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COMMERCE. See Antitrust Acts; Constitutional Law, VII;
Transportation.

COMMON CARRIERS. See Constitutional Law, VII, 3; Trans-
portation.

COMPENSATION. See Constitutional Law, VI; Labor.

COMPETITION. See Antitrust Acts.

CONGRESS. See Constitutional Law, II.

CONSERVATION. See Constitutional Law, VII, 2; XI, 6, 8.

CONSOLIDATION. See Transportation.

CONSPIRACY. See Antitrust Acts, 3-4.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. See also Equity; Jurisdiction, II, 4;
Parties.

I. Federal-State Relations, p. 875.
II. Legislative Power, p. 875.

III. Freedom of Speech and Press, p. 876.

IV. Search and Seizure, p. 876.
V. Ex Post Facto Laws, p. 876.

VI. Eminent Domain, p. 876.
VII. Commerce, p. 876.
VIII. Imports and Exports, p. 877.
IX. Full Faith and Credit, p. 877.
X. Due Process of Law, p. 877.
XI. Equal Protection of Laws, p. 878.
XII. Privileges and Immunities, p. 879.

I. Federal-State Relations.

1. Coastal waters Fishing State regulation.—Jurisdiction of
state to regulate shrimping in 3-mile belt off coast, in absence of con-
flicting federal legislation. Toomer v. Witsell, 385.

2. IndiansTrust propertyState inheritance tax.—Oklahoma
inheritance tax on transfer of properties held in trust by United
States for benefit of restricted Osage Indian and heirs, valid. West
v. Oklahoma Tax Comm'n, 717.

II. Legislative Power.

1. Powers of CongressDistrict of Columbia.—R. S. § 1978, guar-
anteeing all citizens same property rights as white citizens, valid.
Hurd v. Hodge, 24.

2. Powers of CongressWar powersRenegotiation Act.—Renego-
tiation Act, authorizing recovery by United States of "excessive
profits" on contracts for war goods, valid exercise of war powers.
Lichter v. United States, 742.

7WW88 0—48 61

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW—Continued.

3. Powers of CongressDelegationRenegotiation Act.—Author-
ization of administrative determination of "excessive profits" not
unconstitutional delegation of legislative power. Lichter v. United
States, 742.

in. Freedom of Speech and Press.

1. Freedom of speechLoud-speakersPrior restraint.—Ordinance
forbidding use of loud-speakers in public places, except in uncon-
trolled discretion of Chief of Police, invalid. Saia v. New York, 558.

2. Freedom of the pressScopeMotion pictures.—Freedom of
the press extends to motion pictures. United States v. Paramount
Pictures, 131.

IV. Search and Seizure.

Requirement of warrantIllicit distilling.—Arrest lawful as of one
committing felony in presence of officer; search and seizure of illicit
distillery without warrant unlawful where known to officers for weeks;
defendants entitled to suppression as evidence but not return of con-
traband. Trupiano v. United States, 699.

V. Ex Post Facto Laws.

State lawsRetroactive operationHabitual criminals.—Pennsyl-
vania statute authorizing punishment of fourth-offender not ex post
facto, though one of convictions occurred prior to enactment. Gryger
v. Burke, 728.

VI. Eminent Domain.

Wartime requisitionsJust compensationCeiling price.—Ceiling
price rather than replacement cost as measure of just compensation
for products requisitioned for war purposes. United States v. Felin
& Co., 624.

VII. Commerce.

1. State regulation and taxationShrimpingMaritime belt.
South Carolina tax of %$ per pound on shrimp taken in maritime
belt, not violative of commerce clause. Toomer v. Witsell, 385.

2. Id.—South Carolina statute requiring shrimpers to dock at
South Carolina port, unload, pack, and tax-stamp catch, before ship-
ping interstate, invalid. Id.

3. State taxationGross receiptsApportionment.—State tax on
motor carrier's gross receipts from substantial out-of-state mileage,
invalid. Central Greyhound Lines v. Mealey, 653.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW—Continued.

VIII. Imports and Exports.

State taxationShrimpingMaritime belt.—South Carolina tax
of Mstf P" pound on shrimp taken in maritime belt not unconstitu-
tional levy on imports. Toomer v. Witsell, 385.

IX. Full Faith and Credit.

1. JudgmentsDivorceCollateral attack.—Valid and final Flor-
ida decree granting divorce to wife found domiciled there, in proceed-
ing wherein husband appeared and had full opportunity to contest,
not subject to collateral attack elsewhere. Sherrer v. Sherrer, 343.

2. Id.—Valid and final Nevada divorce decree in proceeding wherein
parties participated and had full opportunity to contest jurisdictional
issues was denied full faith and credit by Massachusetts courts which
allowed collateral attack; collateral attack not allowable even by
party in whose favor divorce decree was entered. Coe v. Coe, 378.

3. JudgmentsDivorceAlimony.—Nevada ex parte divorce not
denied full faith and credit by New York judgment for arrears of
alimony under earlier decree of separation. Estin v. Estin, 541;
Kreiger v. Kreiger, 555.

X. Due Process of Law.

1. Judicial actionState courtsError.—Error of state court in
construing state law not denial of due process. Gryger v. Burke, 728.

2. Private propertyTalcingRenegotiation Act.—Recovery of
excessive profits on war contracts did not deprive contractor of prop-
erty without due process of law. Lichter v. United States, 742.

3. Procedural due processRenegotiation Act.—Renegotiation Act
as affording procedural due process. Lichter v. United States, 742.

4. Civil procedureDivorceJurisdiction.—Due process does not
require that defendant in divorce proceeding, who appeared and had
opportunity to contest every issue including complainant's domicile,
be afforded second opportunity to litigate existence of jurisdictional
facts. Sherrer v. Sherrer, 343.

5. Criminal proceedingsFair trial.—Sentence of uncounseled de-
fendant on misinformation or false assumptions as to his criminal
record, invalid. Townsend v. Burke, 736.

6. Criminal procedureNotice and hearingIndictment.—Due
process not denied by conviction on plea of guilty of offense which,
though not charged in indictment, was lesser than and related to
offense charged. Paterno v. Lyons, 314.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW—Continued.

7. Criminal proceedingsRight to counsel.—Right to counsel in
trial for non-capital offense of youth incapable of adequately repre-
senting self. Wade v. Mayo, 672.

8. Criminal proceedingsRight to counsel.—Failure of state to
provide counsel for defendant on fourth-offender charge under Penn-
sylvania law did not deny due process. Gryger v. Burke, 728.

9. Criminal proceedingsCoercion.—That defendant had been
held incommunicado 40 hours did not vitiate conviction in state
court on plea of guilty. Townsend v. Burke, 736.

10. Criminal proceedingsHabitual criminal law.—Punishment as
fourth-offender under Pennsylvania Habitual Criminal Law did not
subject defendant to double jeopardy. Gryger v. Burke, 728.

11. Criminal procedureState remedies.—Adequacy as due process
of state remedies for challenging validity of conviction under Federal
Constitution. Paterno v. Lyons, 314.

XI. Equal Protection of Laws.

1. Judicial action as state action.—Judicial action as action of state
under Fourteenth Amendment. Shelley v. Kraemer, 1.

2. Racial restrictive covenantsValidity.—Racial restrictive cove-
nants standing alone not violative of Fourteenth Amendment. Shelley
v. Kraemer, 1; Hurd v. Hodge, 24.

3. Racial restrictive covenantsUnenforceable judicially.—Racial
restrictive covenants unenforceable by state courts. Shelley v.
Kraemer, 1; see also Hurd v. Hodge, 24.

4. Id.—Colored persons denied equal protection by judicial enforce-
ment of covenants excluding them from ownership or occupancy of
property, even though courts would also enforce covenants excluding
white persons. Shelley v. Kraemer, 1.

5. Id.—Covenantors not denied equal protection by denial to them
of access to courts for enforcement of racial restrictive covenants.
Shelley v. Kraemer, 1.

6. FishingAliens.—California statute denying fishing licenses to
persons "ineligible to citizenship," including resident alien Japanese,
invalid. Takahashi v. Fish & Game Comm'n, 410.

7. Id.—Federally created racial ineligibility for citizenship not
justification for California statute. Id.

8. FishingNonresidents.—Validity of South Carolina regulation
and taxation of shrimping in coastal waters; discrimination against
nonresidents. Toomer v. Witsell, 385.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW—Continued.
XII. Privileges and Immunities.

Shrimping in marginal sea State regulation Discrimination
against nonresidents.—South Carolina license fee of S2,500 on non-
resident, $25 on resident, for each shrimp boat, invalid. Toomer v.
Witsell, 385.

CONTINUANCE. See Jurisdiction, II, 2.
CONTRABAND. See Constitutional Law, IV.

CONTRACTS. See also Constitutional Law, II, 2-3; XI, 2-5;
District of Columbia; Labor, 1; Procedure, 1.
War goodsExcessive profitsRecovery.—Constitutionality of
Renegotiation Act; finality of administrative determination of exces-
sive profits, in absence of timely petition to Tax Court for redeter-
mination. Lichter v. United States, 742.

COPYRIGHTS. See Antitrust Acts, 4.

CORPORATIONS. See Jurisdiction, IV, 2; Transportation.

COUNSEL. See Constitutional Law, X, 5,7-8.

COURTS. See Constitutional Law, IX; X; XI; Criminal Law, 2;
District of Columbia.

COVENANTS. See Constitutional Law, XI, 2-5; District of
Columbia.

CRIMINAL LAW. See also Constitutional Law, III, 1; IV; V;
X, 5-11; Habeas Corpus; Jurisdiction, III, 2; IV, 1; Proce-
dure, 5-6.

1. Federal sentence commencing upon expiration of state sentence
Effect of parole.—Federal sentence to imprisonment at "expiration"
of current state sentence begins immediately upon parole. Hunter v.
Martin, 302.

2. ProcedureAppealsArgument.—Circuit court of appeals has
discretion to require production of prisoner to argue own appeal.
Price v. Johnston, 266.

DECREES. See Antitrust Acts, 1, 8; Constitutional Law, IX.

DEEDS. See Constitutional Law, XI, 2-5; District of Columbia.

DELEGATION OF LEGISLATIVE POWER. See Constitutional
Law, II, 3.

DISCHARGE. See Words.

DISCOUNT. See Antitrust Acts, S.

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