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ACTS OF THE TweNTY-SECOND CONGRESS

or

THE UNITED STATES.

Passed at the First Session, which was begun and held at the City of Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Monday, the fifth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one.

ANDREw Jackson, President. J. C. Calhoun, Vice President, and President of the Senate. ANDREw STEvenson, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Chap. 9. An act supplementary to an act to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on Public Lands.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the passage of this act, all persons who have purchased under an act, entitled “An act to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on the public lands,” approved the twenty-ninth of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, may assign and transfer their certificates of purchase, or final receipts, and patents may issue in the name of such assignee, any thing in the act aforesaid to the contrary notwithstanding. [Approved, January, 23, 1832.]

CHAP. 10. An act to direct the manner of issuing patents on confirmed land claims in the Territory of Florida.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That all patents that are, or may be by law directed to be issued on private land claims confirmed by the commissioners of private land claims, and by the several acts of Congress approving their reports, and confirming the titles to lands in the territory of Florida, shall be, and they are hereby equired to be issued to the confirmees, or to the assignee or present owner, where the land has been sold or transferred since the confirmation of the title; and it shall be the duty of the commissioner of the general land office, upon the production of satisfactory proof of the death of the confirmee or upon the production of a regular chain of title from the confirmee, to cause the patent to be issued to the heirs and legal representatives, or to the assignees of the confirmee, as the case may be. [Approved, January 23, 1832.]

CHAP. 15. An act to alter the time of holding the Spring term of the
Circuit Court of the United States sor the southern district of New
York. -

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the first day of March next, a term of the Circuit Court of the United States for the southern district of New York, shall commence and be held at the place fixed by law for holding said court, on the first Monday of April, in each and every year; and that, from and after said first day of March, the term of said court now required by law to be held on the last Monday in May in each year, shall be abolished. [Approved, February 10, 1832.]

CHAP. 52. An act to amend the several acts establishing a territorial government in Florida.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That there shall be elected one member of the legislative council in the territory of Florida, from the counties of Madison and Hamilton; and one from the county of Walton, in said territory. [...]pproved, March 22, 1832.]

CHAP. 57. An act explanatory of the act, entitled “An act for the relief of certain officers and soldiers of the Virginia line and Navy, and of the continental army, during the revolutionary war,” approved thirtieth of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the provisions of the act, entitled “An act for the relief of certain officers and soldiers of the Virginia line and Navy, and of the Continental army, during the revolutionary war,” approved thirtieth of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, shall not be construed to extend to any land warrants heretofore issued, which have been located, surveyed, or patented on the lands reserved and set apart for the satisfaction of the military bounty lands due to the officers and soldiers of the Virginia line upon continental establishment, or for the satisfaction of the officers and soldiers of the continental arin V.

§ . And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the third section of the act, entitled, “An act to extend the time for locating Virginia Military land warrants, and returning surveys thereon to the land office,” approved twentieth of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, be, and the same is hereby continued in force for seven years, from and after the first day of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two ; and the proprietors of any location, survey or patent, contemplated by the aforesaid section, may avail themselves of the provisions of the said section, in the cases therein enumerated. [Approved March 31, 1832.]

CHAP. 58. An act to add a part of the Southern to the Northern
District of Alabama.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That all that part of the country lying within the limits of Alabama, and now in the occupancy of the Cherokee and Chicasaw tribes of Indians, shall be added to, and constitute a part of the northern judicial district of Alabama, instead of the southern district of said state, as now arranged. [Approved March 31, 1832.]

held first Monday in April.

Act of 1830, c.216, ante p. 2214.

Act of 1826, c. 137, vol. 3, p. 2036.

Chap. 65. An act supplementary to the several laws for the sale of public lands.

All public § 1. Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the first day of lands offered May next, all the public lands of the United States, when offered * * at private sale, may be purchased at the option of the purchaser, .." either in entire sections, half-sections, quarter-sections, half-quarfractions of ter sections, or quarter-quarter sections; and in every case of a sections, &c. division of a half-quarter section, the line for the division thereof shall run east and west, and the corners and contents of quarterquarter sections, which may thereafter be sold, shall be ascertained as nearly as may be, in the manner, and on the principles, directed and prescribed by the second section of an act, entitled “An Act of 1805, act concerning the mode of surveying the public lands of the th. "?, United States,” passed on the eleventh day of February, eighteen ** hundred and five; and fractional sect ining few undred an ve; an ractional sections, containing fewer or more than one hundred and sixty acres, shall in like manner, as nearly as may be practicable, be subdivided into quarter-quarter sections, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed Proviso. by the secretary of the treasury: Provided, That this act shall not be construed to alter any special provision made by law for Proviso. the sale of land in town lots: And, provided also, That no person shall be permitted to enter more than one half-quarter section of land under this act, in quarter-quarter sections, in his own name, or in the name of any other person, and in no case, unless he intends it for cultivation, or for the use of his improvement. And the person making application to make an entry under this act, .." file his and her affidavit, under such regulations as the secretary of the treasury may prescribe, that he or she makes the entry in his or her own name, for his or her own benefit, and not Provisc. in trust for another: Provided, further, That all actual settlers, being house-keepers, upon the public lands, shall have the right of pre-emption to enter, within six months after the passage of this act, not exceeding the quantity of one half-quarter section, under the provisions of this act, to include his or their improvements, under such regulations as have been, or may be prescribed . the secretary of the treasury; and in cases where two persons shall live upon the same quarter section, subject to be entered under the provisions of this act, each shall have the right to enter that quarter-quarter section which includes his improvement. [Approved, April 5, 1832.]

CHAP. 66. An act to authorise the Judges of the Courts of the United

States to take bail of the claimants of property seized, and perform other acts in vacation. -

Judge autho. § 1. Be it enacted, &c. That in any cause of admiralty and :*.*. maritime jurisdiction, or other case of seizure, depending in any climino court of the United States, any judge of the said court, in vacation, shall have the same power and authority to order any vessel, or cargo, or other property, to be delivered to the claimants, upon bail or bond, under the statute, as the case may be, or to be sold when necessary, as the said court now has in term time, and to

appoint appraisers, and exercise every other incidental power necessary to the complete execution of the authority herein granted; and the said recognisance of bail or bond, under such order, may be executed before the clerk, upon the party's producing the certificate of the collector of the district, of the sufficiency of the security offered; and the same proceedings shall be had in case of said order of delivery, or of sale, as are now had in like cases when ordered in term time: Provided, That upon every such application, either for an order of delivery or of sale, the collector and the attorney of the district shall have reasonable notice in cases of the United States, and the party or counsel in all other cases. [Approved, April 5, 1832.]

CHAP. 67. An act providing for the organisation of the Ordnance
Department.

Bond to be executed before clerk, &c.

Proviso.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the passage of Ordnance

this act, the ordnance department shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, two majors, and ten captains, and as many

department to consist of, &c.

enlisted men as the public service may require, not exceeding

two hundred and fifty.
§ 2. And be it further enacted, That the secretary of war be
authorised to select from the sergeants of the line of the army,
who shall have faithfully served eight years in the service, four
years of which in the grade of non-commissioned officer, as many

ordnance sergeants as the service may require, not to exceed one

for each military post; whose duty it shall be to receive and pre-
serve the ordnance, arms, ammunition, and other military stores,
at the post under the direction of the commanding officer of the
same, and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the
secretary of war, and who shall receive for their services five
dollars per month, in addition to their pay in the line.
§ 3. And be it further enacted, That the first section of the act
passed on the eighth of February, one thousand eight hundred
and fifteen, entitled “An act for the better regulation of the ord-
nance department;” and so much of the second section of the
act, entitled “An act to reduce and fix the military peace estab-
lishment of the United States,” passed the second of March, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, as provides for one super-
numerary captain to each regiment of artillery, to perform ord-
nance duty, and so much of the fourth section of the same act as
merges the ordnance department in the artillery, and reduces the
number of enlisted men, be, and the same are hereby repealed:
Provided, That nothing contained in this act shall be so construed
as to divest the President of the United States of authority to
select from the regiments of artillery such number of lieutenants
as may be necessary for the performance of the duties of the
ordnance department. -
§ 4. And be it further enacted, That all officers and enlisted
men authorised by this act, shall be subject to the rules and
articles of war, and that the officers shall receive the pay and
emoluments now allowed or which may hereafter be allowed, to
artillery officers. [Approved, April 5, 1832.] -

Ordnance sergeants.

Act of 1815, ch. 191, vol. 2, p. 1497. Act of 1821, ch. 151, vol. 3, p. 1809.

Proviso. . .

Government,

and pay.

[graphic]

Salt Springs, &c. reserved from sale.

Governor au-,

thorised to lease.

Hot Springs reserved.

Tribes to be convened for vaccination.

Physicians or surgeons to be employed, &c.

CHAp. 69. An act to change the time of holding the United States
District Court, at Staunton, in the western district of Virginia.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the passing of this act, the United States District Court, in the western district of Virginia, heretofore held at Staunton, on Wednesday after the fourth Monday in April and September, in each year, be hereafter held at Staunton, on the first day of May, and the first day of October, in each year; and when those days, or either of them, fall on Sunday, the court to be held on the next succeeding day. [Approved, April 20, 1832.]

Chap. 70. An act authorising the Governor of the Territory of
Arkansas to lease the Salt Springs, in said Territory, and for other
purposes.
§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the Salt Springs lying on the
Washita river, on Little river, and on Saline creek, in said Ter-
ritory of Arkansas, together with as many contiguous sections to
each of said springs as shall be equal to one township, and ever
other salt spring which may be discovered in said territory, wit
the section of one mile square which includes it, shall be reserved
for the future disposal of the United States, and shall not be liable
to be entered, located, or appropriated, for any other purpose
whatever. -
§ 2. And be it further enacted, That the governor of said
territory shall be, and is hereby authorised to let out or lease said
springs, for a term not exceeding five years; and the rents and
profits arising from said springs, shall be applied by the legislature
of said territory, to the opening and improving such roads in said
territory, as said legislature may direct, and to no other purpose
whatever.
§ 3. And be it further enacted, That the Hot Springs in said
territory, together with four sections of lands including said
springs, as near the centre thereof as may be, shall be reserved
for the future disposal of the United States, and shall not be enter-
ed, located, or appropriated for any other purpose whatever.
[Approved, April 20, 1832.]

o Chap. 75. An act to provide the means of extending the benefits of vaccination, as a preventive of the Small Pox, to the Indiant ribes, and thereby, as far as possible, to save them from the destructive ravages of that disease.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That it shall be the duty of the several Indian agents and sub-agents, under the direction of the secretary of war, to take such measures as he shall deem most efficient, to convene the Indian tribes in their respective towns, or in such other places and mumbers, and at such seasons as shall be most convenient to the Indian population, for the purpose of arresting the progress of small pox among the several tribes, by vaccination.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That the secretary of war be, and he hereby is empowered to employ as many physicians or surgeons, from the army or resident on the frontier near the point

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