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any other citizens or subjects of the same nation, it is hereby agreed that, in such case, also, upon the delivery of the said vessel to the tribunals of that country to which the persons on whose account she is chartered, belong, the vessel, cargo, and crew, shall be proceeded against in like manner as any other vessel, cargo, and crew, within the purview of this convention, in so far as the general practice, under the law of nations, will allow. Anticle III. Whenever any naval commander, or commissioned officer, of either of the two contracting powers, shall, on the high seas, or any where not within the exclusive jurisdiction of either party, board, or cause to be boarded, any merchant vessel bearing the flag of the other power, and visit the same as a slave trader, or on suspicion of her being concerned in the slave trade, in every such case, whether the vessel so visited shall, or shall not, be captured and delivered over, or sent into the ports of her own country for trial and adjudication, the boarding officer shall deliver to the master, or com: mander of the visited vessel, a certificate, in writing, signed by the said boarding officer, and specifying his rank in the navy of his country, together with the names of the commander by whose orders he is acting, and of the national vessel commanded by him: and the said certificate shall further contain a declaration, purporting that the only object of the visit is to ascertain whether the merchant vessel in question is engaged in the slave trade, or not; and, if found to be so engaged, to take and deliver her to the officers or tribunals of her own country, being that of one of the two contracting parties, for trial and adjudication. In all such cases, the commander of the national vessel, whether belonging to Great Britain or to the United States, shall, when he makes delivery of his capture, either to the officers or to the tribunals of the other power, deliver all the papers found on board the captured vessel, indicating her national character, and the objects of her voyage, and, together with them, a certificate, as above, of the visit, signed with his name, and specifiying his rank in the navy of his country, as well as the name of the vessel commanded by him, together with the name and professional rank of the boarding officer by whom the said visit has been made. This certificate shall also contain a list of all the papers received from the master of the vessel detained or visited, as well as those found on board the said vessel: it shall also contain an exact description of the state in which the vessel was found, when detained, and a statement of the changes, if any, which have taken place in it, and of the number of slaves, if any, found on board at the moment of detention. Arricle IV. Whenever any merchant vessel of either mtion shall be visited under this convention, on suspition of such vessel being engaged in the slave trade, no search shall, in any such case, be made on board the said vessel, except what is necessary for ascertaining, by due and sufficient proofs, whether she is, or is not, engaged in that illicit traffic. No person shall be taken out of the vessel so visited, (though such reasonable restraints as may be indispensable for the detention and safe delivery of the vessel, may be used against the crew,) by the commanding officer of the visiting vessel, or under his orders; nor shall any part of the cargo of the visited vessel be taken out of her, till after her delivery to the officers or tribunals of her own nation, excepting only when the removal of all, or a part of the slaves, if any, found on board the visited vessel, shall be indispensable either for the preservation of their lives, or from any other urgent consideration of humanity, or for the safety of the persons charged with the navigation of the said vessel after her capture. And any of the slaves so removed shall be duly accounted for to the government of that country to which the visited vessel belongs, and shall be disposed of according to the laws of the country into which they are carried; the regular bounty, or

head money, allowed by law, being in each instance secured to the captors, for their use and benefit, by the reCeiving government. Anticle V. Whenever any merchant vessel, of either nation, shall be captured under this convention, it shall be the duty of the commander of any ship belonging to the public service of the other, charged with the instructions of his government for carrying into execution the provisions of this convention, at the requisition of the commander of the capturing vessel, to receive into his custody the vessel so captured, and to carry or send the same for trial and adjudication into some port of his own country, or of its dependencies. In every such case, at the time of the delivery of the vessel, an authentic declaration shall be drawn up in triplicate, and signed by the commanders, both of the delivering and receiv. ing, vessels; one copy, signed by both, to be kept by each of them, stating the circumstances of the delivery, the condition of the captured vessel at the time of desi. very, including the names of her master or commander, and of every other person, not a slave, on board at that time, and exhibiting the number of the slaves, if any, then on board of her, and a list of all the papers receiv. ed or found on board at the time of capture, and delivered over with her. The third copy of the said declaration shall be left in the captured vessel, with the papers found on board, to be produced before the tribunal charged with the adjudication of the capture. And the commander of the capturing vessel shall be authorized to send any one of the officers under his command, and one or two of his crew,with the captured vessel, to appear before the competent tribunal as witnesses of the facts regarding her detention and capture; the reasonable expenses of which witnesses, in proceeding to the place of trial, during their detention there, and for their return to their own country, or to their station in its service, shall be allowed by the court of adjudication, and defrayed, in the event of the vessel being condemned, out of the proceeds of its sale; in case of the acquittal of the vessel, the expenses, as above specified, of these witnesses, shall be defrayed by the government of the capturing officer. Anricle VI. Whenever any capture shall be made under this convention, by the officers of either of the contracting parties, and no national vessel of that eountry, to which the captured vessel belongs, is cruising on the same, station where the capture takes place, the commander of the capturing vessel shall, in such case, cither carry or send his prize to some convenient port of its own country, or of any of its dependencies, where a court of yice admiralty has jurisdiction, and there give it up to the competent authorities, for trial and adjudiCation. The captured vessel shall then be libelled, according to the practice of the court taking cognizance of the case; and, if condemned, the proceeds of the sale thereof and of its cargo, if also condemned, shall be paid to the commander of the capturing vessel, for the benefit of the captors, to be distributed among them according to the rules of their service respecting prize money. Anticle VII. The commander and crew of any vessel, captured under this convention, and sent in for trial, shall be proceeded against conformably to the laws of the country whereinto they shall be brought, as pirates, engaged in the African slave trade; and it is further agreed, that any individual, being a citizen or subject of either of the two contracting parties, who shall be found on board any vessel, not carrying the flag of the other party, nor belonging to the subjects or citizens of either, but engaged in the illicit traffic of slaves, and lawfully seized, on that account, by the cruizers of the other party, or condemned under circumstances which, by involying such individual in the guilt of slave trading, would subject him to the penalties of piracy, he shall be sent

for trial, before the competent court, in the country to 18th Congress, 2d Session. {

which he belongs; and the reasonable expenses of any witnesses belonging to the capturing vessel, in proceeding to the place of trial, during their detention there, and for their return to their own country, or to their station in its service, shall, in every such case, be allowed by the court, and defrayed by the country in which the trial takes place; but every witness belonging to the capturing vessel, shall, upon the criminal trial for piracy, be liable to be challenged by the accused person, and set aside, as incompetent, unless he shall release his claim to any part of the prize money, upon the condemnation of the vessel and cargo. Ant. VIII.-The right, reciprocally conceded by the two contracting powers, of visiting, capturing, and delivering over for trial, the merchant vessels of the other, engaged in the traffic of slaves, shall be exercised only by such commissioned officers of their respective Navies, as shall be furnished with instructions for executing the laws of their respective countries against the slave trade. For every vexatious and abusive exercise of this right, the boarding officer, and the commander of the capturing or searching vessel, shall, in each case, be personally liable, in costs and damages, to the master and owners of any merchant vessel delivered over, detained, or visited, by them, under the provisions of this Convention. Whatever court of admiralty shall have cognizance of the cause, as regards the captured vessel, in each case, the same court shall be competent to hear the complaint of the masters or owners, or of any person, or persons, on board the said vessel, or interested in the property of her cargo at the time of her detention; and, on due and sufficient proof being given to the court of any vexation and abuse having been practised during the search or detention of said vessel, contrary to the provisions and meaning of this convention, to award reasonable costs and damages to the sufferers, to be paid by the commanding or boarding officer convicted of such misconduct. The government of the party thus cast in damages and costs shall cause the amount of the same to be paid in each instance, agreeably to the judgment of the court, within twelve months from the date thereof. In case of any such vexation and abuse occurring in the detention or search of a vessel detained under this convention, and not afterwards delivered over for trial, the persons aggrieved, being such as are specified above, or any of them,shall be heard by any court of admiralty of the country of the captors, before which they make complaint thereof; and the commander and boarding officer of the detaining vessel, shall, in such instance, be liable as above, in costs and damages, to the complainants, according to the judgment of the court, and their government shall equally cause payment of the same to be made, within twelve months from the time when such judgment shall have been pronounced. Anticle IX. Copics of this convention, and of the laws of both countries, actually in force, for the prohibition and suppression of the African slave trade, shall be furnished to every commander of the national vessels of either party, charged with the execution of those laws; and in case any such commanding officer shall be accused, by either of the two governments, of having deviated, in any respect, from the provisions of this convention, and the instructions of his own government in conformity thereto, the government, to which such complaint shall be addressed, agrees, hereby, to make inquiry into the circumstances of the case, and to inflict on the officer complained of, in the event of his appearing to deserve it, a punishment adequate to his transgression. Article X. The high contracting parties declare, that the right which, in the foregoing articles, they have each reciprocally conceded, of detaining, visiting, capturing & delivering over for trial,the merchant vessels of the

A

Documents accompanying the President's Message.

the said ship of war, and invite him to

USen. and H. of R other, engaged in the African slave trade, is woolly exclusively grounded on the consideration of their has ing made that traffic piracy by their respective laws and further, that the reciprocal concession of the so right, as guarded, limited, and regulated, by this conver. tion, shall not be so construed as to authorize the deter tion or search of the merchant vessels of either nation, by the officers of the navy of the other, excer vessels engaged, or suspected of being engaged, in the African slave trade, or for any other purpose wo. ever than that of seizing and delivering up the to sons and vessels concerned in that traffic, for trio, adjudication, by the tribunals and laws of their or country; nor be taken to affect, in any other way, to: existing rights of either of the high contracting pari. And they do also hereby agree and engage to use to influence, respectively, with other maritime and civil. ed powers, to the end that the African slave trade his be declared to be piracy under the law of nations. Anticle XI. The present convention, consisting of eleven articles, shall be ratified, and the ratifications ev changed, at London, within the term of twelve monus or as much sooner as possible. In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiario have signed the same, and have affixed thereunto to seals of their arms. Done at London, the thirteenth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twel. ty-four.

RICHARD RUSH, [L. s.]

W. HUSKISSON, [L. s.]

STRATFORD CANNING, [i. s.)

(With Mr. Rush's Mo. 2, of 15th March, 1824.) C. Bititish couxten proger. PREAMBLe. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States of Noto America, being desirous to co-operate for the complete suppression of the African Slave Trade, by making the law of piracy, as applied to that traffic, under the so: tutes of their respective legislatures, immediately alo reciprocally operate on the vessels and subjects, or " zens, of each other, have respectively appointed to Plenipotentiaries, to negotiate and conclude a conso tion for that purpose, that is to say: on the part of lo Britannic Majesty, the Right Hon. William Huskis." &c. &c. and the fight Hon. Stratford canning, so and on the part of the United States, Richard Rush to voy Extraordinary and Minister Pienipotentiary.” those States to the court of his Majesty; which Peo potentiaries, after duly communicating to each other their respective full powers, found to be in propero" have agreed upon and concluded the following art.” I. The commanding and commissioned officers""

of the two high contracting parties, duly authorized." der the regulations and instructions of their respo Governments, to cruize on the coasts of Africa. 9 A. rica, and of the West Indies, for the suppression of slave trade, shall be empowered, under the go. limitations, and restrictions, hereinafter specified, o o tain, examine, capture, and deliver over for o o: adjudication, by some competent tribunal, or whi: : to of the two countries it shall be found, on exam.". belong to, any ship or vessel concerned in i. o traffic of slaves, and carrying the flag of the o, owned by any subjects or citizens of either o ship contracting parties, except when in prese” mand. of war of its own nation ; in which case, ho deing officer of the other party, instead oforo shall tention or search of the suspected vessel himselo or

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pected vessel to be searched and detained under his exclusive authority; provided, however, that the delay required for this purpose be not such, from peculiar and unavoidable circumstances, as to enable the suspected vessel to escape. It is further agreed, that any such ship or vessel, so captured, shall either be carried, or sent, by the capturng officer, to some port of the country to which it beongs, and there given up to the competent authorities, r be delivered up for the same purpose, to any duly ommissioned officer of the other party : it being the otention of the high contracting powers, that any ship it vessel within the purview of this convention, and eized on that account, shall be tried and adjudged by he tribunals of the captured party, and not by those of he captor. II. In the case of any ship or vessel detained by the Huizers of either of the two contracting parties, on suslicion of carrying on the slave trade, being found, on ce examination by the boarding officer, to be charter* on account of any of the subjects or citizens of the ther party, although not actually bearing the flag of hat party, nor owned by the individuals on whose acount she is chartered, or by any other citizens or sub*cts of the same nation, it is hereby agreed, that, in och case also, upon the delivery of the said vessel to he tribunals of that country to which the persons, on those account she is chartered, belong, the vessel, caro, and crew, shall be proceeded against in like manet as any other vessel, cargo, and crew, within the puriew of this convention, insofar as the general practice tder the law of nations will allow. III. Whenever any naval commander or commissiond officer of either of the two contracting powers shall, n the high seas, or any where not within the exclusive urisdiction of either party, board, or cause to be boardd, any merchant vessel, bearing the flag of the other ower, and visit the same as a slave trader, or on suspiion of her being concerned in the slave trade, in every uch case, whether the vessel so visited, shall, or shall o, be captured and delivered over, or sent into the outs of her own country, for trial and adjudication, he boarding officer shall deliver to the master or comhander of the visited vessel a certificate, in writing, igned by the said boarding officer, and specifying his ank in the navy of his country, together with the names f the commander by whose orders he is acting, and of he national vessel commanded by him; and the said ertificate shall further contain a declaration, purport. ng that the only object of the visit is to ascertain wheher the merchant vessel in question is engaged in the lave trade, or not, and if found to be so engaged, to take nd deliver her to the officer or tribunals of her own ountry, being that of one of the two contracting parles, for trial and adjudication. In all such cases, the commander of the national vesel, whether belonging to Great Britain or to the United states, shall, when he makes delivery of his capture, ither to the officers or to the tribunals of the other pow•r, deliver all the papers found on board the captured essel, indicating her national character, and the objects if her voyage ; and, together with these, a certificate, is above, of the visit, signed with his name, and speciying his rank in the navy of his country, as well as the name of the vessel commanded by him, together with he name and professional rank of the boarding officer y whom the said visit has been made. This certificate shall also contain a list of all the papers received from the master of the vessel detained, »r visited, as well as those found on board the said vessel. It shall, also, contain an exact description of the state in which the vessel was found when detained, and a statement of the changes, if any, which have taken place in it, and of the number of slaves, if any, found on Poard at the moment of detention.

IV. Whenever any merchant vessel, of either nation, shall be visited, under this convention, on suspicion of such vessel being engaged in the slave trade, no search shall, in any such case, be made on board the said vessel, except what is necessary for ascertaining, by positive and sufficient proofs, whether she is, or is not, engaged in that illicit traffic. No person shall be taken out of the vessel so visited, though measures of restraint and personal coercion, necessary for the detention and safe delivery of the vessel, may be employed against its crew, by the commanding officer of the visiting vessel, or under his orders; nor shall any part of the cargo of the visited vessel be taken out of her, till after her delivery to the officers or tribunals of her own nation; excepting only when the immediate removal of all, or a part of the slaves, if any, found on board the visited vessel, shall be necessary either for the preservation of their lives, or for the safety of the persons charged with the navigation of the said vessel after her capture. And any of the slaves, so removed, shall be duly accounted for to the government of that country to which the visited vessel belongs, and shall be disposed of according to the laws of the country into which they are carried; the regular bounty or head money, allowed by law, being, in each instance, secured to the captors, for their use and benefit, by the receiving government.

V. Whenever any merchant vessel, of either nation, shall be captured, under this convention, it shall be the duty of the commander of any ship belonging to the public service of the other, charged with the instructions of his government for carrying into execution the provisions of this convention, on the coast of Africa, of America, or of the West Indies, at the requisition of the commander of the capturing vessel, to receive into his custody the vessel so captured, and to carry or send the same, for trial and adjudication, into some port of his own country. In every such case, at the time of the delivery of the vessel, an authentic declaration shall be drawn up in triplicate, and signed by the commanders both of the delivering and receiving vessels; one copy, signed by both, to be kept by each of them, stating the circumstances of the delivery, the condition of the captured vessel at the time of delivery, including the names of her master or commander, and of every other person, not a slave, on board at that time, and exhibiting the number of the slaves, if any, then on board her, and a list of all the papers received or found on board at the time of capture, and delivered over with her. The third copy of the said declaration shall be left in the captured vessel, with the papers found on board, to be produced before the tribunal charged with the adjudication of the capture.

And the commander of the capturing vessel shall be authorized to send any one of the officers under his command, and one or two of his crew, with the captured vessel, to appear before the competent tribunal, as witnesses of the facts regarding her detention and capture; the reasonable expenses of which witnesses, in proceeding to the place of trial, during their detention there, and for their return to their own country, or to their station in 1ts service, shall be allowed by the court 9f adjudication, and defrayed, in the event of the vessel being condemned, out of the proceeds of its sale. In case of the acquittal of the vessel, the expenses, as above specified, of these witnesses, shall be defrayed by the government of the capturing officer.

VI. Whenever any capture shall be made under this convention, by the officers of either of the contracting parties, and no national vessel of that country to which the captured vessel belongs is cruising on the same sta: tion where the capture takes place, the commander of the capturing vessel shall, in such case, either carry or send his prize to some convenient port of his own country, or of any of its dependencies, where a court of vice admiralty has jurisdiction, and there give it up to the

competent authorities, for trial and adjudication. The

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captured vessel shall then be libelled according to the practice of the court taking cognizance of the case; and, in case of its being condemned, the proceeds of the sale thereof, and of its cargo, if also condemned, shall he paid to the commander of the capturing vessel, for the benefit of the captors, to be distributed among them, according to the rules of their service respecting prize-money. VII. The commander and crew of any vessel captured under this Convention, and sent in for trial, shall be pro. ceeded against conformably to the laws of the country whereinto they shall be brought, as pirates engaged in the African Slave Trade; and it is further agreed, that any individual, being a citizen or subject of either of the two contracting parties, who shall be found on board any vessel not carrying the flag of the other party, nor belonging to the subjects or citizens of either, utengaged in the illicit traffic of slaves, and seized or condemned on that account, by the cruisers of the other party, under circumstances which, by involving such individual in the guilt of slave-trading, would subject him to the penalties of piracy, he shall be sent for trial before the competent court in the country to which he belongs, and the reasonable expenses of any witnesses belonging to the capturing vessel, in proceeding to the place of trial, during their detention there, and for their return to their own country, or to their station in its service, shall, in every such case, be allowed by the court, and defrayed by the country in which the trial takes place. VIII. The right, reciprocally conceded by the two contracting powers, of visiting, capturing, and delivering over for trial, the merchant vessels of the other, engaged in the traffic of slaves, shall be exercised only by such commissioned officers of their respective navies, as shall be furnished with instructions for executing the laws of their respective countries against the slave trade. For every vexatious and abusive exercise of this right, the boarding officer and the commander of the capturing or searching vessel shall, in each case, be liable, in costs and damages, to the master and owners of any merchant vessel delivered over, detained, or visited, by them, under the provisions of this convention. Whatever court of admiralty shall have cognizance of the cause, as regards the captured vessel in each case, the same court shall be competent to hear the complaint of the master, or of any person on board, or interested in the property of her cargo, at the time of her detention; and, on clear, indubitable proof being given to the court, of any vexation and abuse having been practised during the search or detention of the said vessel, contrary to the provisions and meaning of this convention, to award reasonable costs and damages to the sufferers, to be paid by the commanding or boarding officer convicted of such misconduct. The government of the party thus cast in damages and costs, shall cause the amount of the same to be paid, in each instance, agreeably to the judgment of the court, within twelve months from [and] after the date thereof. In case of any such vexation and abuse occurring in the detention or search of a vessel detained under this convention, and not afterwards delivered over for trial, the persons aggrieved, being such as are specified above, or any of them, shall be heard by any court of admiralty of the country of the captors, before which they make complaint thereof, and the commander and boarding of. ficer of the detaining vessel shall, in each instance, beliable, as above, in costs and damages, to the complainants, according to the judgment of the court, and their government shall equally cause payment of the same to be made, within twelve months from the time when such judgment shall have been pronounced. IX. Copies of this convention, and of the laws of both countries actually in force, for the prohibition and suppression of the African slave trade, shall be surnished to every commander of the national vessels of either party, charged with the execution of those laws; and, in case

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any such commanding officer shall be accused, by eithe of the two governments, of having deviated, in any to spect, from the provisions of this convention, and their structions of his own government, in conformity there. the government to which such complaint shall be addres ed,agrees, hereby, to make inquiry into the circumstance of the case, and to inflict on the officer complained to in the event of his appearing to deserve it, a punishmir. adequate to his transgression. X. The high contracting parties declare, that the risk which, in the foregoing articles, they have each recipro cally conceded, of detaining, visiting, capturing, an delivering over for trial, the merchant vessels of the to er, engaged in the African slave trade, is wholly and to clusively grounded on the consideration of their havio made that traffic piracy, by their respective laws; so further, that the concession of the said right, as guar: ed, limited, and regulated, by this convention, is mess and understood by them neither to extend to, norio way to affect, any other existing or eventual rigoro search, or of capture at sea; in like manner as them of delivery and adjudication, stipulated in this convo tion, is not intended by them to affect, in any way, ordinary modes of proceeding against vessels captuo on the high seas,under the law of nations; and they dohereby agree and engage to use their influence, reo ively, with other maritime and civilized powers, too end that the African slave trade may be general “ clared to be piracy, under the law of nations.

(With Mr. Rush's .\'o. 2, of. March 15th, 1834) Protocol of the first conference of the American and Bo tish Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade." the 23d of January, 1824. Pl, Esent—Mr. Rush, Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Stratford Canning. It was agreed, after the communication and exclamo of the respective full powers, that the negotiation sho be carried on by conference and protocol, with the no on both sides, of annexing to the protocol any wro statement, which either party might consider neces” as matter either of record or of explanation. It was further agreed, that the slave trade shoul! made the first subject of discussion; and that any oro. on that head, which the parties might agree indo" up, should be formed into a separate convention, ". submitted for ratification to the respective goverloo immediately on its conclusion, and without refereo" the state of the negotiation on other matters. the British Plenipotentiaries intimated their expo” tion to receive from Mr. Rush, in the first instance". communication of the proposals intended to be to forward, successively, by his government, undo." heads of the several questions, for the adjustme". which the negotiation had been opened, in cont". with the annexed memorandum, previously commo" ed by him, (marked A.) in pursuance of this intimation. Mr. Rush, afto introductory remarks, explanatory of the views of": vernment upon this subject, communicated, in *. the projet of a Convention, for effecting a system. g o operation between the United States and Great Brità . with a view to the complete suppression of the sia trade. - The British Plenipotentiaries, in receiving this pro observed, that they could not be expected to o any opinion, as to its admissibility, either in wool, o part, on a first perusal; to which observation the o can Plenipotentiary assented, and it joi. that ** * next conference should take place on Monday the so cond of February.

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RICHARD RUSH, w. HUSKISSON,...,ve stratford CANNIN".

18th Congress, 2d Session.

A. .Memorandum referred to in the first conference.

1. Commercial intercourse between the United States and the colonial poss-ssions of Great Britain in America and the West Indies; and the claim of the United States o the navigation of the river St. Lawrence. 2. Suppression of the slave trade. 3. Boundary line under the fifth article of the treaty of Ghent. 4. Admission of consuls of the United States in the coorial ports of Great Britain. 5. Newfoundland Fishery. 6. Ukase of his Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Rusia, of September, 1821, with a view to an adjustment of he boundaries between the United States and Great oritain, on the northwest coast of America. 7. Questions of maritime law, heretofore in discussion etween the two nations; and, also, that of abolishing rivateering as between them.

Protocol of the second conference of the American and British Plenipotentiaries, assembled at the Board of Trade on the 2d of February, 1824. Paesex r—Mr. Rush, Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Stratford Canning. . The protocol of the preceding conference was read ver, and signed. The British Plenipotentiaries stated that, after mature onsideration of the projet given in by Mr. Rush, at the rmer conferenge, they were disposed to eonsent to the eneral principle on which it rested, but that there were trious difficulties in the mode of carrying that principle to effect, which they wished to point out and discuss ith Mr. Rush, in the hope of arriving, with his assistice, at some solution satisfactory to both parties. The discussion which ensued, with a view to the reoval or modification of such provisions in the projet as ere thought likely to render the proposed convention ore or less ineffectual, terminated in an agreement, on le part of the American Plenipotentiary, after he had ared his first impressions on the subject, to reconsider, ore at leisure, the points of his projet, which appeared jectionable to the British Plenipotentiaries; and, on eir part, to ascertain, by reference to the proper law ficers, how far it might be practicable to obviate the gal difficulties on their side. It was agreed to meet again on the 5th instant, and, in ise of any further causes of delay arising in the considration of the slave trade projet, to proceed at once with le next subject of negotiation, until these causes should * removed. RICHARD RUSH, W. HUSKISSON, STRATFORD CANNING.

'rotocol of the fourth conference of the American and British Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, Feb. 15th, 1824. Paesent-Mr. Rush,

Mr. Huskisson,

Mr. Stratford Canning. The protocol of the preceding conference was read rer, and signed. Several points connected with the propositions brought rward by the American Plenipotentiary, in the previous inferences, were informally discussed, with a view to splanation, and, if possible, to the removal of difficules on both sides. The British Plenipotentiaries communicated a count. "projet, (marked C.,) comprising the principal alteraons which they proposed to introduce into the articles "the slave trade, presented by Mr. Rush, and annexed the protocol of the first conference.

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After discussing these alterations in a general way, it was agreed that a formal consideration of the articles on this subject, as produced on both sides, should take place at the next conference, to be fixed at as early a period as possible, with a view to the conclusion of a convention satisfactory to each of the contracting parties. Ad

journed. RICHARD RUSH, w. HUSKISSoN, STRATFORD CANNING. Protocol of the fifth conference of the American and British Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, JMarch 9th, 1824. Paesent—Mr. Rush, Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Stratford Canning. The protocol of the preceding conference was read over, and signed. The discussion which had taken place at the last conference, upon the subject of the slave trade, was renewed, principally with reference to the first and tenth articles of the counter-projet of the British Plenipotentiaries. No satisfactory adjustment of the points at issue being arrived at, it was agreed to meet again on the 11th inst. for their further consideration. RICHARD RUSH, W. HUSKISSON, STRATFORD CANNING,

Protocol of the sirth conference of the American and British Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, .March 11th, 1824. Parse NT—Mr. Rush, Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Stratford Canning. The protocol of the preceding conference was read over, and signed. The points on the subject of the slave trade, which had been left undetermined at the last conference, were again brought under discussion; and, being, at length, satisfactorily adjusted, it was determined that, at the next meeting, to be held on the 13th instant, the business should be completed, by the signature of the Convention, as agreed on. RICHARD RUSH, W. HUSKISSON, STRATFORD CANNING.

Protocol of the seventh conference of the .American and Joritish Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, JMarch 13th, 1824. Paesex'r—Mr. Rush, Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Stratford Canning. The protocol of the preceding conference was read over, and signed. In pursuance of the agreement entered into at the last conference, the Convention on the subject of the slave trade was produced ; and, being found, on perusal, to be, in all respects, satisfactory to the Plenipotentiaries on both sides, received their respective signatures. The protocol of the present conference was, also, read over, and signed. RICHARD RUSH, W. HUSKISSON, STRATFORD CANNING. 1N senate. Farnay, April 30, 1824. , The Message, Convention, and Docurnents, were read. Ordered, that they be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, to consider and report thereon, and be printed under an injunction of secrecy.

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