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COMMERCIAL AND STATISTICAL
EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 22, 1841.
Duty of 20 per cent. on certain articles-Proviso respecting wool and woods.
hair unmanufactured, hair pencils, ipecacuanha, ivory unmanufactured, iris root, juniper berries, oil of juniper, kelp, kermes, madder, madder root, musk, manna, marrow and other soap stocks and soap stuffs, palm oil, mohair, mother of pearl, needles, nux vomica, orris root, oil of almonds, opium, palm leaf, platina, Peruvian bark, old pewter fit only to be re-manufactured, plaster of Paris, quicksilver, rags of any kind of cloth, India rubber, reeds unmanufactured, rhubarb, rotten stone, elephants' and other animals teeth, polishing stones, bristles, ratans unmanufactured, raw and undressed skins, spelter, crude saltpetre, gum Senegal, saffron, shellac, soda ash, sponges, sago, sarsaparilla, senna, sumac, tapioca, tamarinds, crude tartar, teutenegue, tin foil, tin in pigs, bars, plates, or sheets, tips of bone or horn, tortoise shell, turmeric, weld, woad or pastel, Brazil wood, Nicaragua wood, red wood, cam wood, log wood, dye woods of all kinds, unmanufactured woods of any kind, except rose wood, satin wood, and mahogany, whale and other fish oils of American fisheries, and all other articles the produce of said fisheries, and zinc; and, also, wool unmanufactured, the value whereof at the place of exportation shall not exceed eight cents per pound: Provided, That if any fine wool be mixed with dirt or other material, and thus be reduced in value to eight cents per pound or under, the appraisers shall appraise said wool at such price as in their opinion it would have cost had it not been so mixed, and a duty thereon shall be charged in conformity with such appraisal: And provided further, That when wool of different qualities is imported in the same bale, bag or package, and any part thereof is worth more than eight cents a pound valued as aforesaid, that part shall pay a duty of twenty per centum ad valorem: Provided, That boards, planks, staves, scantling, sawed timber, and all other descriptions of wood which shall have been wrought into shapes that fit them respectively for any specific and permanent use, without further manufacture, shall be deemed and taken as manufactured wood.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That on all articles imported into the United States from and after the thirtieth day of September, eighteen hundred and forty-one, there shall be laid, collected and paid on all articles which are now admitted free of duty, or which are chargeable with a duty of less than twenty per centum ad valorem, a duty of twenty per centum ad valorem, except on the following enumerated articles, that is to say: muriatic acid, sulphuric acid or oil of vitriol, alum, tartaric acid, aquafortis, blue vitriol, calomel, carbonate of soda, corrosive sublimate, combs, copperas, indigo, nitrate of lead, red and white lead dry or ground in oil, sugar of lead, manganese, sulphate of magnesia, bichromate of potash, chromate of potash, prussiate of potash, glauber salts, rochelle salts, sulphate of quinine, refined saltpetre, which shall pay respectively the same rates of duty imposed on them under existing laws; and the following articles shall be exempt from duty, to wit: tea and coffee, all painting and statuary the production of American artists residing abroad, all articles imported for the use of the United States, and the following articles, when specifically imported by order, and for the use of any society incorporated or established for philosophical or literary purposes, or for the encouragement of the fine arts, or by order and for the use of any college, academy, school or seminary of learning, in the United States, to wit, philosophical apparatus, instruments, books, maps, charts, statues, busts of marble, bronze, alabaster or plaster of Paris, casts, paintings, drawings, engravings, specimens of sculpture, cabinets of coins, gems, medals, and all other collections of antiquities, statuary, modelling, painting, drawing, etching, or engraving; and, also, all importations of specimens in natural history, mineralogy, botany, and anatomical preparations, models of machinery, and the models of other inventions, plants and trees, wearing apparel, and other personal baggage in actual use, and the implements or tools of trade of persons arriving in the United States; crude antimony, regulus of antimony, animals imported for breed, argol, gum arabic, Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be aloes, ambergris, bole armenian, arrow root, annotto, anni- levied, collected, and paid on each and every non-enumerated seed, oil of anniseed, amber, assafoetida, ava root, alcornoque, article which bears a similitude either in material, quality, alba canella. bark of cork tree unmanufactured, burr stones texture, or the use to which it may be applied, to any enuunwrought, brass in pigs or bars, old brass only fit to be re- merated article chargeable with duty, the same rate of duty manufactured, brimstone or sulphur, barrilla, braziletto, bo- which is levied and charged on the enumerated article which racic acid, Burgundy pitch, berries used for dyeing, smaltz, it most resembles in any of the particulars before mentioned; lasting or prunella used in the manufacture of buttons and and if any non-enumerated article equally resembles two or shoes, vanilla beans, balsam tolu, gold and silver coins and more enumerated articles on which different rates of duty are bullion, clay unwrought, copper imported in any shape for now chargeable, there shall be levied, collected and paid on the use of the mint, copper in pigs, bars or plates, or plates such non-enumerated article the same rate of duty as is or sheets of which copper is the material of chief value, chargeable on the article which it resembles paying the highsuited to the sheathing of ships, old copper fit only to be re-est duty; and on all articles manufactured from two or more manufactured, lapis calaminaris, cochineal, chamomile flow-materials, the duty shall be assessed at the highest rates at ers, coriander seed, catsup, cantharides, castanas, chalk, coculus indicus, colombo root, cummin seed, cascarilla, cream of tartar, vegetables and nuts of all kinds used principally in dyeing and composing dyes, lac-dye, emery, epaulets and wings of gold or silver, furs undressed of all kinds, flaxseed or linseed, flax unmanufactured, fustic, flints. ground flint grindstones, gamboge, raw hides, hemlock, henbane, horn plates for lanterns, ox and other horns, Harlem oil, hartshorn, VOL. V.-23
Non-enumerated articles to pay same duties as those which they most resemble—no unmanufactured articles to pay more than 20 per cent.-disposition of the proceeds of the public lands not to be affected.
which any of its component parts may be chargeable. Provided, That, if in virtue of this section, any duty exceeding the rate of twenty per centum ad valorem shall be levied prior to the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fortytwo, the same shall not in any wise affect the disposition of the proceeds of the public lands, as provided for by an act passed at the present session of Congress: And provided further, That no duty higher than twenty per centum ad
valorem, in virtue of the said section, shall be levied and paid public revenue," and to provide for the punishment of emon any unmanufactured article.
Drawbacks on sugars, rum and molasses, to be reduced in proportion to duties on them.
bezzlers of public money, and for other purposes.
An act to provide for the payment of Navy pensions. An act to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United States.
An act further to extend the time for locating Virginia military land warrants, and returning surveys thereon to the General Land Office.
An act to authorize the recovery of fines and forfeitures incurred under the charter, laws, and ordinances of Georgetown, before justices of the peace,
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage of this act, the drawbacks payable on exported refined sugars, manufactured from foreign sugars, and on exported rum, distilled from foreign molasses, shall be reduced in proportion to the reduction which shall have been made by law (after the passage of the acts of Congress of the twenty-first of January, eighteen hundred and twenty-nine, and twenty-ninth of May, eighteen hundred and thirty, allowing said drawbacks,) in the duties on the imported sugars An act in addition to an act entitled "An act to carry into or molasses, out of which the same shall have been manu-effect a convention between the United States and the Mexifactured or distilled, and in no case shall the drawback exceed the amount of import duty paid on either of those articles,
Duties on French and Austrian wines.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That prior to the second day of February next the wines of France shall not be subjected, under the provisions of this act, or any existing law, to the payment of higher rates of duty than the following, namely: on red wines in casks six cents a gallon; white wines in casks ten cents a gallon, and French wines of all sorts in bottles, twenty-two cents per gallon: Provided, That no higher duty shall be charged under this act, or any existing law, on the red wines of Austria, than are now, or may be by this act, levied upon the red wines of Spain, when the said wines are imported in casks.
Duty on railroad iron.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the act entitled "An act to release from duty, iron prepared for, and actually laid on railways or inclined planes," approved fourteenth of July, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, be, and the same is hereby repealed; and there shall be laid, collected, and paid on such iron hereafter imported, a duty of twenty per centum ad valorem: Provided, That such repeal shall not operate, nor shall such duties be imposed upon railroad iron which shall be imported under the provisions of the said act prior to the third day of March, eighteen hundred and forty-three, and laid down on any railroad or inclined plane, of which the construction has been already commenced, and which shall be necessary to complete the same. Exception for vessels beyond Capes Good Hope and Horn. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act contained shall apply to goods shipped in a vessel bound to any port in the United States, actually having left her last yond Cape Horn, prior to the first day of August, eighteen port of lading eastward of the Cape of Good Hope, or behundred and forty-one.
Passed at the 1st Session of the 27th Congress.
An act authorizing a loan not exceeding the sum of twelve millions of dollars.
An act for the relief of Mrs. Harrison, widow of the late President of the United States.
An act making appropriation for the pay, subsistence, &c. of a home squadron.
An act making further provision for the maintenance of pauper lunatics in the District of Columbia.
An act to revive and continue in force for ten years an act entitled "An act to incorporate the Mechanic Relief Society of Alexandria.
An act to repeal the act entitled "An act to provide for the collection, safe-keeping, transfer, and disbursement of the
An act to revive and extend the charters of certain banks in the District of Columbia.
An act to amend the act entitled "An act to provide for taking the sixth census or enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States," approved March third, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, and the acts amending the same.
An act making an appropriation for the funeral expenses of William Henry Harrison, deceased, late President of the United States.
An act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, and to grant pre-emption rights.
An act making appropriations for various fortifications, for ordnance, and for preventing and suppressing Indian hostilities.
An act to provide for placing Greenough's statue of Washington in the Rotunda of the Capitol, and for expenses therein mentioned.
An act authorizing the transmission of letters and packets to and from Mrs. Harrison free of postage.
An act to make appropriations for the Post Office Department.
An act making an appropriation for the purchase of naval
An act to provide for repairing the Potomac bridge.
An act to repeal a part of the sixth section of the act entitled "An act to provide for the support of the Military Academy of the United States for the year 1838, and for other purposes," passed July 7, 1838.
A resolution relating to the light-boats now stationed &
of the Digest of Patents.
A resolution to provide for the distribution of the printed returns of the sixth census.
rotted hemp for the use of the United States Navy.
Joint resolution making it the duty of the Attorney General to examine into the titles of the lands or sites for the purpose of erecting thereon armories and other public works and buildings, and for other purposes.
Judge Este of the Superior Court in this city has decided at the late term of his Court yet in progress: "that the receipt of bank notes as money, is not a legal but a conventional arrangement: that the law is well settled that when bank notes are taken as money, or in payment of an antecedent debt, the risk of insolvency is upon the party from whom the bills or notes are received, even when both parties are alike ignorant in regard to the solvency of the bank whose notes are passed, unless there is an agreement that the party who received the notes takes them at his own risk." In case of such payment without special agreement, and the bank is found to have been insolvent when the notes were passed, the party may return them and recover on the original cause of action or for money had and received.-Cincinnati Gaz.
backed by boat hands of the lowest and most violent order. They advanced to the attack with stones, &c., &c., and were repeatedly fired upon by the negroes. The mob scattered, but immediately rallied again, and again were in like manner repulsed. Men were wounded on both sides, and carried off-and many reported dead. The negroes rallied several times, advanced upon the crowd, and most unjustifiably fired down the street into it, causing a great rush down the street. These things were repeated until past 1 o'clock, when a party procured an iron six pounder from near the river, loaded with boiler punchings, &c., and hauled it to the ground, against the exhortations of the Mayor and others. It was posted on Broadway and pointed down Sixth street. The yells continued, but there was a partial cessation of the firing. Many of the negroes had fled to the hills. The attack upon houses was recommenced, with the firing of guns, on both sides, which continued during most of the night-and exaggerated rumors of the killed and wounded, filled the streets. The cannon was discharged several times.
From the Cincinnati Daily Gazette, September 6. Riot and Loss of Life at Cincinnati. This city has been in a most alarming condition for several days-and from about 8 o'clock on Friday evening until about three o'clock yesterday morning, almost entirely at the mercy of a lawless mob, ranging in number, from two to fifteen hundred. Amidst the confusion of such a state of things, it is almost impossible to collect a full or accurate state of facts. But with deep regret, and acknowledged humiliation, we detail what has happened as well as we can. On Tuesday evening last, as we are informed, a quarrel took place near the corner of Sixth street and Broadway, between a party of Irishmen, and some negroes, in which blows were exchanged, and other weapons, if not fire arms, used. Some two or three of each party were wounded. On Wednesday night the quarrel was renewed in some way, and sometime after midnight, a party of excited men armed with clubs, &c., attacked a house occupied as a negro boardinghouse on Macalester street, demanding the surrender of a About 2 o'clock, a portion of the military upon the call negro, whom they said had fled into the house, and was there of the Mayor, proceeded in keeping the mob at bay. In the secreted, and uttering the most violent threats against the morning and throughout the day, several blocks, including house, and the negroes in general. Several of the adjoining the battle ground, were surrounded by sentinels, and kept houses were occupied by negro families, including a number under martial law-keeping within, the negroes there, and of women and children. The violence increased and was adding to them such as were brought during the day, who resisted by those in or about the houses-an engagement were seized without particular charge, by parties who scourtook place, in which several were wounded on each side-ed the city, assuming the authority of the law. and some say guns or pistols were discharged from the house. Some gentlemen in the neighborhood, interfered and succeeded in restoring quiet after about three-fourths of an hour, when a watchman appeared. But it is singular, that this violent street disturbance, elicited no report to the Mayor, nor arrest indeed that the Mayor remained ignorant of the affair, until late in the day, when he casually heard of it.
On Thursday night another rencontre took place in the neighborhood of the Lower Market, between some young men and boys, and some negroes, in which one or two of the boys were badly wounded, as was supposed, with knives -how the negroes fared, we did not learn.
On Friday, during the day, there was considerable excitement. Threats of violence and lawless outbreak were indicated in various ways and came to the ear of the police, and of the negroes. Attacks were expected upon the negro residences in Macalester, Sixth and New streets. The negroes armed themselves, and the knowledge of this increased the excitement. But we do not know that it produced any known measure of precaution on the part of the police, to preserve the peace of the city.
Before eight o'clock in the evening, a mob, the principal organization of which, we understand was arranged in Kentucky, openly assembled in Fifth Street Market, unmolested by the police or citizens. The number of this mob, as they deliberately marched from their rendezvous towards Broadway and Sixth streets, is variously estimated, but the number increased as they progressed. They were armed with clubs, stones, &c. &c.
A meeting of citizens was held at the Court House on Saturday morning, at which the Mayor presided. This meeting was addressed by the Mayor, Judge Read, Mr. Piatt, Sheriff Avery and Mr. Hart. They resolved to observe the law, to discountenance mobs-invoked the aid of the civil authorities to stay the violence—and pledged themselves to exertion in aid of the civil authority to arrest and place within reach of the law, the negroes who wounded the two white boys on Columbia street. That the Township Trustees should enforce the law of 1807, requiring security of negroes, and pledging themselves to enforce it to the letter, until the city, "is relieved of the effect of modern abolitionism, giving assurance to "our Southern brethren," to carry out that act in good faith"-and to deliver "up, under the law of Congress forthwith," every negro who escapes from his master and comes within our borders. They requested the Mayor, Sheriff and the civil authorities, to proceed at once to the dwellings of the blacks and disarm them of all offensive weapons-recommend search for offenders against the laws, immediate legal proceedings against them, and an efficient patrol to protect the persons and property of the blacks, during the existence of the present excitement, and until they give the bonds required by the act of 1807 or leave the city. They requested the parents and guardians of boys to keep them at home, or away from the scene of excitement. They "Resolved, That we view with abhorrence the proceedings of the Abolitionists in our city, and that we repudiate their doctrines, and believe it to be the duty of every good citizen by all lawful means to discountenance every man who lends them his assistance." These resolutions were reported by a committee composed by Messrs. J. W. Piatt, J. C. Avery, R. A. Madison, J. C. Vaughan, B. Storer, D. T. Disney, J. Read, J. Goodin, and N. W. Thomas, were adopted unanimously, signed by the Mayor of the city, Col. Davies, as President of the meeting, and Edward Woodruff, President of the City Council, as their Secretary, printed in handbills, and posted in all parts of the
Reaching the scene of operations with shouts and blasphemous imprecations, they attacked a negro confectionary house on Broadway, next to the Synagogue, and demolished the doors and windows. This attracted an immense crowd. Savage yells were uttered to encourage the mob onward to the general attack upon the negroes. About this time, before 9 o'clock, J. W. Piatt, in a way highly creditable to himself, addressed the mob, exhorting them to peace and obedience to law, and to retire without further violence.-city. His voice was drowned by the violent shouts of the mob, and the throwing of stones. At this time, we verily believe, a determined corps of fifty or one hundred men, would have dispersed the crowd. The Mayor came up and addressed the people, in a very proper way. The savage yell was instantly raised. "Down with him!"-" run him off!"were shouted and intermixed with horrid imprecations and exhortations to the mob to move onward. We took some pains to ascertain who these leading disturbers of the peace were, and think a large portion of the leaders, and the most violent, came from other parts-were strangers-some were said to be connected with river navigation and were strongly
The City Council also held a special session, and passed resolutions invoking the united exertions of orderly citizens to the aid of the authorities-to put down the violent commotion existing in the city, to preserve order and vindicate the law against the violence of an excited and lawless mob -requesting all officers, watchmen, and firemen to unite for the arrest of all rioters and violators of law, and the Marshal to increase his deputies to any number required, not exceeding five hundred, to preserve life and protect property-requiring the Mayor and Marshal to call in the aid of the county militia to preserve order, and the Captain of the Watch to increase his force. These proceedings were post
ed in handbills. Intense excitement continued during the day, the mob and their leaders boldly occupying the streets without arrest, or any effort to arrest any of them, that we have heard of.
four hours, trampling all law and authority under foot. We feel this degradation deeply- but so it is. It is impossible to learn the precise number killed and wounded, either of whites, or among the negroes, probably several were killed on both sides, and some twenty or thirty variously wounded, though but few dangerously. Several of the citizen police were hurt with stones and brick bats, which were thrown into the crowd by the mob. The authorities succeeded in arresting and securing about forty of the mob, who are now in prison-others were arrested, but were rescued or made their escape otherwise. We have attempted a plain general narrative of these disgraceful proceedings-have endeavored to be accurate in our facts, and to narrate them in their order of occurrence without coloring or distortion. Such a narra tive, at this time, we thought necessary to check the exaggerated rumors which have doubtless spread in all directions. Many of these transactions occurred under our own observation, during Friday night, and the evening and night of Saturday.
The negroes held a meeting in a church, and respectfully assured the Mayor and the citizens that they would use every effort to conduct as orderly, industrious, and peaceable people, to supress any imprudent conduct among their population and to ferret out all violation of order and law-deprecated the practice of carrying about their person any dangerous weapon, pledged themselves not to carry or keep any about their persons or houses, and expressed their readiness to surrender all such. They expressed their readiness to conform to the law of 1807, and give bond, or to leave within a specified time-and tendered their thanks to the Mayor, watch, officers and gentlemen of the city, for the efforts made to save their property, their lives, their wives and children. At 3 P. M. the Mayor, Sheriff, Marshal and a portion of the police, proceeded to the battle ground, and there under the protection of the military, though in the presence of the mob, and so far controlled by them, as to prevent the taking away of any negroes, upon their complying with the law.-Several negroes gave bond, and obtained the permission of the authorities to go away with their sureties, some of our most respectable citizens, but were headed, even within the military sentinels, and compelled to return within the ground. It was resolved, to embody the male negroes, and march them to jail for security, under the protection of military and civil authority. From 250 to 300 negroes, including sound and maimed, were with some difficulty marched off to the jail, surrounded by the military and officers; and a dense mass of men, women, and boys, confounding all distinction between the orderly and disorderly, accompanied with deaf-led on, by persons from Kentucky. They declared they had ening yells. They were safely lodged, and still remain in prison, separated from their families. The crowd was in that way dispersed.
Some then supposed we should have a quiet night-but others more observing, discovered that the lawless mob had determined on further violence, to be enacted immediately after night fall. Citizens disposed to aid the authorities were invited to assemble, enroll themselves, and organize for action. The military were ordered out, firemen were out, clothed with authority as a police band. About 80 citizens enrolled themselves as assistants of the Marshal, and acted during the night under his directions, in connexion with Judge Torrence, who was selected by themselves. A portion of this force was mounted. A troop of horse, and several companies of volunteer infantry continued on duty until near midnight. Some were then discharged to sleep upon their arms. Others remained on duty till morning, guard
ing the jail, &c.
We see in these outrages much to deplore, and we see much which merits unqualified condemnation, which has been done, and omitted, during the violence of these lawless excesses. But it behoves all of us now to be calm and firm, to prevent another outbreak-to unite and draw out for the preservation of the public peace, all good citizens. Many have hitherto done little to stop this destructive violence, who should unite, and we still trust nearly all will yet unite, to restore the quiet of the city, and efficacy to the law.Hereafter, when the public mind is in condition to be resoned with we shall speak as we think upon this subject, offend whom it may.
The mob was in many cases encouraged, and in some,
been sent for, and that hundreds of others were organized and ready to come here to rid the city of the negroes and abolitionists. We ourselves heard, one of these, a respectable looking man, shouting to the mob to put down the Mayor and others.
About 11 o'clock, on Saturday night, a bonfire was lighted on the opposite side of the river, and loud shouts were sent up as if a great triumph had been achieved. Was it a rejoicing that a lawless mob had triumphed over law and good order in our city-that brute force had assumed the control of our affairs, and was then moving forward in its unchecked career of destruction? It is impossible, we think, that a feeling of triumph could have been indulged in by any well disposed citizen of our sister State. In some cases the motions of the mob were directed and managed by mere boys, who suggested the points of attack and the object, put the vote, declared the result and led the way! Think for a moment, of a band of white men-after all the negro men As was anticipated the mob, efficiently organized, early had been disarmed and committed to prison for safe-keeping, commenced operations, dividing their force and making at- under a solemn pledge that their wives and children, and tacks at different points, thus distracting the attention of the their women should be protected—and while these helpless police. The first successful onset was made upon the print- persons, thus separated from their natural protectors, were ing establishment of the Philanthropist. They succeeded in confidently reposing in security under the pledge of the auentering the establishment, breaking up the Press, and run-thorities-think of it, that in such a state of things, a band ning with it, amidst savage yells, down through Main street calling themselves men, returned to attack these unprotectto the river, into which it was thrown. The military, ap-ed women and children! Reflect upon the fact, that in this peared in the alley near the office, interrupting the mob for a short time. They escaped through the by ways, and when the military retired, returning to their work of destruction in the office, which they completed. Several houses were broken open in different parts of the city, occupied by negroes, and the windows, doors and furniture totally destroyed.Among such is the Confectionary establishment, of Burnet near the upper market-a shop on Columbia near Sycamore Excitement continued during yesterday. The Council -the negro church on Sixth street, and four or five houses near it—a small frame near the synagogue on Broadway, and several houses on Western Row near the river. One of their last efforts was to fire or otherwise destroy the Book establishment of Messrs. Truman and Smith, on Main.From this they were driven by the police, and soon after, before day-light, dispersed from mere exhaustion.
our city of Cincinnati such a band was permitted to renew their brutal attacks upon these miserable creatures, in violation of the solemn pledge of the city and county authorities ! We cannot use terms too strong to mark the leaders and instigators of this mob-though we sincerely think there were many honest but misguided men engaged in it, who will themselves regret it most deeply.
held a meeting, and a meeting of the citizens succeeded, in which the Governor, who is in the city, with other gentlemen took part. Resolutions were adopted for an efficient organization for the night.
A Committee of Safety were appointed, who proclaimed their determination to secure the public peace. The Governor issued his Proclamation, exhorting to peace. The citiMortifying as is the declaration, truth requires us to ac- zens rallied with becoming spirit to aid the city authorities. knowledge, that our good city has been in complete anarchy, Efficient organization followed. The military were again controlled mostly by a lawless and violent mob for twenty-ordered out to preserve the peace, The knowledge of these
measures became general, and disorder was hushed and driven to its hiding places. The authorities have now possession of the city, and quiet is restored.
Monday Morning, 3 A. M.
No disturbances have occurred in our city during the night. The different military companies were stationed at various points through the city. Captain Taylor's troop of horse together with a large number of citizens formed themselves into companies of about thirty each, who kept up a patrol until about 2 o'clock, when the citizens generally retired leaving the military on duty.
Tuesday Morning, Sept. 7, 1841.
The city remained quiet when we went to press, and no farther outbreak is immediately apprehended. The police strengthened and duly organized, will keep up the most vigi- | lant reconnoisance, with an ample reserve at command, to act on a moment's warning.
We were informed yesterday, upon good authority, that the boys wounded up Columbia street, on Thursday night, are doing well, and acknowledge that they made the attack upon the negroes that night. The number killed, if any, is yet unknown, and the number wounded is equally uncertain. The negroes in jail, were examined yesterday by the Committee of Safety. There is but one additional fact, we learned yesterday. That is, that although free ingress to the prison has been allowed to our Kentucky neighbors, in search of fugitive slaves, but one has been claimed from the whole mass, and he is separated from the rest and held for proof in support of the claim.
We are informed to-day that some of our Kentucky friends regard our mention of them as unjust. We are assured, and we believe it, that no respectable man, in either of the counties opposite the city, gave the slightest countenance to any disorder, or aided in any rejoicing, or had other feeling in regard to the disturbances in the city, but what was perfectly proper, and looked to the preservation of order, and the supremacy of the law. But when we say this, and while we feel as sensibly as any one can, that our respectable fellow-citizens across the river, will go as far to maintain order as ourself, and have deeply sympathized in the late condition of the city-yet we cannot disguise the fact, that we heard them claiming to be from Kentucky, urge the mob forward, and denounce all attempts to arrest them in their lawless career, and our city and her authorities, as negroes, and abolitionists. We also heard men, leading the mob, declare themselves from that State, and denounce their Ohio followers, as unfit for such lead. But we forbear further detail. Time will show how far we are correct. And we need only say in addition, that no man places a higher estimate on Kentucky love of order, cool bravery, and the generous sacrifice of every selfish feeling which animates her sons when danger or patriotism invites than we do-yet we know there are men, even in that gallant State, of a very different character-whom good people there would expose and de
nounce, as soon as ourself.
Since the above was written, we have learned that the Committee of Safety have visited the jail, and determined to proceed to-morrow to act upon the cases of the negroes now held in confinement, as follows: 1. To ascertain such against whom there is any criminal charge, and detain them for further examination. 2. As to those against whom there is no accusation to discharge natives and those who have given bond under the law of 1807-and to require bond of the others under that law, and to discharge when it is given.
Wednesday Morning, Sept. 8, 1841.
The City--The Mob.
The city continues quiet. The police and military, were or duty again the night before last. Yesterday the Committee of Safety examined and discharged many, perhaps most of the negroes in prison, exacting bail for good behaviour under the act of 1807, from those who had not before given
bail, and upon whom the law imposed the giving security. No more fugitive slaves have been found-nor has any one yet been charged with any criminal offence. We have not been able to learn anything to be depended upon, as to the number, if any, killed, nor the number or condition of the wounded. It is now said that the boys wounded on Lower Market, were severely wounded, and that one of them is not, yet out of danger-that they were in the beginning of the affray, but were wounded after the return of the negroes to the second onset, which cannot be justified. The story of the violence upon the negro women, we have taken some pains to inquire into, and believe it unfounded.
The Mayor was yesterday examining the complaints against those arrested as in the mob. He had committed some 12 or 15 for trial, and discharged four, the last we heard from the Court House.
We annex the Governor's Proclamation, issued on Sunday evening-not before having a copy:
Proclamation by the Governor.
Whereas it has been made known to me by the authorities of the city of Cincinnati, that the peace of the city has been wantonly broken by large bodies of lawless persons, and that farther violence to the persons and property of the citizens is threatened: Therefore, by virtue of the authority in me vested by the laws of the State of Ohio, I hereby command all persons who may be in the city, to yield prompt obedience to the civil authorities engaged in the preservation of the peace. And I enjoin upon all persons to abstain from any unlawful assemblage, or any act of violence against the persons or property of the citizens. And I hereby make known to all concerned, that orders have been issued to the military force of the County requiring the militia to parade at such points in the city as the civil authority shall direct, and by virtue of such authority, to capture by force of arms all disturbers of the peace.
Given under my hand at the city of Cincinnati, this 5th day of September, A. D. 1841. THOMAS CORWIN, Governor of Ohio and Commander-in-Chief,
Interesting to Wool Growers.
It is stated that a pack of wool (240 lbs.) will employ 58 persons a week to manufacture it into broadcloth; or to hit within the truth, will employ one person one year. At this rate, the annual wool clip of Vermont (three millions and a half of pounds,) will give employment in manufacturing to 14,583 persons. At a glance, then, we can see how it is that domestic manufacture, affords a market for the farmers.— First it gives a demand for the three and a half millions pounds of wool of Vermont, worth, at an average of 40 cts. per pound, $1,400,000 a year to Vermont. place, it takes thousands of persons from agriculture to become manufacturers, takes them from the ranks of producers of provisions and places them in the ranks of consumersthus giving a good market to the farmer for his produce.— And, finally, we will add that this increased demand for produce and for labor, increases the price of produce and the wages of industry. Such are the results of protecting domestic manufacturers.-Vermont Watchman.
In the next
We understand says the Charlotte (N. C.) Journal, that on Friday, some persons engaged in hunting Gold, discovered a vein on the lands of Thomas Flow, on Clear Creek, about fourteen miles east of this place, which is very rich. The vein is about one foot. Some of the ore taken out is worth between two and three thousand dollars per bushel.
Rochester Flour Mills.
In this thriving city in Western New York, there are 20 Flouring Mills, with about 100 run of stones. Combined, they manufacture equal to five hundred thousand barrels annually! Ely's Mill, one of the largest, during the active business season, turns out 500 barrels daily.-Jour. of Com,