A Treatise on Brasses, Bronzes and Other Alloys: And Their Constituent Metals

Voorkant
J. Wiley & Sons, 1900 - 574 pagina's
 

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Inhoudsopgave

Special Properties of Metals
18
NonFerrous Metals
19
Hardness
20
Conductivity
21
Lustre
24
Densities and Weights
25
Ductility and Malleability
27
Odor and Taste
28
Characteristics in General
30
Specific Heats
31
Expansion by Heat
34
Fusibility Latent Heat
36
Chemical Character
39
ART FAG 29 Copper History and Distribution
42
Qualities of Copper
43
Ores and Sources
46
Processes of Reduction
47
Properties of Copper
54
Commercial Copper
55
Sheet and Bar Copper
59
Tin Sources and Distribution
64
Commercial Tin
66
Zinc History and Sources 40
70
Metallic Zinc
73
43 Lead
77
Ores of Lead
78
Smelting Galena
79
Commercial Lead
81
Antimony
82
Bismuth and its Ores
83
Nickel and its Ores
84
Uses of Nickel
86
Aluminium
88
Mercury
90
Platinum
92
Magnesium
94
Arsenic
95
Iridium
96
Manganese
97
Rare Metals
98
Commercial Metals Prices
99
CHAPTER III
102
General Characteristics tot 61 Chemical Nature of Alloys
104
abt ob 62 Specific Gravity
108
Fusibility
110
64 Liquation
113
Specific Heat
116
Thermal Conductivity
118
Electric
120
Crystallization
123
Oxidation
124
Mechanical Properties
126
CHAPTER IV
130
Properties
136
Principal Bronzes
137
Early Bronzes
139
Oriental Bronzes
140
Density of Bronze
141
PhosphorBronze
143
Uses of PhosphorBronze
145
Table of the Bronzes
149
CHAPTER V
158
Malletts Classification
159
Muntz Metal
160
Special Properties
161
Application in the Arts
162
Working Brass
163
Properties of Brass
165
CHAPTER VI
172
Iron and Zinc
174
ManganeseBronze
175
Preparation
176
Aluminium
178
Uses
180
CopperNickel Alloys
181
and Zinc German Silver
182
and Iron
183
Antimony
185
Bismuth
186
Lead
187
no SiliconBronze
188
Zinc and Iron
189
Bismuth Alloys
190
Tin and Lead Fusible Alloys
193
Lead and Antimony
196
Tin
198
u Zinc
201
Antimony Bismuth and Lead
202
Iron and Manganese
203
Spences Metal
204
MANUFACTURE AND WORKING OF ALLOYS
205
ART PAOS 130 Alloy of General Use Brass Working 405
207
Furnace Manipulation
209
Preparation of Alloys
210
Effect of Small Doses of Metal
212
Stereotyping
214
German Silver
215
Babbitts Antifriction Metal 515
216
Standard Compositions
218
Special Recipes
221
Classified Lists
226
144 Bronzing
237
Lacquering
239
CHAPTER VIII
242
Factors of Safety
244
Measures of Resistance
246
Methods of Resistance
247
Equation of Resistance Curves
248
The Elastic Limits
250
Impact Shock
251
Resilience
252
Proportioning for Shock
255
Structure and Composition
256
Distribution of Resistances
258
Theory of Rupture
259
net rAGi 162 Formulas for Transverse Loading 360
260
Modulus of Rupture
262
Elastic Resistance
263
Modulus of Elasticity
286
Copper in Torsion
287
Strength of Tin
288
Transverse Resistance of Tin
292
Modulus of Elasticity of Tin
294
Strength of Zinc
296
Tests of Zinc
297
Various Metals
298
Wertheim on Elasticity
300
Bischoffs Tests
303
CHAPTER IX
306
Anderson
308
Bell Metal Mallett 38
309
Hardness of Riche
311
Tenacity of PhosphorBronze
312
Resistance to Abrasion
314
Strength of ManganeseBronze
317
ManganeseBronze under Impact
319
rr ag 197 CopperTin Alloys U S Board
320
Metals used in Research
322
Temperatures of Casting
324
External appearance of Test Pieces
325
Behavior under Test
326
Appearance of Fractures 33
335
Final Results
341
Straindiagrams of Bronzes in Tensions
344
Tenacities of Bronzes
345
Straindiagrams of Bronzes in Compression
346
Transverse Straindiagrams
348
Comparison of Resistances 35
350
til Resiliences
353
Specific Gravities
355
Elastic Limits
359
Moduli of Elasticity
361
Conductivities
363
CHAPTER X
366
Earlier Experiments
367
Strength of Sterrometal
368
CopperZinc Alloys tested for the U S
369
Alloys tested
370
Appearance of Testpieces
371
Fractures
373
Temperatures of Casting 275
375
Mixtures and Analyses i
376
Results of Tests
378
Conclusions from Tests
381
Notes on Tests
383
a31 Tenacity of Brasses
384
23 Torsion
391
of Shafts
392
Records of Tests
393
J37 Straindiagrams of Tension
404
Transverse Tests
406
Resiliences
409
Moduli
411
Specific Gravities compared
412
Summary
413
STRENGTH OF THE KALCHOIDS AND OTHER COPPERTINZINC ALLOYS 246 The Kalchoids
414
Sterrometal
415
CopperTinZinc Alloys
416
Selected Alloys
418
Details of Investigation
421
Method of Registry
425
General Deductions
427
Strain Diagrams 429
429
Tenacities
430
Ductility
434
Improvement
437
Thurstons Maximum Bronzes
440
Results of Tests
442
Discussion
443
Conclusions
446
Other Researches
447
CHAPTER XII
449
Grey Ternary Alloys
450
Earlier Investigations
451
CHAPTER XIII
476
Bronze
477
Various Metals
480
Stress produced by Change of Temperature
481
Effect of Sudden Variation
482
ChillCasting
483
Tempering and Annealing on Density
484
on Tenacity
487
Temperature of Casting
488
Time of Loading
489
Prolonged Stress on Tin and Zinc
492
Effect of Prolonged Stress on Bronze
497
Fluctuation of Resistance
498
Effects of Intermitted and Steady Stress on Resistance
500
Stress on Deflection
502
Elastic Limits
508
Variable
512
Repeated Strength
515
CHAPTER XIV
517
The Whitworth Process
519
The Lavroff Process
523
Rolling and Forging
524
Hydraulic Forging Drop Forging
525
ThermoTension Annealing
526
ColdWorking
527
The Dean Process applied to Bronze
530
Strength and Density 450
531
Experiments on Compressed Bronze
538
Uchatius Deductions
540
Comparison of Methods
541
Effect of Rolling and Hammering
543
Historical Discoveries
546
History of Experiments
548
Exaltation of Elastic Limits
551
Processes
552
ColdWorking Iron
555
Bronze
556
Conclusions
557
APPENDIX Aluminium
559
Magnesium as Constructive Material
561
Production of Aluminium
567
Copyright

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