« ForrigeFortsett »
from fear of hor brother's habitual cruelty, yet, from a hopo that, as ho was hor brother, sho might bo nblo to pacify him, sho set out; but when she reached llithynia, at the station named Ceeni Gallici, sho wan seized with a sudden fever and died. And after hor death, her husband, considering that he had lo3t his greatest security and the chief support on which ho relied, hesitated, taking anxious thought what he should do.
7. For amid the multiplicity of embarrassing affairs which distracted his attention, this point especially filled his mind with apprehension, that Constnntius, determining everything according to his own sclo judgment, was not a man to admit 01 any excuse, or to pardon any error; but being, as ho was, more inclined to 6ovority towards his kinsmen than towards others, would bo sure to put him to death if ho could got him into his power.
8. Doing thoreforo in this critical situation, and feeling that he had to expect tho worst unless he took vigilant care, ho embraced tl»o idea of seizing on tho supreme power if he could find any opportunity: but for two reasons he distrusted tho good faith of his most intimato councillors; both because they dreaded him as at once cruel and fickle, and also becauso amid civil dissensions they looked with awe upon the loftier fortune of Constantius.
9. While perplexed with theso vast and weighty anxieties he received continual letters from the emperor, advising and entreating him to como to him; and giving him hints that the republic neither could nor ought to bo divided; but that ovory ono was bound to the utmost of his power to bring aid to it when it was tottering; alluding in this to the devastations of the Gauls.
10. And to this suggestion ho added an example of no gTeat antiquity, that in tho time of Diocletian and his colleague,1 the Csesars obeyed them as their officers, not remaining stationary, but hastening to execute their orders in every direction. And that even Galerius went in his purplo robe on foot for nearly a mile before the chariot of Augustus" when ho was offonded with him.
11. After many other messengers had been despatched to him, Scudilo the tribune of the Scutarii arrivod, a very cunning master of persuasion under tho cloak of a r -de, blunt
1 MaximJnmu Horciilini. * Diocltlian.
disposition., lie, by mixing flattering language with his serious conversation, induced him to proceed, when uo one clso could do so, continually assuring liim, with a hypocritical countenance, tliat his cousin was extremely desirous to seo him; that, like a clement and merciful prince, ha would pardon whatovor errors had been committed through, thoughtlessness; that ho would make him a partner in his own royal rank, and take him for his associate in those toils which tho norlhern provinces, long in a ditturbed state, imposed upon him.
12. And an when tho Fates lay their hand upon a man his senses aro wont to bo blunted and dimmed, so Gallus, being led on by these alluring persuasions to tho expectation of a oetter fortune, quitted Antioch under the guidance of an unfriondly star, and hurried, as tho old proverb has it, out of tho smoke into the flamoand having arrived at Constantinople as if in great prosperity and security, at tho celobration of the equestrian games, ho with his own hand placed the crown on tho head of the charioteer Corax, when he obtained the victory.
13. Whon Constantius heard this he became exasperated boyond all bounds of moderation; and lest by any chance Gallus, feeling uncertain of the future, should attempt to consult his safety by flight, all the garrisons stationed in the towns which lay in his road wero carefully removed.
14. And at the same time Taurus, who was sent as quaestor into Armenia, passed by without visiting or seeing him. Some persons, however, by the command of tho emperor, arrived under tho pretence of one duty or another, in order to take care that lie should not bo able to move, or make any secret attempt of any kind. Among whom was Leontius, afterwards prefect of tho city, who was sent as quaestor; and Lucillianus, as count of the domcstio guards, and a tribune of the Scutarii named Bainobaudcs
15. Therefore after a long journey through tho level country, when he had reached Hadrianopolis, a city in tho district of Mount Ilasmus, which had boen formerly called Uscudama, where ho stayed twelve days to recover from his fatigue, he found that the Thoban legions, who were in winter quarters in tho neighbouring towns of these parts,
1 As wo my. Out of the frying-pan into too Arc.
had sent some of their comrades to exhort him by trustworthy and 6ure promises to remain there rolying upon them, since they wer«> posted in great force among the neighbouring stations; but thoso about him watched him •with such diligent care that he could get no opportunity of seeing them, or of hearing their message.
10. Then, as letter after letter from the emperor urged him to quit that city, ho took ten publio carnages, as ho was desired to do, and leaving behind him all his retinue, except a few of his chamberlains and domestic officers, whom he had brought with him, ho was in this poor manner compelled to hasten his journey, his guards forcing him to use ail speed; while ho from time to time, with many regrets, bewailed the rashness which had placed him in a mean and despisod condition at the mercy of men of the lowest class.
17. And amid all these circumstances, in moments when exhausted nature sought repose in sleep, his senses were kept in a state of agitation by dreadful spectres making unseemly noises ?.lwut him; and crowds of thoso whom he had slain, led on by Doraitianus and Montius, seemed to seize and torture him with all the torments of the Furies.
18. For the mind, when freed by sloop from its connection with the body, is nevertheless aotivo, and being full of the thoughts and anxieties of mortal pursuits, engenders mighty visions which we call phantoms.
19. Therefore his melancholy fate, by whioh it was destined he should be deprived of empire and life, leading the way, ho proceeded on his journey by continual relays of horses, till ho arrived at Petobio,' a town in Noricura. Here all disguise was thrown off, and the Count Barbatio suddenly made his appearance, with Apodemhis, the secretary for the provinces, and an escort of soldiers whom tho emperor had picked out as men bound to him by especial favours, feeling sure that they could not be turned from their obedience either by bribes or pity.
20. And now the affair was conducted to its conclusion without further disguise or deceit, and the whole portion of the palace which is outside the walls was surrounded by
1 The town of Peltan, on the Drove.
Brmed men. Barbatio, entering the palace before daybreak, stripped the Caesar of his royal robes, and clothed him with a tunic and an ordinary soldier's garment, assuring him with many protestations, as if by the especial command of the emperor, that ho should be exposed to no further suffering; and then said to him, " Stand up at once." And having suddenly placed him in a private carriage, he conducted him into lstria, near to the town of Pola, where it is reported that Crispus, the sou of Constantine, was formerly put to death.
21. And while he was thero kept in strict confinement, being already terrified with apprehensions of his approaching destruction, Eusebius, at that time the high chamberlain, arrived in haste, and with him Pcntadius the secretary, and Mallobaudes the tribune of the guard, who had the emperor's orders to compel him to explain, case by case, on what accounts he had ordered each of the individuals whom he had executed at Antioch to be put to death.
22. He being struck with a paleness liko that of AdrtatuB1 at these questions, was only able to reply that he had put most of them to death at the instigation of his wife Constantina; being forsooth ignorant that when tho mother of Alexander the Great urged him to put to death some one who was innocent, and in the hope of prevailing with him, repeated to him over and over again that sho had borne him nine months in her womb, and was his mother, -.hat emperor made her this prudent answer, "5Iy excellent mother, ask for some other reward; for the life of a man cannot bo put in tho balanco with any kind of service."
23. When this was known, the emperor, giving way to unchangeable indignation and anger, saw that his only hope of establishing security firmly lay in putting the Ceeaar to death. And having sent Sorcnianus, whom we havo already spoken of as having been accused of treason, but acquitted by intrigue, and Pentadius tho secretary, and ApodemiuB tho secretary for tho provinces, he commanded that they should put him to death. And
1 A paleness racb as overspread the countenance of Adrastns when he saw his two sons-in-law, Prdeas and Polyniccs, slain at Tliebcs. Virgil speaks of Adrasti pellentis imago, Ma. ri. 480.
accordingly bis hinds wore bound like those of some convicted thief, and he Was beheaded, and his carcass, which but a little while ago had been the object of dread to cities and provinces, deprived of head and defaced: it was then left on the ground.
24. In this tlio Rupovvision of tho supremo Deity manifested itsolf to bo everywhere vigilant. Tf\>r not only did tho 0' ucltionof Qallus bring about his own destruction, but thoy also who, by their poruieious flattery and instigation, ana charges supi>ortod by porjury, had led him to tho perpetration of many murders, not long afterwards died miserably. Scndilo, being afflicted with a liver complaint which penetrated to his lungs, died vomiting; while Barbatio, who had long busied himself in inventing falso accusations against Gallus, was accused by secret information of aiming at some poet higher than his command of infantry, and being condemned, though unjustly, was put to death, and so by his molanoholy end made atonemont to the shade of the Cffisar.
25. These, and innumerable other actions of the same kind, Adrastea, who is also called Nemcsi«, the avengor of wicked anJ the rewarder of good deeds, is continually bringing to pass: would that she could always do so! She is a kind of sublime agent of the powerful Deity, dwelling, according to common belief, above the human circle; or, as others define her, she is a substantial protection, prosiding over tho particular destinies of individuals, and feigned by the ancient theologians to bo the daughter of Justice, looking down from a certain inscrutable eternity upon all terrestrial and mundane affairs.
26. She, as queen of all causes of events, and arbitress and umpire in all affairs of lifo, regulates the urn which contains the lots of men, and dirocts the alternations of fortune which we behold in tho world, frequently bringing our undertakings to an issuo different from what we intended, and involving and changing groat numbers of actions. Sho also, binding tho vainly swelling pride of mankind by tho indissoluble* fetters of necessity, and swaying the inclination of progress and decay according to her will, sometimes bows down and enfeebles the stiff neck of arrogance, and sometimes raises virtuous men from tho