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A.D.357.] PLOTS AGAINST JULIAN. 105
6. Nor was he mistaken: for all who came by thesoil roads were slaughtered by our men, and the whole of the booty which they were carrying off was recovered unhurt. Thoso n'Ono escaped in safety who passed by the camp of l'arbatio, who were suffered to escape in that direction becallsö Tainobaudes the tribune, and Valentinian (after wards emperor), who had been appointed to watch that £ with the squadrons of cavalry under their orders, were
orbidden by Cella (the tribune of the Scutarii, who had
7. The cowardly master of the horse, being also an
8. In these days, also, the barbarians, alarmed at the approach of our armies, which had established their stations on the le k of the Rhine, employed some part
of their force in skilfully barricnding the roads, naturally
of large trees cut down; other: occupied the numerous .
howls poured forth constnut FCTFönches against the Romans
—fruiu the repult-of" whom ho had lately taken prinone!", that, when it of summer arrived, the river was fordable,
the tribune of the Cornuti, to try and orm some gallant 11 tilev cou nd an opportunity. And they,
entering the shallow of the river, and sometimes, when
there was occasion imming, putting their shields un - reached a neighbouring island, and having landed, killed every one they found on it, men and women - - - e, like so many sheep.
Il ving found som - though they were not very safe, they crossed in them, forcing their way into many places of the same land. When they were weary of £ however, they lost through vi iver, they | ret £
10. And when this was known, the rest of the Germans,
thinking they could no longer trust the garrisons left in
ermans from forcing their way into the interior of
£; and he
executed this work with greater rapidity than he expected,
and he laid up for the garrison which he intended to post he h
there sufficient magazines for a whole year's consumption, which his army collected from the crops of the
|: not without -
12. Nor indeed was he contented with this, but he also collected provisions for himself and his army sufficient for
twenty days. £ food which they had won with their own right hands,
being especially indignant because, out of all the supplies which had been recently sent them, they were not able to obtain anything, inasmuch as Barbatio, when they were passing near his camp, had with great insolence seized on a portion of them, and had collected all the rest into a heap and burnt them. Whether he acted thus out of his own vanity and insane folly, or whether others were really the authors of this wickedness, relying on the command of the emperor himself, has never been known.
A.D. 357.] PRUDENCE OF JULIAN. 107
13. However, as far as report w th - ly was, that Julian had been elected Caesar, not for the object of relieving the distresses of the Gauls, but rather of being himself destroyed by the formidable wars in which he was sure to be involved; being at that time, as was supposed, inexperienced in war, and not likely to endure even the sound of arms.
14. While the works of the camp were steadily rising. and while a portion of the army was being distributed among the stations in the country districts, Julian occu
|pied himself in other quarters with collecting supplies, ££ And in the mean time, a vast host of th estripping all report of their approach by the celerity of their movements, came down with a sudden attack upon Barbatio, and the army which (as Thave already mentioned) he had under his command, separated from the Gallic army of Severus only by a ramparti and having put him to flight, pursued him as far as Augst, and beyond that town too, as # as they could; and,
having made booty of the greater part of his baggage and beasts of burden, and having carried-off many of the sutlers as prisoners, they returned to their main army. 15. And Barbatio, as if he had brought his expectations to a prosperous issue, now distributed his soldiers into winter quarters, and returned to the emperor's court, to
forge new accusations against the Caesar, according to his
§ 1. WHEN this dis ful disaster had become known, £ and V estralpus, the kings of the Allemanni, and Urius and Ursicinus, with Serapion, and Suomarius, and Hortarius, havin collected all# into one body, encamp: near the city of Strasburg, thinking that the Caesar, from fear of imminent danger, had retreated at the very time that he was wholly occupied with completing a fortress to enable him to make a permanent stand.
2. Their confidence and assurance of success was increased by one of the Scutarii who deserted to them, who,
fearing punishment for some offence which he had committed, crossed over to them after the departure of Bar. £| men remaining with him. For that was the number of troops that £ had now with him, while the ferocious barbarians w stirri attacks upon him from all sides.
3. And stantly adhered to the same story, they were excited to more haughty attempts by the confidence with which he inspired them, and sent ambassadors in an imperious tone to Caesar, demanding that he should retire from the #" # they had acquired by their own Valour in arms. , a stranger to fear, and not liable to be swayed either by anger or by disappointment, despised the arrogance of the barbarians, and detaining the ambassadors till he had comple ks of his camp - - able on his gro admirable con
4. But Kin - - bout in every direc
"5 undertake dangerous enterprises, kept Everything in continual agitation and confusion, being full of arrogance and pride, as one whose headw *d by r Success.
1 5. For he had defeated the Caesar Decentius in a pitched attle, and he had plundered and destroyed many wealthy
ities, and he had long ravaged all Gaul at his own pleasure without meeting with any resistance. And his £ |: superior to him in the number and strength of his
* 7. £ |# , and the infantry were led forth from the camp in
A.D.357 ) JULIAN's SPEECH To His soldiers. 100
\lequadrons of cavalry, among which were both the cui
# the #: troops whose equipment was very formidable.
8. And since from the spot from which the Roman
to say, the least of it, compels me, and I am no prince of .
abject spirit, to exhort you, my comrades, to rely so much
Therefore, since the most critical difficulties are often overcome by skilful arrangements, and since, after . good counsel has been taken in good part, divine-looking
remedies have often re-established affairs which seemed to
be tottering; I entreat you to let us here, surrounded as