make application in writing, under oath or affirmation, to the secretary of the treasury, for the purpose of obtaining a release or discharge of the said debt; which application shall state, as near as may be, the time when the applicant became insolvent, how soon thereafter he made known his insolvency to his creditors, the cause or causes, and the amount of such insolvency; and also, all the estate, real and

personal, which the said applicant owned at the time of his .

insolvency, and the manner in which such estate has been disposed of; and what estate, if any, he has since owned, and still owns.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That the secretary of the trea-proceedings sury is hereby directed to transmit to the district attorney of the *

United States for the district or territory within which the said
applicant shall reside, a certificate copy of the said application,
with such instructions as he may think proper; and it shall be
the duty of the said district attorney to lay the said copy of such
application before the commissioner or commissioners of insol-
yency to be appointed by virtue of this act, and to appear and act
before them as counsel in behalf of the United States.
§ 3. And be it further enacted, That the secretary of the
treasury is hereby authorised and directed to appoint any
number of commissioners of, insolvency he may think proper,
not exceeding three in each judicial district or territory of the
United States, who, before they enter upon the duties of their
appointment, shall severally take an oath or affirmation before
one of the justices of the Supreme Court, or before any judge
of a District Court of the United States, that they will faithfully
execute the trust committed to them : and it shall be the duty of
the said commissioner or commissioners to proceed publicly to
examine the books, papers and vouchers of each of the said
applicants; and they, or either of them, shall also be authorised
to examine each of the said applicants, or any other person or
persons, upon oath or affirmation, touching the said application:
and it shall be the duty of the said commissioner or commissioners
to make a report, in writing, to the said secretary, of the result of
their examination in each case, therein particularly stating, as
near as may be, the time when the applicant became insolvent,
how soon thereafter he made known his insolvency to his credi-
tors, the cause or causes, and the amount of such insolvency;
and, also, all the estate, real and personal, which the said applicant
owned at the time of his insolvency, and the manner in which
such estate has been disposed of; and what estate, if any, he has
since owned, and still owns.
§ 4. And be it further enacted, That the secretary of the trea-
sury, after he shall have received the report of the said commis-
sioner or commissioners, shall proceed to examine the circum-
stances of each case; and if it shall have been proved to his
satisfaction that the said debtor is unable to pay the said debt or
debts which he owes to the United States; |. he hath done no
act fraudulently to deprive the United States of their legal priority;
that he has not been guilty of any fraud, nor made any convey-
ance of his estate, real or personal, in trust for himself, or with an
intent to defraud the United States, or whereby to expect any
benefit or advantage to himself or family; then and in that case,
the said secretary may compromise with the said debtor, upon
such terms and conditions as he may think reasonable and proper
under all the circumstances of the case, and may execute a release
to him or her for the amount of the said debt or debts which he
or she may owe to the United States; which said release shall
contain a recital that the foregoing particulars have been satis-

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factorily proved to the said secretary: Provided, however, That
the said release shall be rendered null and void, if it shall at any
time be ascertained that the said insolvent debtor hath obtained
the same upon false suggestions.
§ 5. And be it further enacted, That if the said insolvent
debtor, or any other person, shall falsely take an oath or affirma-
tion under this act, he or she shall be deemed guilty of perjury,
and shall suffer the pains and penalties in that case provided.
§ 9. 1nd be it further enacted, That each of the said commis-
sioners of insolvency shall receive five dollars per day for each
day they shall be actually employed in the loc of their
duty under this act; which sum together with the actual expense
incurred for office rent and all other contingencies, provided the
same shall not, in the whole, exceed two dollars per day, shall be
apportioned among the several applicants by the said commis-
sioner or commissioners, under the direction of the secretary of
the treasury, according to the time occupied in the investigation
of each case; and each of the said applicants, immediately after
the investigation of his or her case li be completed, by the
commissioner or commissioners, and before the report shall be
transmitted to the said secretary, shall pay his or her respective
proportions of the same: and it shall be the duty of the said
commissioner or commissioners to transmit with his or their
report, in each case, a statement, under oath or affirmation, to
the said secretary, of the time actually occupied in the investi-
gation thereof and the amount which they shall have received
from the said applicant.
§ 7. And be it further enacted, That the compensation to be
[...'. to the district attorney of each district and territory shall
e five dollars for each day he shall be actually employed under
the provisions of this act.
§ 8. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the
secretary of the treasury to report annually to Congress the
names of the applicants under this act, and the nature and
amount of the debt or debts due from each to the United States;

and, also, the names of those who shall have obtained releases,

$5,000 applicd.

Act limited.

750 copies.

Proviso:

Proviso.

together with the terms of compromise in each case.
§ 9. And be it further enacted, That the sum of five thousand
dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out
of any money not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of
carrying into effect the provisions of this act.
§ 10. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue in
force for three years, and no longer. [Approved, March 2, 1831.]

Chap. 300. An act making provision for a subscription to a compilation of Congressional documents.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the clerk of the House of Representatives be and hereby is authorised and directed to subscribe for seven hundred and fifty copies of the compilation of Congressional documents proposed to |. published by Gales and Seaton: Provided, That the documents shall be selected under the direction of the secretary of the Senate, and clerk of the House of Representatives: And provided, also, That the price paid for the printing of the said copies, shall be at a rate not exceeding that of the price paid to the printer of Congress for printing the documents of the two houses. [...]pproved, March 2, 1831.]

CHAP. 301. An act to provide for the punishment of offences commit. ted in cutting, destroying, or removing live oak, and other timber or trees reserved for naval purposes.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That if any person or persons shall cut, or Any person cause or procure to be cut, or aid, assist, or be employed in cut-cutting, &c. ting, or shall wantonly destroy, or cause or procure to be wantonly destroyed, or aid, assist, or be employed in wantonly destroying any live oak, or red cedar tree or trees, or other timber standing, live oak or growing, or being on any lands of the United Sates, which, in &c. o o of any law |..." or hereafter to be passed, shall have

een reserved or purchased for the use of the United States, for supplying or furnishing therefrom, timber for the navy of the United States; or if any person or persons shall remove, or cause Any person or procure to be removed, or aid, or assist, or be employed in removing, &c. removing from any such lands which shall have been reserved or purchased as aforesaid, any live oak or red cedar tree or trees, or other timber, unless duly authorised so to do, by order in writing, of a competent officer, and for the use of the navy of the United States; or if any person or persons shall out, or cause or Any person rocure to be cut, or aid, or assist, or be employed in cutting any cutting or,

É. oak or red cedar tree or trees, or other timber on, or shall &c. remove, or cause or procure to be removed, or aid, or assist, or be employed in removing any live oak or red cedar trees, or other timber from any other lands of the United States acquired, or hereafter to be acquired, with intent to export, dispose of, use, Or o the same in any manner whatsoever, other than for the use of the navy of the United States; every such person or persons so offending, on conviction thereof, before any court having COmpetent joio. shall, for every such offence, pay a fine to pay a fine, not sess than triple the value of the tree or trees, or timber so cut, *. destroyed, or removed, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months. * *

§ 2. 1nd be it further enacted, That if the master, owner, or vessels em. consignee of any ship or vessel shall, knowingly, take on board ployed in takany timber cut on lands which shall have been reserved or pur- "**** chased as aforesaid, without proper authority, and for the use of the navy of the United States; or shall take on board any live oak or red cedar timber, cut on any other lands of the United States, with intent to transport the same to any port or place within the United States, or to export the same to any foreign country, the ship or vessel on board of which the same shall be taken, transported, or seised, shall with her tackle, apparel, and furniture, be wholly forfeited to the United States; and the cap. to be forfeited; tain or master of such ship or vessel wherein the same shall have coin, i. been exported to any foreign country against the provisions of . this act, shall forfeit and pay to the United States, a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars.

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