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The registered tonnage of the United States is 899,764-76

enrolled and licensed...
fishing vessels......


From this statement, it would appear that the Southern States export nearly three-fourths of the domestic products of the United States-of which Louisiana exports nearly one-half. But as the Mississippi is the natural outlet of the South-Western and Western States, which do not appear in the tables to have any exports—they ought to be consi- The tonnage employed in the whale fishery 136,926–64–95

dered in connexion with that State.-Again, they are entitled to a credit for a considerable portion of the exports from the Middle and Eastern States-such as the cotton, tobacco, rice, &c.

The following is a similar classification of the States with respect to Imports.

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104,304-84 2,180,764-16-95

coasting trade 1,144,664-34

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New York,

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Middle States-

29 brigs,

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Value of Lands in Virginia.

Extract from a Speech of Mr. Benton on the Land Bill: Every State in the Union contains land not worth one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. Every State contains such land, and no one more than Virginia. That great State would be unoccupied to the extent of near one-third of her territory, at this day, if one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre had been fixed as the minimum price of her lands. I have in my hand an abstract of a late assessment of her taxable property, in which, with all their improvements, and hundreds of years after the settlement of the State, whole counties are averaged from seventy cents to eighteen cents per acre; and part of which I will read to the Senate, to show to the gentleman the injustice of the resolve which he has applauded, and the effect upon Virginia herself, if her own lands had been sold by the rule which she prescribes for others.

Extract from the table of assessed lands in Virginia. Average Valuc.

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No. of Acres. 935,817 894,324

68 cents. 33 do

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720,133 274,717

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Grayson Here, continued Mr. B. is a return of assessed values of Virginia lands, eleven counties, containing more than twelve millions of acres, constituting the one-third part of the su perficial contents of the State; and the highest average of which is seventy-one cents per acre! a fraction over the onehalf of the minimum price of Congress land, and the price at which the enemies of graduated prices intend to hold all the public lands. What would have been the condition of Virginia to-day if her lands had been held up at that price? A wilderness - an unoccupied wilderness-to the extent of a third, or perhaps, a half of her entire domain.-Globe.


By the President of the United States of America. WHEREAS, it has come to the knowledge of the Government of the United States, that sundry secret Lodges, Clubs, or Associations exist on the Northern Frontier; that the members of these Lodges are bound together by secret oaths; that they have collected fire arms and other military materials, and secreted them in sundry places; and that it is their purpose to violate the laws of their country, by making military and lawless incursions, when opportunity shall offer, into

the Territories of a Power with which the United States are at peace; and whereas it is known that travelling agitators, from both sides the line, visit these Lodges, and harangue the members in secret meeting, stimulating them to illegal acts; and whereas the same persons are known to levy contributions, on the ignorant and credulous, for their own benefit, thus supporting and enriching themselves by the basest means; and whereas the unlawful intentions of the members of these Lodges have already been manifested, in an attempt to destroy the lives and property of the inhabitants of Chippewa, in Canada, and the public property of the British Government there being:

Now, therefore, I, JOHN TYLER, President of the United States, do issue this my proclamation, admonishing all such evil-minded persons of the condign punishment which is certain to overtake them; assuring them that the laws of the United States will be rigorously executed against their illegal acts; and that if in any lawless incursion into Canada they fall into the hands of the British authorities they will not be reclaimed as American citizens, nor any interference made by this Government in their behalf.

And I exhort all well-meaning but deluded persons who may have joined these Lodges immediately to abandon them, and to have nothing more to do with their secret meetings, or unlawful oaths, as they would avoid serious consequences to themselves. And I expect the intelligent and well-disposed members of the community to frown on all these unlawful combinations and illegal proceedings, and to assist the Government in maintaining the peace of the country against the mischievous consequences of the acts of these violators of the law.

Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the twenty-fifth day of September, A. D. one thousand [L. s.] eight hundred and forty-one, and of the Independence of the United States the sixty-sixth. JOHN TYLER.

By the President:

DANIEL WEBSTER, Secretary of State.


By the Governor of the State of New York. WHEREAS, in the month of July last two field-pieces, the property of this State, were unlawfully removed from their proper depositories in Cayuga county: And whereas, on or about the 17th of September, instant, a magazine at Lockport was feloniously entered and a large quantity of gunpowder belonging to citizens of this State was taken therefrom: And whereas these transactions, connected with other circumstances, indicate that some evil-disposed persons are engaged in collecting ordnance, arms and ammunition within this State for unlawful purposes, and with designs dangerous to the public peace and the general welfare: Now, therefore, I do hereby enjoin upon all magistrates and public officers, that they be diligent in bringing to justice the persons who are engaged in the transactions aforesaid. Hereby revoking all offers of rewards heretofore made in regard to the offence first mentioned, I now offer a reward of two hundred and fifty dollars, to be paid to the person who shall give information resulting in the conviction of any individual of either of the crimes before mentioned.

In testimony whereof, I have caused the privy seal of the State to be hereunto affixed, at the city of Albany, [L. 8.] this twentieth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one.

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From the New York Herald. "Kamschatka," the Russian Steam Frigate. We stated yesterday, that this war steamer made an experimental trip down the bay last Thursday. She left her anchorage, opposite Jersey city, at ten o'clock in the morning, ran up the river about three miles, turned, and steamed to Sandy Hook, and a few miles outside. In all, she ran over forty-four miles of water, and returned to the city at half past six in the evening. She was piloted by Mr. Vosburg, of the "New York."

A small and select party of ladies and gentlemen accompanied her. M. de Bodisco, the Russian Minister, and the Belgian Minister, were among the number.

This trip was purely experimental, and made preparatory to the final departure of the steamer, early next week, for Cronstadt. It proved highly satisfactory; and it is now ascertained that in speed, the "Kamschatka" is not equalled by any sea steaner now floating on the Atlantic Ocean, or the Pacific, or the Indian, or the Black Sea, or the Baltic. When she started, she displaced 2,468 tons, and consequently drew a good deal of water. She had eight inches of steam on, and in running up the river her wheels made ten revolutions per minute, against a three knot tide. And in coming down the Bay, the steam guage went up to ten and a half inches, and the revolutions reached ten to ten and a half per minute. Her speed was then nine miles per hour, against a head wind with yards squared, and a two or three knot tide, which made her actual speed to be at least twelve miles an hour! This was produced by the use of anthracite coal exclusively. Had bituminous coal been burned, greater would have been the speed. It must be borne in mind, that this was the first trip of the steamer, and that her machinery had never before been used.

At one point in the Bay, where the wind was favorable, part of her sails were unfurled, and then she made about thirteen miles per hour. She performed this distance easily, notwithstanding the escape of some steam, which will hereafter be saved, by the expansion of the pipes and valves.We think that when a vessel, displacing 2,468 tons, with every thing about her new and untried, succeeds in moving through the water at the rate of twelve miles, or even nine miles per hour, she must be perfect in model and line.

Her consumption of coal averaged at the rate of twentyseven tons only per day, and she can therefore carry one month's supply with no inconvenience whatever. She burns the anthracite without the use of blowers, which are used in many steamers burning the same kind of fuel. This is a great improvement and an immense saving. We do not believe that ever a steamer had so cool engine rooms as the "Kamschatka." In any part of them, over the boilers, or close to the fires, the air is cool, and the rooms very light. Indeed, near the fires the draft is so strong that it blows the lights out. When full steam is on, a person can go all over the iron grated floors, around and about the boilers and cylinders, and inspect every piece of machinery almost as easily and as comfortably, and as conveniently, and as coolly as they can paintings or statuary on shore, and perhaps with equal pleasure too. On Thursday ladies visited the engine rooms while the machinery was in motion, walked all around, and came out delighted, and as clean as when they went in. We must say that the cleanness and neatness of the whole vessel is remarkable. There is none of that dirty, VOL. V.-27

No. 14.

dingy appearance, which is characteristic of steamers burning bituminous coal-particularly of English steamers.

One of the principal features of the " Kamschatka" is the steadiness, and easy, swan-like motion, with which she moves through the water. There is no jar, no disagreeable noise, arising from the machinery-all is quiet and firm. Standing on the deck, persons do not feel as if the entire fabric beneath them was tumbling to pieces. They feel safe and


To describe her as she ought to be described would take several columns, there are so many improvements in her model and her machinery. When she passed between the "North Carolina," and "La Belle Poule," the officers of those vessels were on their decks, and they remarked, particularly the French, the beauty of her model and rig, and the neat and nimble wheels as they ploughed through the water. These wheels have been constructed on a new plan, giving to an apparently slight wheel great strength and increased power of propulsion.

Her engines are of six hundred horse power, and her tonnage about two thousand. The proportion of steam power to size is not far from one horse to three and one third tons, which is considered the best for speed. The principle on which her engines are worked is called the triangular. The piston moves horizontally, and the connecting rod is on an incline of about sixty degrees. The air-pump is worked vertically by a crank connected with the beam shaft.

All the machinery is of the most superb kind, finished in a masterly manner, and made entirely of Livingston Iron. Her four large boilers are made of American copper, and there is not a bit of foreign metal about her. Her cylinders weigh ten tons each, and were the largest ever cast in this country, and her shafts were the heaviest cast at the time of their casting.

There is one feature in her machinery which ought not to be overlooked. That which turns the wheels is new and possesses greater power, and gives greater steadiness, than any we have ever seen. It has three joints, like the wrist, elbow, and shoulder of a man's arm. Those on our steamers have only two joints, hence the superiority of the propellers of the Russian steamer. There is no jerk about them.

Connected with the engine is an apparatus with which the magazine, and in fact the whole vessel, could be flooded with water in a very short time, so there is no danger of being burnt up.

The station for the Chief Engineer is so constructed that from one place he can manage and overlook the whole, and tell in an instant when a neglect of duty occurs.

Her hull is black, with splendid turned and pointed bows, and round stern, each surmounted with a large doubleheaded gilt eagle. She is rigged like a ship. She will spread as much canvas as either the England or Sheffield packet ships. Her spar deck is flush fore and aft, and gives a clean run of 240 feet. On this are placed four Paixhan bomb cannons, two are to throw shells of 96 pounds weight, and two of 64 pounds. Above these is the hurricane deck, which runs across from wheel-house to wheel-house. Connected with this is an awning, which completely covers the spardeck. Around the wheel-houses are erected places for the painters, carpenters, stewards, boat keepers closets for the sailors, as we mentioned last July. Aft are several splendid state rooms, intended for the Emperor, and other high officers. To each state room is attached a small room for ser

vants. Four boats are suspended upon the davits, and hang even with the deck.

On her forward gun deck are ten port holes, out of which run ten 36 pounders mounted on massive carriages, made of African oak, and brass mounted. This deck is spacious, light and airy, and is shut from the after section of the same deck by sliding or folding doors. These close just forward of where the cook has an immense cooking apparatus, which is laid on marble for the sake of neatness, durability and safety. Directly astern of this, runs up the funnel 45 feet, with a rake on a line with the rake of the masts, and the hoops around it beveling with the tops. This gives uniformity to the appearance of the vessel. This funnel is seven feet in diameter. Aft of it is the machinery which runs down to the kelson, and is laid on copper.

Under her forward gun deck are the boatswain's store rooms, magazine, medicine rooms, clerk's office, gunner's apartments, mess rooms for the sailors, and places for them to sleep, keep their clothing, and stow away their hammocks -and for compactness and comfort we never saw their like. Her cabins and drawing rooms are magnificent. Her main cabin, the farthest astern, is large, the whole width of the ship, high, spacious, and neatly fitted up with settees, stuffed with hair, and covered with haircloth. This cabin will carry six 36 pounders, and they always remain therein ready for use. Forward are two drawing rooms, fitted up in the most splendid style, and are intended for the imperial family. The wood work of these rooms consists of mahogany, bird's eye maple, rose and satin wood, and presents a very fine appearance. Beneath these are the ward room, and cabins for the officers, and around are cool pantries and closets, also the steward's bar and ample storage room. For strength her hull is not surpassed by any vessel afloat. She has iron straps innumerable, and knees and cross knees beneath every deck.

Such is the "Kamschatka." Her model was drafted and her line drawn and calculated by Captain Von Shants of the Russian Navy, and Captain Pepin of the Russian Naval Engineer Corps, assisted by Lieutenants Scharoubine of the Engineer Corps, and Flotoff of the Navy. And never has so perfect a model been presented to the public. Her line, as calculated has come out precisely, and her speed fully, if not more than equal to expectation. And her machinery which was constructed by Messrs. Schuyler of Jersey city, after plans of their own, and of the Russian officers, is an honor to this country. Its workmanship is superb, and its action beautiful, easy and satisfactory. It was all put up under the superintendence of Mr. Scott, an American, who goes to Russia in the steamer in the capacity of chief engineer. Her hull was built by Wm. Brown, the largest steamboat builder in this city. As a specimen, no better can possibly be sent abroad. She is the cheapest vessel of the kind we ever heard of, and her cost is $200,000 less than either that of the "Missouri" or the "Mississippi," the two steam frigates recently built for our government.

What a reflection she casts upon our merchants. Here is a vessel, the finest in the world, built in this city by American shipwrights and American machinists, at an expense of only $400,000, and of speed unequalled. What a commentary it is, too, for the genius of this country to be brought out by the Czar of Russia! If our merchants had formed a company two years ago, with a capital of $1,200,000, they might now have four steam ships, of the size and dimensions of the "Kamschatka," crossing the Atlantic in ten days, outstripping every other steamer, and ever ready to enter the service of the United States in the event of a war. But they have chosen to let Emperor Nicholas teach them that "some things can be done as well as others" in the United States.

In conclusion, we have a word to say respecting the Russian naval officers. They will leave us in a few days, and we cannot, therefore, lose this opportunity.

Within the last ten years great progress has been made in Russia in the arts and sciences, and every exertion made by the Emperor for the advancement and improvement of his people. He has left no stone unturned, and about three years ago he despatched Captain Pepin and Lieut. Scheron

bine, of the Naval Engineer Corps, to England, for the purpose of learning everything in relation to steam navigation, railroads, dry dock and ship yards, and to take drawings thereof. Not meeting with much success in that country, they wrote to that ellect. He instantly sent them an order to " go to America.” They arrived here about two years since, and travelled North, South, East and West, and also to Texas. They visited every ship yard, every naval station, every dry dock, every ship and every steamer in the country. Their gentlemanly deportment made them friends wherever they went. They have been cordially received from the President down-every facility was afforded them, and the result is, they have in their porte feuille plans and drawings of docks and steamers, and steam engines, and locomotives and spile drivers to the number of three hundred and over. All these they drew with their own hands, and a more valuable collection is not owned by any other government. After taking them they received instructions to attach themselves to the " Kamschatka," and assist Captain Von Shantz in her construction.

With such officers, as the four named above, the Emperor has reason to feel proud of his Navy.

For her dimensions, See Vol. IV. p. 382.—E».

Naval Reception of the Prince De Joinville. The reception of the Prince de Joinville by the officers of our Navy, has been marked with all the courtesy due to so distinguished a visitor. On the arrival of La Belle Poule a salute was fired-which was promptly returned by the U. S. ship North Carolina. The Prince soon after visited the North Carolina, and the visit was next day returned by Commodore Perry, who in the meantime had directed the civilities of the port, and the conveniences of the dock yard to be tendered for the use of the Prince's ships. On Satur. day, agreeable to invitation, the Prince visited the Navy Yard and Brooklyn, where a salute of 21 guns was fired on his arrival. A full garrison of marines and a volunteer company, who had handsomely offered their services, were drawn up in the yard to receive him, the band playing a national air, and the tri-colored flag flying on the ships of war. After visiting the Commandant's quarters and receiving the hospitalities of the Navy, the Prince visited the ships in ordinary, and the steamer Missouri, the work-shops, rope-walks, &c.-with all of which he expressed himself highly pleased, and with the general arrangements of the yard. On leaving the yard, a salute due to the naval rank of the Prince, was fired, which was duly acknowledged on his arrival on board La Belle Poule.-N. Y. Express.

American Books.

Stephens' Travels.-Mr. Murray, the celebrated London Bookseller, has furnished in his own person the best exemplification we have yet had of the faith still cherished to some extent in Great Britain, that nobody "reads an American book." The Messeurs Harper sent over five hundred copies of Stephens' Examination of the Central American Antiquities, and the great English publisher had so little faith that the book could sell in England that he refused to take the volumes from the Custom-house, and they would not have appeared before the London public at all, if our Consul, Mr. Aspinwall, had not guarantied an indemnity to the bookseller. Having taken this guaranty, Mr. Murray received the volumes, and they were all very speedily sold, and the call for more copies was so urgent that an additional supply was demanded of the American publishers. The new supply has been forwarded, and there is very little doubt that more still will be called for. The popularity of the work is almost unprecedented. About ten thousand copies of the American edition have already been sold, and the interest is still fresh as ever, and the demand is just as incessant as during the first week of the publication. The Harpers are still called upon for some five or six hundred copies a week. The work has been translated into German, and a French edition is about to be published in Paris.

[N. Y. Courier & Inquirer.


Much labor and money have been at various times ex

pended in the vicinity of Salt Springs to discover the sal gem from which the water derives saline properties. I have had considerable correspondence with Thomas Spencer, Esq., the agent of this State, and Superintendent of the Salt Works at Syracuse, in relation to the Salt Springs at that place, and from all the facts I could gather, had formed an opinion that the brine obtained from those salt wells is the result of a lixiviation of the under strata of the earth by water from the clouds, and not from the dissolving of the sal gem below the surface of the earth.

The Mogul Tartars, by lixiviating the earth impregnated with muriate of soda and evaporating the solution, obtained salt.

I have recently received a letter from my correspondent, Alexander Findlay, Esq of Saltville, Washington county, Virginia, in which he states that in boring for salt water at that place, they had discovered Salt Rock. I give his statement in his own words:

"We are about sixteen miles from the town of Abingdon, on the waters of the North Fork of Holstein, in a valley, or rather a trough, I believe geologists would call it, of peculiar formation. On the first settlement of this country, salt water was discovered by the early settlers in this valley in a swampy piece of ground, the resort of buffalo and deer; and the place got the name of the Big Lick. One or two small springs were discovered, but I do not know that they were ever worked. Perhaps the settlers in the neighborhood did make what salt they wanted at them. At a very early date wells were dug, and have since been extensively worked.-one of the old wells, and one of the best, having some thirty years since partly caved in, the proprietors of Saltville, about 25 years since, at a distance of about fifty feet from the old well, commenced digging a new well, which they sunk to the depth of about 110 or 115 feet and stopped, finding the old well likely to hold out and answer their purpose. This new well was afterwards sunk to about 178 or 180 feet, and again stopped; no person having paid any attention to the strata through which they had dug. The received opinion now is, that at about 30 feet they struck plaster and continued in plaster, with occasionally layers of blue and red clay, with a mixture of blue slate. About eighteen months since, we determined to sink still farther into this well, and if possible to get salt water. We again commenced digging in plaster mixed with blue slate and continued in it about forty feet, when we struck the Salt Rock. In this we dug about fifty feet, and have since bored about one hundred feet, when we got out of the salt rock, and got into slate with small portions of plaster, which we have bored in for six or seven feet.

About forty-five feet from the old salt well, and the same distance from the new one, in which the salt rock was discovered, we commenced two or three weeks since to bore another hole (not having reached water in the well we were sinking; we are, however, still going on with it;) and have sunk to the depth of about 125 to 130 feet. In this hole, at the distance of 18 or 19 feet, we came to a small layer of plaster, and have since been principally in red clay, occasionally going through small strata of plaster and slate stone in which we have been ever since. About 150 or 200 yards north of where we are digging or boring, the first layer is slate, next a layer of bituminous shale, and then shell lime stone. In digging or boring we have never come to lime stone. Bituminous coal is found 8 or 10 miles from us, but not in sufficient quantities to work; at the distance of 40 or 50 miles a supply of it could be had, but it is so difficult to get roads to it that at present we could not be compensated for making them. Our salt water contains no bitter water or any other impurity except such as is common to lime stone water. It is said to be the purest and strongest in the world; from 22 to 30 gallons of the water makes fifty pounds of salt." Washington county, Va., is bounded on the south-west by the State of Tennessee, and lies in a valley, between the Blue Ridge and Clinch Mountains, and in lat. 36 degrees

35 m.

I shall receive some specimens of the Salt Rock, and shall leave some of it at the office of the Journal of Commerce, for the inspection of those who may be desirous to examine

it. It is a very important discovery, and it is therefore I take this mode of making the particulars public.

The brine obtained from the last well sunk at Syracuse is of seventy-eight degrees of strength,-water saturated with brine being reckoned at 100-and yields about two pounds of salt to the gallon; and what is somewhat extraordinary is that the harder the well is drawn by the pump, the stronger the brine that is obtained.

EBEN MERIAM. Journal of Commerce.

Health of New York.

For the last two months, the number of deaths in this city has averaged above 200 per week. This is quite as large a mortality as usual, even at this least healthy season of the year. There is, however, no prevailing disease, and the occurrence of frost, which must be near at hand, will doubtless have a beneficial effect. The greatest number of deaths last weck by any one disease, was 28 by cholera infantum. Then came consumption with its 27 victims, convulsions 14, dysentery 14, marasmus 13, &c. And as if the whole train of diseases and accidents were not doing the work of death fast enough, two persons committed suicide. Five were drowned. The following schedule will show the comparative mortality in different weeks for nearly five months past: Sept. 18..



Aug. 28.





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A large deposit of excellent iron ore was discovered a few days since, in digging a well on the property of Mr. William Albright, on the west side of the Susquehanna, nearly opposite this place. The vein has already been pierced to the extent of nearly seven feet, and "the end is not yet." On examination it was discovered that the rocks in the road over which wagons had been passing for forty years, were an excellent iron ore.

This discovery is of the utmost importance, and will render this place, in point of facilities for the manufacture of anthracite iron, unequalled by any other in Pennsylvania.

The ore strata is, we presume, a continuation of the celebrated Monteur iron ridge. A railroad of about one hundred yards in extent, would enable us to have the ore brought to the water's edge at a trifling expense. Thus, with iron ore and lime stone close by, and abundance of coal which, can be brought from the Shamokin mines to this place, in large quantities, at $1 75 per ton, we present a field of enterprise for the manufacture of anthracite iron, that must and will ere long be embraced by those who desire to make profitable investments.

Sunbury American.

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