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i certificate shall be considered as valid under this section unless • such certificate shall be authenticated as aforesaid.

§ 17. That the act entitled “ An act for the prevention of Repeal of act • injuries to the national road in Ohio," passed February eleventh, Feb. 11, 1828. eighteen hundred and twenty-eight, be, and the same is hereby repealed: Provided, however, That all actions and prosecutions which may now be pending, shall be prosecuted to final judg'ment and execution, and all offences committed before the 'taking effect of this act, shall be prosecuted and punished in the

same manner as if the above-mentioned act was not repealed.'
(Approved March 2, 1831.]
CHAP. 333. An act to regulate the foreign and coasting trade on the

Northern, Northeastern, and Northwestern frontiers of the United
States, and for other purposes.

$ 1. Be it enacted, f-c. That from and after the first day of Custom-house April next, no custom-house fees shall be levied or collected on fees on U. 8. any raft, flat, boat, or vessel, of the United States, entering other. vessels. wise than by sea, at any port of the United States, on the rivers and lakes on our Northern, Northeastern, and Northwestern frontiers.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That from and after the first Tonnage duday of April next, the same and no higher tonnage duties and ties, &c. on custom-house charges of any kind shall be levied and collected sels. on any British colonial raft, fat, boat, or vessel, entering otherwise than by sea, at any port of the United States, on the rivers and lakes on our northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers, than may be levied and collected on any raft, flat, boat, or vessel, entering otherwise than by sea, at any of the ports of the British possessions on our northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers : and that, from and after the first day of April next, no higher discriminating duty shall be levied or collected on merchandise imported into the United States, in the ports aforesaid, and otherwise than by sea, than may be levied and collected on merchandise when imported in like manner otherwise than by sea, into the British possessions on our northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers from the United States.

83. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage License, &c. of this act, any boat, sloop, or other vessel of the United States, to U. S. vesnavigating the waters on our northern, northeastern, and north- sels. western frontiers, otherwise than by sea, shall be enrolled and licensed in such form as may be prescribed by the secretary of the treasury; which enrolment and license shall authorise any such boat, sloop, or other vessel, to be employed either in the coasting or foreign trade; and no certificate of registry shall be required for the vessels so employed on said frontiers: Provided, Proviso: That such boat, sloop, or vessel, shall be, in every other respect, liable to the rules, regulations, and penalties now in force, relating to registered vessels on our northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers.

4. And be it further enacted, That in lieu of the fees, emolu- Compensation ments, salary, and commissions, now allowed by law to any to Coll

. &c. collector or surveyor of any district on our northern, northeastern

Cases for summary proceedings.

Cases for indictment.

and northwestern lakes and rivers, each collector or surveyor, ás aforesaid, shall receive, annually, in full compensation for these services, an amount equal to the entire compensation received by such officer during the past year. [.Approved March 2, 1831.) CHAP. 334. An act declaratory of the law concerning contempts

of Court. § 1. Be it enacted, 8-c. That the power of the several courts of the United States to issue attachments and inflict summary punishments for contempt of court, shall not be construed to extend to any cases except the misbehaviour of any person or persons in the presence of the said courts, or so near thereto as to obstruct the administration of justice, the misbehaviour of any of the officers of the said courts in their official transactions, and the disobedience or resistance by any officer of the said courts, party, juror, witness, or'any other person or persons, to any lawful writ, process, order, rule, decree or command of the said courts.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall, corruptly, or by threats or force, endeavour to influence, intimidate or impede any juror, witness, or officer, in any court of the United States, in the discharge of his duty, or shall corruptly, or by threats or force, obstruct or impede, or endeavour to obstruct or impede the due administration of justice therein, every person or persons, so offending, shall be liable to prosecution therefor, by indictment, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment, not exceeding three months, or both, according to the nature and aggravation of the offence. (Approved March 2, 1831.] Chap. 349. An act for the relief of John Culbertson, and to provide

an interpreter for the District Court of the United States for the eastern district of Louisiana.

2. And be it further enacted, That the judge of the District Court of the United States for the eastern district of Louisiana, be and is hereby, authorised to appoint an interpreter to said court, and to allow him a compensation not exceeding three hundred and thirty-three dollars and thirty-three and one-third cents, for his » services at each regular term of said court, to be holden subsequently to the passage of this act; and the marshal is authorised to pay the same upon the order of the judge: Provided, always, That it shall be the duty of the said interpreter, during his continuance in office, to attend all and every of the called or irregular sessions of the said court, without any additional compensation therefor: Provided, also, That the said interpreter shall not receive, under this act, more than one thousand dollars for each

year. [.Approved, March 3, 1831.]

Interpreter created,

Proviso.

Proviso.

Chap. 350. An act concerning vessels employed in the whale fishery. Act of 1825,

§ 1. Be it enacted, f.c. That all the provisions of the act entich. 310, vol. tled “ An act to authorise the register or enrolment, and license,

to be issued in the name of the president or secretary of any

3, p. 2011.

created.

incorporated company owning a steamboat or vessel,” passed the
third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five,
shall extend and be applicable to every ship or vessel owned by
any incorporated company, and employed wholly in the whale
fishery, so long as such ship or vessel shall be wholly employed
in the whale fishery. [Approved, March 3, 1831.]
CHAP. 351. An act to create the office of Surveyor of the public

lands for the state of Louisiana. 81. Be it enacted, fc. That a surveyor-general for the state Surveyor. of Louisiana shall be appointed, who shall have the same author. general ity, and perform the same duties, respecting the public lands and private land claims in the state of Louisiana, as are now vested in, and required of the surveyor of the lands of the United States, south of the state of Tennessee, or the principal deputy-surveyors in the said state ; and that from and after the first day of May next, the office of principal deputy-surveyors, as created by the ninth section of the act of Congress of the twenty-first day of April, eighteen hundred and six, entitled “ An act supplementary Act of 1806, to an act entitled . An act for ascertaining and adjusting the titles ch, 39, vol. 2, and claims to lands within the territory of Orleans and district of p. 1018. Louisiana,”” be and the same are hereby, abolished; and it shall be the duty of said principal deputy-surveyors to surrender to the surveyor-general of Louisiana or to such person or persons as he may appoint to receive the same, all the maps, books, records, field-notes, documents and articles of every description, appertaining or in any wise belonging to their offices respectively.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That the principal deputy-sur- Disposition of veyor for the district east of the island of New Orleans be and he certain docuhereby is required to separate and arrange the papers in his office; and all the maps, records, papers and documents of every description which refer to lands in the state of Louisiana, shall be delivered to the order of the surveyor-general for that state; and such of them as refer to lands in the state of Alabama shall be delivered to the surveyor for the state of Alabama; and such of them as refer to lands in the state of Mississippi together with such maps, papers, records and documents in the office of the said principal deputy-surveyor, as are not hereby required to be delivered to the surveyor-general of the state of Louisiana or to the surveyor for the state of Alabama, shall be delivered to the order of the surveyor of the lands of the United States south of the state of Tennessee ; and the office of said principal deputy shall be, and the same is hereby abolished from and after the first day of May next; and the powers and duties now exercised and performed by the said principal deputy-surveyor shall be vested in and performed by the aforesaid surveyors, within their respective states.

§ 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the other doce surveyor south of the state of Tennessee to deliver to the surveyor- ments. general of the state of Louisiana all the maps, papers, records, and documents relating to the public lands, and private claims in Louisiana, which may be in his office; and in every case where it shall be impracticable to make a separation of such maps, papers, records and documents, without injury to the portion of

ments.

them relating to lands in Mississippi, it shall be his duty to cause copies thereof certified by him to be furnished to the surveyorgeneral of Louisiana, and which copies shall be of the same

validity as the originals. Deputy sur

84. And be it further enacted, That the surveyor-general of veyors to be Louisiana shall appoint a sufficient number of skilful and experiappointed.

enced surveyors as his deputies, who with one or more good and sufficient sureties to be approved by said surveyor-general shall enter into bond for the faithful performance of all surveying contracts confided to them in the penalty of double the amount of money accruing under the said contracts at the rate per mile stipulated to be paid therein and who, before entering on the performance of their duties shall take an oath, or make affirmation, truly, faithfully and impartially to the utmost of their skill and ability to execute the trust confided to them; and in the event of the failure of a députy to comply with the terms of his contract; unless such failure shall be satisfactorily shown by him to have arisen from causes beyond his control, he shall forfeit the penalty of his bond on due process of law, and ever afterwards be debarred from receiving a contract for surveying public lands in

Louisiana or elsewhere. Location of 5. And be it further enacted, That the surveyor-general to be office, S. G. appointed in pursuance of this act shall establish his office at such

place as the President of the United States may deem most expeSalary, &c. dient for the public service; and that he shall be allowed an

annual salary of two thousand dollars, and that he be authorised to employ one skilful draughtsman and recording clerk whose aggregate compensation shall not exceed one thousand five hundred dollars per annum ; and that the fees heretofore authorised by law for examining and recording surveys be and the same are hereby abolished; and any copy of a plat of survey, or transcript from the records of the office of the said surveyor-general, shall be admitted as evidence in any of the courts of the United States or territories thereof; and for every copy of a plat of survey; there shall be paid twenty-five cents, and for any transcript from the records of said office, there shall be paid at the rate of twentyfive cents for every hundred words by the individual requiring the

same. Settlement of § 6. And be it further enacted, That in relation to all such conflicting claims.

confirmed claims as may conflict, or in any manner interfere with each other, the register of the land office and receiver of public moneyş for the proper land district, are hereby authorised to decide between the parties, and shall in their decision be governed by such conditional lines or boundaries as have been or may be agreed upon between the parties interested, either verbally or in writing; and in case no lines or boundaries be agreed upon between the parties interested, then the said register and receiver are hereby authorised to decide between the parties in such manner as may

be consistent with the principles of justice; and it shall be the duty of the surveyor-general of the said state to have those

claims surveyed and platted in accordance with the decisions of Provisc. the register and receiver : Provided, That the said decisions and

surveys and the patents which may be issued in conformity thereto,

shall not in any wise be considered as precluding a legal investigation and decision by the proper judicial tribunal between the parties to such interfering claims, but shall only operate as a relinquishment on the part of the United States of all title to the land in question.

97. And be it further enacted, That all the lands to which the Survey of Indian title has been extinguished lying north of the northern certain lands. boundary of the state of Illinois, west of Lake Michigan and east of the Mississippi river, shall be surveyed in the same manner and under the same regulations, provisions, restrictions and reservations as the other public lands are surveyed.

$ 8. And be it further enacted, That the legislature of the state School lands of Missouri be and is hereby authorised to sell and convey in fee in Missouri. simple all or any part of the lands heretofore reserved and appropriated by Congress for the use of a seminary of learning in said state and to invest the money arising from the sale thereof in some productive fund, the proceeds of which shall be forever applied by the legislature of said state, solely to the use of such seminary and for no other use or purpose whatsoever. And that the legis- Salt springs. lature of said state of Missouri shall be and is hereby authorised to sell and convey in fee simple all or any part of the salt springs not exceeding twelve in number, and six sections of land adjoining to each granted to said state by the United States for the use thereof, and selected by the legislature of said state, on or before the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twentyfive, and to invest the money arising from the sale thereof in some productive fund, the proceeds of which shall be forever applied under the direction of said legislature, for the purpose of education in said state, and for no other use or purpose whatsoever. [Approved, March 3, 1831.]

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