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given which shall state the description and weight of the bullior: Provided, That when the bullion is in such a state as to require Proviso. melting before its value can be ascertained, the weight after melting shall be considered as the true weight of the bullion deposited.
§ 16. And be it further enacted, That from every parcel of Bullion depobullion deposited for coinage, the treasurer shall deliver to the sited for coin. assayer a sufficient portion for the purpose of being assayed; but there to be as. all such bullion remaining from the operations of the assay shall be returned to the treasurer by the assayer.
$ 17. And be it further enacted, That the assayer shall report Assayer to reto the treasurer the quality or standard of the bullion assayed by port the qualihim; and he shall also communicate to the treasurer such information as will enable him to estimate the amount of the charges hereinafter provided for, to be made to the depositor, for the expenses of converting the bullion into standard metal fit for coinage.
918. And be it further enacted, That the only subjects of charge Charges to by the mint to the depositor shall be the following: For refining which the de. when the bullion is below standard ; for toughening when metals positar is sub
jected. are contained in it which render it unfit for coinage ; for copper used for alloy when the bullion is above standard; for silver introduced into the alloy of gold; and for separating the gold and silver when these metais exist together in the bullion: and that the rate of these charges shall be fixed, from time to time, by the Rate of, how
fixed. director, with the concurrence of the secretary of the treasury, so as not to exceed, in their judgment, the actual expense to the mint of the materials and labour employed in each of the cases
Disposition of aforementioned; and that the amount received from these charges amount receishall be accounted for, and appropriated for defraying the contin- ved. gent expenses of the mint.
§ 19. And be it further enacted, That from the report of the Value of depo. assayer, and the weight of the bullion, the treasurer shall estimate site, &c. how the whole value of each deposite, and also the amount of the charges or deductions if any; of all which he shall give a detailed memorandum to the depositor; and he shall also give, at the same time, under his hand, a certificate of the net amount of the deposite, to be paid in coins of the same species of bullion as that deposited.
§ 20. And be it further enacted, That parcels of bullion shall Transfers of be, from time to time, transferred by the treasurer to the melter bullion by: and refiner; that a careful record of these transfers, noting the melter and weight and character of the bullion, shall be kept; and that the refiner. bullion thus placed in the hands of the melter and refiner shall be subjected to the several processes which may be necessary to form it into ingots of the legal standard, and of a quality suitable for coinage.
$ 21. Ånd be it further enacted, That the ingots thus prepared Ingots to be shall be assayed by the assayer, and if they prove to be within assayed, &c. the limits allowed for deviation from the standard, they shall be transferred by the melter and refiner to the treasurer, accompanied by the assayer's certificate of their fineness; and that a careful record of the transfer shall be kept by the treasurer.
account with melter and refiner.
Deviation $ 22. And be it further enacted, That no ingots of gold shall from legal
be used for coinage of which the quality differs more than two standard al. lowed in in. thousandths from the legal standard ; and that no ingots of silver gots of gold shall be used for coinage of which the quality differs more than
three thousandths from the legal standard. Treasurer's
23. And be it further enacted, That in the treasurer's account with the melter and refiner, the melter and refiner shall be debited with the standard weight of all the bullion placed in his hands, that is to say, with the weight of metal of legal standard fineness which it will make; and that he shall be credited by the standard weight of all the ingots delivered by him to the treasurer; and that once at least in every year, at such time as the director shall appoint, the melter and refiner shall deliver up to the treasurer all the bullion in his possession, in order that his accounts may be
settled up to that time; and, in this settlement, he shall be entitled Allowance for
to a credit for the difference between the whole amount of bullion necessary
delivered to him and received from him, since the last settlement, Proviso. as an allowance for necessary waste: Provided, That this allow
ance shall not exceed two thousandths of the whole amount of gold and silver bullion, respectively, that had been delivered to
him by the treasurer. Ingots for
§ 24. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer shall, from coinage.
time to time, deliver over to the chief coiner, ingots for the purpose of coinage; that he shall keep' a faithful record of these transfers, noting the weight and description of the ingots; and that the ingots thus placed in the hands of the chief coiner shall be passed through the several processes necessary to make from
them coins, in all respects conformable to law. Deviation $ 25. And be it further enacted, That in adjusting the weights from legal
of the coins, the following deviations from the standard weight lowed in the shall not be exceeded in any of the single pieces: In the dollar weights of and half dollar, one grain and a half; in the quarter dollar, one coins in sin- grain; in the dime and half dime, half a grain ; in the gold gle pieces.
coins, one-quarter of a grain; in the copper coins, one grain in In a large
the pennyweight; and that in weighing a large number of pieces
together, when delivered from the chief coiner to the treasurer, together.
and from the treasurer to the depositors, the deviations from the standard weight shall not exceed the following limits: Four pennyweights in one thousand dollars : three pennyweights in one thousand half dollars; two pennyweights in one thousand quarter dollars; one pennyweight in one thousand dimes; one pennyweight in one thousand half dimes; two pennyweights in one thousand eagles; one and a half pennyweight in one thousand
half cagles; one pennyweight in one thousand quarter eagles. Coins to be § 6. And be it further enacted, That the chief coiner shall, weigh:d.
from time to time, as the coins are prepared, deliver them over to the treasurer, who shall keep a careful record of their kind, number, and weight; and that, in receiving the coins, it shall be the duty of the treasurer to see whether the coins of that delivery are within the legal limits of the standard weight; and if his trials for this purpose shall not prove satisfactory, he shall cause all the coins of this delivery to be weighed separately, and such as are not of legal weight shall be delivered to the melter and
refiner, as standard bullion, to be again formed into ingots and recoined.
§ 27. And be it further enacted, That at every delivery of Coins to be coins made by the chief coiner to the treasurer, it shall be the preserved for
the annual duty of the treasurer, in the presence of the assayer, to take in- trial. discriminately, a certain number of pieces of each variety for the annual trial of coins, (the number being prescribed by the director,) which shall be carefully labelled, and deposited in a chest appropriated for the purpose, kept under the joint care of the treasurer and assayer, and so secured that neither can have access to its contents without the presence of the other.
§ 28. And be it further enacted, That the chief coiner shall, Disposition of from time to time, deliver to the treasurer the clippings and other clippings, &c. portions of bullion remaining after the process of coining, and that the treasurer shall keep a careful record of their amount.
§ 29. And be it further enacted, That in the treasurer's ac- Treasurer's count with the chief coiner, the chief coiner shall be debited with account with
chief coiner. the amount in weight of standard metal of all the bullion placed in his hands, and credited with the amount, also by weight, of all the coins, clippings, and other bullion delivered by him to the treasurer; and that once at least in every year, at such time as the director shall appoint, the chief coiner shall deliver to the treasurer all the coins and bullion in his possession, so that his accounts may be settled up to that time : and, in this settlement, Allowance for he shall be entitled to a credit for the difference between the necessary whole amount of the ingots delivered to him, and of the coins and bullion received from him, since the last settlement, as an allowance for necessary waste : Provided, That this allowance Proviso. shall not exceed two thousandths of the whole amount of the silver, or one and one-half thousandth of the whole amount of the gold, that had been delivered to him by the treasurer.
§ 30. And be it further enacted, That when the coins which Payment for are the equivalent to any deposite of bullion are ready for de- bullion depolivery they shall be paid over to the depositor, or his order, by sited to be the treasurer, on a warrant from the director; and the payment shall be made, if demanded, in the order in which the bullion shall have been brought to the mint, giving priority according to priority of deposite only; and that in the denominations of coin delivered, the treasurer shall comply with the wishes of the depositor, unless when impracticable or inconvenient to do so; in which case, the denominations of coin shall be designated by the director.
Ş 31. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose of en- Deposite of abling the mint to make returns to depositors with as little delay public money as possible, it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury the mint by to keep in the said mint, when the state of the treasury will
secretary of admit thereof, a deposite of such amount of public money, or of treasury. bullion procured for the purpose, as he shall judge convenient and necessary, not exceeding one million of dollars, out of which those who bring bullion to the mint may be paid the value thereof, as soon as practicable after this value has been ascertained ; that the bullion so deposited shall become the property of the United States ; that no discount or interest shall be charged on moneys
so advanced ; and that the secretary of the treasury may at any time withdraw the said deposite, or any part thereof, or may, at his discretion, allow the coins formed at the mint to be given for
their equivalent in other money. Annual trial $32. And be it further enacted, That to secure a due conof coins.
formity in the gold and silver coins to their respective standards and weights, an annual trial shall be made of the pieces reserved for this purpose at the mint and its branches, before the judge of the district court of the United States, for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, the attorney of the United States for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, and the collector of the port of Philadelphia, and such other persons as the President shall from time to time, designate for that purpose, who shall meet as commissioners, for the performance of this duty, on the second Monday in February, annually, and may continue their meetings by adjournment, if necessary; and if a majority of the commissioners shall fail to attend at any time appointed for their meeting, then the director of the mint shall call a meeting of the commissioners at such other time as he may deem convenient; and that before these commissioners, or a majority of them, and in the presence of the officers of the mint, such examination shall be made of the reserved pieces as shall be judged sufficient; and if it shall appear that these pieces do not differ from the standard fineness and weight by a greater quantity than is allowed by law, the trial shall be considered and reported as satisfactory; but if any greater deviation from the legal standard or weight shall appear, this fact shall be certified to the President of the United States, and if, on a view of the circumstances of the case, he shall so decide, the officer or officers implicated in the error shall be
thenceforward disqualified from holding their respective offices. Purchase of § 33. And be it further enacted, That copper bullion shall be
purchased for the mint, from time to time, by the treasurer, under lion.
instructions from the director ; that the cost shall be paid from the fund hereinafter provided for ; and that the copper bullion shall be of good quality, and in form of planchets fit for passing
at once into the hands of the chief coiner. Coinage of § 34. And be it further enacted, That copper planchets shall copper. be delivered, from time to time, by the treasurer to the chief
coiner, to be by him coined ; and all such copper shall be returned to the treasurer, by the chief coiner, weight for weight,
without allowance for waste. Copper coins $ 35. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of may be ex the treasurer of the mint to deliver the copper coins, in exchange changed for for their legal equivalent in other money, to any persons who other money. shall apply for them : Provided, That the sum asked for be not
less than a certain amount, to be determined by the director, and that it be not so great as, in his judgment to interfere with the
capacity of the mint to supply other applicants. Copper coins 36. And be it further enacted, That the copper coins may, transported at at the discretion of the director, be delivered in any of the prinexpense of the
cipal cities and towns of the United States, at the cost of the mint.
mint for transportation. Disposition of
§ 37. And be it further enacted, That the money received by
the treasurer in exchange for copper coins shall form a fund in money receiv. his hands, which shall be used to purchase copper planchets, and singer
change for to pay the expense of transportation of copper coins; and that if
copper coins. there be a şurplus, the same shall be appropriated to defray the contingent expenses of the mint.
§ 5. And be it further enacted, That all acts or parts of acts Former acts heretofore passed, relating to the mint and coins of the United repealed. States, which are inconsistent with the provisions of this act, be, and the same are hereby repealed. [Approved, January, 18th, 1837.]
CHAP. 372. An act to provide for the payment of horses and other
property lost or destroyed in the military service of the United States.
§ 1. Be it enacted, f.c. That any field, or staff, or other officer, Officers and mounted militiaman, volunteer, ranger, or cavalry, engaged in others to be the military service of the United States since the eighteenth of pain che valor June, eighteen hundred and twelve, or who shall hereafter be in said service, and has sustained or shall sustain damage, without any fault or negligence on his part, while in said service, by the loss of a horse in battle or by the loss of a horse wounded in battle, and which has died or shall die of said wound, or being so wounded shall be abandoned by order of his officer and lost ; or shall sustain damage by the loss of any horse by death, or abandonment, in consequence of the United States failing to supply sufficient forage, or because the rider was dismounted and separated from his horse, and ordered to do duty on foot at a station detached from his horse; or when the officer in the immediate command ordered or shall order the horse turned out to graze in the woods, prairies or commons, because the United States failed or shall fail to supply sufficient forage, and the loss was or shall be consequent thereon; or for the loss of necessary equipage, in consequence of the loss of his horse as aforesaid, shall be allowed and paid the value thereof: Provided, That if Proviso. any payment has been, or shall be, made to any one aforesaid, for the use and risk, or for forage after the death, loss or abandonment of his horse, said payment shall be deducted from the value thereof, unless he satisfied or shall satisfy the paymaster at the time he made or shall make the payment, or thereafter show, by proof, that he was remounted, in which case the deduction shall only extend to the time he was on foot : And provided, also, If Proviso. any payment shall have been, or shall hereafter be, made to any person above mentioned, on account of clothing, to which he was not entitled by law, such payment shall be deducted from the value of his horse or accoutrements.
§ 2. And be it further enacted, That any person who, in the Volunteers or said military service as a volunteer, or draughted militiaman, fur- draughted nished or shall furnish himself with arms and military accoutre- be allowed for ments, and sustained or shall sustain damage by the capture or arms, &c. destruction of the same, without any fault or negligence on his lost. part, or who lost or shall lose the same by reason of his being wounded in the service, shall be allowed and paid the value thereof.