and the careless must learn wisdom: in the emphatic language of the Bible, all should use this world as not abusing it:" all the proprieties of social life are to be considered as duties indispensable, and duties 100 accompanied with a promise; for if ever the providence of God addressed our very senses, and displayed itself as the rewarder of cleanliness, temperance, prudence, resignation, and confidence, it is during the prevalence of this awful disease.

Temperance in eating and in drinking, not only in relation to the amount but the quality of food and drink, ought to be particularly observed. All excess in the use of ardent spirits, always a vice, and especially the vice of all countries where the bounties of Providence are most abundant, the means of subsistence cheap, and idleness may be afforded, is to be avoided as pestilence itself, for it is in seasons like this that its deluded subjects are required at short notice to pay up all their arrearages of penalty. All inordinate fatigue, and all unusual exposures, which may cause suppressions of perspiration, and thus induce predispositions to disease, are to be carefully guarded against; and in the choice of necessary food, that which is chiefly animal, in connection with vegetables known to be easy of digestion and least liable to acid fer mentation, is to be selected. It is essential also to cultivate a temper

of mind alike removed from the extremes of a reckless indif. ference which affects to fear noihing, and a timid anxiety which fears every thing, as there is known to exist an extraordinary and intimate sympathy between the mind under the influence of the depressing passions, and those organs which are peculiarly the seat of disease in this epidemic; and if an unusual condition of the stomach and bowels at any time occurs, although it may not amount to disease, let it claim attention in season, since it is al. ways premonitory of danger.

To the constituted authorities of all places in which this disease may declare itself, in addition to the means usually adopted having relation to cleanliness and ventilation, I would suggest such an extension of police regulations as would embrace markets. The sale of all unripe or unwholesome vegetables, all stale or unwholesome provisions, and especially all stale fish, which constitutes a large part of the food of the poor in the Atlantic cities, should be prohibited under severe penalties. The peculiar care of the poor in seasons of pestilence, devolves on the magistracy of our cities and villages; their poverty is as often their misfortune as the result of (Senate, No. 121.)


their folly, and it is not more their duty to relieve their distresses than it is to provide against them; and for this latter purpose, all information on the subject of exciting or occasional causes should be as fully distributed as possible. Their condition, more especially, in relation to diet, ought to be the object of attention. From absolute inability to procure for themselves wholesome and nutritious food, they are frequently obliged to eat the refuse of the tables of those in better circumstances, which, although it may have been of the best quality when first prepared, has become cold, hard and indigestible; and when taken in large quantities, as is usually the case, (for this class of people suffer all the inconvenience arising from inordinate indulgence on the one hand, and absolute hunger on the other,) it is a fruitful source of the diseases of indigestion, all of which are predisposing causes of cholera.The public must be made to know that the least indiscretion in Beasons of cholera is attended with hazard, and that a single debauch may result in an attack which may terminate in death.Care should be taken, especially, that inquiries into the state of health of each family be made at least twice in every week, in order to ascertain if possible, whether any person is indisposed from an affection of the stomach or bowels. If poor, medical advice and attendance should be furnished them at the public charge, and if in circumstances to employ their own physicians, they ought to be requested to avail themselves of their services before the disease assumes a serious aspect. Those affections of the stomach and bowels known by the name of premonitory symptoms are casily managed, and can be successfully treated by all intelligent physicians; and as they arise from from the operation of an epidemic cause which we cannot control, our care should be to place the organs upon which the cause is known to spend its strength, in the best possible condition to resist its influence. By the adoption of this, or some similar arrangement, few hospitals, in case of the prevalence of cholera, would be necessary; but those few should be well appointed. Physicians belonging to them ought to be required to keep a registry of all cases, with the histories and the treatment of all persons admitted, in order that a comparative estimate of the success of the several modes of treatment might be conveniently made for the benefit of others who would require information. I am your's, with great respect,


Resident Physician. Nero-York, April 17tk, 1833:


April 29, 1833.


of the committee on literature, on the petition of

Edwin Williams.

Mr. Lansing, from the committee on literature, to whom was referred the memorial of Edwin Williams, of the city of NewYork, on the subject of legislative aid and encouragement for an improved Gazetteer of the State of New-York, which he proposer to publish,


That in the opinion of the committee, a work of the character of the proposed Gazetteer is much wanted at the present time, none having been published since the edition of Spafford's Gazetteer, printed in 1824. To increase the value of the proposed work over that of any similar one ever published in this State, it is intended to insert maps of each county in this State, well engraved, in which the town lines will be given, and other particulars, from actual survey; also a new and correct map of the State. The volume to contain at least five hundred octavo pages, besides the maps, and to be afforded to the public for the price of five dollars, which is considered as reasonable as that of any similar publication.

The memorialist is favorably known to the public as the compiler of the New-York Annual Register, which has been published for four years, and has repeatedly received the patronage of the Legislature, also a new Universal Gazetteer recently published in the city of New-York; and therefore it appears to your committee that he is peculiarly well qualified for the task which he proposes to accomplish. This being an undertaking of considerable [Senate, No. 122.]


magnitude, it may, in the opinion of your committee, be an object worthy of legislative patronage. Such patronage has been extended to works of a similar character, as is evinced by the aid granted by former Legislatures to Horatio Gates Spafford, in the publication of his Gazetteer of this State, and to David H. Burr, for his Atlas and maps of the State, and the several counties.

Were the proposed work in whole or in part completed, and were the same accurately and faithfully executed, the committee would express some opinion as to the propriety of a purchase on the part of the State of one copy of the same for each of the towns in this State, to be deposited in the office of the town cler:, for the convenience of the people in all parts of the State; but under present circumstances, and at this advanced stage of the session of the Legislature, the committee would express their opinion that the proposed Gazetteer is a work likely to be useful to all classes of our citizens, and may be entitled to the favorable notice of the public, and to legislative patronage, when the same shall be completed. The committee would suggest, that in their opinion the several State officers, and the clerks of the several counties, may perform a service to the public by granting every facility to the memorialist in his researches after accurate statistical and geographical information respecting the different sections of this State.'






Attorney-General, report on the subject of repealing charters

by two-thirds or a majority, 8
report in relation to the assessment of taxes

on incorporated companies, g
report relative to the election and classifica-

tion of justices of the peace, 10
report on the eligibility of members of the

Legislature as Senators in Congress, 18
report in relation to the exemption of real

estate of corporations from taxation, 33
Adjutant-General, report on petition of Gilbert D. Dillon,... 101.
Albany and Schenectady turnpike, report of committee on pe-

tition of the company, 69
Arcularius, Henry, report on the petition of,

Avery, Daniel, report on the petition of, .....

Agricultural society, report on the memorial of the New York

State, 79

Bradley, Tuttle, report of select committee on petition of,... 13
Boundary between New Jersey and this State, report of joint

committee on the subject, 17
Bank fund, report of acting Comptroller in relation to,..... 19
report of committee in relation to,

Bank, North River, report of the condition of,.

memorial from Utica against incorporating more banks, 72
report of committee on the subject of banks not subject

to the safety fund, 99
of Savings in New York, report of trustees of, .....

Seamen's, in New York, report of trustees of 81


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