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to all of you, gentlemen, in the utmost sincerity of heart, the high sense of gratitude which I feel for the many acts of kindness and of favor that you have bestowed on me: they have been such as can never be effaced from my memory, and they will ever be to me a source of proud and of grateful recollections. Accept. I pray you, individually, as well as collectively, an affectionate farewell, and my best wishes for your health, happiness, and prosperity.


Mr. FORSYTH laid upon the table the following resolution : “Resolved, That while this IIouse anxiously desires that the Slave Trade should be universally denounced as Piracy, and, as such, should be detected and punished under the law of nations, it considers that it would be highly inexpedient to enter into engagements with any foreign power by which all the merchant vessels of the United States would be exposed to the inconveniences of any regulation of search from which any merchant vessels of that foreign power would be exempted.” The resolution lies on the table. Mr. FORSYTH also offered the following : “Resolved, That the purchase of lands from the Indians occupying it in the state of Georgia, is a peaceable extinguishment of their title; and that a purchase should be made, if it can be effected on reasonable terms, although the residue of the tribes to which the said Indians may be attached should not join in the contract.” ‘; his resolution, also, was, on motion of the mover, ordered to lie on the table. On motion of Mr. MARKLEY, of Penn. it was “Resolved, That the thanks of this House be presented to the Hon. HENRY Clay, for the able, impartial, and dignified manner in which he has presided over its deliberations, and performed the arduous and unpleasant duties of the chair, during the present session of Congress.” A few minutes after this vote, Mr. CLAY, the Speaker, having resumed the Chair, addressed the House as follows: “GExtle MEN : For the honorable testimony which you have been pleased this day to express to my official conduct in this highly distinguished station, I pray you to accept my profound acknowledgments. Near fourteen years, with but two comparatively short intervals, the arduous duties of the Chair have been assigned to me. In that long period, of peace and of war, causes from without and within, of great public excitement, have occasionally divided our councils, disturbed our harmony, and threatened our safety. Happily, however, past dangers, which appeared to encompass us, were ‘lispelled, as I anxiously hope those of the present will be, in a spirit of mutual forbearance, moderation, and wisdom. The debates in this House, to which those causes gave rise, were sometimes ardent and animated; but, amidst all the heats and agitations produced by our temporary divisions, it has been my happy fortune to experience, in an unexampled degree, the kindness, the confidence, and the affectionate attachment of the members of the House. Of the numerous decisions which 1 have been called upon to pronounce from this place, on questions often suddenly started, and of much difficulty, it has so happened, from the generous support given me, that not one of them has ever been reversed by the louse. I advert to this fact, not in a vain spirit of exultation, but as surnishing a powerful motive for undis. sembled gratitude. In retiring, perhaps for ever, from a situation with which so large a portion of my life has been associated, 1 shall continually revert, during the remainder of it, with unceasing respect and gratitude, to this great thea. tre of our public action, and with the firm belief that the

public interests and the liberty of our beloved country will be safely guarded hereafter, as they have been here. tofore, by enlightened patriotism. Gentlemen: In returning to your respective families and constituents, I beg all of you, without exception, to carry with you my fervent prayers for the continuation of your lives, your health, and your happiness.” Mr. NEWTON offered the following resolution, which lies on the table : “Whereas the encouragement of Agriculture and Manufactures has ever been considered the best mean: of developing the resources of a nation, and of giving to its navigation and commerce support, extension, so tivity, and duration : and whereas opening roads, and connecting, by canals, lakes, bays, and rivers, for Put poses of intercourse and trade, have also been objects of primary importance to every enlightened government, and whereas the United States, when the fertility often soil, the variety of their climates the diversity of ther productions, and the extent of their waters and water courses, are taken into view, will derive the greatests. vantages from a system judiciously formed, and carski into execution, with respect to Internal Improvements, and whereas nothing can tend to generate and perper ate the affection of the citizens for their country.* much as the attention of the Government thereof" whatever relates to their different interests, all who receiving, respectively, their portion of the solicito and care of the Government, and flourishing under to operation, will increase the strength of this Union. Fo to it stability and security, and, by diffusing knowledo remove prejudices as to subjects, the importants which, to be politically and rightly understood, should be fully understood: Therefore

“Resolved, That a Department, to be denominated lo

the Home Department, should be established, for to: purpose of superintending whatever may relate to th: interests of Agriculture and Manufactures, the promo

tion of the progress of Science and the Arts, theolo course and trade between the several states by Rol.

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Mr. TUCKER, of Wa. called for the consideration & lo

the resolve yesterday submitted by him, looking to colonization of the free people of color beyond th: Rocky Mountains; which motion the House refused" to consider. Mr. WebstER said, that, as the attention of * House seemed not occupied for the moment, he wou take the opportunity of making a remark on a subject, in relation to which he had, at the last session, to some expectation in the House, and perhaps to the country: he meant the question of a general bank. law. His relation to the House, as a member of * committee on the Judiciary, had occasioned sundo solutions upon that subject, and divers petition. . brought to his attention. It would be ro. ! that a majority of the Committee at the last session id reported against the expediency of a generalo bankruptcy. Differing from the Committee inho . ion, he had signified an intention of obtaining, file"; . an expression of the opinion of the House upon o soon as a matter intimately connected with the 3. then pending, and still pending, before the so. court, should be decided. It was well known that . state insolvent laws, so far as they applied to i. entered into before the enactment of those law” #. been declared inoperative upon those contro*, *. more general question remained to be decido : Whether onio, can constitutionally impair tho"

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dity of any contracts, whether precedent or subsequent. When he called the attention of the House to this subject at the close of the last session, it was expected that an earlier day would be fixed for the assembling of the Court this year; and that, in consequence of such arrangement, the decision of this question might be had in season for the House to act on the subject with a full knowledge of what the exigency required at the present session. That arrangement, however, was not carried into effect. The bill to execute it passed this House, but did not get through the Senate, and up to this moment, he had not learned that that tribunal had pronounced its judgment in the case. He thought that decision would naturally be thought important to enlighten useful and practical legislation; although, for one,

would remove the necessity of establishing a general
system. He remained fully of opinion that, in a coun-
try so commercial, with so many states, having almost
every degree and every kind of connexion and inter-
course among their citizens, true policy and just views
of public utility required that so important a branch of
commercial regulation as bankruptcy, ought to be uni-
form throughout all the states; and, of course, that it
ought to be established under the authority of this Go-
vernment. For his part, entertaining this opinion, he
should be disposed to give an earnest attention to the
measure, and devote any portion of time and labor to its
preparation, whenever it should appear to be the senti-
ment of the House that it ought to be adopted.
Soon after this, the House adjourned sine die.

he was not of opinion that its decision, either way,


[We have thus arrived at the close of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress; of the Debates and principal incidents of which we have furnished an account as ample as our materials would allow, and faithful as far as it goes, with the allowance for accidental error which is due to all human efforts. As, in drawing to its close, the Session will appear to have been barren of interest, when it would naturally be supposed to be most fruitful of incident, it is necessary to explain, that very little debate usually takes place within the last ten days of a Session, the time of both houses being employed in persecting business already matured by the committees, &c. principally upon private bills, which seldom elicit more than a passing remark from the chairman of the committee which reported each bill, and sometimes not even that. We have known, in the last week of the Session, as many as forty bills pass in one day; but, as they pass without debate, and without any incident worthy of record, those proceedings find no place in this volume, the olject of which is not to journalize the proceedings of Congress, but rather to embody the spirit of those legislative measures and occurrences of each year which form so important a part of the history of the Government. It may be necessary further to add, to account for the scantiness of the matter of the three last days of the Session, during two of which, at least, Congress are known to sit long and late, that a joint rule of the two Houses forbids any act from being received from either House during the three last days, thus confining the proceedings in each House, on those days, to such acts as have already been discussed and passed in the other House, leaving to oach House, respectively, little to do but to adopt or reject what has been proposed to it by the other. On the last day of the Session, it is ordered that no bill shall pass either House -a regulation intended to allow the President a reasonable time, before the adjournment, to Šive his assent or dissent, with deliberation, to the bills presented to him for his signature. such as wish to know whether any particular measure debated during the Session became a ow, and those also who desire to know what laws passed without debate, will be gratified, as *ady intimated in the Preface, by turning to the complete publication of the Laws of the *ssion, which will be found at the close of the volume.—Editors.]


* * *** * *

18th CONGRESS-SEcoRI, Sessios.

List of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States.

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MANE-John Chandler, John Holmes. NEW HAMPSHIRE–Samuel Bell, John F. Parrott. MASSACHUSET rs—James Lloy d, Elijah HuatMills. consecticut—Henry W. Edwards, James Lanoath. - - * RHODE ISLANI)—James D'wolf, Nehemiah R.

VERMØNT—William A. Palmer, Horatio Seymour.
NEW YORK--Rufus King, Martin Van Buren.
NEWJERSEY-Mahlon Dickerson, James Milvaine.
*EXNSYLVANIA—Walter Lowrie, william Findlay.
DELAWARE--Nicholas Van Dyke, Thomas Clayton,
MARYLAND–Edward Lloyd, Samuel Smith. " " - .
VIRGINIA—James Barbour, Littleton w. tazewell.
NORTHCAROLINA-Nathaniel Macon, John Branch.
SQUTHCAROLINA-John Gaillard, Rob't Y. Hayne.
GEORGIA--John Elliott, Thomas W. Cobb
KENTUCKY—Richard M. Johnson, Isham Talbot.
TENNESSEE-Andrew. Jackson, John Henry Eaton.
0H10–Benjamin Ruggles, Ethan A. Brown.
Joss (ANA-Josiahs.Johnston, DominiqueBouligny.
INDIANA-James Noble, Waller Taylor. -
MISSISSIPPI-Thomas H. Williams, David Holmes.
ILLINOIS-Jesse B. Thomas, John Mclean. .
ALABAMA-William R. King, william Kelly.
Missoufti—David Barton, Thomas H. Benton.

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MAINE–William Burleigh, Joshua Cushman, EbeHezer Herrick, David Kidder, Enoch Lincoln, Stephen ngfellow, Jeremiah O'Brien.—7. - -NEW HAMPSHIRE–Ichabod Bartlett, Matthew Harey, Arthur Livermore, Aaron Matson, Wm. Plumer, Jr. Thomas Whipple, Jr.—6 MASSACHUSETTS-Samuel C. Allen, John Bailey, Francis Baylies, isenjamin W. Crowninshield, Henry W. *ight, Timothy Futler, Aaron Hobart, Samuel Lathrop, 'ohn Locke, Jeremiah Nélson, John Reed, Jonas Sibley, Janiel Webster.—13 -- * RHODE ISLAND-Job Durfee, Samuel Eddy.—2 CONNECTICUT-Noyes Barber, Samuel A. Foot, Ansel Sterling, Ebenezer Stoddard, Gideon Tomlinson, muel Whitman—6 *** - VERMONT—william C. Bradley, Daniel A. A. Buck, *muel C. Crafts, Rollin C. Mallary, Henry Olin.—5 NEW YORK-John W. Cady, Churchill C. Cambreong, Lot Clark, Ela Collins, Hector Craig, Rowland Day, Justin Dwinell, Lewis Eaton, Charles A. Foote, Jo**st, Moses Hayden, John Herkimer, James L. Hoge. om, Lemuel Jenkins, Samuel Lawrence, Elisha Litchold, budley Marvin, Henry C. Martindale, John J. Mor** John Richards, Robert R. Rose, Peter Sharpe, Hen* * Storrs, James Strong, John W.' Tavlor, Egbert en Eyck, Albert H. Tracy, Jacob Tyson, William Van Wyck, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Isaac Williams, Parme*Adams, Silas Wood, William Woods.-34 ° .NEWJERsey—George cassedy, Lewis condict, Da*', arrison, George Holcombe, James Matlack, sa

PENNSYLVANIA—James Allison, Samuel Breck. John Brown, James Buchanan, Samuel Edwards, William Cox Ellis, Patrick Farrelly, John Findlay, Walter For. ward, Robert Harris, Joseph'Hemphill, Samuel D. Ing: ham, George Kremer, Samuel M'Kean, Philip S. Markley, Danies H. Miller, James S. Mitchell, Thomas Pattersom, George Plumer, George Wulfe, Andrew Stewart, Alexander Thompson, Daniel Udree, Isaac Wayne, James Wilson, Henry Wilson —26 ' ' ' ' ' " ; * DELAWARE–Louis M'Lane." MARYLAND–William Hayward, Jr. Joseph Kent, John Lee, Peter Little, Isaac M'Kim; George E. Mit. chell, Raphael Neale, John S. Spence, Henry R. Walfield.—9 * * * * * * * * * - VIRGINIA—Mark Alexander, William S. Archer, Philip P. Barbour, John S. Barbour, Burwell Bassett, John Floyd, Robert S. Garnett, Joseph Johnson, Jabez Leftwich, william M'Coy, Charles F. Mercer, Thomas Newton, John Randolph, William C. Rives, Arthur Smith, William Smith. Alexander. Smyth, Andrew Stevenson, James Stephenson, George Tucker, John Talia. ferro, Jared Williams.-22 * - - - NORTH CAROLINA Henry Conner, John Culpeper, Weldon N. Edwards, Alfred"M. Gatlin, Thomas H. Hall, Charles Hooks, John Long, Willie P. Mangum, Romulus M. Satshders, Richard D: Spaight, Robert B. Vance, Lewis Williams.-12. One vacant. SOUTH CAROLINA-Robert Campbell, John Car. ter, Joseph Gist, Andrew R. Govan, James Hamilton, Jr. George M’Duffie, Joel R. Poinsett, Starling Tucker, John" Wilson.-9 * * - * ...” GEORGIA- Joel Abbot, George Cary, Alfred Cuthbert, John Forsyth, Edward F. Tattnall, Wiley Thompson.—6. One vacant.' " KENTUCKY-- Henry Clay, (Speaker) Richard A. Buckner, Robert P. Henry, Francis Johnson, John T. Johnson, Robert Letcher, Thomas Metcalfe, Thomas P. Moore, Philip Thompson, David Trimble, David white, Charles A. Wickliffe.-12. TENNESSEE-Adam R. Alexander, Robert Allen, John Blair, John Cocke, Samuel Houston, Jacobo C. Isaacks, James B. Reynolds, James T. Sandford, James Standéfer.—9 *4. - - OH10 - Mordecai Bartley, Philemon Beecher, John W. Campbell, James W. Gazlay, Duncan M'Arthur, William M'Lean, John Patterson, Thomas R. Ross, John Sloane, Joseph Vance, Samuel F. Winton, Elisha Whit. tlesey, William Wilson, John C. Wright.-44 LOUISIANA—William L. Brent, Henry H. Gurley, Edward Livingston.—3 MISSISSIPPi—Christopher Rankin.—1 INDIANA-Jacob Call, Jonathan Jennings, John Test.—3 - * - a ILLINOIS-Daniel P. Cook.-1 ALABAMA—John McKee, Gabriel Moore, George W. Owen.— . ..? MISSOURI-John Scott.-1

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: Massage of the President, at

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives: THE view which l have now to present to you, of our affairs, Foreign and Domestic, realizes the most sanguine anticipations which have been entertained of the public prosperity. If we look to the whole, our growth, as a Nation, continues to be rapid, beyond example; if to the States which, compose it, the same gratifying spectacle is exhibited. Our expansion over the vast territory within our limits, has been great, without indicating any decline in those sections from which the emigration has been most conspicuous. We have daily gained strength by a native population in every quarter—a population devoted to our happy system of Government, and cherishing the bond of union with fraternal affection. Experience has already shewn, that the differ. ence of climate, and of industry, proceeding from that cause, inseparable from such vast domains, and which, under other systems, might have a repulsive tendency, cannot fail to produce, with us, under wise regulations, the opposite effect. What one portion wants, the other may supply, and this will be most sensibly felt by the parts most distant from each other, forming, thereby, a domestic market, and an active intercourse between the extremes and throughout every portion of our Union. Thus, by a happy distribution of power between the National and State Governments, governments which rest exclusively on the sovereignty of the People, and are fully adequate to the great purposes for which they were respectively instituted, causes which might otherwise lead to dismemberment, operate powerfully to draw us closer together. In every other circumstance, a correct view of the actual state of our Union must be equally gratifying to our constituents. Our relations with foreign powers are of a friendly character, although certain interesting differences remain unsettled with some. Our revenue, under the mild system of impost and tonnage, continues to be adequate to all the purposes of the Government. Our agriculture, commerce, manufactures, and navigation, flourish. Our fortifications are advancing in the degree authorized by existing appropriations, to maturity, and due F. is made in the augmentation of the navy, to the limit prescribed for it by law. For these blessings, we owe to Almighty God, from whom we derive them, and with profound reve. rence, our most grateful and unceasing acknowledgments. In adverting to our relations with foreign powers, which are always an object of the highest importance, I have to remark, that, of the subjects which have been brought into discussion with them during the present administration, some have been satisfactorily terminated; others have been suspended, to be resumed hereafter, under circumstances more favorable to success; and others are still in negotiation, with the hope that they may be adjusted, with mutual accommodation to the interests, and to the satisfaction, of the respective parties. It has been the invariable object of this Government, to cherish the most friendly relations with every power, and on principles and conditions which might make them permanent. A systematic effort has baen made to place

the opening of the Session. [Sen. and H. of

reciprocity; to settle with each, in a spirit of candora liberality, all existing differences, and to anticipate a remove, so far as it might be practicable, all causes future variance. It having been stipulated by the seventh article of convention of navigation and commerce, which was to cluded on the twenty-fourth of June, one thousanderg hundred and twenty-two, between the United States: France, that the said convention should continue infor for two years, from the first of October of that year, a for an indefinite term afterwards, unless one of the parti should declare its intention to renounceit, in which eve it should cease to operate at the end of six months fo such declaration; and no such intention having been a nounced, the convention having been found alwano ous to both parties, it has since remained, and still n mains, in force. At the time when that convention: concluded, many interesting subjects were left unstand particularly our claim to indemnity for spoo which were committed on our commerce in the lo wars. For these interests and claims, it was in ther" templation of the parties, to make provision at a suo quent day, by a more comprehensive and definitive to ty. The object has been duly attended to since by." Executive; but, as yet, it has not been accomplished is hoped that a favorable opportunity will presento for opening a negotiation, which may embrace and ". range all existing differences, and every other concer which they have a common interest, upon the acco of the present king of France, an event which hasoo rel since the close of the last session of Congress With Great Britain our commercial intercourse o on the same footing that it did at the last session, so convention of one thousand eight hundred and floo the commerce between the United States and the Bo dominions in Europe and the East Indies, was arrano on a principle of reciprocity. Thot convention waso firmed and continued inforce, with slight exception*: a subsequent treaty, for the term often years, from * twentieth of october, one thousand eight hundro eighteen, the date of the latter. The trade with" British colonies in the west indies, has not, as yet.*: arranged by treaty, or otherwise, to our satisfaction.” approach to that result has been made by legislatives whereby many serious impediments, which had.” raised by the parties in defence of their respective to were removed. An earnest desire exists, and ho manifested on the part of this Government, topo commerce with the colonies, likewise, on a footing of ciprocal advantage, and it is hoped that the Brio vernment, seeing the justice of the proposal, and its portance to the colonies, will, ere long, accede.”" The commissioners who were appointed for ". justment of the boundary, between {{. terrio, United States and those of Great Britain, specific the fifth article of the Treaty of Ghent, having disagor in their decision, and both governments havio

to establish that boundary by amicable no tween them, it is it may be satisfacs"

justed in that mode. The boundary specified by t e decision 9

sixth article has been established by the do o commissioners. From the progress made in that . ed for by the seventh, according to a reo. ceived, there is good cause to presume that it wi tled in the course of the ensuing year. It is a cause of serious regret that no arro yet been finally concluded between ments, to secure, by joint co-operation, of the slave trade. It was the object o vernment, in the early stages of the nego

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- - - eth plan for the suppression, which should includ

our commerce with each power on a footing of perfect

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of v cession of the mutual right of search by * ships


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