Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

The collision with the classiarii described with details by Plutarch (Galb. 15, 18 foll.) is briefly mentioned by Tacitus (i. 6). The exaction of the Neronian donationes is with the exception of one circumstance (see below, p. xxx.) similarly described by Plutarch (Galb. 16, 8 foll.) and Tacitus (i. 20). The growing unpopularity of Vinius and his infuence over Galba is similarly described in Plutarch (Galb. 16 ad fin.) and Tacitus (i. 12 ad fin.). The temporary preservation of Tigellinus owing to the influence of Vinius is mentioned with some detail by Plutarch (Golb. 17, 9 foll.), and is briefly alluded to by Tacitus on the occasion of his execution under Otho, “apud Galbam Titi Vinii potentia defensus” (i. 72), while the demand for his punishment by the mob év mãou θεάτρους και σταδίοις is also mentioned by Tacitus (loc. cit.).

Plutarch's remark in reference to Galba's unpopularity και τα μετρίως πραττόμενα διαβολήν είχεν (Galo. 18 ad init.) is found also in Tacitus, “inviso semel principe seu bene seu male facta perinde invidiam adferebant" (1.7). The rewards given to those states of Gaul which had supported Vindex are alluded to in Plut. Galb. 18, 4 and Tac. i. 8 and 51.

of the soldiers at the non-payment of the donative is mentioned by both (Plut. Galb. 18, 7 and Tac. i. 5), and also the effect produced by Galba's assertion είωθεναι καταλέγειν στρατιώτας ούκ αγοράζειν, , which Platarch Bays was φωνή μεγάλη ηγεμόνι πρέTown, Tacitus, "vox pro republica honesta" (Plut. Galb. 18, 11, Tac. i. 5).

The anger

The arrogance of the German legions on account their victory over Vindex is spoken of in very simil terms:

μεγάλων αξιoύντες αυτούς διά solliciti et irati superb την μάχην, ήν έμαχέσαντο προς recentis victoriae (Tac. i. 8) Ovirdika (Plut. Galb. 18, 22). while the new legate, Hordeonius Flaccus, is describe in almost identical words (Plut. Galb. 18, 26 ar Tac. i. 9 ad init.).

Plutarch mentions letters announcing the disaffe tion of the legions under Vitellius, παρά των επιτρόπο (Galb. 19, 3); Tacitus says that letters were broug] from Pompeius Propinquus, procurator of Belgic announcing the sedition of the Upper German arm (i. 12). Both

agree that this news urged Galba to carry on his plan of adopting an heir :

ο δε φοβηθείς, ως μή μόνον Maturavit ea res consiliu διά το γήρας, αλλά και διά την Galbae in pridem de ador απαιδίαν καταφρονούμενος έβου- tione secum et cum proximm DEVETO raida 0éo Bai (Plut. Galb. agitantis (i. 12). 19, 5).

Both in this connection mention the early life Otho, his intimacy with Nero, and particularly hi relations with Poppaea Sabina (Plut. Galb. 19, 13, etc Tac. i. 13, see note ad loc.); further, his quasi-exile a legate of Lusitania, his equitable administration of th province (Plut. Galb. 20, 3-6, Tac. i. 13 ad fin.), an the fact that he was the first to join Galba in Spain :

αποστάντος δε Γάλβα πρώτος primus in partes transgres αυτός προσεχώρησε των γε- σus.

. μόνων. .

6

of Germanicus and his refusal of that of Caesar; while

regard to the taking of the oath by the Upper

Both again relate in almost identical language the
attempted corruption of the cohort which attended
Galba when he dined at Otho's house (Plut. Galb. 20,
26, Tac. i. 24). The support of Otho as a candidate
for adoption by Vinius, and the projected marriage
of the former with Vinius' daughter, are mentioned
by Plutarch (Galb. 21, 2) and Tacitus (i. 13), while
Plutarch arrives at the consulship of Galba and
Vinius, with which Tacitus begins the Histories, at
the end of chap. 21.

In chap. 22 Plutarch relates the events leading to the proclamation of Vitellius by the German armies. The anger of the soldiers at the recall of Verginius (line 5) is mentioned in Tac. i. 8; the rewards given to the supporters of Vindex and the punishment inflicted on those who opposed him (lines 6, 7) are stated in i. 8 and 53. The throwing down of Galba's images on January 1, and the oath taken to the senate and Roman people (lines 12-17) are similarly described in Tacitus (i. 55). The mention of Vitellius 28 πατρός τιμητού και τρις υπάτου (line 27) is paralleled in Tac. i. 52 ad fin. The bringing of the news to Vitellius by the standard-bearer (line 35) is given in i. 56 in almost identical words, and the proclamation by Valens (line 40) in i. 57 ad init.

The mid-day gluttony and drunkenness of Vitellius (line 43) is described in i. 62, and also his acceptance of the title

both Plutarch and Tacitus use the same language in

army :

τους καλούς εκείνους και δημο speciosis senatus populique κρατικούς εις σύγκλητον όρκους Romani nominibus relictis (1.

(i. åpévTES (line 47).

57). In what follows the accounts agree very closely together. The adoption of Piso is given in Plut. c. 23, 6 foll., and Tac. i. 14, the omens on the way to the camp (Plut. c. 23, 12 etc., Tac. i. 18), the behaviour of Piso (Plut. c. 23, 21, Tac. i. 17), the discomposure of Otho (Plut. c. 23, 25, Tac. i. 21), his encouragement by astrologers (Plut. 23, 34, Tac. i. 22), the conspiracy of Onomastus, Veturius, and Barbius (Plut. 24, 1-4, Tac. i. 25), Galba's sacrifice on the Palatine (Plut. 24, 11, Tac. i. 47), the departure of Otho on the pretext of inspecting his newly-bought house (Plut. 24, 22, Tac. i. 27), and his arrival at the aureum miliarium (Plut. 24 ad fin., Tac. i. 27).

Similar accounts follow of the proclamation of the 23 soldiers (Plut. 25, 2, Tac. i. 27), the hurry to the camp (Plut. 25, 12, Tac. i. 27), Otho's admission by Martialis (Plut. 25, 17, Tac. i. 28), the rumours brought to Galba (Plut. 25, 23, Tac. i. 28), the attempt of Piso to secure the cohort guarding in the palace (Plut. 25, 30, Tac. i. 29), and the mission of Marius Celsus to the legionaries in the porticus Vipsania (Plut. 25, 32, Tac. i. 31). Both authors proceed to mention the dispute between Vinius and Laco as to whether Galba should go forth or remain in the palace (Plut. 26 ad init., Tac. i. 32-38), the rumour of Otho's death (Plut. 26, 4, Tac. i. 34), Galba's reproof to Iulius Atticus (Plut. 26, 11, Tac. i. 35), Galba's conveyance in the litter to the forum

Tac. i. 78), the mutiny of the 17th cohort from Ostia

τους καλούς εκείνους και δημο speciosis senatus populique κρατικούς εις σύγκλητον όρκους Romani nominibus relictis (L

(1. ipertes (line 47).

57). In what follows the accounts agree very closels ogether. The adoption of Piso is given in Plut c. 3, 6 foll., and Tac. i. 14, the omens on the way to Be camp (Plut. c. 23, 12 etc., Tac. i 18), the ba viour of Piso (Plut. c. 23, 21, Tac. i. 17), the dismposure of Otho (Plut. c 23, 25, Tac. i. 21), his couragement by astrologers (Plut. 23, 34, Tac.i. , the conspiracy of Onomastus, Veturius, and bius (Plut. 24, 1-4, Tac. i. 25), Galba's sacrifice on Palatine (Plut. 24, 11, Tac. i. 47)

, the departure otho on the pretext of inspecting his newly-bought se (Plut. 24, 22, Tac. i. 27)

, and his arrival at the um miliarium (Plut 24 ad fin., Tac. i. 27). milar accounts follow of the proclamation of the oldiers (Plut. 25, 2, Tac. i. 27), the hurry to the

(Plut. 25, 12, Tac. i. 27), Otho's admission by alis (Plut

. 25, 17, Tac. i. 28), the rumours ht to Galba (Plut. 25, 23, Tac. i. 28), the atof Piso to secure the cohort guarding in the (Plut. 25, 30, Tac. i. 29), and the mission of

Celsus to the legionaries in the porticus ia (Plut. 25, 32, Tac. i. 31). Both authors

to mention the dispute between Vinius and to whether Galba should

go palace (Plut. 26 ad init., Tac. i. 32-33), the of Otho's death (Plut. 26, 4, Tac. i 34)

, eproof to Iulius Atticus (Plut. 26, 11, Tac. i.

(Plut 26, 16, Tac. i. 40), the contradictory advice
given (Plut. 26, 18, Tac. i.-39), the throwing down of
Galba's statue by Atilius Vergilio (Plut. 26, 27, Tac.
i 41), the murder of Galba at the lacus Curtius (Plut.
27, 2, Tac. i. 41), his last words and the various re-
ports as to the name of his murderer (Plut. 27, 7,
Tac. i. 41), the murder of Piso (Plut. 27, 22, Tac. i.
43), of Vinius (Plut. 27, 25, Tac. i. 42), the 120 peti-
tions found by Vitellius (Plut. 27, 35, Tac. i. 44), and
the artifice by which Otho saved Marius Celsus from
the soldiers (Plut. 27 ad fin., Tac. i. 45).

Then follow the convoking of the senate (Plut. 28,
1, Tac. i. 46), the conferment on Otho of the name of
Augustus (Plut

. 28, 4, Tac. i. 47), the surrender of the bodies of Vinius and Piso for burial (Plut. 28, 7-8, Tac

. i. 47), the mutilation and final burial of Galba (Plut. 28, 10, Tac. i. 49).

Passing to the life of Otho we find a still closer correspondence between the two accounts. Both Narrate the summons of Marius Celsus by Otho, the justification by the former of his own conduct and their reconciliation (Plut. Oth. 1, 2-10, Tac. i. 71), the arrangements made by Otho as to consulships and his conferment of priesthoods, etc. (Plut. Oth. 1, 13 etc., Tac. i. 77), the restoration to the Neronian exiles of the rernnants of their property (Plut. Oth. 1, 18, Tac. . 90), the rejoicing of the people at the death of Tigellinus at Sinuessa (Plut. Oth. 2, Tac. i. 72). In both we have the title of Nero given to Otho, the restoration of the statues of Nero (Plut. Oth. 3, 3-7,

[graphic]

forth or remain

pa's conveyance in the litter to the forum

« ForrigeFortsett »