the mail within the preceding year, stating in each case of contract its date and duration, the name of the contractor, the route or routes embraced in the contract, with the length of each, with the times of arrival and departure at the ends of each route, the mode of transportation contracted for, and the price stipulated to be paid by the department; also a statement of all such land and water mails as may have been established or ordered by the department within the year preceding, other than those let to contract at the annual lettings of mail contracts, specifying, in each case the route or water course on which the mail is established, the name of the person employed to transport it, the mode of transportation, the amount paid or to be paid, and the proposed duration of the order or contract. Second, A report of all allowances made to contractors within the year preceding, beyond the sums originally stipulated in their respective contracts, and the reasons for the same ; and of all orders made by the department, whereby additional expense is, or will be incurred, beyond the original contract price on an land or water route, specifying, in each case, the route to o, the order relates, the name of the contractor, the original service provided by the contract, the original price, the date of the order for additional service, the additional service required, and the additional allowance therefor; also, a report of all curtailments of expenses effected by the department within the preceding year, specifying, in each case, the same particulars as required in cases of additional allowances. Third, A report of all incidental expenses of the department for the year ending on the thirtieth day of June preceding, aro according to the several objects as for “wrapping paper,” “office furniture,” “advertising,” “mail bags,” “blanks,” “mail locks, keys, and stamps,” “mail depredations, and special agents,” “clerks for offices,” “miscellaneous,” showing the sum paid under each head of expenditures, and the names of the persons to whom paid, except only that the names of persons employed in detect: ing depredations on the mail, and other confidential agents, need not be disclosed in said report. Fourth, A report of the finances of the post office department for the year ending on the thirteith day of June preceding, showing the whole amount of balances due to the department at the beginning of the year, from postmasters and all others, the whole amount of Fo that accrued within the year, the whole amount of the engagements and liabilities of the departments for mail transportation during the year, the amount actually paid during the year, for and on account of mail transportation, and otherwise, stating separately so much of the said amount as may have been paid on account of the transportation of the mail, and for other debts for the same object, in preceding years. Fifth, A report of all fines imposed, and deductions from the pay of contractors made during the preceding year, for failures to deliver the mail, or for any other cause, stating the names of the delinquent contractors, the nature of the delinquency, the route on which it occurred, the time when it occurred, the time when the fine was imposed, and whether the fine has been remitted, or order for reduction rescinded, and for what reason.

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§ 23. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the postmaster general, before advertising for proposals for the transportation of the mail, to form the best judgment practicable as to the mode, time, and frequency of transportation on each route, and to advertise accordingly. No consolidated or combination-bid shall be received, and no additional compensation shall be made to any mail contractor, so as that the compensation for additional regular service shall exceed the exact proportion which the original compensation bears to the original services stipulated to be performed: and no extra allowance shall be made to any contractor, by the postmaster o for an increase of expedition in the transportation of the mail, unless thereby the employment of additional stock or carriers, by the contractor, shall be rendered necessary; and in such case, the additional compensation shall never bear a greater proportion to the additional stock or carriers rendered necessary, than the sum stipulated in the original contract bears to the stock and carriers necessarily employed in its execution, and when any extra service shall be ordered, the amount of the allowance therefor, in dollars and cents, shall be signified in the order for such ser

Advertisements for contracts, and regulations respecting them.

vice, and be forthwith entered upon the books of the post office

department, and no additional compensation shall be paid for
any extra regular services rendered before the issuing of such
order, and the making of such entry, and every order, entry, or
memorandum whatever, on which any action of the department
is to be had, allowance made, or money paid, and every contract,
paper or obligation drawn up in said office, by any officer there-
of, shall have affixed to it its true date: and every paper relating
to contracts or allowances filed in said office, shall have the date
of its filing endorsed thereon. And whenever it shall become ne-
cessary to change the terms of any existing contract in any other
manner than that designated in this act, or to enter into a con-
tract for the transportation of the mail at any other time than
at the annual letting, the postmaster general shall give notice in
one newspaper published at Washington city, and in one news-
paper published as near as may be to the route on which the ser-
vices are to be performed for at least four weeks before changing
or making such contract, inviting proposals therefor; which pro-
posals shall be received and opened, and such proceedings there-
on had, in all things, as at the annual lettings. Provided however,
That the postmaster general may take temporary contracts until
a regular letting can take place.
§ 24. And be it further enacted, That proposals for mail con-
tracts shall be delivered to the department sealed, and shall be
kept sealed until the biddings are closed, and shall then be opened
and marked in the presence of the postmaster general and of one
of the assistant postmasters general, or in the presence of two of
the assistant postmasters general. And the contracts in all cases
shall be awarded to the lowest bidder, except when his bid is not
more than five per centum below that of the last contractor, on
the route bid for, who shall have faithfully performed his contract.
Provided however, That the postmaster general shall not be bound


Proposals for


to consider the bid of any person who shall have wilfully or negligently failed to execute or perform a prior contract. Offers for car. , § 25. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of ...'... the postmaster general to have recorded in a well-bound book, mail to be re- - - - corded. a true and faithful abstract of offers made to him for carrying the mail, embracing as well those which are rejected, as those which are accepted. The said abstract shall contain the names of the party or parties offering the terms on which he or they propose to carry the mail, the sum for which it is offered to contract; and the length of time the agreement is to continue. And it shall also be the duty of the postmaster general to put on file and preserve the originals of the propositions of which abstracts are here directed to be made, and to report at each session of Congress a true copy from the said o of all offers made for carrying the mail as aforesaid. Persons em: , § 26. And be it further enacted, That if any person employed §. §§ in the post office department or postmaster shall become inter... ested in any mail contract or act as agent, with or without contracts. compensation, in any matter or thing relating to business in said department, for any contractor, or person offering to become a * contractor, he shall be forthwith dismissed from office and shall be liable to pay so much money as would have been realized from said contract, to be recovered in an action of debt in any court having jurisdiction thereof, in the name of the United States, for the use of the post office department; and it shall be the duty of the postmaster general to cause prosecution to be instituted. Proposal, or § 27. And be it further enacted, That every proposal for the i... transportation of the mail shall be accompanied by a written accompanied guaranty, signed by one or more responsible persons, to the effect by a guaran- that he or they undertake that the bidder or bidders will, if his or ty, &c. their bid be accepted, enter into an obligation, in such time as may be prescribed by the postmaster general, with good and sufficient sureties, to perform the service proposed. No proposal shall be considered, unless accompanied by such guaranty. If, after the acceptance of a proposal, and notification thereof to the bidder or bidders, he or they shall fail to enter into an obligation within the time prescribed by the postmaster general, with good and sufficient sureties for the performance of the service, then the postmaster general shall proceed to contract with some other person or persons, for the performance of the said service, ...]"shall forthwith cause the difference between the amount contained in the proposal so guarantied, and the amount for which he may have contracted for the performance of said service, for the whole period of the proposal, to be charged up against the said bidder or bidders, and his or their guarantor or guarantors, and the same may be immediately recovered by the United States, for the use of the post office department, in an action of debt against either or all of the said persons. Contracts not $ 28. And be it further enacted, That no contract for the trans*...*.*... portation of the mail shall knowingly be made by the postmaster ** general, with any person who shall have entered into any combi

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nation, or Polo. to enter into any combination, to prevent the ... enmaking of any bid for a mail contract by any other person or ...,n. persons; or who shall have made any agreement, or who shall have given or performed, or promised to give or perform, any consideration whatever, in order to induce any other person or persons not to bid for a mail contract. And if any person so offending be a mail contractor, he may be forthwith dismissed from the ser- vice of the department: Provided, That whenever the postmaster Proviso, ;". shall exercise the power conferred on him by this section, e shall transmit a copy or statement of the evidence on which he acts, to Congress, at its next session. w § 29. .1nd be it further enacted, That no person whose bid for Nopaymento the transportation of the mail may be accepted, shall receive any ..." pay, until he shall have executed his contract according to law tion of con. and the regulations of the department; nor shall any payment be tract. made for any additional regular service in the transportation of the mail, unless the same shall have been rendered in obedience to a prior legal order of the postmaster general. § 30. And be it further enacted, That so much of the act con- Fort of Act of cerning the post office department, approved March third, eigh- *śl teen hundred and twenty-five, as directs that duplicates or copies ed. " of contracts or orders made by the postmaster general shall be lodged in the office of the comptroller of the treasury, be repealed. - § 31. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Postmasters postmaster general to furnish to the postmasters at the termina: . ... tion of each route, a schedule, specifying the times of arrival and il. i. departure at their offices, respectively, of each mail, a copy of of arrival and which the postmaster shall post up in some conspicuous place in departure. his office; and the postmaster general shall also furnish a notice in like manner, of any change or alteration in the arrivals and . departures which may be ordered by him. And it shall be the , duty of every postmaster promptly to report to the department every delinquency, neglect, or malpractice of the contractors, their agents or carriers, that may come to his knowledge. And the postmaster general shall cause to be kept, and returned to the department, at short and regular intervals, by postmasters at the ends of routes, and such others as he may think proper, registers, showing the exact times of the arrivals and departures of the mails. § 32. And be it further enacted, That if any postmaster shall . for - - - etaining let. unlawfully detain in his office any letter, package, o 9" ters, &c. in a newspaper, with intent to prevent the arrival and delivery of the post office, same to the person or persons to whom such letter, package, pamphlet or newspaper may be addressed or directed in the usual course of the transportation of the mail along the route; or if any postmaster shall, with intent as aforesaid, give a preference to any letter, package, pamphlet, or newspaper, over another, which may pass through his office, by forwarding the one and retaining the other, he shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, and imprisoned for a term not exceeding six months, and shall, moreover, be forever

Certain postmasters to be appointed by and with the consent of the senate.

Postmasters and clerks exempt from military duty.

Advertisements of letters may be made in more than one paper. Proviso. Postmasters , not to receive or frank any package other than such as contain paper or money.

Release of sureties of a postmaster.

the postmaster general shall deem it necessary, he s


thereafter incapable of holding the office of postmaster in the
United States. - o
§ 33...]nd he it further enacted, That there shall be appointed
by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and
consent of the senate, a deputy postmaster for each post office at
which the commissions allowed to the postmasters amounted to
one thousand dollars or upwards, in the year ending the thirtieth
day of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five, or which
may, in any subsequent year, terminating on the thirtieth day of
June, amount to or exceed that sum, who shall hold his office for
the term of four years, unless sooner removed by the President.
§ 34. .1nd be it further enacted, That assistant postmasters and
clerks regularly employed and engaged in post offices, shall be
exempt from militia duty, and serving on juries, and from any fine
or penalty for neglect thereof.
§ 35. ..]nd be it further enacted, That advertisements of letters
remaining in the post offices may, under the direction of the post
master general, be made in more than one newspaper: Provided,
That the whole cost of advertising shall not exceed four cents for
each letter. - -
§ 36. .1nd be it further enacted, That no postmaster shall re-
ceive free of postage, or frank, any letter or packet composed of,
or containing anything other than paper or money; and for a
violation of this provision, the offender shall be dismissed from
office, and upon conviction in any court of competent jurisdiction,
pay a fine of twenty dollars. And no person shall hold the office
of postmaster who shall not be an actual resident of the city or
town wherein the office is situated, or the district of country
usually supplied by said office.
§ 37. And be it further enacted, That when any one or more
of the sureties of a postmaster shall notify to the postmaster
general their desire to be released from the suretyship, or when
i require
the said postmaster to execute a new bond, with security, which,
when accepted by the postmaster general, shall be as valid as the
bond given upon the original |...". of said postmaster, and
the sureties in the prior bond shall be released from responsibility
for all acts or defaults of said postmaster, which may be done or
committed subsequent to the acceptance of the new bond, the
date of which shall be endorsed thereon. Provided, That pay-
ments made subsequent to the execution of the new bond by said
postmaster shall be applied first to discharge any balance which
may be due on the old bond, unless he shall, at the time of payment,

expressly direct them to be applied to the credit of his new ac

Penalties for stealing or taking letters, &c. from the in

§ 38. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall be
accessary after the fact, to the offence of o or taking the
mail of the United States, or of stealing or taking any letter or
packet, or enclosure in any letters or packet sent or to be sent in
the mail of the United States, from any post office in the United
States, or from the mail of the United States, by any person or
persons whatever, every person so offending as accessary, shall,
on conviction thereof, pay a fine not exceeding one thousand dol-

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